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- But as it is likely from their former di- | by the Court of Palermo, would be very plomatic transactions with us, that the much to our advantage ; for they would Court of Palermo may have formed a very thereby forfeit all claim to our national gepoor opinion of our firmness and penetra- nerosity, which they have already so much tion, it is by no means improbable, that abused: It may be said, that should we they may endeavour to erade or baffle us withdraw our subsidy, in consequence of in our requests, or that they may even such a refusal, the Court of Palermo might give us a downright refusal. They inay feel themselves so much aggrieved by this tell us for instance, “ that they are not just and necessary measure as to make peace convinced by our arguments, as to the with Buonaparié, and call the French into necessity of the measures which we pro- Sicily. This rash step, by which they pose; that the proper time to have made would insure their own destruction, would such stipulations was when we first en be the most fortunate thing for us that tered into an alliance with them; that we could happen ; for, as I have before obare now bound by a treaty which we can served, in treating of the state of that not in justice infringe; ihat no alteration Island, we shall have a much better chance can be made without mutual consent; of success, by fighting there, as the enemies, and that they, as one of the high con- than as the allies, of the present Government. tracting parties, do not admit of the pro- This would be the case even if the French priety of any."-Such a refusalon the part had an army of 30,000 men in Sicily; of the Court of Palermo, although very but it must be recollected, that they are pernicious to the defence of Sicily, would, at present blustering on the opposite shore, in point of justice, be perfectly correct; and before the Sicilian Government could provided they, themselves, have at all profit by the assistance of French troops times preserved good faith towards us : to drive us out of their Island, which they but treaties are binding upon two parties; must beg our permission to let them cross and they, on their side, by the articles of over, which we, it may be presumed, shall their treaty with us, engaged to keep, not be weak enough to grant. As for the constantly on foot, a well-disciplined re. Government of Sicily making war against us, gular arıny of a certain strengih. If on without the assistance of the French, by enquiry into the present and past state of their own resources alone, unless they have their army, we should find that its disci- been most egregionsly duping us for the pline is bad, that the soldiers have not last five years, that is a thing absolutely been properly clothed, fed, and paid, and impossible ; for, by their own account, that the just claims of the officers have they have never been able to maintain not been attended to; so that, upon the their troops without our subsidies, so that whole, their conduct to their troops has been the moment they declare against us, their shameful and oppressive; as both officers and army must disperse without a battle, for want soldiers have no scruple in publicly asserting; of pay. · Admitting, however, that their if we further find that they have always poverty was a mere pretext, in order to deceived us by false musters, never at any delude us out of our money; and that time keeping on foot the number of troops Sicily might have been very well able to engaged; a thing which I have heard from support an army without our assistance, the best authorities in the British army, and to say nothing of the peasants, whom we which is talked of as a matter of notoriety mighe easily arm in our favour. The reguall over Sicily; then it will be absurd in lar native army in Sicily is not now, and us to admit of any refusal on the part of never has been, strong enough to match us in the Court of Palermo lo our proposals, for the field. And any

hostilities, therefore, they having failed in their engagements on the part of the Court of Palermo, are by to us, we shall be no longer bound to ad- no means a thing to be dreaded ; on the here to ours; and, consequently, the least contrary, they would give us a right once thing which we can do, is to withdraw our more, to take possession of Sicily for ourselves, subsidy, and to leave them to maintain which would be attended with the most benefitheir army the best way they can by their cial effects to our national powers and prosperiown resources.--We may then by means ty : NOR OUGHT WE TO HAVE THE of the money thus saved, in a short time, SMALLEST SCRUPLE IN ADOPTraise a much more efficient army of our ING THIS VIGOROUS MEASURE, if own, than we should ever be able to make the Court of Palermo, by their MISCON, out of theirs, were it put under our com. DUCT, gire us JUST REASON for it. mand. Hence the refusal of our demands, Unless they even know, and feel, that we

are prepared for acting in this way, it will Schools, admission to which has hitherto be impossible for us ever to depend upon been confined to the descendants of the their sincerity. It is absurd to suppose Nobility, decree-Ist, That in all Schools that any allied government in this world and Seminaries, by land and sea, Spa. will not either shake us off or betray us, niards of respectable families be admilted, when it fancies it to be for its interest so provided they conform to the established to do; unless it is fully convinced, that regulations.--2nd, That they be also adwe are not merely powerful, sincere, and mitted as Cadets into all the corps of the good-natured friends, but that our enmity, army, provided they possess the qualificawhen provoked, is terrible, and our ven- tions requisite, without being obliged to geance destructive. If the Court of Palermo, produce any proofs of Nobility, and into after having received nearly two millions the Royal Navy, the regulations, both gesterling of British money, without having neral and particular, on this subject being fulfilied the stipulations by which they suspended. The Council of Regency will bound themselves, when they became our take the necessary steps to enforce this allies, should think proper to treat with Decree, causing it to be printed, pubcontempt our moderate and reasonable re- lished, and circulaied. quest, that we should command an army which we ourselves pay; and should ag- Spain. -Ilcads of the New Constitution.gravate the whole by going over with their

August, 1811. booty to the French, they would certainly On the 19th of August, 1811, apcommit a most gross violation of the law pointed for the reading of the two Sections of nations and of the faith of treaties; and of the Constitution which have been if we meanly and tamely allowed them to finished by the Committee appointed to offer us all these insults and injuries with draw it up, (and the occasion attracted a impunity, our own conduct would be con- great number of auditors,)-Senior Argutrary to every principle of reason and jus- elles delivered a most eloquent and erudite tice, and would make us the laughing- discourse, explanatory of the object of the stock of the whole world."

Coustitution, its principal bases, and the

documents which had been consulted in Spain. -Decree of the Cortes, relatire to preparing it.-Senor Perez de Casto, read

the admission of others thun Nobles as in succession the two Sections, consisting Officers in the Army and Navy.-17th of 242 articles, and including the followAug. 1811.

ing. D. Fernando the VIIth, by the Grace Preliminary and fundamental Principles. of God, King of Spain and of the Indies, Spain belongs to the Spanish people, and and, during his absence and captivity, the is not the Patrimony of any Fumily. The Council of Regency, authorised to act in Nation only can make Fundamental Laros. his name, to all to whom these presents - The Roman Catholic and Apostolic Reshall come: Know, that in the General ligion, unmixed with any other, is the only and Extraordinary Cortes, assembled in Religion which the Nation professes or the City of Cadiz, the following resolution will profess.--The Government of Spain was decreed :-The General and Extraor- is an hereditary Monarchy:-The Cortes dinary Cortes in the present situation of shall make the Laws, and the King shall affairs, taking into consideration the pleas- execute them. ing necessity of giving every possible

Spanish Citizens. proof of the estimation, united by the he- The Children of Spaniards, and of roic exertions which all ranks of Spaniards Foreigners married to Spanish women, or have made, and are now making in every who bring a capital in order to naturalize possible way, in the critical circumstances themselves to the soil, or establish themof the country, against their unjust op- selves in trade, or who teach any useful pressors; and being desirous that the road art, are Citizens of Spain.--None but Citito honour and glory should be laid open zens can fill municipal offices. The rights to the children of so many gallant men, of Citizenship may be lost by long absence that they may combine, with the bravery from the country, or by condemnation they inherit from their fathers, the know- to corporeal or infamous punishments. ledge to be acquired in these Military

(To be continued.)

Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent - Garden :-Sold also by J. BUDD, Pal-Mall,

LONDON :-Pripted by Ti C. Hassard, Peterborough-Court, Fleet-street.

COBBETTS WEEKLY POLITICAL REGISTER.

Vol. XX. No. 15.]

LONDON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1811.

[Price 15.

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“ The Members of the Cortes” (or Repres:ntatives of the people) can neither accept for them. seltes, nor solicit for any other any employment from the king, not even any honour, as there are no “ gradations of rank amongst the Members of the Cortes. In the same manner, they cannot, during “ the time that they are Members, nor for a year after their functions have ceased, accept for themselves

or solicit for any other, any pension or honorary distinction, that may be in the gift of the king."'Spanish Constitution, just published. Title VI. Articles 129, and 130. 419)

(450) SUMMARY OF POLITICS.

it be borne in mind, that we are now fight

ing in Spain for the establishment of this Con. SPANISH CONSTITUTION. -Look at the stitution; or, we are fighting against the Motto, English reader; look at the motto! government of Spain ; and, another thing is And, when you have looked well at it, I as clear as day-light, namely, Spain must pray you to bestow, for some few mo- have this Constitution, or Napoleon will have ments, the use of those thinking faculties Spain. So that the Anti-jacobins are refor which you are so renowned, upon the duced to this dilemma : either they must subject of the war, which we have been wish to see this free, this republican (for and are, at such an enormous expence, so it is all but in name) Constitution estacarrying on in Spain. I beg you to look blished in Spain; or they must wish for back to the out-set of this war; to call to the success of Napoleon in his endeavours your mind what were the objects then to subdue that country.- Not a word do professed by those who were the advo- we see, in the venal prints, nor even in the cates of the war; and to consider above Morning Chronicle, in the way of com all things what we are now fighting for in ment upon this Constitution ; though, ag that country.-

-It is not my intention one would imagine, the subject is of full now to enter upon an analysis of the New | as much importance to us as is that of Mr. Constitution of Spain; but, I have here Lancaster's schools or of the adventures of given you a specimen of it. I have here Mr. Trotter. Not a word do they utter given you quite sufficient to awaken your upon the subject. Bosh the parties seem curiosity, and 10 exrite in you a most to be dumb-founded, and well they may, lively interest. The whole of the Consti- if they only look at the passage taken tution is in the same spirit; it is a most for my Niosto. -Their silence, howable composition; it contains proof of ex- ever, must not be suffered to answer its tensive knowledge and of profound reflec. intended

purpose. The evidence here af. tion. The Junta at Seville did, as you will forded in suppore of the necessity of free. remember, publicly invite the friends of down to the defence of nations must not freedom, in all parts of the world, to give thus be smo' hered. I invie these prints their assistance in suggesting a fit consti to a declaration of their sentiments upon tution for Spain. I believe that MAJOR this important subjecı; and, if they de. Cartwright sent in his plan; and, really, cline the invitation, their in'stive will not there does appear good reason to suppose, be equivocal. To say the truth, the subthat the excellent Major's plun has been ject is equally thorny for both parties. If adopted with very few alterations; and, they condemn the Constiiution, they not where the Cortes have at all deviated from only condemn the principles of real freehis plan, it has been to render their go- dom, but they condemn that for which we vernment more of a republican cast. are fighting, and, of course, they might as But, I shall say no more upon the subject well propose, at once, for us to join Napoat present. My intention is to lay before leon against the Spaniards. If they apthe people of England an Analysis of this prove of the Constitution; if they say it famous instrument, which, the reader may provides for a form of governmeni for the be well assured, will proluce more effect, establishment of which the sweat and will be productive of greater and more blood of the people of England ought to lasting consequence, than any thingthat has be expended, then let them recollect, that taken place, even during the last twenty they have represented us as traitors because uventful years.----- In the meanwhile, let we ask for only a very, very small part of what this Constitution gives to the people " the Sicilian Army, and be a Member of of Spain. --Thus hampered, they will, I " the Privy Council. - 3d, that English dare say, preserve a sulky silence; but, that troops should be admitted to garrison Paought not and will not prevent us from mak. lermo."-Pretty well this! If this is ing such remarks as the occasion so loudly not calculated to insure what the Times calls for; and, indeed!, I trust that the calls the independence of the Island, I am demonstrations of approbation which we sure I do not know what is!-But, the shall give of this signal recognition of the most curious move of all would be, the soundness of our principles will not be sending of the native Sicilian army to confined to the mere efforts of the press. Spain and Portugal, while the Errglish but will call forth from all the friends of army were left to defend Sicily. This freedom and reform those other marks of makes part of the system, I suppose, which approbation, which, on great occasions,'' appears to have been founded upon the they have been accustomed to give.- new discovery, that men are likely to The public must have observed, how cold figlit better in defence of a foreign counthe venal prints have lately been in their try than of their own country. This dislanguage relative to Spain; and, indeed, covery is certainly a new one; for, untib in some cases, they have begun to carp of late years, it has always been the noat the conduct of the Cortes. They have tion, that men would fight best for that begun to complain of a want of cordial country, in which they were born and in co-operation on their part; they have talked which were their kindred, parents and in a huffish sort of style of the indifference children. But, is it certain, that the of the result to us. We have seen, toc, Spaniards would like to have the assistance that there really has been some coldness of the Sicilian troops ? I should doubt of between some of our persons in authority it very much indeed; and, in fact, I do and some persons in authority in Spain. not believe it, especially as I see in the General Graham has come away wiibout New Constitution, an Article directly any sufficient cause having been assigned pointed at a jealousy respecting the emfor it; and, I cannot bely pointing out to ployment of foreign iroops, or the admisthe reader again, that the Spanish General sion of such troops into the country. If Lacy, who wrote and published the an- we take the command of the Sicilian army swer to General Graham, has been since that remains,send the rest of the army away, that selected by the Spanish government put our Commander in Chief into the to be entrusted with a most important King's Council, and garrison Palermo, command.-I am sorry to see all this where the king's palace is, with English at this time; and hope ihat we shall see troops, we do, in fact, take the whole thing harmony restored; for, it would be la. into our own hands. Under such circummentable indeed, that there should a cool stances, no one would pretend to talk of ness take place between us and the Spa. any will that the Court of Sicily would nish government, just at the moment when have. I do not believe that this will be they have most solemnly pledged them- done ; for, how completely would it siselves to fight for a free Constitution ! lence us in future as to the acts of Napo.

leon with regard to the weak powers of the Sicily.---Lord William Bentinck is, North of Europe? In the very newsit is said, gone off to embark again for papers, which contain this paragraph, we Sicily. The cause of his sudden return are told that Napoleon has a design to home has not yet been publicly stated. garrison the island of Zealand with French But, as it were by the way of a pulse- Troops, and we are told that he is a tyrant feeler, the venal prints of the 9th instant for this. The design is described in all have given, under she shape of an extract the most odious colours that can be well of a letter from Palermo, the following imagined. But, if we do what is proposed, statement of the propositibns said to have in this paragraph, with respect to Sicily, been made by him to the Sicilian Court. what will our news-papers say then? Will

-" Palermo, Aug. 27.-On Lord Wm. they still call him a tyrant for insisting to " Bentinck's arrival here, it is understood put his garrisons into the strong posts of " he was instructed to demand and insist weaker states ?--In this absence of all

on three things-Ist, That 10,000 Sici- authentic information, however, it is, perlian troops should be sent to Spain und haps, useless to spend our time in specula" Portugal. - 2d, That Lord Bentinck lions as to what may or may not happen.

should be appointed to the command of Time will tell what is at present kept from our knowledge; and, in the meanwhile | statements; and his book is to be had of those who wish to be prepared for the form- Mr. Hatchard in Piccadilly.This book ing of a correct opinion of all our transac- should be read by every person in the tions with the Sicilian Court, from the kingdom. Nor will the impartial reader memorable year 1799 to the present time, be disposed to overlook the book of Miss will do well to read first of all CAPTAIN Williams, published by Messrs. Robinsons FOOTE'S VINDICATION. This gentle in Paternosier Row. Mr. Belsham's bisman, a Captain in our navy, was the per- tory should also be read. I have not read son, who, on the part of the king of Eng- it yet; but the Reverend Mr. Clarke's reland, signed the capitulations with the commendation is a quite sufficient proof Neapolitan Patriots, previous to the return of its merit in this respect. What, of the king and queen from Sicily in that however, must the English Journals have year, and previous to the executions of the been at? How comes it to pass, that these persons, for whose lives he had become facts never got into them ; I have looked the guarantee, on condition of their sur- into the Annual Register for 1799 ; and I rendering the forts that they possessed. find, that, not only is the truth wholly supFinding that a Mr. Harrison, who had pressed ; but that falshoods the most gross published what he called “ genuine Me.

are substituted in its place. This •might moirs of Lord Nelson," had attacked his have arisen from the want of information; conduct, Captain Foote, wishing to avoid but, what a stain is this whole affair upon an exposure of the transactions in the Bay the English press ? Mr. Fox, whose of Naples, wrote to Mr. Harrison to cor- mind was always on the side of humanity, rect his error in a second edition. This did mention the matter, in the House of was not done, and, therefore, Captain Commons, on the 3rd of February, 1800, Foote resolved to vindicate his conduct in the words as quoted by Captain Foote. through the means of the press. In the He stated the case briefly, and in terms meanwbile a “ Life of Lord Nelsonwas far short of what Captain Foote's account preparing by the Rev. J. S. Clarke, would have justified. He stated it in with whom Captain Foote got into a cor- order to obtain an answer in contradicrespondence, and to whom he appears to tion; but no answer and no explanation was have communicated all his papers, in the given.- What means have been made hope that this reverend gentleman would use of, since that time, to keep the facts have done justice to him and to truth. In from the English people, I shall leave the this, however, he was disappointed; for, reader to guess;' but, I repeat, that, in as appears from one of Mr. Clarke's letters, order to arrive at a correct opinion of our all that he wanted with Captain Foote and transactions with the Court of Sicily, and his papers was to prevent, if possible, in order to form a sound judgment as to those facts from being believed that Cap- what is likely to result from what is now tain Foote's papers establihed as true. This said to be going on, we must, at least, read will clearly appear from a perusal of the the work of Captain Foote and Miss Wilcorrespondence, but particularly from the liams, making what allowances we may following passages in one of the letters: find necessary for the political principles “ From what has been said in the foreign of the latter. As to Captain Foote’s book, “ journals, and by Helen Maria Williams, it is a mere vindication of his own charac“ and very recenily by Belsham in the ter and conduct. He appears to be as " 11th and 12th volumes of his History warm a loyalist and as stout a hater of Ja“ of England, it is not only necessary to cobins as any that can be found ; but, he "mention Lord Nelson's conduct, but to could not, as he says, bring his mind to enlarge 'pon it, and, IF POSSIBLE, submit to have his character blasted in to do away what DEMOCRATS, for order to save that of another.- There is bad purposes, have asserted.”. - He (quoted by Captain Foole from the Life promised Capt. Foote, that he should see of Lord Nelson) a letter to Lord Nelson the proof sheets as they came from the press; from Lord Keith, which ought to be but, this promise he did not keep. Captain written in letters of gold. It was dated Foole complained of unfair treatment, and from Corsica on the 29th of June, 1799, told him, that he should publish a vindi- just before the executions began, and it calion of his own conduct including the says: “ For God's sake, do not let those correspondence with Mr. Clarke. - “good people carry their heads too high. This he has since done, subjoining to it all They will find it more easy to improve tbe authentic documents in support of his " the government when in it than to get

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