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been thus suffered to occupy, and selves.”. And as “for foolishly waspressing on in battalious array, “with ting their strength in defending unthe measured tread of marching tenable positions," how muchoftener men," whom there is no power to bave empires been lost by relinstop, were there the desire, and they quishing positions foolishly thought carry without collision the last posts to be untenable, when they might of all on the summit of the hill. have been held against all invaders “Well-educated men, in a good con- -in front impregnable--nor to be

a dition,” form the great body of Disa turned on either #ank, the one prosenters, and “ from such what have tected by rocks commanding the we to fear ?” Every thing and all. enemy's whole position, and the " The college endowments are, with other by a wood, into which had he limited exceptions,” says the Pro- ventured, he had been lost. We are fessor, “ secured to the members of sick at “the eternal blazon” of the the Established Church.”

“ temper of the age.” What is its what spells, what conjurations, and temper? Is it, in sad truth, an irrewhat mighty magic,” ask we, that ligious age ? No. Then let not the the spirit of the age shall not cut friends of religion fear. But neither the security like a rotten rope, or

let them act as if they did fear. consume it like dry flax?

Let them defy the hordes of infidels, Is it true, that “ academical regu- by whom the Dissenters are backed lations offer no defence against bru- --backed, perhaps, though we know tal acts of democratic violence ?" not how that is—without or against No. All regulations do—for the their will. True, that “Cambridge sanctity of unviolated law overawes

is a University in the proper sense the multitude, else whence the sta- of the word—a place of national bility of any state ? “ Academical education, not for the Church mereregulations" are poor and inade- ly, but for all the learned faculties, quate words to express the power of a great scientific body, and a lay time-hallowed institutions. " Let the corporation.” The passage quoted great, old, famous English Universi- in a former part of this article exties remain what they have been for plains that assertion, and puts it in so many ages, in purpose and in spi- its true light. It has long been som rit, and sacred in the eyes and in and it gained its glory under a systhe hearts of so many millions, with tem, which, we fear, has seen almost not one « moral coward”

among its latest day. Well does the Rev. them all, and the might of their ma- Christopher Wordsworth say, in jesty, combined with that of a vene- some pages this moment come to rable and magnificent Church Esta- our hands_“What then is the title blishment, will prevail even over and definition of an English Univer“ the brutality of democratic vio- sity? Call them, if you will, as they lence,” for it will be for ever curb- call themselves, SEMINARIES OF ing it, and, better still, humanizing SounD LEARNING AND RELIGIOUS it, by the irresistible influences of EDUCATION. Call them, even as they religion, felt wide and afar over are called by Dissenters, National dwellers in darksome places, who Seminaries of Education;' but call yet know not whence the bless- them not Scientific Institutions, or ing.comes, while they owo it to Literary Academies: the names are a spirit that holds its court among honourable, but they are not dethose towers and temples, and scriptive of the English Universispeaks in the voice, and bestows ties. The Universities of England through the hands, of its own Chris- have produced, and are producing, tian priesthood.

and still, by God's blessing, hope to With our admiration of Professor produce, men eminent in every deSedgwick’s talents, and our respect partment of literature and science; for his character, sorry are we to say, but this is neither their sole, nor is that we do not think that he and his it their primary and characteristic friends, who have presented that object." 'Farewell. Petition, have been " true to them

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ATTACKS ON THE CHURCH,
BOB BURKE's DUEL WITH ENSIGN BRADY OF THE 48TH,
THE CONDE DE ILDEFONZO. A TALE OF THE SPANISH REVOLUTION,

PART I.
STEPHEN OLIVER ON ANGLING,
The Corn Law QUESTION,
The MORAL OF FLOWERS,
POETRY OF EBENEZER ELLIOTT,
COMBINATIONS,
NOCTES AMBROSIANÆ, No. LXV.

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EDINBURGH:

WILLIAM BLACKWOOD, 45, GEORGE STREET, EDINBURGH;

AND T. CADELL, STRAND, LONDON.

To whom Communications (post paid) may be addressed.
SOLD ALSO BY ALL THE BOOKSELLERS OF THE UNITED KINGDOM.

PRINTED BY BALLANTYNE AND CO, EDINBURGH.

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1. Cruise of the Midge. Chap. 3.-II. Memoir of M. de Chateaubriand. - III. Mirabeau.—IV. Thoughts and Recollections. By Mrs Hemans. 1. To a Family Bible 2. On a Remembered Picture of Christ. 3. Mountain Sanctuarier, 4. The Lilies of the Field. 5. The Birds of the Air. 6. The Olive Tree. 7. Places of Worship. 8. A Church in North Wales. 9. Old Church in an English Park.-V. The Lay of Sir Lionel.-VI. My Cousin Nicholas. Chap. 5, 6.-VII. The Enchanted Domain.-VIII. Progress of Social-Disorganization. No. 4. Decay of the Wooden Walls of England.IX. Loudon on the Education of Gardeners.-X. Four Lyrics. By Delta. 1. To the Skylark. 2. Twilight Thoughts. 3. Haddon Hall, Yorkshire. 4. Elegiac Stanzas. XI. Woman; by Simonides (not of Cos). Translated by William Hay.-XII. Song of Demodocus the Bard before Ulysses, at the Court of King Alcinous.—XIII, Admission of Dissenters to Degrees in the English Universities.

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The historians of modern times, lence in a period of anarchy and with all their ability and philoso- blood. The insolent and ungratephic penetration, have failed in ful modern liberals who revile the tracing with the lucid colours which Christian faith, and see in its insti. might have been expected from tutions only the remnant of feudal them, the influence of religion on servitude and the remains of Gothic modern civilisation. The two great. institutions, in fact owe the spread est, Hume and Gibbon, were taint. of the principles on which they pride ed with the infidel spirit of the themselves, and which constitute age in which they lived, and which their political strength, mainly to worked out its natural and appro- the effects of the religion which they priate fruit in the French Revolu- abhor; and, but for the previous tion. The view which they ex. effects of Christianity in breaking hibit, accordingly, of the influence the fetters of slavery, diffusing geof Christianity, is not only defective, neral information on the most mobut false : they have neither told mentous of all subjects, coercing the the whole truth, nor nothing but the, violence of power, and mitigating the truth. The expedient which they horrors of war, instead of being perhave adopted for this purpose is mitted to carry on, unmolested, their the same which, in all ages, has parricidal warfare against the Pabeen the most prolific source of er- rents to which they owe all their ror: viz. the application to one age, blessings, they would have been of the feelings and information of crouching, as in Persia or Turkey, another; and supposing that every beneath the fetters of Oriental thing must be always prejudicial or

power. ridiculous, because it is so in the Such a spectacle has for a long age in which they live. Thus, they course of years been presented in ridicule or vilify the Monasteries the neighbouring kingdom, and such and Nunneries, the Papal power and consequences are now reaped by superstitious feelings of the middle the first of European monarchies. ages,-forgetting that the eighteenth It is in this view eminently favourwas not the fourteenth century; that able to the cause of religion and asylums for helpless weakness are freedom throughout the world, that not required, when the reign of law the second French Revolution has. and the authority of government is arisen, and torn aside the thin veil established; and that spells thrown which the pious dispositions and over the imagination, useless or ri- mild government of the elder branch diculous in an age of order and civic of the Bourbons, had thrown over lisation, are the only bridles on vio the disjointed remains of the revolu

3 B

VOL. XXXV. NO, CCXXII,

tionary volcano. During the Resto- colours the important effects of Chrisration, the liberal party of Great tianity upon the fabric of society Britain were never weary of extol- in modern Europe. Public misforling the happy condition and bril- tune has righted the human mind. liant prospects of the French people; We no longer meet with the sneers and uniformly held out, that much at religion in the enlightened writers as the violence and horrors of the of France, which disgrace the otherpreceding convulsions were to be wise incomparable works of Hume deplored, their final results had been and Gibbon. Even the lucid and eminently favourable to the interests philosophic spirit with which Ro. of mankind. The delusion was thus bertson has reviewed the

progress

of generally diffused, that Christianity society in modern Europe, yields to formed no essential part of public the antiquarian penetration, the enfelicity; that it was possible to rear larged views, with which Guizot has up a happy state of society on the traced, through all the obscurity of foundation of church spoliation, and the middle ages, the historical blessgeneral infidelity; and that in a re- ings of religious institutions; and generated monarchy, religion might that fervent and enthusiastic defence be dispensed with, and public virtue of Christianity, which for above a supersede the necessity of ecclesias- century had been wanting to French tical instructors. Is there any well- literature, was found within sight of informed man who will now dare to the altar of the Goddess of Reason, maintain the paradox? The revolt in the burning thoughts and gifted of the Barricades, the accession of eloquence of Chateaubriand. the Citizen King, has dispelled the When Napoleon took the field, in illusion: it has disclosed the interior 1815, against the forces of combined of the whited sepulchre, exhibited Europe, he marched in the first the ghastly features of premature instance against the Duke of Weldecay, amidst the triumph of the lington's army : "for if I defeat the revolutionists; held up to public English,” said he, “what need I care gaze the extinction of all the ele- for all the hordes which the Austrians, ments of freedom in the first of rege- Russians, and Prussians, are directnerated monarchies; exhibited a ing to the Rhine ?” Revolutionary growth of licentiousness and profli- madness pays the same sincere, but gacy unparalleled in any modern involuntary homage to the Church, in State, and revealed to the world, as every State which it invades : it the certain fruits of irreligious tri- directs its first and strongest attack umphs, the chains, the well-known against the establishments of Chrischains of Eastern despotism. tianity. An unerring instinct tells

“There are but two eras in human its leaders, that if they can only affairs,” says Madame de Stael, - overthrow its bulwarks, they will “ that which preceded, and that find it an easy matter to overturn which followed the introduction of all the other institutions of society ; Christianity." The evident and that when the sentinels at the gates ruinous effects of the extinction of are massacred, the battlements will religion in France, have forced them. soon be in their power. The Church selves upon the observation of the was the first victim of democratic most enlightened even of the liberal fervour in France; and before a party in that fervent country. It stroke was levelled either at the was impossible, that a generation nobility or the throne, the whole could grow up under the practical ecclesiastical property in the State influence of irreligious sentiments, was confiscated; the earliest meawithout the disastrous effects of such sure of the revolutionists in Spain a change forcing themselves upon and Portugal, when they obtained the observation of every impartial possession of supreme power in 1823, observer; and accordingly M. Gui- was to extinguish the whole institus zot, though one of the liberal leaders, tions, and appropriate the whole and by no means guiltless in regard possessions, of the Church; and the to the previous measures of that first use which the reformers of party which led to the Revolution England have made of the extraorof July, has portrayed in vivid dinary triumph of the Reform Bill,

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