Tourism, Landscape, and the Irish Character: British Travel Writers in Pre-Famine Ireland
Picturesque but poor, abject yet sublime in its Gothic melancholy, the Ireland perceived by British visitors during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries did not fit their ideas of progress, propriety, and Protestantism. The rituals of Irish Catholicism, the lamentations of funeral wakes, the Irish language they could not comprehend, even the landscapes were all strange to tourists from England, Wales, and Scotland. Overlooking the acute despair in England’s own industrial cities, these travelers opined in their writings that the poverty, bog lands, and ill-thatched houses of rural Ireland indicated moral failures of the Irish character.
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Where a village ' s lands spread into the mountains , the community engaged in "
booleying , ” a vestigial form of transhumance in which youths moved with the
cattle into the upland pastures for the summer . 43 Although E . Estyn Evans ...
The tourists regarded clachans as a contradiction of the very concept of “ village .
” Typically , the clachans had no shops , no crafts , no inns , no chapels . They
even lacked a recognizable shape , appearing as a formless jumble of huts , as ...
The Whole Illustrated by Remarks on the Baronies , Parishes , Towns , Villages ,
Seats , Mountains , Rivers , Medicinal Waters , Fossils , Animals and Vegetables ;
Together with a New Hydrographical Description of the Sea Coasts . To Which ...