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But while we were alive and broad awake, ists, we bad expected too much from the to these depressing truths, we could not, convocation of the Cortes in Spain : and however, look at these defects in a sepa- though we still believe, that this measure rate thought from the virtues with which has been of advantage, and still hope that they are in fact, alas! too indissolubly in- it will become more so, yet on the whole, terblended, or from the honourable feelings we confess that we have been disapwhich are the conunun source of both pointed. As to the importance of a Re-twy-streaming fount,

presentative Body during a revolutionary Where good and evil flow, honey and gall! war, our opinions remain unchanged; but Above all, for that can never be too had we at any earlier period have been often' said, which never can be too often as well acquainted with the measures and recollected, we could not forget, and we results of the Cortes summoned in the war have never ceased to remind the public, of the succession, we should have been less that with all their faults and prejudices, sanguine in our expectations of finding in and the miserable blunders or treachery the present Cortes all those essentials, of their leaders, the Spaniards have endur- which must combine to render a body of ed more, done more, and effected more men assembled, a genuine Representative against the coinmon enemy of civilized Body. We may proceed to the measure, humanity, than all the Courts, veteran which has occasioned these prefatory reCommanders, and disciplined armies of the marks. The decree in question respects a whole Continent-more in four years than point of the deepest interest to Great Briall the rest of continental Europe for al- iain, and of Spain herself, both directly most twenty. And we have been accus- and indirectly. It is obvious, that had tomed to seal up the whole with the one there been nothing objectionable in the home-truth, that if we are fighting the bat- different articles of the Decree, yet the tles of Spain abroad, the Spaniards are Decree itself would remain, in its domestic fighting the battles of Great Britain in bearings, an encroachment of the Legistheir own country, at the price of its de- lature on the Executive Power, and one vastation, and with their own ruined cot- sad specimen among too many others, tages, fields, and vineyards before their both of ignorance as to the principles of a eyes. Our readers will, many of them, just Government, and of that all-meddling perhaps, think it unnecessary for us to disposition incident to bodies of men sudhave thus anxiously prefaced the follow-denly invested with a power, for which ing animadversions on the general mea- | neither their education had fitted, or their sures of the Cortes, and especially on its former habits prepared them; while in its Decree of June the 19th ; but we well foreign relations, it was surely imprudent, knew the triumph, with which any appa- needlessly and prematurely to obtrude on rent deviation on our part from our former the public attention the only point, in hopes and predilections for the Spanish which the interests of Spain, whenever she cause would be blazoned furth by the Party, shall have been re-established in her inwhich has signalized itself by its despair tegrity, and those of her zealous Ally, can and abuse of the Spanish combatants, in be thought to stand in opposition to each the ordinary vehicle of its destruction; other: the future interests of Spain, not and that it would probably be attributed the present, and in truth according to our to influences which we disown, and to a convictions her supposed rather than her change of opinion elsewhere which, were real interests. What measure more fatal it as true as we believe it false, we have in the hopes of the Peninsula could Napono means of knowing. We held it not leon have dictated to his emissaries and unwise therefore to preclude the charge, secret agents than ere the battle was half as far as it is in our power : that is, to fought to stir up jealousies and heart-burntake away its plausibility, and disarm it for ings among the allied combatants them. the candid and dispassionate. In many selves concerning the fruits of their vicpoints bave our wishes been disappointed tory?-Such would have been the chain one only our expectations. We confess, racter of the Decree, from its very title that misled by historical analogies, chiefly and object; and the contents are every of America, and not duly appreciating, or way answerable. The various accessary rather at that time dwelling on the effects and aggravating reasons deducible from of English descent, English laws, customs, the temper, constitution, and past treatliterature, religion, and connection on the ment of the Colonies, and the present circharacter of the first American Revolution cumstances of the Mother Country, we

shall reserve for an after discussion: at lucionary Colonies, first, because we expresent, we confine ourselves to such ob- pect from you a restoration of their exclujections, as lie on, or rather put out from, sive possession to ourselves, and which we tbe surface of the articles themselves. ourselves cannot achieve; and secondly, We scarcely need notice the hostile feel because it is out of our pouver to prevent ing and absurd pride, betrayed in the se- you, or to receive any advantages from lection of the absolute and offensive word, ihem but through you :--but whether.we submission, in the 2d article, or the same shall grant the privilege, where it as yet baughtiness combine with injustice in the remains in our power to prevent you, that tone and spirit of the fourth. Proposals must be matter for future consideration. so worded might Buonaparté make to an In orher words, our decision will depend insurrectionary town, which he had be on the result of a struggle between our leaguered, in the insolence of ostentatious hopes and fears, whether by this very preclemency; but such a body of Represen- vention we shall or shall not be likely to tatives should at no time make to their throw the yet onrevolted into a community constituents or fellow-subjects-how much of means and aims with the revolutionary less then the present imperfect, though colonies. However we in England may perhaps blamelessly imperfect, Cortes in appreciate the wisdom of the scruple, yet the present circumstances of Spain? But the Cortes, as Spaniards, ought assuredly if these articles are to be lamented, as neither to forget or under-rate the notorihaving a direct tendency, and almost ous fact, that we might have acquired the seeming to imply a design, to alienate exclusive trade of the Spanish Seitlements, their South American countrymen, far if we would have bribed them from the more must we regret the sixth and eighth, mother country, at that time our open as equally unjust and irritating both enemy, by an offer of independence. to the Colonies and to Great Britain. That our Commanders were prohibited When we recall the enthusiastic gene from making them this offer, lei this prorosity with which the latter, without mak hibition be politic or impolitic, could only ing a single condition, without extorting have proceeded from the sacred principle a single promise in her own behalf, poured of doing as we would that others should do and has continued to pour into Spain, her to us. But if the sixth article be, as we clothing, arms, treasures, and the very have shewn, at once impolicy and meanpride and pith of her military force, with ness of spirit, the eighth is characterised a confiding liberality which placed its last by the most glaring extravagance, and a step to the utterniost limit of prudence, folly of short-sighted selfishness almost and which halted not but in obedience to suicidal. From Great Britain hitherto we the paramount duty of self-preservation, have received our chief and amplest supwhen we re-peruse the strong and glowing ports. Stripped of our colonies, from Great language, in which the noblest Spanish Britain alone can we receive any assistor patriots, and the very Cortes itsell, con- And yet while we add year after veyed their gratitude and expressed their year to her burthens, we demand of ber admiration ; when we reflect, that the that she shall stop up the very channels conduct of the British Government was by which she may in part recruit her rethe organ and interpreter of an almost uni- sources, and while we want treasures which versal sentiment in the British nation, and we by our own strength are unable to prothat the Tyrant himself has officially at vide, we will prevent our ally from protributed the prolongation of the contest, curing them for us. The blood of her noand the delay of his success, to the circum- blest children is lavished in our behalf, stance, that Great Britain had, for the first and yet as far as in us lies we will deprive time, come forward as a principal in a mi- their mother of the very means, by which litary war; as we could never have ex- she is to furnish them with arms, of the pected, so can we not even now derive gold and silver, for which alone the Spanish from the noble character of uncorrupted farmers will supply them with food. And Spanish Patriots, a niggardly doling out then the modest request, that if we fail to of returns, not in the measures of grati- reconcile the colonists, as a common friend, tude, or even of a wise and liberal policy, we should hasten to cut their throats, as but in the spirit of a hard bargain, so volunteer enemies and substitute combamuch for necessity, and so much in ex- tants against our own interests this really pectation of a greater gain in repayment! is folly that might lead even a reluctant You may trade for 15 months to the revo- mind to a suspicion of more than folly.

ance.

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Must we not ask, what is the state of those main in the position which I informed colonies? And how came they to this your Lordship that they occupied in my state? and what measures have you taken dispatch of the 25th July, excepting that to amend it?-But of this on a following the division at Placentia has extended day.

through the mountains to Bejar and Banos.

-By a letter from General Silviera of the PORTUGAL. - Extracts of Dispatches from 21st of July, which I received on the 26th,

I learnt that General Santocildes had reBaron Douro. of Wellesley and Viscount tired with the army of Gallicia from the Wellington of Talavera and of Wellington, und Conde de Vimiera, 1o Earl Li. neighbourhood of Astorga to Mancanal verpool, one of the Secretaries of State. Bessieres having collected at Benavente

on the 17th, in consequence of Marshal Published in the London Gazettes of dif- a force consisting of 11,000 infantry and ferent dates, as under stuted.

1,500 cavalry. Quinta Joao, July 18, 1811.

Fuente Guidaldo, Aug. 31, 1911. The Army of Portugal broke up from

The enemy have made no movement of their position on the Guadiana on the 14th instant, and have moved towards Truxillo. any importance since I addressed your I have not yet heard that any troops had detachment, consisting of about one thou

On that evening a

Lordslip on the 14th. passed that town towards Almaraz; or that i he cavalry which had been about Tala- arrived at Gata, which is on the south side

sand iwo hundred infantry and cavalry, vera and Lobon, had retired further than

of the mountains which separate Castile Merida.—They are fortifying 'the Old Castle of Medellin, as well as that at Trus: morning they surprised a small picquet in

frona Estranadura; and on the following illo. General Blake embarked his corps in St. Martin de Trebejo, under Lieutenant the mouth of the Guadiana on the 61h. As Wood, of the 11th Light Dragoons, whom soon as General Blake's the body of the enemy's troups, which they made prisoner with len men, and

went off that evening to Moralego, and on had marched towards the Guadiana, and

the next morning to Monte Hermoso. had turned towards Cartaja, retired from the frontier towards St. Lucar. I under. stand that the troops belonging to the

COUNT DE LILLE (Louis XVIII.) fourth corps, which Marshal Soult had

The London Gazette of Saturday the brought into Estramadura, have marched 7th of September, 1811, contains an Adtowards Granada. There is nothing new vertisement, offering 2001. Reward for the on the side of Valladolid, excepting that discovery of the author or sender of the Joseph Buonaparté had returned to Spain, following Threatening Letters sent to and, it is said, arrived at Burgos with an

this person, and which Letters are stated, escort of about three thousand men on the in the Advertisement, to have been as .5th instant.

follows: Portalegre, July 25, 1811.

Whitehall, Sept. 7, 1811. *The enemy's cavalry left Merida on the

Whereas it has been humbly repremorning of the 17th.

The enemy

have since continued their march upon Alma

sented to his Royal Highness the Prince raz; and on the 20th, one division of in- ing Letters have been sent to the Count

Regent, that various anonymous threatenfantry had arrived at Placentia. On the De Lille, and others of the French Princes, same day Marshal Marmont was at Ali / of wbich the following are extracts; maraz, and other divisions had marched upon Truxillo in the same direction. One

No. I. division of infantry and some cavalry still A. Monsr. remained at Trusillo according to the last Count De Lille accounts. There is nothing new in the Hartwell House North. Joseph Buonaparté was at Valla

Aylesbury dolid on the 10th, and proceeded on the

Bucks 12th on his journey towards Madrid. You are of a bad Race, mercy is in the

Castello Branco, Aug. 1, 1811. Protestant, you imposing Vagabonds Die I have moved the whole army to their by nostra manus. left. I propose that they shall take up I visit your House every week you their cantonments in Lower Beira, instead damn'd Villain-look at your Eligie inof Alentejo.-The army of Portugal re- closed.

No. II.

| making for the Coronation of their MaThe Count de Lille a French Refugee jesties of Hayti, to take place on the folHalford House

lowing Sunday, previously to which a Aylesbury

number of his favourite Generals were enBucks

nobled, some made Princes, some Dukes, sigoed Gordonius.

some Counts, some Barons, some Chevaliers; Bone has offered a Dutchy for your this new creation could not but astonish Head, he shall have it.

the gaping mulcitude, little used to such Mind. a good Boat and many of us sights, by the splendour of their approPrisoners of War will seize on you, put priate dresses, some of purple, some of you into it at Yarmouth you Enemy of blue, some of white silk or satin, richly Europe. A Man can die but once you ornamented, whilst embroidered cloaks or Vagabond Louis.

mantles gracefully flowed from their No. III.

shoulders, and their heads covered with The Count Lille

gold laced hats, turned up in front with a Hartwell House

button and plume, exhibited a likeness of Aylesbury

the ancient nobility, as they are repreBucks

sented in some of our old paintings.—The Your proceedings will not do, our in previous matters being arranged, the cetentions have been delayed in hopes of remony that next took place was the consomething being abjured or done on your

secration of the national standard or copart and the Prisoners of War your coun

lours, which was performed with great trymen restored to their Native land our pomp by the archbishop, who they say is party encrease very strong against you

a Gerinał, and a man of some erudition : and only temporize for a time, but many but the grand business of all, and that are near your Person of our Party which which far outshines all the resi, was the makes us sure of our designs. So if I do coronation of their Majesties, which took not get my Friends kome you shall be ar- place on Sunday the 2nd of June, in a large rested, murdered, shot or slain. Charlotte square called the Champ de Mars, where Corday shall visit you first. You are at temporary canopies and coverings were our Bar and renounce, adjure, or die by erected for that purpose. This day, was our hands.

ushered in by ringing of bells, bands of No. IV.

music, innumerable discharges of cannon, Le Comte De Lille

and every demonstration of joy. About Halford House

seven o'clock, their Majesties in their near Aylesbury

state carriage, drawn by eight rchite horses, Bucks.

attended by Madame Desalines, in her You shall be attacked from us in our carriage and six, and the other pobility, Prison Wincanton, Crediton, Tiverton, in such carriages as they could procure, and other places.

brilliantly attired, proceeded to the

Champ de Mars, where his royal Majesty, No. V. His Highness's

with ihe Queen, left their carriage, and Duke de Berri

ascended a temporary throne, richly or

manented; here the king, having preor De Condé or De Lille

vicusly put a Crown of goid, richly fur

nished wiih precious stones, upon bis Wimbledon. If there be any commotion among the with another for the Queen, into the hands

head, how took it off, and delivered it, People. The Populace know the Road to of the Archbishop, who crowned their the House you live at. Resign your pre- Haytian Majesties, with all the pomp, and tensions, live in peace, or be overcome in L'Assyle.

ceremonies used on such great occasions. Given at our association of Warning.

Thus graced by the diadem, to which also

they added (Here follows an offer of a reward of

grace, this

august pair retired 2001. for discovery.)

into the royal tent, with the Archbishop and some of the great officers of state, and

there received the holy sacraments ; Hayti. (St. Domingo)Coronation of which being finished, their Majesties de

the Negro King and Queen, 2nd June, scended, and having taken their carriage, 1811.

attended in the same manner, returned to At Cape François (Cape Henry now) the Palace, where they held a Lecce, and great preparations were, on the 27th May, receiyed the congratulations of the Nobility and Gentry, on the auspicious oc- established in our kingdom, do not concasion, and also the compliments of Cap-form to the regulations of the 15th of Ocsain Douglas and Captain O'Grady of the tober, 180+, which forbid them to sell in British Nary, whose ships were seen at retail the cargoes they receive. That anchor in the port. Alter the Levee, at frequent complaints have been made to us about two o'clock, their Majesties and the by ihe foreign merchants relative to the Nobility, in the same order of procession, difficulty of recovering the amount of their repaired to another square, where under goods disposed in retail, to Haytian shopthe shade of the entwined boughs, well keepers: Wishing to put an end to all such arranged for the purpose, a repast, 'con- complaints, and afford to foreign traders sisting of 600 covers, was prepared, to greater facility for the recovering, from which all the English and American mer- Haytian shop-keepers, the amount of the chants were invited, and where Captains sales of the cargoes confided to them. We Douglas and O'Grady had the first places have ordered and do order what follows: of honour. At this entertainment, the - Art. I.-We renew, as far as is neces. King, rising from his seat, gave the fol- sary, the prohibitions made in the abovelowing toast: “ My Brother, the King of mentioned Ordinance, of the 15th October, Great Britain,which was drank with 1804, to all Captains of foreign vessels arthree times three; to which he added, riving in any of the ports of our kingdom,

may he prosper and be successful against of selling their cargoes in retail to either Buonaparte, and continue the barrier be- shop keepers or individuals.-11.—No fo. tween that tyrant and this kingdom.” reign merchant, who shall have vessels The next toast was given by the Arch- consigned to him, shall be permitted to sell bishop, "The King of Hayti,” which the cargoes to another foreign merchant, was also drank with three times three. nor have them sold by retail by women in After this their Majesties returned in the ibeir keeping; and three months, beginsame order to the Palace, before which ning the first instant, is allowed to those a great body of troops, to the number of to whom this may apply, to set off their near ten thousand, paraded for a long stock, and close their stores.-111.—The time, every company preceded by its band foreign merchants shall not be allowed to of music, which, together with the inces- sell a smaller quantity of merchandize sant firing of guns, ringing of bells, and than what are here designated, to wit : rude shouts of the populace, almost stu- 10 barrels beef, 10 ditto pork, 25 cases pified the senses. The Royal Cavalcade soap, 10 ditto candles, 10 firkins butter, then took a ride about the town, and scat- 10 ditto lard, 10 baskets or boxes sweet tered money in great profusion among the oil, s do. codfish, 20 cases do. 20 bls. flour, people; and the business of this great day 5. pipes wine, 10 cases do. 6 bls. lamp was at length concluded with splendid il. oil, 5 hhds. beer or porter, hats, shoes, &c. luminations, and an Opera at the Theatre. or the case or bbl. cheese and hams of On Monday, 3rd of June, high mass was bacon wholesale, cordials, do. dry goods celebrated, and the Te Deum sung, at the by the bale, case, trunk, bbl. hhd. without Cathedral; after, which their Majesties retailing any by the piece or ell.-IV.had a Levee, and received the compli- Whomsoever shall act in contravention to ments of the Nobility and Gentry, and the present Ordinance shall forfeit 3,000 the evening was concluded with illumina. dollars for the first offence; and in case of tions, and a Comedy at the Theatre. a repetition, double that sum, and three HAYTI.-- Royal Ordinance. - Renewing the months imprisonment.-We do order that prohibitions made to foreign Merchants, Royal Seal, be addressed to all the courts

these presents, to which is aslixed onr established in our Kingdom, to sell in re

and tribunals of justice, and administrative tail the cargoes consigned to them, and to fix the quuntity of each kind of Merchan- records ; that they observe them, and

authorities ; that they be entered on their dize they are to sell.

cause them to be observed throughout the Henry I, by the grace of God, and of kụngdom; and that our Minister of Justice the constitutional Law of the State, to all be charged with its execution.—Done at whom these presents may come greeting : Cape Henry, the 19th June, 1811, year Being inforined that the foreign merchants 8 of the independence. Henry.

Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Coreat - Garden :-Sold also by J. BUDD), Pall-Mali..

LONDON :-Pricted by T: C. Hassard, Peterborough-Court, Fleet-street,

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