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tillation are kept or used, for the less than thirty tons burden, with purpose of inspecting, examining an additional allowance of four or measuring the same. (Approv- cents per gallon, if the spirits be ed April 19, 1816.)

distilled from molasses of foreign

production. Chap. 76. An act supplementa- A drawback of four cents per ry to an act entitled “ an act grant. pound in addition to the present ing bounties in lands and extra pay drawback, shall be allowed on suto certain Canadian volunteers.” gar refined in the United States

By this act the paymaster of the and exported therefrom-wben army of the U. S. instead of the made out of sugar imported into treasurer of the U. S. is authorised the United States. (Approved and required to pay the extra pay April 30, 1816.] to the persons entitled thereto. (Approved April 26, 1816.]

No. 3. Resolution, requesting

the president of the U. S. 10 Chap. 138. An act for the gra- present medals to captain Stewart, dual increase of the Navy of the and the officers of the frigate ConUnited States.

stitution. [Approved February 22, The sum of 1,000,000 dollars 1816.] for eight years, is hereby appropri. ated for the gradual increase of No. 4. Resolution, requesting the Navy–And the president of the president of the U. S. to the U. S. is authorised to cause to present medals to captain Biddle, be built nine ships, to rate not less and the officers of the sloop of war than 74 guns each, and twelve Hornet. ships of not less than 44 guns [ Approved February 22, 1816.) each, including one 74, and three 44 gun ships, heretofore ordered to be built by the act of 20 January, 1813.

SECOND SESSION. The president of the U.S. is also

Chap. 22. An act making reser. authorised to cause to be procured vation of certain public lands, to engines, and the imperishable ma. supply timber for naval purposes. terials necessary for building three The secretary of the navy is Steam Batteries. [Approved April | hereby to cause lands produ29, 1816.)

cing live oak and red cedar tim.

bers to be explored, and selecChap. 172. An act to allow tions to be made of such tracts drawback of duties on spirits dis- where the principal growth of said tilled and sugar refined within the timbers is, as he may deem neces. United States, and for other pur. sary to furnish the navy a sufficient poses.

supply and the tracts thus selectA drawback of six cents per galed with the president's approbalon of spirits not below first proof tion, shall be reserved, unless distilled within the United States, otherwise directed by law, from shall be allowed on such spirits as any future sale of the public lands, shall be exported to any foreign and be appropriated solely to the port not immediately adjoining to purpose above-mentioned. [Apthe United States, in vessels not proved March 1, 1817.]

Chap. 23. An act to enable the to the vessels of any foreign nation, people of the western part of the which has not adopted and shall Mississippi territory to form a not adopt a similar regulation. constitution and state government, It is further enacted, that no and for the admission of such state goods, wares, &c. shall be import, into the union, on an equal footing ed, under penalty of forfeiture with the original states.

thereof, from one port in the Uni. The boundaries of the state ted States to another port in the shall be as follows, viz. Beginning United States in a vessel belongon the river Mississippi, at the ing wholly or in part to a subject point wbere the southern boundary of any foreign power. Not to exline of the state of Tennessee tend to goods, &c. imported in strikes the same, thence east along such vessel, but not unladen in the said boundary line to the Ten- the first mentioned port in the nessee river, thence up the same to United States. [Approved March the mouth of Bear creek, thence 1, 1817.] by a direct line to the north-west corner of Washington county- Chap. 39. An act to regulate thence due south to the gulf of the trade in Plaster of Paris. Mexico-thence westwardly in- This act prohibits from and af. cluding all the islands within six ter the 4th of July, 1817, the imleagues of the shore, to the most portation of Plaster, in foreign ves. eastern junction of Pearl river with sels, from countries whence veslake Borgne-thence up said river sels of the United States are not to the 3 ist degree of north lati. allowed to bring it. tude-thence west along the said This act shall continue in force degree of north latitude to the five years, from the 31st of JanuMississippi river-thence up the ary, 1817.-Provided, upon any same to the beginning.

foreign nation's discontinuing its Until the next general census, prohibitory regulations respecting the state shall be entitled to one the exportation of Plaster to the representative in the house of re- United States-the restrictions presentatives of the United States. imposed by this act, shall cease, (Approved March 1, 1817.] with respect to that nation. [Ap

proved March 3, 1817.] Chap. 31. An act concerning the navigation of the United States. Chap. 42. An act further to re

By this act it is enacted, that af- gulate the territories of the United ter the 30th of September, 1817, States, and their electing deleno goods, wares, &c. shall be im- gates to congress. ported into the United States, ex. This act directs the delegates cept in vessels of the U. S. or from the territories of the United in such foreign, as truly and States, to be elected every second wholly belong to the citizens or year, for the same term of two subjects of that country of which years, for which the members of the goods are the growth, produce the house of representatives are tion or manufacture-or from elected—the said delegates to have which such goods most usually a seat in the house, with a right of are shipped for transportation. - debating, but not of voting. This regulation shall not extend The qualified citizens of the ter

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ritory of Missouri, directed to elect, where the line of the 31st degree a delegate to congress. (Approved of north latitude intersects the March 3, 1817.)

Perdido river, thence east to the

western boundary line of the state Chap. 58. An act more effectue of Georgia; thence along the said ally to preserve the neutral rela- line to the southern boundary line tions of the United States.

of the state of Tennessee; thence By this act, any person, who west along said boundary line to shall within the limi's of the Uni. Tennessee river; thence up the ted States, fit out and arm, &c. any same to the mouth of Bear creek; vessel with intent to employ such thence by a direct line to the north vessel to commit hostilities against west corner of Washington couna friendly power, is liable upon ty; thence due south to the gulf of conviction, to a fine not exceeding Mexico; thence eastwardly includ. 10,000 dollars, and to imprison- ing all the islands within sis ment not exceeding ten years; and leagues of the shore to the Perdido the vessel, her tackle, arms, stores, river; and thence up the same to &c. forfeited. And the collectors the beginning-shall for the purof the customs are authorised and pose of a teniporary government required to detain any vessels ma- constitute a separate territory, and nifestly built for warlike purposes, be called “ Alabama.” the cargoes of which shall consist It shall be entitled to send a dcprincipally of arms, &c. when the legate to congress. [Approved number of men shipped or other March 3, 1817.] circumstances, render it probable they are intended to commit hos- Chap. 60. An act to amend and tilities, &c. against friendly pow. explain an “act giving pensions to crs.

the orphans and widows of persons Persons increasing or augment. slain in the public or private arm. ing, within the United States, the ed vessels of the United States." force of armed vessels in the ser. It is enacted, that if any officer, vice of a foreign power, engaged seaman or marine, belonging to in hostilities with a nation at peace the navy of the United States, shall with the United States, shall upon die, or shall have died since the conviction, be fined not exceeding 18th of June, 1812, in consequence 1000 dollars—and imprisoned not of diseases contracted or injuries exceeding one year.

received while in the line of his This act shall continue in force duty, leaving a widow, or if no wi. for the term of two years. [Ap- dow, a child, or children, under 16 proved March 3, 1817.]

years of age-such widow, or child

or children, shall be entitled to reChap. 59. An act to establish a ceive half the monthly pay of the separate territorial government for deceased for five years. the eastern part of the Mississippi Upon the intermarriage of the territory.

widow, the half pay to go to the It is enacted, that all that part of child or children of the deceased. the Mississippi territory which Upon the death of the child or lies within the following bounda- children, the pay to cease. [Apries, to wit: Beginning at the point proved March 3, 1817.]

Chap. 68. An act for the relief It also materially diminishes the of certain Creek Indians.

quantity of land. [Approved This act directs 85,000 dollars March 3, 1817.] to be paid to the friendly Creeks, whose property was destroyed by Chap. 109. An act to continue the hostile Creeks during the

in force an act entitled “ an act late war. (Approved March 3, further to provide for the col1817.]

lection of duties on imports and

tonnage," passed the 3d of Chap. 87. An act to provide for March, 1815, and for other purthe redemption of the Public Debt. poses.

It is enacted, that so much of The act above-mentioned' is any act or acts of congress as pro- hereby continued in force, except vides for the purchase, &c. of the

the 6th and 8th sections thereof. funded debt of the United States, [Approved March 3, 1817.] be and is hereby repealed; and the annual sum of 10,000,000 dollars Chap. 110. An act to amend the be appropriated to the sinking fund, act “authorizing the payment for to be applied by the commissioners property lost, captured or destroyof the sinking fund to the payment ed by the enemy, while in the miof interest and charges, and pur. litary service of the United States, chase of the principal of the public and for other purposes," passed debt.

the 9th of April, 1816. An additional sum of 9,000,000 It is enacted, that the 9th sec. dollars shall be appropriated to the tion of the above-mentioned act, same fund for the year 1817, to be shall be construed to extend only applied to the same purposes and to houses or other buildings, occuthe further sum of 4,000,000 dol- pied by an order of an officer or Jars, if the secretary of the treasu- agent of the United States, as a ry shall deem it expedient during place of deposit for military and the year 1817—as an advance to naval stores, or as barracks for the that amount on the appropriation United States forces. of ten millions, payable the next

It is further enacted, that any year.

person in the late war, who, withAny unappropriated surplus in out any fault or negligence on his the treasury above two millions of part, has sustained any damage by dollars, shall also be appropriated the loss of any horse, mule, ox, to the sinking fund. [ Approved wagon, cart, boat, sleigh or harMarch 3, 1817.]

ness, in the military service of the

United States, shall be allowed and Chap. 106. An act to amend the paid the value thereof, unless the act entitled “ an act granting risk was agreed to be incurred by bounties in land, and extra pay, to the owner. And the provisions of certain Canadian volunteers," pass- this and the former act, are exed the 5th Marcb, 1816.

tended to the cases of property This act makes six months ser- lost in war with the Indian tribes, vice, unless disabled by wounds, subsequent to the 18th Febru. &c. and the names appearing on ary, and prior to the 1st Septhe muster roll, conditions of the tember, 1815. (Approved March bounty.

3, 1817.1 VOL. II.

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« THE FEDERALIST." ton; yet, as the intelligent public (The following article on the

are as competent to decide as that subject of the celebrated Essays writer, the maintenance of his opi. under the above title is copied nions, if erroneous, can do no other from the National Intelligencer. It injury than to lessen the character appears to be from an authentic of the Repository for fidelity and source; and if the statement inade impartiality; and I should not have is correct, the reader will see deemed it proper, if the facts were Messrs. Madison and Jay were not mis-stated, to take any notice the writers of the numbers enu. of them. With the sole view, merated, and General Hamilton therefore, of giving to each of the that of Nos. 1, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, gentlemen his proper share of the 13, 15, 16, 17, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, merit which “ The Federalist" en26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, tilles him to, and to correct an 35, 36, 59, 60, and 61.-Of the 64 error, assuming the garb of histonumbers, then, General Hamilton rical credibility, I take upon me to wrote 30, Mr. Madison, 30, and state from indubitable authority, Judge Jay 4. The information is that Mr. Madison wrote Nos. 10, interesting to the admirers of that 14, 18, 19, 20, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, political text book.]

42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 62,

63 and 64. In looking over Delaplaine's Re. Mr. Jay wrote Nos. 2, 3, 4 and pository of the Lives and Portraits 5, and Mr. Hamilton the residue. of distinguished Americans, I dis- I have been for several years in covered that he has given cur- possession of the information upon rency to an erroneous statement, which this statement is predicated; which was published soon after the and if it be doubled or denied, I death of General Hamilton, in the will venture to appeal to the paPort Folio, concerning the author. pers of General Hamilton for the ship of the respective numbers of confirmation of this assertion. the work called “ The Federalist,"

which it is known was written by March 10, 1817.
Messrs. Madison, Hamilton, and
Jay. The biographer affirins, that

New York, March 29, 1817. the numbers written by Mr. The National Intelligencer hav. Hamilton are manifestly superior ing lately attributed to the pen of to the others, and that a key to Mr. Madison, a particular portion them is unnecessary, as all per- of the numbers which constitute sons of taste and judgment will at the interesting work entitled “ The once designate them. Although I Federalisl,” the editor of the Evenhave repeatedly read that cele- | ing Post, in order to put the ques. brated work, and have never dis- tion at rest, adduces the following covered the superior merit of the facts" General Hamilton a day part executed by General Hamil. or two previous to his death, step

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