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ped into the office of his friend parts of the work in question which Judge Benson, then absent, and in i have ascribed to him. No adethe presence of his clerks left a quate motive could, therefore, expaper in a book lying there, and ist for encountering the risk of departed. After his fall-this paper any contradiction in relation to it. was observed, and deposited by The writer of the “ Answer" is Judge Benson in the city library, mistaken in supposing that I am with a certificate that it was the hurt by the opinion advanced in hand writing of A. Hamilton. The the Repository that the numbers following is a copy: Nos. 2, 3, 4, written by Mr. Hamilton are su5, 50, Mr. Jay: Nos. 10, 14, 37, perior to the others; and I do not to 48, inclusive, Mr. Madison: perceive the justice of the critiNos. 18, 19, and 20, Mr. Hamilton cism he has indulged in. I have and Madison, jointly: all the rest not called that opinion a misby Mr. Hamilton."
statement of facts. My expression
is, “the maintenance of his opiTo the Editors of the National In. nions, if erroneous, can do no other telligencer.
injury than to lessen the character
April 18, 1817. of the Repository for fidelity and When I penned my note of the impartiality, and I should not have 10th of March, which was publish- deemed it proper if the facts were ed in your paper of the 19th, not mis-stated, to take any notice wberein I stated by whom the re- of them." What is it, I ask, I would spective numbers of the Federalist not have noticed? I answer his were written, I did not anticipate opinions, unless the facts on which any controversy concerning its con- they rest were mis-stated. tents: if I had, I certainly never But it is not material to vindi. would have given the facts to the cate the style of my composition world without permission. Unfor--its truth is more important to tunately, from the turn the subject the public and to myself. I will has taken, it is too late now to ask proceed to state the proofs upon it, and I cannot suffer the “ Ano which I wrote the piece alluded swer" in the New York Evening to. Whilst Mr. Madison was sePost, which a friend has recently cretary of state, a friend of his sent to me, to pass in silence. purchased at Washington city,
The author of the answer is cor. Hopkins's edition of the federalist, rect in supposing that my note and, in a conversation with Mr. was written without the know. Madison relating to it, he requested ledge of Mr. Madison; indeed, I him to furnish an index to the numhave no doubt that he never de-bers for his private use. Mr. M. sired or expected to have the sub- then gave him a pencilled memoject mentioned, and
randum of the numbers he had prised when he saw the publica- written, wbich was sealed in the iion.
first volume, where it now is, and After writing so many masterly from that pencilled memorandum, pieces since the organization of in the hand-writing of Mr. Madithe existing government, it is not son, I copied the numbers into my possible to add to the full measure note of the 10th ult. of his fame for exalted talents and If any corroboration of this proof patriotism, by proving incontro- were wanting, the numbers in vertibly, that he wrote all those question will furnish it. The New
York Evening Post says, Mr. M. one person. Nos. 47 and 48, which wrote Nos. 37 10 48, inclusive, and it is admitted were written by Mr. that Mr. Hamilton wrote all the Madison, enter into the marrow of succeeding ones, except No. 54. the subject; and wherefore would
No. 47 commences with " The he leave it unfinished, when more meaning of the maxim which re than half completed? quires a separation of the depart. 2d. The quotation from No. 49, ments of power, examined and goes far to prove that Mr. Madi. ascertained.”
son wrote it. Mr Jefferson is there No. 48, “ The same subject con- referred to in terms of distinguishtinued, with a view to the means ed approbation.- None but a zealof giving efficacy in practice to ous friend would have expressed that maxim.”
such an unqualified eulogium on Nos. 49 and 50 continue and him; and it is well known that Mr. conclude the subject, with the M. has always manifested the most same view.
unbounded regard for that genueNo. 49 contains the following man. Other inherent evidence sentences: “ The author of the migh: be adduced, but the labour • Notes on the State of Virginia,' would be an act of supererogation. quoted in the last paper, has sub
CORRECTOR. joined to that valuable work the draught of a constitution which had been prepared, in order to be laid before a convention expected to be
CAUCUS. called in 1783, by the legislature, Chamber of the House of Represenfor the stablishment a consti
tatives of the United States. tution for that commonwealth.
March 16, 1916. The plan, like every thing from At a meeting of the Republican the same pen, marks a turn of Members of Congress, assembled thinking, original, comprehensive this evening pursuant to public and accurate; and is the more notice, for the purpose of taking worthy of attention, as it equally into consideration the propriety of displays a fervent attachment to recommending to the people of republican government and an en- the United States suitable persons lightened view of the dangerous to be supported at the approaching propensities against which it ought election, for the offices of Presito be guarded." Here are two ma- dent and Vice-President of the terial circumstances tending to de- United States, one hundred and signate Mr. Madison as the author eighteen members of the Senate and of these numbers. First, they re- House of Representatives, and one late to the same point of inquiry delegate, attended. which is illustrated by a reference General Samuel Smith, of Mato all the examples furnished by ryland, was called to the chair, and the history of other nations, and the Colonel Richard M. Johnson, of constitutions of the several states Kentucky, appointed secretary. composing our confederacy. The And being so organized, argument is pursued with a unity Mr. Clay submitted the followof design and execution, which ing resolution: renders it almost impossible, cer. Resolved, That it is inexpedient tainly altogether improbable, that to make, in Caucus, any recomit is the production of more than mendation to the good people of
the United States, of persons, in certain from the persons above the judgment of this meeting, fit mentioned, whether they are disand suitable to fill the offices of posed to serve in the offices rePresident and Vice-President of spectively designated. the United States.
Ordered, That the proceedings And the question being taken of the meeting be signed by the thereon,
chairman and secretary, and pubIt was determined in the negative. lished in the National IntelliMr. Taylor, of New York, then
gencer, submitted the following resolu
S. Smith, Chairman, tion, to wit:
R. M. JOHNSON, Secretary. Resolved, That the practice of nominating candidates for the offices of President and Vice-Presi. dent of the United States, by a HISTORICAL ACCURACY. convention of the Senators and [The following account of the Representatives in Congress, is in- attack made by the British on Bal. expedient, and ought not to be timore, during the late war, is excontinued.
tracted from the Edinburgh AnnuAnd the question being taken al Register for:1814, recently pube thereon
lished in Great Britain. The his. It was also determined in the torical part of that work is comnegative.
monly attributed to one of the most The meeting then proceeded to eminent literary characters of Enthe recommendation:
gland. He has grossly, we will not Upon which it appeared that say wilfully, mistaken the facts of the honourable James Monroe had the case. We bave subjoined to sixty-five votes, and the honoura- his statement, such of the true ble William H. Crawford fifty-four particulars as are wanting for its votes, for the office of President. refutation. They are of perfect
That his excellency Daniel D. notoriety, and will be vouched for Tompkins of New York had by a multitude of eye witnesses of eighty-five votes, and his excel- unquestionable veracity.] lency Simon Snyder thirty votes, EDINBURGH ANNUAL REGISTER. for the office of Vice-President. “ The approach to Baltimore And thereupon,
lies through a small peninsula, in Mr. Clay submitted the follow- some places scarce half a mile in ing resolutions, which were con- breadth, across which the enemy curred in without opposition: had drawn an entrenchment.
Resolved, That this meeting do “ In a smart action which enrecommend to the people of the sued, the British maintained their United States, James Monroe of military superiority, and in less than Virginia, as a suitable person for fifteen minutes utterly broke and the office of President of the Uni. dispersed an army of about 6000 ted States, and Daniel D. Tomp- Americans, supported by artillery kios of New York, as a suitable and cavalry, the enemy losing near person for the office of Vice-Pre- 1000 in killed, wounded, and misssident of the United States, for the ing. But it was the fate of the sucterm of four years, commencing cesses obtained during the incur. on the 4th day of March next. sive war, to be followed by no im.
Resolved, That the chairman portant events. Baltimore was deand secretary be appointed to as- fended to the land by a chain of fortified redoubts, connected by a , in them were prepared with drag. breast-work, and occupied by about ropes, or horses, to be moved to 15,000 men. Colonel Broke, never- any part of the line at which they theless, resolved upon a night ato might be most wanted. In the ditch tack; but as the lives of the brave the infantry were stationed. After men which must necessarily have the enemy had abandoned their been lost in storming such formi. design on the city, a more regular dable defences, could hardly have work was constructed—much of been compensated by any mischief which is still remaining. which we might have done to the An intrenchment was merely town of Baltimore, we cannot but begun at a narrow part of the pehold it fortunate, that, owing to ninsula. Had it been completed, it difficulties which occurred in the would have served no good pur. naval co-operation, he was induced pose, as it was easily to be enfiladed to relinquish his purpose, and to by the enemy's ships. Wm. Bure-embark his forces, after destroy-chanan, the son of Mr. J. H. Buing a large rope-work, and other chanan, and two other young genpublic buildings."
tlemen, had been stationed as viFACTS.
dettes, at the extreme end of the There was nothing round the Point, the evening preceding the town which could be called a chain disembarkation of the enemy, of fortified redoubts, and this will which taking place before daybe readily credited, when it is sta- break, and in their rear, caught ted that not a spadeful of earth them in a cul de sac. This is what was thrown out, until after the Col. Broke, the successor of Ross, disastrous business at Washing calls the American rear-guard! He ton. This took place on the 24th did however, get possession of two August-Baltimore was_invaded pieces of cannon-but one of them on the 12th September. The citi. was a small swivel, kept by John zens turned out with great alacri. Howard, Esq. on his farm at North ty, and dug a ditch about eighteen Point, for the amusement of fishinches deep and two feet wide, ing parties, &c. On his farm they from the Basin to the York Road found it!! -the dirt of this ditch was thrown Gen. Stricker posted his force outwards, and thus one spadeful at the meeting-house, head of answered the purpose of two, com-Long-log-lane, the point at which pared with the regular construc- the two roads leading from the ci. tion of works-where the ditch is ty meet-six miles from town. He on the outside of the breast-work. sent two companies of infantry, This was the chain; a feeble one some riflemen, the cavalry and one indeed, but it was the strongest piece of artillery, in advance. Gen. which could be forged on such ur- Ross was killed by this advanced gent and short notice. There were corps, at the distance of about two three positions on this chain occu. miles in front of Stricker's main pied by the artillery-one on the body. high ground near the hospital; the The force under general Stricksecond midway between that and er amounted in all to 3185 men, the Philadelphia road; the third not more than one half of whom on some high ground to the right were actually engaged with the of that road. Šuch were the re: enemy. According to the official doubts, and the artillery stationed returns, which are confirmed by
the personal knowledge of every | its precepts; but having solemnly inhabitant of Baltimore, the loss promised a religious toleration, I of the Americans on this occasion, also leave all my subjects a full li. in killed, wounded and missing, berty of conscience. Well, the cadid not exceed two hundred and tholics therefore suspect me of inthirteen men.
fidelity, while the protestants represent me as a superstitious bi. got.—Though I am unable to sa
tisfy at once all the sufferers in my London, June 30.-Extract of a cause by the revolution, all are genuine letter from a French no- | impatient for immediate reward; bleman, dated Paris, May 6, 1816. those whom I can remunerate
“ The best answers I can give blame me for not doing enough, to questions about Louis XVIII. while the other pretenders hold is to relate, as nearly as possible, me out both as unjust and unfeelhis own remarks, at an audience ing. If I think any particular mewith which I was honoured last rit deserves particular distinction, week, after my return from an ex- favoritism is the general cry; ile of 24 years. To my congratu. while, when I disregard some unlations on his majesty's restoration, merited claims, I am accused eihe said,
ther of envy or ignorance, or ne“My friend, I wear indeed the glect. My situation is not less uncrown of my ancestors, but it is fortunate with regard to foreigners. changed into a crown of thorns, Russia has one idea of governing the pangs of which are only known France, England has another, Auto, as they are only felt, by its un. stria differs from both, and assia fortunate bearer. The most abuscd differs from the three other allies. of my predecessors have been When therefore I please one I praised for some good traits, while am sure to displease the other, and I am blamed without mercy by I am equally tormented with their every one, though it is the study projects, and humbled by their of my life to do nothing but what menaces and pretensions. From my conscience approves as just Rome and Madrid I am reproachand praiseworthy. If I select my ed for not introducing religious counsellors among the revolu- intolerance; while I am libelled in tionists, because I think them best | England and America for pot adacquainted with the present state mitring democratic licentiousness of France, I am reproached by the under the name of liberty, and an. royalists with worse than ingrati. ti-social doctrines under the name tude. If I appoint a royalist coun- of liberty of the press. If I punish cil, the revolutionists create an a traitor, I am styled a merciless alarm, by accusing me of an inten- tyrant; if I pardon him I am ridi. tion to subvert the constitution. If culed as a trembling imbecile. I have a mixed ministry, as at pre. Had I pardoned the three Englishseot, their jealousy and disunion men, other foreigners would have leave me no quiet; and to thwart reproached me with partiality to each other, they display either an England; while the French and untimely severity or a dangerous English factions would have as. weakness. Having a firm belief in serted, that fear and not clemency the religion of my ancestors, I on- was my motive. Even in my own ly do my duty in observing strictly family, opinions are divided about