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Foreign products and merchandize exported from Britain into Ireland, on an average +1,185,861 of 3 years, to 1799, Do. imported into Britain by Ireland,
49,071 Balance in favour of Britain,
£1,136,790 By looking into the account, No. 6, annexed to this pamphlet, the reader will find, that of the articles of which this balance confitts, no less a fum than 624,762, ari es from articles of raw materials for our manufactures; and on the other hand, by examining the account No. 4, he will find, that of the sum of £49,071, the value of articles exported from Ireland to Britain, not being of the product or manufacture of Ireland, to the amount of £18,535, confifts of raw inaterials.
Mr. Foster then states, that fortunately an authentic paper had come to his hands, viz. “ the accounts delivered by “ Mr. Irving, the Inspector General of British trade, to " the English Parliament. In these papers, the va ues are " estimated by the current prices of the articles instead of " the Custom House rates; and these current prices are
afcertained by the declarations of the merchants, on
goods exported to other countries under the Convoy • AF.”
These accounts, which were furnished to the House of Lords of England, have stated the trade between the two countries, in every light which can give trde information ; and Mr. Irving, who furnished them, an officer of the first character, for ability, diligence and integrity, has, for the satisfaction of the public, stated this trade, not only as it stands upon the old valuations contained in the Custom House Books, but also upon the real value of the articles imported and exported, as they stand in the prices current of the day.
Mr. Foster has, however, I think, made a very unfair infinuation, when he says, “ we will not enquire why this mode was adopted now; 'intimating that the old mode of estimating by the Custom House rates, was laid aside for some improper purpose; but that surely cannot be the case, because Mr. Irving has not only given the prices current, but also the Custom-House rates, so that every man may estimate either by the one or the other mode, as he choses; but surely, as Mr. Foster himself itates, “ it is better to argue
for present expedience, on the present real fate of trade,
có than on a fičtitious one, which might deceive us." An as to the reason why this mode was adopted now, it was because it could not have been adopted fooner; for the value being taken from the declaration of the merchants cxporting the goods under the Convoy Act, and that act having only passed in the previous feflion, such declarations were never made before.
From these accounts Mr. Foster makes the following ftatements.
Imports into Britain from Ireland, on a three years average ARTICLES.
£2,600,101 Raw Materials, provisions, i. e. butter, beef, pork, bacon, corn, &c.
Total, Foreiga produce,
falt, and bark, Foreiga inerchandize,
Total Export, Balance in favour of Ireland,
£5,612,469 From this account it appears, that stating the whole of the imports and exports to and from each country, including foreign products and manufactures, there is a balance in favour of Ireland, amounting to £2,056,824, which mult do away any impresion which could have been made by the first statement, where the balance was stated at but £45,623
Mr. Foler being fully aware of this, found it necesary for his argument, to state that this was
but an apparent balance in favour of Ireland; and to fupport this affertion, he says, “ that on examining the nature “ and amount of the several articles, we fall find on a " comparison of mutual benefit, the balance is much in
favour of Britain;" and to thew this, he states the trade jo threc points of view.
1. As it regards manufactures.
2. As it regards raw materials, or articles of prime neceflity ; and
3. As it regards foreign articles.
As to the first article, viz. Manufactures, he afferts that " there is no kind of manufacture exported from Ireland “ to Britain, except linen;" at the same time he includes in che manufactures exported from Britain to Ireland, all East Indian and Colonial produce; alleging that much of them are really manufactures, and the rest, he says, may be deemed such, on account of the employ of labour in the colony and in the shipping
Upon these principles, which we shall by and by examine, he makes a statement thus:
From Britain to Ireland.
Raw materials supplied hy Ireland, including
articles of prime necesity; as beef, butter,
9. FOREIGN ARTICLES.
Foreign articles taken by Ireland from Britaip, £1,468,173 Do. taken by Britain from Irelaod,
Excess taken by Ireland,
£1,366,309 * Mr. Foster then states, that in the first article, viz. manu. factures, the account is nearly equal; that in the second, or articles of necessity, or raw materials, the balance of fupply is very great to Britain ; and in the third, or foreign articles, the gain to Britain is prodigious.
He asserts that he has detailed these statements accurately, from the printed report of the accounts laid by Mr. Irving before the Lords of England, and he boasts of the advantage of arriving at truth by such derail ; for if the gross amount only of these imports and exports had been stated, without attending to the nature of the articles, it would appear that the trade was greatly against Britain.
I shall oow endeavour to Mew with what degree of accuracy and fairness these statements have been detailed from the printed accounts.
Mr. Folter has taken his statements from three leveral accounts, laid before the House of Lords of England by Mr. Irving, and marked by him, No. 4, No. 5, and No. 6; copies of which are apnexed, and marked with the numbers. 1, 2, and 3.
The first of thele accounts is entitled, " Ad account of " the value, according to the prices current of the imports so into Great Britain from Ireland, on an average of the " jaft three years, distinguishing the principal articles; and " allo diftinguishing, as far as the same can be done, the
products and manufaciures of Ireland, from those articles “ which are not the products and manufactures of that kingni dom."
I his account, as will be seen upon inspection, fets forth the several articles in two schedules ; the one containing fuch as ase, the other such as are not the product, or manufaciure of licland :
Noto. I have throughout adopted the figures of Mr. Foftes, although they are inaccurate; I suppole through burry.
The former, amounting in value to 'The latter, to
£5,612,689 The second is a similar account of the products and maaufactures of Britain exported to Ireland, and distinguished into manufactures and raw materials: The former, amounting in value to
£1,640,195 The latter, to
£2,087,672 The third is entitled, “ An account of the rated value, " and of the value agreeable to the prices current, of the “ foreign merchandize exported from Great-Britain to « Irelan', on an average of the last three years, distin“.guishing the principal articles ;'' amounting, according to the prices current, to £1,408,173.
From these three accounts, the plain and natural conclufions to be drawo would be, that on a comparison of the value of the insports from Ireland into Britain, with the exports of the manufactures and raw materials of Britain to Ireland, the account would stand thus: Amount of imports from Ireland into Britain, £5,612,689 Amount of exports from Britain into Ireland, 2,087,672
Balance in favour of Ireland,
13,527,017 And if it were fair that the amount of the value of fo. reign merchandize should be added to the value of Britisa manufactures and raw materials sent from Britain to Ireland, then the account would fand thus :
Amount of imports from Ireland to Britain, 65,612,689
Balance in favour of Ireland,
£2,056,844 But Mr. Irving, as if he had foreseen that an attempt would have been made to pervert his meaning, has taken