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people, we ask and desire you to love peace and maintain it, and to love and sympathize with us in our troubles ; that the path may be kept open with all our people and yours, to pass and repass, without molestation.
Brothers! we live on the same ground with you. The same island is our common birth-place. We defire to fit down under the saine tree of peace with you: Let us water its roots and cherish its growth, till the large leaves and flourishing branches shall extend to the setting fun, and reach the skies. .
Brothers, observe well! What it is we have asked you ! Nothing but peace, notwithstanding our present disturbed situation and if application should be made to you by any of the King's unwise and wicked ministers, to join on their fide, we only advise you to deliberate with great caution, and in your wisdom look forward to the consequences of a compliance. For if the King's troops take away our property, and destroy us who are of the same blood with themselves, what can you, who are Indians, expect from them afterwards ?
Therefore we say, Brothers, take care-hold fast to your covenant chain. You now know our disposition towards you, the Six Nations of Indians and your allies. Let this our good talk remain at Onondaga, your central council-house. We depend upon you to send and acquaint your allies to the northward, the seven tribes on the river St. Lawrence, that you have this Talk of ours at the great Council-Fire of the Six Nations. And when you return, we invite your great men to come and converse farther with us at Albany,where we intend to re-kindle the Council-Fire, which your and our ancestors fat round in great friendship. Brothers, and Friends!
We greet you all,
Farewell. . (The
(The large Belt of Intelligence and Declaration.)
Brothers! We have said we wish you Indians may continue in peace with one another, and with us the White people. Let us both be cautious in our behaviour towards each other at this critical state of affairs. This island now trembles, the wind whistles from almost every quarter; let us fortify our minds and fhut our ears against false rumours; let us be cautious what we receive for truth, unless spoken by wise and good men. If any thing disagreeable should ever fall out between us, the Twelve United Colonies, and you the Six Nations, to wound our peace, let us immediately seek measures for healing the breach. From the present situation of our affairs, we judge it wife and expedient to kindle up a small Council-Fire at Albany, where we may hear each others voice, and disclose our minds more fully to one another. (Afmall Belt.)
Ordered, That a similar talk be prepared for the other Indian Nations, preserving the tenor of the above, and altering it so as to suit the Indians in the several departments.
The Congress then proceded to the choice of Commiffioners for Indian affairs, and after some debate, agreed that the nomination of Commissioners for the southern department be postponed till Tuefday next. i
Mr. Franklin, Mr. Henry, and Mr. Wilson, were unanimously elected for the middle department.
The Congress then proceded to elect the Commisfioners for the northern department, and the following Gentlemen were chosen,' viz. Major-General Philip Schuyler, Major Joseph Hawley, Mr. Turbot Francis, Mr. Oliver Woolcot, and Mr. Volkert P. Douw. : *
Adjourned till to-morrow at eight o'clock.
FRIDAY, JULY 14, 1795.
Met according to adjournment.
tia, and after debate, the same was referred for farther consideration.
Adjourned till to-morrow at eight o'clock.
SATURDAY, JULY 15, 1775,
Met according to adjournment. On motion made, The Congress came to the following refolution:
Whereas the government of Great-Britain hath prohibited the exportation of arms and amunition to any of the Plantations, and endeavoured to prevent other na
tions from supplying us, • Resolved, That for the better furnishing these Colonies with the neceffary means of defending their rights, every veffel importing gun-powder, falt-petre, sulphur, provided they bring with the fulphur four times as much falt-petre, brass field-pieces, or good muskets, fitted with bayonets, within nine months from the date of this refolution, shall be permitted to load and export the produce of these colonies, to value of such powder and stores aforesaid, 'the Non-Exportation Agreement notwithstanding; and it is recommended to the Committees of the several Provinces, to inspect the military stores fo
imported, and to estimate a generous price for the same, (according to their goodness, and permit the importer of
fuch powder and other military stores aforesaid, to export the value thereof and no more, in produce of any kind.
Sundry intercepted letters, were laid before Congress and read.
· The talk to the Stockbridge Indians was then taken up, and the fame being debated, was agreed to
On motion, Resolved, That the Congress will, on Thursday next, attend Divine Service in a body, both morning and afternoon.
Ordered, That Mr. Lynch and Mr. Dickinson, wait on Mr. Duché and Doctor Allison, and requeft Mr. Duché to preach before the Congress on Thursday next, in
the morning, and Doctor Allison in the afternoon. - Adjourned till Monday at eight o'clock.
MONDAY, July 17, 1975.
· Met according to adjournment.
A letter from General Schuyler being laid before the Congress, was read, and the fame being taken into confi. deration, · Resolved, That a Commiffary of stores and provisions be appointed for the New-York department during the present compaign.
Walter Living flon, Esq. chosen to that office.
Resolved, That a Deputy Quarter-Mafter General be appointed for the said departinent.
Donald Campbell, Esq. elected to that office.
Ordered, That Mr. D. Campbell have the rank of Colonel in the army. * Refolved, That a Deputy Muster-Master be appointed for the faid department. · Gunning Bedford, Efq. elected to that office. :
Resolved, That the Convention of New York be defired to recommend to General Schuyler a proper person for a Deputy Adjutant General or Brigade Major for the army in the New-York deparment. . Adjourned till to-morrow at eight o'clock. Y 2
TUESDAY, JULY 18, 1775.
Met according to to adjournment. The Congress again resumed the confideration of the report of the Committee for putting the militia into a proper state for the defence of America, and the same being debated by paragraphs, was agreed to as follows:
Resolved, That it be recommended to the inhabitants of all the United English Colonies in North-America, that all able-bodied effective men, between fixteen and fifty years of age in each Colony, immediately form themselves into regular companies of militia, to confift of one Captain, two Lieutenants, one Enfign, four Serjeants, four Corporals, one Clerk, one Drummer, one Fifer, and about fixty-eight Privates. · That the officers of each company be chosen by the respective companies.
'That each soldier be furnished with a good musket, that will carry an ounce ball, with a bayonet, steel ramrod, worm, priming wire and brush fitted thereto, a cutting sword or tomahawk, a catridge box, that will con. tain twenty-three rounds of catridges, twelve flints and a knapsack.
That the companies be formed into regiments or battallions, officered with a Colonel, Lieutenant-Colonel, two Majors, an Adjutant or Quarter-Mafter. į That all officers above the rank of a Captain be appointed by the respective Provincial Affemblies or Conventions, or in their recess by the Committees of Safety appointed by faid Afsemblies or Conventions. * That all officers be commissioned by the Provincial Assemblies or Conventions, or in their recess, by the Committees of Safety appointed by faid Aflemblies or Conventions.