« PreviousContinue »
The wife and good Man,
Remonftrances from his loyal Subjects. Thus happily have ouç GREAT ANCESTORS provided for the Freedom and Security of their Posterity, in composing a Frame of Government of the Excellencies of all the other known Forms, without any of their Evils ; Monarchy, Aristocracy and Democracy lo con, ftituted, as may best serve to balance and to support each other, and to promote the Ends of the Institution, the good Government of the Community; without any Danger of Tyranny, or Anarchy.
On this matchless Frame of Government, every true Briton will ever look with due Reverence, and an exulting Heart. Here, he will find juft Motives to prompt him to glory in, and to emulate, the Virtues of these GREAT PATRIOTS, that left him so invaluable an Inheritance, as Li, BIRTY ; and hence, he must learn, that without a compe, tent Share of these paternal Virtues, his Legitimacy may well be questioned to the hazarding the irrecoverable Loss of that Inheritance.' Hither then, let the difoyal Male-content bend his Eye, and he must see when there is just Cause, as well as against whom, to let his Indignation or Disaffection rise. Let him not presume to judge of the Measures of Government, without the strictest Regard to these Principles; nor ralhly determine aught from partial Appearances. Let him not confound one Part of the Administration with the other; nor condemn the one for the Misconduct of the other. Every Member, that thinks the Community ag grieved, has an undoubted Right, and is bound in Duty, to enquire into the Nature and Cause of the Grievance, and if he finds it real, should use his Might to procure a speedy, legal Redress. But, the TRUE PATRIOT will ever be diftinguished from the spuriaus, as the REAL, from the pretended Mother, by this, that the former will labor by all just and lawful, prudent and rational Means, to restore and pres serve the Whole ; whilst the later will have Recourse to Falfes hood, Dilimulation and Violence; and, rather than fail, will submit, nay, contend, to have the Constitution torn in funder, to gratify his sinister Views. when injured, will fairly demand Restitution according to Law, before he can think of having Recourse to any Degree of Violence. The wise and loyal Subject will remonstrate against, and petition for Redress of, public Grievances. But, the froward and disloyal will gladly run into Faction, and every Measure, that tends to bring all into Confusion; such will constantly strike at all Superiors, right or wrongindiscriminately, either publicly or pri
vately, directly br indirectly, and, upon bringing the public Administration into general Contempt, will found his Hopes to overturn the whole Frame of Government. By these, judge of mine Intentions and Sentiments.
But, why should I mention disloyal Male-contents to You, when it cannot be fufpected, without unjustly impeaching the Wisdom and Loyalty of the Citizens of London, that fruch unworthy Men could find Footing in YOUR Councils, or even within your Walls ? will pardon the Digression then, "MY GOOD LORD and GENTLEMEN, when I declare, I am left'no Room to queftion your ftri&t and inviolable Regard to the Constitution of your Country and City. On the contrary, if I may judge from such Parts of your Civil Oeconomy, as may be supposed to fall under mine Observation, I am perswaded, there are Men of 'as exalted Virtue and true Patriotism in London, as ever adorned the Councils or shone in the Camps of Britain. But, of all, that a free Subject may fee laudable among You, there is nothing that strikes mine Eye more pleasingly, than feeing the Force and Authority of the Civil Power, so fhamefully languid, in some parts of these Dominions, revived and kept up in pristine Strength and Vigor among You. To avoid offending the Modesty of one of your eminent Members, as well as the Imputation of Flattery, I am forced to omit mentioning the respectful Name of that GREAT and woRTHY OFFICER, who lately let the World fee, what fome corrupt Members thought, or would have thought, impoffible, that the Civil Power was able to execute its molt rigorous Decrees, and, in all Respects, to support itself, without the Interpofition of a military Force. It is an Inftance of your Happiness, that the Fame of this PATRIOT may fail of being handed down to Poftetity, with that Eclat, in which it would have been, had he lived to exert his free Spirit in a Reign less observant and lefs tender of the Civil Rights and Liberties of the Subject; but, the generous Regard, You have payed to the Merit of this and every other diftinguished Citizen, thews, that You can never suffer fuch Daining Virtues to be ungratefully buried in Oblivion *.
Therefore, *I am forry to find myself now obliged to point out the Person here glanced at, I mean STEPHEN THEODORE JANSSEN, Esq; who juftly became so popular as to have been elected, upon the Prefumption of his Patriot Principles, one of the Members of Parlement, an Alderman, à Sheriff, and Lord Mayor of the City; yet, in his Mayoralty, declined presenting this Address to his constituents.
Therefore, it is impossible, that I should imagine You capable of countenancing any of the Measures of such weak or wicked Men, as would work a Change in the present System of Government in these Kingdoms; that I Thould suspect You insensible of the Blessings You enjoy in a free and easy Access to your Sovereign, in full Possession of your constitutional Rights and Liberties, under a just, equal Distribution of Laws, and in a proper Influence in the framing or repealing of Laws: This would be no less, than charging You with, what I presume your Enemies dare not, a Desire to turn back again to the Flesh Pots of Egypt ; a Desire to subjugate your City and your Country in general, to the like lawless and tyrannical Rule, to the same exceffive and illegal Taxes, Impofitions and Exactions, destructive Monopolies, merciless Oppresions, Disfranchisements, Perfecutions, civil Blood-Jhed, and general Subversion of Liberty and Justice, under which You wretchedly labored, during the arbitrary Government of some late Princes, as before touched on, untill HEAVEN called forth the manly Virtues of your glorious Ancestors, to curb the Infolence and to chastise the Usurpation of these perfidious and most impious Rulers, and to rescue and secure themselves and You from Tyranny, by reviving and establishing the NOBLE CONSTITUTION, You at present enjoy; a Constitution conceived in Wisdom, and brought to Life and Maturity by Virtue ; a Constitution, of all others, the most complete, the most perfect; which has long made Britain the Object of the Admiration or Envy of the rest of the World ; in short, a Conftitution, which neither Time, nor internal nor external Force, can injure or indanger, while its Members retain the Sense to prize their Liberty, as it deserves, and
the Virtue to support it properly. Men, blessed with these Faculties, which I am perswaded were never yet wanting in London, will not suffer themselves to be taken with mere founding, empty Names, and outward and superficial Forms of Things; but, will constantly contend for the PULIC LIBERTY, upon the ESSENTIAL and UNALTERABLE PRINCIPLES OF THEIR Policy, by which, they must ever be able to preserve and maintain it; but, those, who are not so blessed, will forfeit their Birth-Right, or sell their inestimable Inheritance, for a Mess of Pottage, for a Bit of gliftering Tinsel, or a gawdy String or Feather ; Names and Forms, without a Spark of the VIVIFYING Essence of the Conftitution, will be sufficient for those, whom Perver seness has blinded, or whom Avarice or Luxury has exposed to Corruption and ever-confequent Slavery.
To promote the one, to wit, VIRTUE-and LIBERTY, and to obviate or fuppress the other, Vice and Slavery, I firlz wrote and published the following Papers in Dublin, and with the same Views, I now republish them here, and thus beg Leave to devote and dedicate them to your Service. If they be found productive of any Good to your Country or City, I cannot fear their being acceptable to You; and, if they be not, You have Judgement enough to discern the Author's Intention and Motives, and Humanity will induce You to pardon the fimple Attempt.
It is mine additional Misforture to have mine Affairs fo circumftanced, as to require my going into foreign Countries, before I can have the Honor of presenting You personally with tbefe Papers. I have therefore directed a Friend to attend upon your LORDSHIP and each of the SHERIFs, with a Copy, as soon as it is printed. But, fearing, from a broken State of Health, and the many Disasters, to which I am exposed, that I may not have the Happiness of attending upon YOUR LORDSHIP and HONORS again, I humbly lay hold of this Opportunity, to testify my Regard to Truth, and my Zeal for the Cause of LIBERTY, as well as the high Efteem and Veneration, I bear for your LORDSHIP, and all the worshipful Members of the COMMUNITY of the City of London; and thus, beg Leave to offer you this Address in mine own proper Manuscript, and subscribed with my Name *
I WOULD do more for the GLORIOUS CAUSE, had PROVIDENCE but blessed me with the Means. But, You must accept the Will for the Deed; since, nothing is now left, but to offer up my Prayers for the Prosperity of the whole British Dominions.
THAT BRITAIN may, before it be too late, learn and practise those Things, that concern the temporal and eternal Honor and Welfare of her Subjects, abroad, as well as at home; that her Sons may ever inherit those paternal Virtues, by which, the national Conftitution was framed and estaa blished, and by which alone, it can be preserved and fupported; that every Grace and Blessing may attend the prefent SOVEREIGN on her Throne; that all her future Kings may so fully learn the End and Duty of that facred Office,
• This Address was presented in Manuscript the 17th of Marcb, 1750, to Alderman Cockayne, the Lord Mayor, who not choofing to present it to his Conftituents, returned it, with the printed Book, delivered to him in the Absence of the Author, after his return in 1753.
that bears the Image and Superscription of the MAJESTY of the PEOPLE, and so duly prize the Rights and Liberties of the Subjects intrusted to their Government, that they may rule by Laws, not by any Degree or Appearance of arbitrary Power or military Force; that they may neither 'hold, nor'know, any Interest, opposite to, or distinct from, that of their Country ; that the wise and august Councils of both the present Houses of Parlement may prosper ; that all_succeding Peers and Bishops may emulate the Virtues, the Piety and Learning of the most distinguilhed of their ancestors and Predeceffors, in being good Guardians to their Baronies and Sees, free and faithful Counsellors to their Sovereigns, and shining Lights and Ornaments to the true Religion ; that no corrupt or corruptible Member · may ever obtain a Seat in either House, or in any of the public or private Councils, nor in any of the Courts of Justice; that all succeding Houses of Commons may be composed of Men, in all Respects, fully qualified for their Places, and, for these Qualifications onely, chosen and appointed by wise, virtuous and free Constituents ; that all future Members may ever be fenfible of the important Trust_reposed in them at their Election, and never forget the Duty and Service, they owe their Electors, but religiously remember and observe the just Deference due from the Delegate to the Principal; that they may never be actuated by any Motives or Confiderations to utter Sentiments, that may not be justly authorised and approved by the most virtuous and loyal Constituents, nor ever agree in any Thing, that does not tend to the public Good, and to the fulfilling the great End of their Institution ; that the three Estates may ever cooperate, as the Head and Members of one and the same Body, in perfect Harmony, for the Maintainance of the mutual Honor, Dignity, Power and Prosperity of each other, and the Health, Peace, Liberty and general good Government of the great Community committed to their Charge, in such a Manner, that their Conduct may always obtain the Approbation of the A LMIGHTY, in the applauding Voice of a virtuous and loyal People here, and in endless Glory hereafter.
That these two KINGDOMS may never be divided against each other, nor have their juft Connection broken by any evil Administration ; that they may neither regard nor know any worldly Interest or Concern opposite to, or feparate from, each other ; but that, like the right and left Hands of one and the same Body, they may always equally and regularly minister to the mutual Health and Prosperity of