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He seems to be a perfect novice in the art of forcing into his face, occular evidence of deep thought, wonderful acuteness, or the lineaments of wisdom ; and the phisiognomist would despair of gathering the qualities of his mind, from exterior indices. Nor would the craniologist succeed any better; for his head, like his face, in its exterior, is not strikingly different from other men's; and as he is sixty

of it does not exhibit more of the ravages of time than usually falls to the human lot.

When silent, his countenance indicates something like forbidding austerity; but in familiar conversation, and when reciprocating civilities, it is often lighted up with a smile, beaming with benignity and benevolence.

When disengaged from official duties, his deportment is easy, unaffected, and unassuming. The disciples of Stanhope, although they would discover in the President a sufficiency of “ modest assurance,” they would look in vain for that artificial “suavity of mannersso captivating with superficial courtiers.

His manners are those of a plain, dignified gentleman. The graces, at his command, seem to have volunteered their services, conscious that into his service they never would have been impressed. His courtesies proceed from his native benignity, and his artless display of them would suffuse the cheek of affectation with the blush of shame.

If the President has any affectation, it is in his dress; which though neat and rich, is so exceedingly plain, that, in a promiscuous assemblage, he could with difficulty be identified.

In his different Tours* through our vast Republic, for

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* The following elegant extract is from an address delivered to Mr. MONROE upon reaching the borders of the State of Maine in 1817.

eigners, and those who ape the wardrobe of foreigners, wondered where he was; and, when they saw him, wondered !!

Such, imperfectly drawn, is the person, the deportment, and appearance of the man, whose CHARACTER is known in the two hemispheres-duly appreciated in the East-admired, respected, and venerated in the West.

If he survives his Presidential Dignities, and, like his great predecessors, WASHINGTON, ADAMS, JEFFERSON and Madison, seeks repose in retirement*—there, when appearing in native, unadorned majesty—“Nature may stand up to all the world, and claim bim as her own." From this "private station,” which to him will be “the post of honour,” he may in retrospect, (retiring into himself) contemplate upon a Life devoted to the great cause of the

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The Committee who offered it consisted of the present Gov. Parris, Hon. Joho Holmes, and W.P. Preble, (son of Com. Preble :)

“ This journey, like the journey of your life, is commenced and pursued for the public good. Like that, its fatigues have been endured with patience, its obstacles overcome with perseverance, its storms encountered with firmness, and its refreshing sunshines relished with equanimity and gratitude. In each, as you have advanced, you have acquired additional honour, reverence, and love. In your future progress in both, may your health be preserved, your country's prosperity and glory secured ; and the affections, confidence, and union of the people increased and confirmed. And when these respective journies shall be ended, and you shall return home, may you at the close of the one, be received in health and happiness to the embraces of an affectionate family, and of the other, to the favour and fruition of Him, who will never fail to reward the great and the good."

* “ It has ever been my proudest ambition from early youth to serve my country, in such offices as my fellow.citizens have thought fit to confide to me. It will be my most consoling reward, when I retire from public life, to find, that my conduct has been such as to merit and obtain their approbation.” Tour of Monroe, p. 198, 3d edition.

Great Republic-upon the honours conferred upon him by his country—and patiently wait for that Order of bis Supreme Commander, which will remove him from his temporal to his eternal honours.

The following Familiar Letters," and opinions of the SECOND AND THIRD PresideNTS OF THE AMERICAN REPUBLIC, both of whom were the warm friends of Com. Murray, are annexed with undissembled delight.

The language of these “ venerable octogenarians,” the one labouring under years near half in number of those of Civilized New England, and the other of an age more than one third of that which is sometimes called the “ Ancient Dominion” of the Republic, ought to be treasured up by the rising generation of American Patriots, with as much avidity, as were the “more last words," of an eminent divine in the 17th century, by the devotional professors of Christianity.

These “last words” of Adams and JEFFERSON, are almost like a “ voice from the tomb,” uttered by dead worthies, to their surviving posterity. “ Fortunatus Senex !" may Americans exclaim to each of these venerated Patriots, Scholars, and Statesmen, You have lived for the Republic, and in the remembrance of that Republic you will never die. The motto of these great men may well bem

“ After my death, I wish no other herald,
No other speaker of my living actions,
To keep mine honour from corruption,

But such an honest chronicler as Griffith." This letter may be said to be “multum in parvo." This Doctor of Laws probes the wounds of the colonies to the bottom; as a Doctor of Medicine searches the remote cause of the disease of his patient. He does not try to remove the eruption upon the surface, but endeavours to extirpate the impurities of the blood which occasion it. It proves, in few words, the truth of Mr. Jefferson's remarks regarding Mr. Adams. 6 No one is better calculated than be, to give to the reader a correct impression of the earlier part of the contest.” [The War of the Revolution.]

QUINCY, Feb. 13, 1818. Mr. Niles—The American Revolution was not a common event. Its effects and consequences have already been awful over a great part of the globe. And when and where are they to cease ?

But what do we mean by the American Revolution ? Do we mean the American War? The Revolution was effected before the War commenced. The Revolution was in the minds and hearts of the people. A change in their religious sentiments, of their duties and obligations. While the king, and all in authority under him, were believed to govern in justice and mercy according to the laws and constitution derived to them from the God of nature, and transmitted to them by their ancestors--they thought themselves bound to pray for the king and queen and all the royal family, and all in authority, under them ; as ministers ordained of God for their good. But when they saw those powers renouncing all the principles of authority, and bent upon the destruction of all the securities of their lives, liberties and properties, they thought it their duty to pray for the Continental Congress and all the thirteen state congresses,

&c. There might be, and there were others, who thoughtless about religion and conscience, but had certain habitual sentiments of allegiance and loyalty derived from their ed


ucation ; but believing allegiance and protection to be reciprocal, when protection was withdrawn, they thought allegiance was dissolved.

Another alteration was common to all. The people of America had been educated in an habitual affection for England as their mother country ; and while they thought her a kind and tender parent, (erroneously enough, however, for she never was such a mother) no affection could be more sincere. But when they found her a cruel Beldam, willing like lady Macbeth, to “dash their brains out," it is no wonder if their filial affections ceased and were changed into indignation and horror.

This radical change in the principles, opinions, sentiments and affections of the people, was the real American revolution.

By what means, this great and important alteration in the religious, moral, political and social character of the people of thirteen colonies, all distinct, unconnected and independent of each other, was begun, pursued and accomplished, it is, surely interesting to humanity to investigate, and perpetuate to posterity.

The colonies had grown up under constitutions of gov. ernment so different, there was so great a variety of religions, they were composed of so many different nations, their customs, manners and habits had so little resemblance, and their intercourse had been so rare and their knowledge of each other so imperfect, that to unite them in the same principles of theory and the same system of action, was certainly a very difficult enterprize. The complete accomplishment of it, in so short a time and by such simple means, was perhaps a singular example in the history of mankind. Thirteen clocks were made to strike together ; a perfection of machinery which no artist had ever before effected.

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