Tourism, Landscape, and the Irish Character: British Travel Writers in Pre-Famine Ireland
Picturesque but poor, abject yet sublime in its Gothic melancholy, the Ireland perceived by British visitors during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries did not fit their ideas of progress, propriety, and Protestantism. The rituals of Irish Catholicism, the lamentations of funeral wakes, the Irish language they could not comprehend, even the landscapes were all strange to tourists from England, Wales, and Scotland. Overlooking the acute despair in England’s own industrial cities, these travelers opined in their writings that the poverty, bog lands, and ill-thatched houses of rural Ireland indicated moral failures of the Irish character.
Results 1-3 of 34
Characterized by the checkerboard appearance of carefully bounded , rectilinear
fields , the enclosure movement had broken up the old medieval open - field
system , within which tenants had farmed unfenced strips of ground . The land
rising Hills , Woods , Groves , Meadows , and Corn fields . ” Encountering similar
scenes in the Suir valley , Chetwood reported his Hampshire servant as
exclaiming : “ Wauns ! Measter , they have stole this Plaace out of England
See F . H . A . Aalen and Kevin Whelan , “ Fields , ” 135 ; for a diagram of an Irish
hedgebank see ibid . , fig . 4 . See also E . Estyn Evans , Irish Folk Ways , 105 - 6 .
14 . Robert Graham , A Scottish Whig in Ireland , 1835 - 1838 , 76 . See also ...