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174. New motion on new facts.]—A party whose motion has been denied in whole or in part, or granted upon conditions which he has not accepted, 22 has a right to move again on additional facts which have occurred since the former motion,23 or which without laches were unknown to him at the time of the former motion and have since been discovered. 24
22 Evans v. Van Hall, Clarke, 22.
23 In this class of cases at least, the new motion is not a "renewal," strictly so called.
German Ex. Bk. v. Kroder, 14 Misc. 179, 35 N. Y. Supp. 380 (motion to consolidate actions granted after service of amended pleadings though no leave to renew obtained).
Malone v. St. Peter, etc., Church, 83 App. Div. 80, 82 N. Y. Supp. 519 (permitting renewal and granting motion, after a previous motion for samo relief on different facts had been granted at Special Term, but order reversed and motion denied at the Appellate Division).
Erie Ry. Co. 1. Ramsey, 57 Barb. 449 (where the court said: “When a second motion is based upon a new state of facts arising since the first de. cision was made, it is not necessary that leave to make the motion should be obtained. It may be made as a matter of right.” So held, reversing an order refusing to entertain a second motion because leave to make it had not bech previously obtained).
Butts v. Burnett, 6 Abb. Pr. (N. S). 302 (where it is held that a motion should not be denied merely on the ground that a motion of the same nature has already been made and denied, if new facts are shown on the second motion such as would be ground for giving leave to renew).
Wentworth v. Wentworth, 51 How. Pr. 289 (granting a second application for an allowance pendente lite where new facts were shown, although no leave to renew had been obtained).
Fox v. Fox, 24 How. Pr. 385 (where a second application for an extra allowance was granted after another trial and upon facts materially different from those on the denial of the first application).
Bonnell 1. Henry, 13 How. Pr. 142 (where a motion of a judgment creditor to set aside a judgment by confession having been denied without leave to renew, and subsequently an assignee of the judgment creditor having recovered another judgment, held, that the new judgment gave a right to make a new motion as to it, although not as to the judgment assigned.
See also Smith 1. Zalinski, 94 N. Y. 519, 524; Noonan 1. N. Y. C., etc., R. Co. 68 Hun, 387, 22 N. Y. Supp. 860.
Goddard v. Stiles, 1 N. E. Rep. 402; mem. s. C., 99 N. Y. 640 (where the rule that leave is not necessary for a second motion when it is not a renewal, but founded on new and subsequent facts, is applied).
24 Nat. Bk. of Port Jervis v. Hansee, 15 Abb. N. C. 488, 7 Civ, Pro. 350 (denving the renewed motion because additional facts could have been ascertained at the time first motion was made, by use of diligence).
Willet v. Fayerweather, 1 Barb. 72 (where the court said: “The new matter which will alone justify the renewal of a motion without leave must be something which has happened, or for the first time come to the knowledge of the party moving, since the time of the former motion," Holding that the renewal must be denied, because the matter was not new, but was known to the moving party at the time of his original motion).
Elston r. Schilling, 7 Robt. 74 (holding that the denial of a motion to open a default is not a bar to a new motion founded on the fact for the first time presented that the default was caused by the incapacity of the attorney * rendered incompetent by his habits”).
Additional evidence to the same facts relied upon does not constitute additional facts within this rule.25
175. Different relief or grounds.]— The court may in its discretion entertain a fresh motion for the same relief upon entirely different grounds, as for instance an application to the favor of the court, on excuse for delay, after denial of a motion founded on the claim of strict right,26 or to strike out a pleading as sham after denial of a motion for judgment on it as frivolous;27 or a motion for entirely different relief upon the same grounds.28
176. Renewal or appeal.]-A motion for leave to renew, may be made notwithstanding a pending appeal,29 but an actual renewal, since it in effect supersedes the original motion, is a waiver of an appeal.30
177. Mode of obtaining leave to renew.]-A motion for leave should be made before the court or judge before whom the original motion was heard,31 and upon papers substantiating the new facts
25 Ray r. Connor, 3 Edw. Ch. 478 (where denying a motion to open a decree the vice-chancellor said: “Affidavits which merely present additional or cumulative evidence on the points before presented, are not to be considfred as showing new grounds for the motion). 8. P., Schultze v. Rodewald, 1 Abb. N. C. 365 (where the further evidence was an admission on examination before trial). New facts, which impeach the character of the opposite party, may be sufficient to bring the case within the rule. See Apsley r. Wool, 6 Civ. Pro. 178, 67 How. Pr. 406.
5 Hall r. Emmons, 9 Abb. Pr. (N. S.) 370; revog, 8 id. 451. 27 Kreitz r. Frost, 5 Abb. Pr. (N. S.) 277.
*As, for example, the denial of a motion to set aside declaration, on the ground that it had not been filed when it was served, does not preclude a subsequent motion to open a default, on the ground that the declaration had Dever been regularly filed. Frost v. Flint, 2 How. Pr. 125,
23 First Nat. Bk. v. Clark, 42 Hun, 90, 3 N. Y. St. Rep. 438; Belmont 1. Erie Ry. Co., 52 Barb. 637; Riggs v. Pursell, 74 N. Y. 370; Harris v. Brown, 93 N. Y. 390; S. P., Clumpha v. Whiting, 10 Abb. Pr. 448. See also paragraph 21, p. 83, of this volume.
* Harris 1. Brown, 93 N. Y. 390; Peel v. Elliott, 16 How. Pr. 481; Noble v. Prescott, 4 E. D. Smith, 139; Apsley v. Wood, 67 How. Pr. 406; Harrison v. Neber, 9 Hun, 127.
See also Benedict, etc., Mfg. Co. r. Thayer, 20 Hun, 547 (where the court said: “The order denying the second motion for leave to amend was proper for the reason that an appeal was then pending from the denial of the first motion. That appeal should be dismissed without costs”).
here, after an order has been made denying a motion, leave to renew the motion upon additional facts is granted, the first order is not appealable; the final order made upon the renewed motion, alone can be appealed from Robbins r. Ferris, 5 Hun, 286.
N. Y. Code Civ. Pro., $ 776; Matter of Nat. Trust Co., 31 Hun, 20, 4 Civ. Pro. 203; Williams v. Huber, 5 Mise. 488, 25 N. Y. Supp. 327.
relied upon, as well as stating the facts in reference to the previous motion. If granted, a new notice of motion should be given.
But a notice of motion for leave to renew and notice of the renewed motion may be combined in one notice32 asking for leave to renew, and if leave be granted, for the relief sought by renewal.
In the same way an order to show cause why leave to renew should not be granted may contain also direction to show cause, in case it be granted, why the relief sought should not be granted.
Leave to renew is usually granted as a matter of course when the denial of a motion has been based upon a preliminary objec tion which can be obviated, and the merits remain unconsidered.
178. Granting leave discretionary.]-An application for leave to renew, even in a case where leave is necessary, is generally discretionary, and the decision not reviewable in an appellate court.33
179. What question involred.]-On a motion merely for leave to renew, the adverse party is not entitled to discuss the merits of the motion sought to be renewel4 any further than that failure to show a prima facie case is ground for refusing leave. But the court may, after granting leare, entertain the motion instanter, if ne objection to want of notice is made, -5 or such notice be given in the notice of applicati n for leare to renew, or it may order the party to show cause instanter. 56
isa. E pa leare.}- Leare to renew, inserted in an order tenuing a motion, a s a renewal eren upon the same facts
Andrus r. (hoss 1:AVX c .go: Fowler r. Huber, 7 Robt, 52 (per Nerin. ; "It is tu r en to give notice of an application for such leven in the same time te pire estive of renewing the motion condiy *
lace be grant What sh leave opening the matter first, weite r
e n of the ritin wouid be a bar." In ** *** fuper
naskia bar, but the order appealed from W** min
* **t of leare to paints to renew his former
supported, if need be, by further evidence.37 If leave is conditional upon some act of the moving party, the papers upon the renewed motion must show compliance with the condition.38 Mere leave to renew reserved in an order made before the expiration of a time limited by the statute, does not enlarge the time. If an enlargement of time is desired, there should be a special clause. 39
47. Notice of motion.- General form. 48. The same, on behalf of party
not appearing, except speci.
ally. 49. The same, for motion on behalf
of one not a party to the
action. 50. Supplemental notice of motion,
enlarging relief. 51. Notice to bring on hearing after
indefinite adjournment. 52. Affidavit for a motion.- General
form. 53. Affidavit to procure order to take
toke deposition for use upon a mo
tion. 34. The same; where affidavit is de
sired to oppose motion. 35. Affidavit to presentation of affi
davit and refusal to verify. 56. Affidavit to presentation of affi.
davit and evasion of request
to verify. 57. Order to take deposition for use
on a motion. 58. Subpæna to a witness to attend
and make deposition for use
on a motion. 59. Report of referee having taken
deposition. 80. Order to show cause.- General
form. 61. Order to show cause, allowing
further papers to be served
meanwhile. 62. Counter-motion. 63. Countermand of motion. 64. Motion to amend an order.
65. Stipulation extending the time
fixed by a notice of motion, or order to show cause, for the
hearing thereof. 66. The same, when not indorsed
upon the motion papers. 67. Stipulation that a motion no
ticed for a proper county may be heard in a county for which it could not have been
noticed. 68. The same, when not indorsed
upon the motion papers. 69. The same, waiving objection that
the motion was notified for a
wrong county. 70. Order of a judge transferring a
motion, or order to show cause, returnable before him
self, to another. 71. Stipulation securing same object
as last preceding order. 72. The same,' when not indorsed
upon the motion papers. 73. Adjournment of contested mo
tion at special term to cham
74. Adjournment of motion for fur.
ther preparation, etc. 75. Note of issue on motion. 76. Note of issue for appellate divi
sion motion. 77. Note of issue for appeal heard as
a non-enumerated motion. 78. The same, for an enumerated mo
tion. 79. Motion to dismiss appeal, or for
judgment, for failure to file and serve papers.
80. Affidavit impeaching credibility 63. Motion for leave to renew.
of an affiant or of an alleged 84. Notice of motion for leave to re material witness on motion
new, and of renewed motion, for a new trial, etc.
if allowed. 81. Order amending previous affi- 85. Leave to renew application for davit to meet objection.
leave. 82. Motion for rehearing.
FORM No. 47.
[Title of court and cause.]
Please take notice, 43 that* upon“ the annexed affidavits of A. B. and C. D. [it is usual to add, verified on the day of
19 ,] copies of which are herewith served upon you [and if the pleadings or other proceedings filed or served are relied on, mention them, 46 as, and upon the pleadings and proceedings in this action], the undersigned"?† will move this court, at a special term49 [Part 1] thereof, to be held [at chambers] at the County Court House 50 [or, otherwise specify place] in the
of ,51 on the day32 of 19. , at o'clock in the
noon, [or, at the opening of the court on said day) or as soon thereafter as counsel can be heard, 52
40 See paragraph 89 (above), as to consent, in lieu of notice.
41 See paragraphs 10, 12, 13, and 15 (above),as to when to move, rather than to appeal, sue, or plead. See also Form 50, post.
42 See paragraphs 77, 90 and 91 (above). See also paragraphs 18 and 23, as to title in "several actions” and “before service of process."
43 See paragraphs 25-27, as to notice — when necessary, who entitled to, and effect of omitting to give.
44 See paragraph 95, as to stating upon what papers. See also paragraph 60, as to when affidavits are unnecessary, and what may be used as evidence.
45 See paragraph 112, as to when service of copies is necessary and when not. See also paragraph 131, as to moving party being confined, at the hearing, to the papers he has served.
46 If not desired to rely on all the proceedings specify those needed, otherwise it may be necessary to print all on an appeal. See, however, Orders, par. 27' on Recitals.
47 See paragraphs 7 to 9, as to
what persons, not parties, may move, or be moved against, and effect of such motion. See, also, paragraph 24, as to special appearance, and paragraph 101, as to the effect of an unqualified signature as a general appearance.
48 See paragraphs 28, 29, 31-39, as to when to move the court or a judge.
49 As to what motions must be made at general and what at special term, see N. Y. Gen, Rule 38, and paragraphs 43 and 58. See, also, paragraph 31, for the rule that motions on notice are to be made at special term rather than before a judge; and see paragraphs 29, 32, and 33, for exceptions to the rule.
50 See paragraphs 93 and 94.
51 See paragraphs 53–57, for proper county in which to move in Supreme Court actions. See, also, paragraph 78, as to stating justification for choice of county to move in.
52 See paragraphs 85-88, and 92, as to requisites as to time within which, for which, etc., to move.
53 Omitting this clause does not vitiate. Anon., 1 Johns. 143. See, also, paragraph 92.