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(Sundry civil act, June 25, 1910, 36 Stats., 708.)
and hereafter said Navy Yearbook shall be prepared and published for each calendar year and distributed as other public documents; and six thousand additional copies shall be printed and bound in cloth and distributed as follows: One thousand five hundred for the Senate, three thousand for the Ilouse of Representatives, one thousand for the Navy Department, and five hundred for the Committees on Naval Affairs of Senate and House.
The initial legislation for rebuilding the Navy. commenced with the act of August 5, 1882 (Statutes, vol. 22, p. 2914, which provided, under limitations, that no more money should be spent upon old wooden vessels, and for the appointment of a Naval Advisory Board. The following are the important provisions of the act:
one million seven hundred and fifty thousand dollars: Providci, That no part of this sum shall be applied to the repairs of any wooden ship when the estimated cost of such repairs shall exceed thirty per centum of the estimated cost of a new ship of the same size and like material: Provided, Nothing herein contained shall deprive the Secretary of the authority to order repairs of ships damaged in foreign waters or on the high seas, so far as may be necessary to bring them home. Any portion of said sum not required for the purposes aforesaid may be applied toward the construction of two steam cruising vessels of war, which are hereby authorized, at a total cost, when fully completed, not to exceed the amount estimated by the late Naval Advisory Board for such vessel, the same to be constructed of steel, of domestic manufacture, having as near as may be a tensile strength of not less than sixty thousand pounds to the square inch, and a ductility in eight inches of not less than twenty-five per centum; said vessels to be provided with full sa il-power and full steam-power. One of said vessels shall be of not less than five thousand nor more than six thousand tons displacement, and shall have the highest attainable speed, and shall be adapted to be armed with not more than four breech-loading rifled cannon, of high power, of not less than eight-inch caliber, or two of teninch caliber, and not more than twenty-one breech-loading rifled cannon, of high power, of not less than six-inch caliber; one of said vessels shall be of not less than four thousand three hundred nor more than four thousand seven hundred tons displacement, and shall have the highest attainable speed, and shall be adapted to be armed with four breech-loading rifled cannon, of high power, of not less than eight-inch caliber, or two of ten-inch caliber, and not more than fifteen breech-loading rifled cannon, of high power, of not less than six-inch caliber. The Secretary of the Navy is hereby empowered and directed to organize a board of naval officers and experts for his advice and assistance, to be called the “Naval Advisory Board," to serve during the period required for the construction, armament, and trial of the vessels hereby authorized to be constructed, and no longer. Said board shall consist of five officers on the active list of the Navy in the line and the staff, to be detailed by the Secretary of the Navy, without reference to rank and with reference only to character, experience, knowledge, and skill, and two persons of established reputation and standing, as experts in naval or marine construction, to be selected from civil life, and employed for this sole duty by the Secretary of the Navy, and to be paid such sum, out of the appropriation hereby made, not exceeding eleven thousand dollars, as he may direct: Provided however, That no person shall be a member of said board who has any interest, direct or indirect, in any invention, device, or process, patented or otherwise, to be used in the construction of said vessels, their engines, boilers, or armament, nor in any contract for the same. It shall be the duty of said board to advise and assist the Secretary of the Navy, in his office or elsewhere, in all matters referred to them by him relative to the designs, models, plans, specifications, and contracts for said vessels in all their parts, and relative to the materials to be used therein and to the construction thereof, and especially relative to the harmonious adjustment, respectively, of their hulls, machinery, and armament; and they shall examine all materials to be used in said vessels, and inspect the work on the same as it progresses, and have general supervision thereof, under the direction of said Secretary. But said board shall have no power to make or enter into any contract, nor to direct or control any officer of the Navy, the chief of any bureau of the Navy, or any contractor. Neither of the vessels hereby authorized to be built shall be contracted for or commenced until full and complete detail drawings and specifications thereof, in all its parts, including the hull, engines, and boilers, shall have been provided or adopted by the Navy Department, and shall have been approved, in writing, by said board, or by a majority of the members thereof, and by the Secretary of the Navy; and after said drawings and specifications have been provided, adopted, and approved. as a foresaid, and the work has been commenced or a contract made for it, they shall not be changed in any respect, when the cost of such change shall in the construction exceed five hundred dollars, except upon the approval of sand board, or a majority of the members thereof, in writing, and upon the writtet order of the Secretary of the Navy; and, if changes are thus made, the actual cost thereof and the damage caused thereby shall be ascertained, estimated, and determined by said board; and in any contract made pursuant to this act it shall be provided in the terms thereof that the contractor shall be bound by the determination of said board, or a majority thereof, as to the amount of the increased or diminished compensation said contractor shall be entitled to receive, if any, in consequence of such change or changes. The Secretary of the Navy is hereby authorized to cause the said cruising vessels of var aforesaid to be provided with interior deflective steel armor, if the same, • upon full investigation, shall seem to be practicable and desirable, and if the
same shall be approved by said board, or a majority thereof, in writing. Before any of the vessels hereby authorized shall be contracted for or commenced the Secretary of the Navy shall, by proper public advertisement and notice, invite all engineers and mechanics of established reputation, and all reputable manufacturers of vessels, steam-engines, boilers, and ordnance, having or controlling regular establishments, and being engaged in the business, all officers of the Navy, and especially all naval constructors, steam-engineers, and ordnance officers of the Navy, having plans, models, or designs of any vessels of the classes hereby authorized, or of any part thereof, within any given period, not less than sixty days, to submit the same to said board; and it shall be the duty of said board to carefully and fuly examine the same and to hear any proper explanation thereof, and to report to the Secretary of the Navy, in writing, whether, in their opinion, any such plan, model, or design, or any suggestion therein, is worthy of adoption in the construction of said vessels, their engines, boilers, or armament; and if in such construction any such plan, model, design, or suggestion shall be adopted, for the use of which any citizen not an officer of the Navy would have a just claim for compensation, the contractor shall bind himself to discharge the government from all liability on account of such adoption and use: Provided, That said Naval Advisory Board herein provided for shall, under the direction of the Secretary of the Navy, prepare plans, drawings, and specifications for vessels, their machinery, and armament, recommended by the late Naval Advisory Board not herein authorized to be built.
FORTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS, SECOND SESSION, MARCH 3, 1883.
AN ACT Making appropriations for the naval service for the fiscal year ending
June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and eighty-four, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums be, and they are hereby, appropriated, to be paid out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the naval service of the government for the year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and eighty-four, and for other purposes.
For the pay of the Navy, for the active-list, namely: For one Admiral, one Vice-Admiral, ten rear-admirals, eight chiefs of bureau, twenty-four commodores, forty-eight captains, ninety commanders, eighty lieutenant-commanders, two hundred and eighty lieutenants, one hundred masters, the title of which grade is hereby changed to that of lieutenants, and the masters now on the list shall constitute a junior grade of and be commissioned as lieutenants, having the same rank and pay as now provided by law for masters, but promotion to and from said grade shall be by examination as provided by law for promotion to and from the grade of master, and nothing herein contained shall be so construed as to increase the pay now allowed by law to any officer in the line or staff; one hundred ensigns, ninety-one midshipmen, the title of which grade is hereby changed to that of ensign, and the midshipman now on the list shall constitute a junior grade of, and be commissioned as, ensigns, having the same rank and pay as now provided by law for midshipmen, but promotions to and from said grade shall be under the same regulations and requirements as now provided by law for promotion to and from the grade of midshipmen, and nothing herein contained shall be so construed as to increase the pay now allowed by law to any officer of said grade or of any officer of relative rank; fourteen medical directors, fifteen medical inspectors, fifty surgeons, eighty passed assistant surgeons, twelve assistant surgeons, two assistant surgeons not in the line of promotion who shall hereafter, after fifteen years' service, be entitled to receive, as annual pay, when at sea, two thousand one hundred dollars, when on shore duty, one thousand eight hundred dollars, and when on leave or waiting orders one thousand six hundred dollars, thirteen pay directors, twelve pay inspectors, fifty paymasters, thirty past assistant paymasters, twenty assistant paymasters, sixty-nine chief engineers, ninety-nine past assistant engineers, sixty-two assistant engineers, sixty-two cadet engineers, twenty-three chaplains, eleven professors of mathematics, ten naval constructors, six assistant naval constructors, ten civil engineers, one hundred and ninety-five warrant officers, forty mates, three hundred and thirty-five naval cadets; in all, three million nine hundred and forty thousand eight hundred dollars: Hereafter only one-half of the vacancies in the various grades in the staff corps of the navy shall be filled by promotion until such grades shall be reduced to the numbers fixed for the several grades of the staff corps of the navy by the act of August fifth, eighteen hundred and eighty two, making appropriations for the naval service for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and eighty three, and for other purposes.
For pay of the retired list, namely: For forty-six rear-admirals, twenty-one commodores, eleven captains, ten commanders, sixteen lieutenant-commanders, nine lieutenants, eleven masters, six ensigns, one midshipman, twenty-two medical directors, two medical inspectors, two surgeons, four passed assistant surgeons, seven assistant surgeons, seven pay-directors, two pay-inspectors, four paymasters, two passed assistant paymasters, one assistant paymaster, ten chief engineers, twenty-one passed assistant engineers, twenty-five assistant engineers, eight chaplains, six professors of mathematics, one chief constructor, three civil engineers, eleven boatswains, nine gunners, eleven carpenters, and nine sailmakers; in all, seven hundred and three thousand one hundred and eighty dollars :
For pay to petty officers, seamen, ordinary seamen, landsmen, and boys, including men in the engineers’ force, and for the Coast Survey Service, not exceeding eight thousand two hundred and fifty in all, two million four hundred and ninety thousand dollars.
For two secretaries, one to the Admiral and one to the Vice-Admiral, clerks to paymasters, clerks at inspections, navy-yards, and stations, and extra pay to men enlisted under honorable discharge; commission and interest, transportation of funds, exchange, mileage to officers while traveling under orders in the United States, and for actual personal expenses of officers while traveling abroad under orders; and for actual and necessary traveling expenses of naval cadets while proceeding from their homes to the Naval Academy for examination and appointment as cadets and for the payment of any such officers as may be in service, either upon the active or retired list, during the year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and eighty-four, in excess of the numbers of each class provided for in this act, and for any increase of pay arising from different duty, as the needs of the service may require, three hundred thousand dollars. And all officers of the Navy shall be credited with the actual time they may have served as officers or enlisted men in the regular or volunteer Army or Navy, or both, and shall receive all the benefits of such actual service in all respects in the same manner as if all said service had been continuous and in the regular Navy in the lowest grade having graduated pay held by such officer since last entering the service: Provided, Îhat nothing in this clause shall be so construed as to authorize any change in the dates of commission or in the relative rank of such officers: Provided further, That nothing herein contained shall be so construed as to give any additional pay to any such officer during the time of his service in the volunteer army or navy.
For contingent expenses of the Navy, namely: For rent and furniture of buildings and offices not in navy-yards; expenses of courtsmartial and courts of inquiry, boards of investigation, examining boards, with clerks' and witnesses' fees, and traveling expenses and costs; stationery and recording; expenses of purchasing-paymasters'