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noise and riot in the house, that if hands, his condition would have been their wounded comrade had not been most deplorable. left under the care of more tender

CHAPTER II.THE BAILIFF HAUNTED—THE BARRIER DUEL, WITH THE FRANCONIAN STUDENT-THE BARON WHO PREFERRED EATING HIS DINNER TO FIGHTING.

Our hero had already passed through Styx, particularly while the fair lastall the different conditions of a fox, ed, which presented to him so many and he considered every circumstance and cheap pleasures. But all of a which could happen, on account of sudden, he was overcome, like the the critical position in which he was Jewish people in the wilderness, by placed. Several Jews appeared in his the intimation that a writ of verchamber, and threatened him more hafts Befehl,had been taken out than he had any fancy for. The gen- against him, and that in a few days, he tleman in difficulties confronted them, should be accommodated with lodg. and assured them that he would be ings in a spunging house — artful able to make all things right when he dodgers of tailors, unhappy gentlereceived the cheque which he expect- men who had the care of soles, ed from his mother at Michaelmas. cheating tavern-keepers, washerwo

In the meantime he wrote to this wor- men, stupid fuchses, with black hearts, thy parent, begging her to have the good- good-for-nothing Philistresses, and ness to forward her next remittance cringing Jews, were all down upon to a friend, as he had made a tempora- him. Rappelkopf now found out ry change in his lodgings, and would, to his cost, that, alas ! this intelligence during the approaching fair, not have was too true. “It is really somI any particular address, and it was also saw it with my own eyes," said the possible he might pay a visit to some friend whom he had dispatched on a country cousins-a common phrase in voyage of discovery. Rappelkopf inthe fatherland, and one which might stantly hurried to a respectable “cabe understood in this country ; but meel” (a very foolish Philister), it was just as possible that he would who considered it an honor to himself leave Jena altogether, as he did and family to conceal a fighting-cock not feel very comfortable. He had like Rappelkopf, was in difficulties, made a mistake in leaving this uni- and to feed him well, assisted by versity, and had found that it was some of his trusty companions, he not possible to live so cheaply in got what few things he had left it as he had supposed. It was true he brought in the darkness of the night contracted his expenditure, but found into his hiding-place, and waited all would not do. He begged she patiently for his expected fifty thalers; would advise him which university these soon arrived, and the receiver he ought to select, and now this was much affected by a severe letter practical philosopher repaired to the from his mother.

He applied a porUniversity Amtmann, and begged the tion towards liquidating certain of favour of a testimonium missum (" Sit- bis debts of honor, and resolved not to ten-Zeugniss"), for he did not dare to contract any more. In the silent ask for one, if he had even thought darkness of the scanty light of the of it, he would have been stoned to moon, accompanied by some compadeath by the Philisters* and Jews. nions, he took his departure, and left He received this certificate through that little stage upon which he had the means of a statement, that he played so conspicuous a part. Prewould become possessor of a salary if vious to his departure, he wrote home, he would obtain it, and was speedily and acknowledged thankfully, the out of pain on this point at least. money he had received, and at the Felix now began to live in his former same time expressed his determinafashion-all cares were sent to the river tion of continuing his studies at some

* This term has two meanings in the Burschen language-it signifies either every one who is not a student, or a student who, having graduated, is entitled to his doctor's degree.

other university, as he intended, at being soon removed, he speedily re. the end of the next semester, most po- cognized them to be the hostess of sitively to take out the degree of doctor with one of her companions, and they of philosophy, for which, our readers greeted, in a 'most friendly manner, must be by this time aware, he was one who was formerly a frequent guest. thoroughly qualified. He was only. They offered the wanderer a seat in occupying himself by the reflection of their carriage, which, with a feint show which university should have the hon- of reluctance, he was prevailed upon our of receiving him, as he wished to to accept. Comfortably extended on go to a cheaper, where the price of the back seat of the carriage, Raptaking out his degree would be less pelkopf went on, passing off among than it was at Jena. With thirty the villagers, as they proceeded, for thalers in his pocket, and leaving the spouse of the younger lady. The his debts to the Jews, as a glorious following morning Rappelkopf took remembrance of a fighting.cock so a solemn leave of his friendly comcelebrated, Felix went on his pilgrim- panions, and proceeded alone to Heiage, but not without some fear of delberg. being pursued, and did not feel per- It was just holiday time there, fectly easy until he had gained the and all the beautiful and pleasant rePrussian frontier. Midnight was near collections of former and happier days -our traveller very tired, and as yet, came smiling back upon him, as he no half-way-house had presented it- beheld the well-remembered faces. self, so he was forced, much against For the first few days he spent his his will, to take up his lodgings under time pleasantly enough, in wanderthe canopy of heaven. He wandered ing about the numerous kneipes. Alinto some brushwood on the wayside, though the tone of the student was took a few pulls at his brandy flask, not very civilized to a student of Rapthrew off his little knapsack, and put pelkopf's refined taste, nor their recephis head on it, and his shivering limbs tion of the stranger very friendly, he were soon composed to sleep. Long placed great confidence in the fame of before break of day he awoke, contra- his fighting qualities, which he hoped ry to his general custom, but the sharp had preceded him, and expecting to winds of autumn are cold and shiver- meet some of his university friends, ing. With chattering teeth he arose he remained a few days. from his grassy couch, but little re- The landlord of the inn at Weimar, lieved from his fatigue of yesterday, where the Beerbahan had been accomand went wearily on his way. In panied by so many of his friends, knew Lützen he gained a temporary refresh- him immediately, as, indeed, were all ment of his exhausted powers by some these, Jews alone excepted, who ever bad beer. He had not sat long, be had any dealings with this jovial and fore a carriage stopped at the door pleasant student. of the little inn where he was resting A collision, the cause of which it is himself; two ladies got out of it. not necessary for us to relate, por “Oh, oh,” thought the weary travel- would it be interesting to our readers ler, "they are certainly going to to know, chanced to happen between Nuremberg, and now let us see if we the Westphalians and the Franconians, cannot find a more convenient mode who were a Burschenschaft, and not a of travelling than on foot.” He was chore; but as it was found difficult to scarcely arrived at this determination, decide upon what description of weaand two ladies closely veiled, entered pons should be used, it was, after the room. Rappelkopf stared at the much discussion, determined that new arrivals, who turned away from his this “propatria skandal”+ should be ardent glances, and laughed. “Most fought out with pistols, and the bathprobably, old acquaintance," thoughting-place, upon the Neckar, was named master Rappelkopf. Their veils as the place of rendezvous. Before

The distinction between the Burschenschaft and the Landsmanschaft is, that the former do not fight, except with pistols, while the latter profess, and occasionally do fight, with every species of weapon.

+ The meaning of this student-phrase is, that in case of a national affront being offered by one chore to another, in order to shorten the proceedings one pistolduel is substituted for several with the small.sword.

men

the arrangements for this combat, placed, the distance is to be measured which was considered to be for honour, by the umpires, which is generally freedom, and fatherland, could be ef. ten or fifteen paces, and, after the fected, many private duels had taken word three is given, the challenger place, which, according to the Bursch- has the first shot. In other chalen-laws are prohibited, until the

until the lenges, the choice is made between principal duel has taken place. two pistols, one loaded, the other Rappelkopf had been appointed se- unloaded, at a distance of five paces. cond. The ancient bemossed senior The duellists are now on the “5 of the Franconians had reserved the sur," the pistols being loaded unplace of honour for himself. The der the eye of the umpire, who place of meeting was a quiet green still makes unsuccessful attempts to meadow, near Ziegelhausen ; but the arrange matters pacifically, a pistol, affair had grown so public, that when cocked and loaded, is placed in the the belligerents appeared upon the hands of each — the seconds step ground, they discovered that the uni- back the umpire follows their exversity "poodles” had anticipated ample-a last attempt is made to rethem, and so they were obliged to concile them ; with slow and solemn postpone it, much to the disappoint- voice the umpire pronounces the omiment of the senior of the Franconians, nous words “ ONE !-TWO !--THREE !" who said, with a polite bow, to his the last of which had hardly escaped opponent, that he hoped, at some fu- from his lips, when a sharp crash rang ture period, arrangements might be from the Franconian's pistol, and down made, satisfactory to both parties, and went the senior of the Westphaliansa more solitary and convenient place an incident which considerably rewas looked out for with all dispatchlieved the mind of master Rappelkopf, and the Kohlhoff was accordingly ap- who, seated behind some neighbouring pointed for the purpose ; where, at bushes, was contemplating the prothe expiration of two days, both par- ceedings, and who, it had been arranged ties met, one beautiful morning in in case of any accident happening to July, at the hour of six o'clock. It the senior of the Franconians, was to was attempted on the ground to ar- supply his place-a load, amounting to range matters, through the medium of at least a ton weight, was removed an apology; but this was soon found im- from the breast of the Beerhahan, as practicable: the national enmity of the he received back from his companion, respective chores was so fully aroused. two letters he had given him to forward There are very few German universi- to his parents, in case of any accident ties at which the “pistol comment” is happening to him. Every one rushed fully understood, and it was according- up to the

wounded man, whose condi. ly agreed upon, that the parties

tion was

soon ascertained: the ball should be placed, “a la barriere,' at had passed clean through his hip, and the frightfil proximity of three paces ; had gone out on the other side; he had the space being marked by a stick, with fainted from loss of blood, and it rea white handkerchief tied to it, stuck quired the united strength of the into the ground, then the seconds mea- whole party to remove him from the sured off the same number of paces, place of combat; he was carried befrom the barriers to where their prin- hind the neighbouring thicket, a bancipals were placed, as there was be- dage applied to his wound and every tween the two barriers: so that the one whose assistance was not required, two duellists were separated by nine turned, by different paths, from the paces. After the word of command field, some toward carriages, and “one-two-three" had been uttered, others to secure the professional sereach party was allowed to fire, but, vices of the most eminent surgeon in upon pain of being shot down by the Heidelberg. The wounded man was second, was obliged to remain standing removed to a neighbouring village, in the exact spot from whence he had whence it was pronounced dangerous fired; each party were allowed to fire to remove him, for at least six weeks. after the word three had been uttered Strange to say, this affair, although -such were the arrangements made quite notorious, was taken no notice for fighting the duel which was to of by the University authorities. The

poodles having received no prior inThere is another species of barrier- formation of it, and wisely considering duel, in which, after the men that what was done, could not be VOL. XXXII.NO, CLXXXIX.

T

take place.

are

helped, wisely thought it the best plan, flict. Both parties were on the ground as no life had been lost, not to insti. at the appointed time; the one with his tute any further proceedings.

seconds and implements, all ready, acThere is a certain dingy old kneipe companied by the fiery-eyed poodle near the Manheim Thor, in Heidelberg, before mentioned, who evinced, by a in one of the back streets which leads sort of spasmodic movement of his down to the Neckar, called the Viehof, caudal extremity, a knowledge of what the host of which boasts of no less than was about to happen. The Frei-Herr, seven very handsome daughters, with on the contrary, appeared without a seblack hair and blue eyes ; this kneipe be. cond, totally unarmed, and smoking his ing well known to all the students for meerschaum with an air of calm satisfac. the excellence and strength of the beer tion and easy nonchalance, whistling, brewed therein, is much resorted to by as he ascended the stairs, the well. students who have a partiality for good known air of liquor. It so happened that a certain

“Morgen Roth! Morgen Roth! student from Munich, of a very amorous Du leuchtest mich zum fruhen tod." nature, tempted by the beauty of the wirth's blue-eyed daughters, as well

And at the same timeexclaimed against as by the reputation of his beer, quit although they had promised to act as

the tardiness of the Prussians, who, ted his lodgings, one dark evening in November, accompanied by his poodle,

his friends upon the occasion, had not who, for the redness of his eyes, and

yet appeared upon the ground. But the shortness of his tail, was the ad.

the red fisherman having been exam

ined miration of all Heidelberg, bearing

upon this point, declared that he

had left the whole of the Prussian his master's pipe, ornamented with the

chore in a state of hopeless imbecility blue and red tassels of the Munenerch “Rhenanen," and stalked in the direc

in their kneipe on the Riesen Sein,* in tion of the Manheimer Thor. He found

consequence of the quantity of beer the attractions of the wirth's haus

and champagne they had imbibed at a fully to equal, if not exceed, his ex

commers on the previous evening,

“ There will not,” said the Herr pectations. The combined influences of the bright blue eyes and the clear

Acherman, with a grim smile, "be amber liquid called “cerevis," pro

one of them sober these four hours to duced such an effect upon his brains,

come_unless, indeed, they are pumped that in a moment of temporary irrela

upon." tion, he was tempted to hurl a heavy but, with an internal chuckle, as he

The baron looked a little dismayed; brass candlestick, which stood on

descended the stairs, to seek some other the table before him, at the head of the warlike Frei-herr von Langer

chore, began to hum the words of man, who sate twirling his mous

“ Wir sind soldaten, taches and smoking, in solemn si. lence opposite to him. “ Dummer But as it was now drawing near to junge," was the baron's immediate nine o'clock, and time was pressing, reply, as by a lucky motion of his head the other "chore Paukereien, I be. he escaped the effect of the unpleasant tween the Vandals and Suabians, missile; and immediately an awful din, who at that time were hostile, had to caused by the hurling of all kinds of be fought, so that there was ample aggressive weapons, with numberless occupation to fill up the leisure hours challenges ensued.

At eleven o'clock the baron was ob“Donnerwetter,” shouted the baron, served quietly to return, bringing “pistols of course."

with him a tall youth, sparingly attired “ Tausendl sacrament !" screamed in black, with dragoon spurs, which the Munich student, “ Sabres. Ohne gave him a military air. It was, binden und bandagen."

however, whispered by some of the The latter pleasant alternative was Westphalians who had been in the ultimately agreed upon. Eight o'clock habit of frequenting the spiel houses the next morning was the hour appoint- at the city of the fountains, that he ed, and the ancient and respectable was croupier to one of the gaming Hirsch-gasse named as the place of con- tables in that fashionable resort.

* The name of a chore in Munich. + The name of a beer-house near the Kainer-street in Heidelberg. # These are the common chore duels when the bursch and foxes fight.

Und zeihen zum Feld."

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However this may be, it was soon licher Mann, where they spent the avowed by the baron, that the Nassau rest of the evening in drinking gleechore were ready to assist him, and wine ; and towards midnight repaired that at twelve o'clock they would be to the dusky kneipe where the “i skanon the ground. The hour of noon dal” of the previous evening had taken soon arrived, and with it a carriage, place, armed with various horsewhips. containing the senior of the Nassau, They had hardly taken their seats in a with two of the crack men of the quiet corner, when in came the baron, chore, having in their custody a black roaring drunk, and loudly exclaiming leather case of portentous appearance,

that he had that morning “abgefürht"I whispered to contain “ Solinger* sabel a man at the Hirsch-gasse. Klinge."

" Who was it?” thundered the Mu. It was soon announced that every- nich student, rising from his seat. thing was in readiness. The Munich It ought to have been you," exstudent was standing in the middle claimed the baron with quiet effrontery, of the floor, in full fighting costume, and a power of face that did him much with his shirt sleeves rolled up, a black credit. bandage bound around his wrist, and “You are," exclaimed the man from his sabre firmly grasped in his hand, Munich, in a towering passion, "Elenlooking as fierce as he possibly could. der wicht." The poodle, who appeared to enter “Tausend!” said the baron, “would quite into the spirit of the thing (pos- you have me lose my dinner which I had sibly because he thought he might soon paid for in the Wein-berg ?' besides I have the pleasure of eating somebody's was hungry.” nose_his master's, or any one else's), “You were right," said the Muncheeyeing the proceeding with great satis- ner; "had you remained you would faction. But here a difficulty of a never have eaten another." very unexpected nature arose; the Oh, as for that,” said the baron, baron was nowhere to be found. come out into the garden and I'll

“Wo ist er? Der himmel sacra- box you for a gulden. ment !" shouted Hammersdorf, greatly We don't fight like knoten in the excited.

place I come from,” replied the stu“ Ich weiss nicht,” replied the se. dent from Munich. cond, shrugging his shoulders, “pos- Just at this moment the blacksibly he is gone to bed-early rising whiskered friend of the baron entered does not agree with him."

the apartment, and in his eagerness to “Tausend,” said a Nassau man, “I explain to him the cause of his disapfear he is a hasenfuss.””+

pearance, he contrived, in the midst At this critical juncture a “ brand of his awkward gesticulations, to give fox" came tearing into the apartment, the “ Münchener” a dig with his and said he had seen the baron rapidly elbow. descending the garden steps a few mi- “Du Unverschämter," shouted his nute previously.

antagonist, catching the baron by the All the formidable preparations for collar with one hand, while in the fighting were accordingly abandoned, other he grasped a horsewhip, with and the respective parties went to din- which formidable weapon he immener, relieving their minds by various diately proceeded to administer a seanathemas, levelled against the recreant vere castigation ; and so ended one of

the most ridiculously dramatic scenes The Munich student and his friend we ever recollect to have witnessed. went across the river to the Freund

baron.

• A rare and beautiful species of sword-blade, quite as finely tempered as Damascus steel.

Literally "harefooted”--the student term for a coward.
Given a blow so severe as to disable the combatant. S A miserable coward.

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