Tourism, Landscape, and the Irish Character: British Travel Writers in Pre-Famine Ireland
Picturesque but poor, abject yet sublime in its Gothic melancholy, the Ireland perceived by British visitors during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries did not fit their ideas of progress, propriety, and Protestantism. The rituals of Irish Catholicism, the lamentations of funeral wakes, the Irish language they could not comprehend, even the landscapes were all strange to tourists from England, Wales, and Scotland. Overlooking the acute despair in England’s own industrial cities, these travelers opined in their writings that the poverty, bog lands, and ill-thatched houses of rural Ireland indicated moral failures of the Irish character.
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ernment , through the Act of Union ( 1801 ) , forced the unification of the
parliaments of Great Britain and Ireland , theoretically making Ireland an integral
part of the United Kingdom . With the resumption of order , travelers quickly
Introduction by Geoffrey Grigson . Fontwell , 1967 . Andrews , Malcolm .
Landscape and Western Art . Oxford , New York , 1999 . - The Search for the
Picturesque : Landscape Aesthetics and Tourism in Britain , 1760 - 1800 .
Stanford , 1989 .
See also tourist gaze travel writing , 7 , 8 , 10 , 14 , 16 , 18 , 202n19 trees : British
admiration of , 128 – 29 ; commercial uses of , 129 – 30 , 220n5 ; deforestation in
Britain , 130 – 31 ; deforestation in Ireland , 129 – 30 ; missing from Irish ...