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in the City, so averfe to any Thing, that favored of Revolution Principles, that I should hardly find a Man at the Head, of the Affairs of the City, that would presume to countenance any Thing of that Kind. Not being well able to conceive such Extravagance in so fage and venerable a Body, as I took the Elders of the City to be, I resolved to push the Trial further, and as soon as I returned from a medical Tour into the Country, I waited on another Lord Mayor, who received me with great Civility. I told him the Story and Fate of mine Address; be expressed his Surprise, that he had never before heard of it. I presented his Lordship with the Book. He politely accepted of it and sensibly fayed, “ He was but a temporary Magistate; and that though now

placed at the Head of the City; he could do nothing un« advised. He was unacquainted with Matters of this Kind; e but, he would speak to some of his Brethren concerning « it; and desired I would dine with him on a certain Day in “ the next Week, when the Recorder, the Sheriffs and Al« dermen were to dine there, whose Sentiments I should " then hear upon the Occasion.”

It is easy to conceive, how I must bave received so prudent and so polite an Answer, I could not neglect attending at the Time appointed, and after a very elegant Entertainment, the Subject of my Book and Dedication were introduced. It appeared a very obscure Matter to the whole Company. Some appeared, as I believe they were, Strangers to it. Others looked as if they did not with to see or hear more of it? while others seeming quite regardless, fumed away their Tobacco in Silence. The Lord Mayor, after giving me an Opportunity of telling my Story, and informing them of my Sentiments and my Desire to have the Book publickly presented to the Corporation of the City in a general Assembly or Common Council, thought it just to submit the Matter to the Judgement of the great Counsellor of the City, the Recorder. His Brethren of the Board seemed of the fame Opinion, and I was so far from diffenting, that my Vanity was pleased at the Book's being offered to the Examination and Judgement of a Man, that I must have presumed prudent, learned and well affected to those Principles of our Government, that brought about the prefent Establishment; because, I must have supposed him elected by a free and loyal People. Pray Heaven ! I was not mistaken in either!

This learned Gentleman, desiring to see the Book, I told him, I should present him with one. I accordingly sent it to him. And waited upon him several Times after, without

being able to obtain the Honor of Access to him, or learn. ing by any other Means, than his Silence, his Opinion of the Matter. Thus unfortunately have I generally mistaken Men! I must suppose, I do not stand well in the Judgement of this fage Counsellor of yours; or I should some way have heard of it. It is yours to enquire, if you_think it worth while. Mine Intentions keep my Conscience calm ; and this, none external Accident shall shake.

As I became, by my Residence among you, acquainted with several Characters in the City, I could not be surprised, that a Collection of Papers, written upon revolutional Principles, with a dedicatory Address, in which some Men were vindicated from the scandalous Imputation of such a disaffected and disloyal Temper, as they did not dare publickly to avow, nor secretly, in their dark Factions, deny; should be affiduously suppressed by all Men of that Cast, that feared nothing so much, as the bringing their Sentiments to Light, to the Teft of Common Sense and Truth.

But, who could suspect, that a Man, whose Administration in the great Office of high Sheriff of your City, Thewed he dared to discharge his Duty, without regarding whom it fhould please or displease; the Man, whose Condu& in that Office demanded and obtained most honorable Mention in this very Dedication, should also use his Diligence to fuppress and prevent its ever coming into the Hands of those very Men, who for his Virtues set him at the Head of their Affairs? Who can hear of such a Character without Concern ? Who can helieve, that JANSSEN is the Man ?

Perhaps, I think the Omiffion of greater Importance, than you may. I am sorry we should differ. For mine own Vindication and your 'Information, I must, tho' with Reluctance, relate the fact as it stands.

From the general Character of this Gentleman and some Right Acquaintance with him, I was persuaded, he was a Lover of his Country and an Advocate for the Rights and Liberties of the Subjects of Britain without Distinction, without any of the low, contemptible Regards of Parties or Factions. Such he appeared to me; such I believed him.

You, upon these Principles, as I must suppose, till you convince me of the contrary, justly called this Gentleman to exert his Talents in an higher Sphere, that of your chief Magistrate. All good Men, that I know, in the City, ap. plauded your Choice. I rejoiced at it.

Soon after he was inducted to this most honorable Office, I payed my Respects to him. And judging my poor Performance not disagreeable to his political Principles ; I pre

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sented him with the Books returned to me by one of his Pres deceffors; told him their Fate and my Defire to have them layed before the City through his Means, and my Hopes of their proving, though a small, an useful and acceptable Present.

So little was this Gentleman in the Secrets of his Predecessors, or so insignificant was this Matter deemed, that he acknowledged with Surprise, he had never before seen one of the Books or heared them spoke of in the City. He gave me to understand, that he would peruse them carefully, and in case he should not meet with something that might make it improper in him, that he would present them.

Conscious of the Purity of mine Intentions, as well as alsured of a Correspondence in our political Principles, in our Notions of the Duty of Governors as well of the Rights and Duty of the governed, I readily agreed to his Perusal and Examination of them. He was pleased to honor me with a general Invitation to the Mansion-House. I waited upon him in about a Month after. He sayed, he had not yet had Time to go through them; but that he should soon. I urged the present Situation of the Affairs of the Kingdom of Ireland in general, of the City of Dublin in particular, and the Neceffity of giving the City of London some Information in these Matters. He repeted his Promise and his Invitation. Both of which I took to be serious. In Consequence whereof, I waited some five or fix Times afterwards upon his Lordship; but never could obtain the Honor of Access to him, nor that of any kind of Message from him; till I called upon him a second Time after he was out of his Mayoralty. Having met him, I enquired the Reception my Papers met with, not doubting they had been layed before you. But he did not it seems, think it proper to put them to the Test, whether for your Sake or mine, I could not learn; but, upon my Demand, returned them as one of hıs Predecessors had done. Thus have all the Means of presenting these Papers, that I could devise, been hitherto marred!

However I might have been surprised at this unexpected Treatment from Aldermen Janssen, with Respect to myself, I was much more concerned at finding, what appeared to me a Disrespect to your Community, who were each alike addressed with your chief Magistrate in this Dedication. For, suppose any indifferent Man of a moral Character had presented a Book upon any ordinary Subject, and dedicated it in a most respectful Manner to any Individual, to Alderman Jansen for Example; would it not be incumbent on Alder

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( 23 ) man Janssen to accept the Book and treat such a Person with Civility, when Civility was all that was expected or would be accepted at his Hands? I presume, I shall not be answered in the Negative. A Community then, a Body politic, is bound by the fame Rules of Justice and Reason with an Individual, in all Respects. This and every other Lord Mayor had undoubtedly a Right to pass his Judgement upon this or any other Dedication addressed to you ; but, not before it was presented and submitted to the Judgement of the Whole; and then he could have had onely a Voice, perhaps not that; for a Majority on either Side can determine any Question without his Interpofition. How far then he could have had a Right to pass his Judgement upon the whole FOR You, and to treat the Person contemptuously, who addressed

you with all Respect and Veneration ; how far he represented the City in this Instance, I submit to your Judgement; for the obtaining of which I now publish this Appeal.

Thus once 'more, contrary to my determined Purpose, have the circumstances of the Affairs of Ireland, and the Behavior of your Magistrates, obliged me to touch again upon a Subject, which I think demands the Attention of every Man, who is endued with any Sense of Liberty, or any Regards for the common Subjects of our Crown; and which I onely through

Despondency had dropped. Miftake me not, Gentlemen ; my Hope of succeding in any public Matter is not at all raised. "My Opinion of the World is not much mended. I am sensible, there never was known in these Illands less public Spirit, less true Patriotism, than in these Days, in which my Lot is cast. I see with an aching Heart, Immorality and Irreligion, Contempt of the civil Power, a general Insensibility and Disregard to the present and future Good of the Public so universally prevale; that I must believe the Hearts of the Community are rendered callous, by the many false Alarms daily given them by the scribling Partisans of your real, though masqued Enemies, and the various unexpected Shocks of Disappointments from the Conduct of your pretended Friends in Office. I do not apprehend, that there is Sense and Virtue enough in the Generality to discern and distinguish the true from the false Prophets, and therefore, I can not imagine, that they should become true Believers, though a RusSEL, a SIDNEY or an Hampden rose from the Dead.

But, while there is any Sense of public Virtue left, it behoves every good Man to attempt to cherish and to propagate it. Whilft I lament the general Decay of that noble

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public Spirit, that once distinguished the Briton, like the Roman, from the Rest of the World, giving each alike envied and dreaded Preeminence; I must confess, I have seen among some of you, such Remnants of this Spirit, as, if they may not raise mine Hopes of a general Refurrection, demand at left my tenderest Regard and moft profound Veneration.

I remember the Comforts I received by your Feelings for the Outrages committed upon the People, in the Treatment given me in Ireland. And I can never forget the extreme Generosity, with which you offered me noble Supports under the Shocks of Adversity, I had then suffered. I well

recollect the Horrors some of you expressed, upon the Reprefentation made by the Ministry of Ireland, while you were thereby induced to believe the Oppofition given there to have arisen from a Spirit of Disaffection to the present Etablishment. I must well remember the Hopes and Joy, that some of the deluded Men of this Caft conceived and expressed from the Prospect of such an Opposition's serving their destructive Purposes; whileft you, upon hearing the true State of the Cafe, exulted upon seeing these Gleams, these Dawnings of Liberty and public Spirit in that poor Country. Many of you must remember the Pains I often took to set your Judgements to rights, when you toasted the opposing Commons and the noble Peer that headed them, and in general looked upon them as fo many true Patriots. Did

not often thew you Room to fuspect them every Man Did you not planely see the secret Springs of all their Actions !--Were not the Strings and even the Man behind the Curtain, that set the pretty Patriot Puppets in Motion, layed open to your View? You saw my Letter to the Patriot Peer upon this Occasion. You wanted but Affurance of his having received it to be perfuaded, he could not have been in earnest. I now can tell you, he did receive it, but did not choose to answer it. But, you were too few, compared to the whole Community, before whom these like Matters fhould be layed open ; therefore, I think it right to lay these Matters thus brieây, publicly, before you ; and if you should not judge it right, with Respect to you, I shall still have the Comfort to find it right with Respect to myself: I shall do my Duty to you and to the whole Country, in which I enenjoy all the Comforts of Life, and so disburden mine own Conscience. As to the Event, for that I am not answerable ; that 1 submit to the wife Dispensations of Providence.

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