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of one million only, little or no part of
which can be said to fall on manufactures,
is not likely to keep an equal pace. To
which it may be replied, that the price of
labour, and expences of all kinds, will un-
doubtedly increase with the increase of ma-
nufactures in Ireland; that one million of
taxes is less disproportionate to the wealth
of that country, than may appear to those
who have not examined their comparative
riches, and that if Great Britain makes no
improper sacrifices, she will maintain her
present fuperiority. It merits, therefore,
the consideration of the British manu-
facturers, whether the sale of their goods
will not be much more hurt by the dif-
satisfaction of Ireland, and non-importa-
tion agreements, (although the latter will
not be effectual or lasting) than by a
reduction of the duties on the import of
Irish manufactures. The duty on woollens,
imported into Britain from Ireland, amount
to a prohibition. At the same time Ireland
has laid duties equal to a prohibition in fa-
vour of England, on draperies from all other
countries; they are also in favour of her
own woollen manufacture.


Schedule of Duties on the under-men

tioned Articles in both Countries.

Import Duties payable in Britain.

Import Duties payable in



SAll woollens or old drapery, per 2 0 620


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O 3111 Checks, the piece not above 10

yards, besides in Britain, for 35 15 0 every 100l. value, on oath,

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Many other instances might be added, not less remarkable : and Ireland does not a little complain of want of reciprocity on the subjects of malt, beer, &c.


Average of three years, ending Christmas 1777, of the duties arising on all goods and merchandize exported from England into Ireland :

£. s. d. British goods,

9136 16 84 Foreign goods,

719 18 5$

Average of the same years of the duties arising on all goods, &c. imported from Ireland into England,. - £o. 6490 II


Average of three years, ending the 5th of January, 1778, of the duties arising on all goods, &c. exported from Scotland into Ireland,

o 74


Average of the same years of the duties arising on all goods, &c. imported from Ireland into Scotland, £. 585 13 1 It may be observed, that the larger sum is received in that country, where the markets in general are open to the other upon low duties, and that the balance of the general interchange is in favour of Ireland.



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As to bounties, Ireland complains of that given by Great Britain on the export of sail cloth to Ireland; she finds it extremely hurtful to her fabric, and complains with double force, as it is a branch of her. linen manufacture. She will be justifiable in countera&ting, by duties or regulations, all bounties given on export to Ireland, where she has similar manufactures : but the British act adds to the bounty now given, as much more as at any time Ireland shall impose as a duty on the import of British sail cloth into Ireland. The mode of contest


become ridiculous.

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As to drawbacks, it is desired that Great Britain thall allow a full drawback on all commodities she exports to Ireland, on the principle, that the country which consumes the article, should have the use of the revenue upon it. Refined sugar and hops are F



put on that footing. It is not unreasonable, and it is encouraging to trade. It should always be remembered, that whatever part of a duty is not drawn back, is a tax on the carrying trade.


Colonial and Foreign COMMODITIES, &c.

Exclusive of the several difficulties respecting the interchange of native commodities and manufactures, new pretensions are brought forward, relative to the commerce resulting from the intercourse, which has been opened to Ireland, with the British Colonies, Plantations, and Settlements, and also relative to the interchange of Asiatic, African, and American produce. Ireland desires that the construction of the navigation laws may be altered, so as to admit Colonial and foreign commodities from her warehouses into Great Britain, in like manner as they pass from thence into Ireland.


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