Tourism, Landscape, and the Irish Character: British Travel Writers in Pre-Famine Ireland
Picturesque but poor, abject yet sublime in its Gothic melancholy, the Ireland perceived by British visitors during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries did not fit their ideas of progress, propriety, and Protestantism. The rituals of Irish Catholicism, the lamentations of funeral wakes, the Irish language they could not comprehend, even the landscapes were all strange to tourists from England, Wales, and Scotland. Overlooking the acute despair in England’s own industrial cities, these travelers opined in their writings that the poverty, bog lands, and ill-thatched houses of rural Ireland indicated moral failures of the Irish character.
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As Crandell suggests , the techniques of looking at , reading about , and
imagining landscapes may , in fact , have enhanced the British sense of
individuality . Lockean epistemology held that an individual ' s knowledge was
created in part by ...
As Andrew Hadfield and John McVeagh suggest , the twin themes of picturesque
landscape and poverty seem interwoven in the ... Nineteenth - century tourism
was , as Buzard suggests , “ a point of contact between picturesque and
Ó Gráda suggests that the Lumper was introduced into Ireland from Scotland ;
see Ireland , 88 - 91 . Austin Bourke states that the first mention of the Lumper is
in Haly Dutton ' s Statistical Survey of the County of Clare ( 1808 ) and that it does