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The Monthly Entelligencer,

AND

HISTORICAL REVIEW OF

Foreign Nevos, Domestic Occurrences, and Notes of the Month.
Nov. 24%.

recently crushed near Mount Parnassus. Greece.-In a circular addressed to the The government proposes to make many representatives of the Greek Government high-roads, and appeals to European capiat foreign courts, M. Rangabé, the Finance talists for means to construct railways. Minister, describes the present state and The department of finance needs reform. prospects of the kingdom, with the view Imports are taxed 10 per cent., and exof removing errors and unjust prejudices. ports 6 per cent., ad valorem. The revenue Treating of the constitution, he admits amounts to 18,000,000 drachmas; in the that the government nominates its own first year of the Greek kingdom it amounted candidates at the parliamentary elections, to 7,950,000 drachmas. in order to discipline the electoral operations; but he describes the electoral law

Nov. 26. as favouring a “local, narrow spirit," and The new statute in Trafalgar-square, the length of parliaments as excessive; and to Sir C. J. Napier, was unveiled to the it is proposed to remedy both. He says public this day. It is satisfactory to an. that the administration of justice is not nounce this addition to the memorials of impeded by vexatious delays, but that our departed worthies, whom, Dr. Waagen there is a radical defect in the constitu- asserts, the English, above all others, detion,-the judges are removeable at the light to honour. The figure itself is of pleasure of the Crown; a defect that can- bronze, upwards of twelve feet high, on a not be remedied until the University of pedestal standing seventeen feet from the Athens furnishes a competent bar. In ground. The General is represented in education there has been a great develop- his uniform, holding a scroll in his right ment; nearly every commune having a hand and a sword in his left. One foot boys' school, many a girls' school. Out of the figure projects beyond its base, and of a population of 1,100,000 souls, 60,000 is balanced by a corresponding fall of the young men are devoted to study. There military cloak at the back. The base of are to be established, schools for the edu- the statue is a plain square plinth of cation of the clergy, a school of arts and granite, without ornament of any kind. manufactures, and a national academy. The sides of the pedestal, which display The navy is small; the army consists of only one moulding of the simplest kind in 9,555 men: both are used as police. The its lower portion, slope slightly inwards. mercantile marine has increased amazingly; On the front face is the following inscripit numbers 1,500 large, and 2,900 smaller tion :-"

:-“Charles James Napier, General, ships, of an aggregate burden of 200,000 born MDCCLXXXII.; died MDCCCLIII. tons, and employs 30,000 seamen. The Erected by public subscription from all army costs 5,500,000 drachmas, or one

civil and military; the most nuthird of the revenue. With respect to merous subscribers being private soldiers.” brigandage, treated in connexion with the The general effect of a front view is dearmy, he states that much of it is owing cidedly commanding and poble, but on a to the defective arrangements within the side aspect there is a tendency to heaviness Turkish frontier. During the first three in the upper portion of the statue; which months of the year, ninety-nine brigands may be faithful, indeed, as a matter of were tried, thirty were executed, forty-six portraiture, but will fail to attract the condemned to various terms of imprison- admiration or raise the enthusiasm of the ment, including nine sent to hard labour ordinary spectator. The sculptor is Mr. for life. For some months, brigandage has G. G. Adams, already known for his suconly existed in Attica and Bæotia ; and cessful bust and statue of the Duke of the band of ruffians engaged in it were Wellington

classes,

As a general rule, we do not profess to give the name of the newspaper whence the paragraph may have been extracted.

The date prefixed in some instances is simply that of the paper where the information appeared.

Nov. 29.

night after night to the open air at a freezMessrs. Foster, the auctioneers, have ing temperature—the chemist in his ladispersed another fine collection of water. boratory, among poisonous and explosive colour drawings, which produced upwards substances—the surgeon who handles the of a thousand pounds. The gem of the dissecting-knife — all

, equally with the collection was Turner's “ Windermere,”- adventurous traveller, expose their lives to of which the engraving is well known, peril. We know what was the opinion of After a spirited competition, it was bought the great Athenian moralist and martyr by Mr. Gambart for 255 guineas. A few on this question, from that fine passage in of the miscellaneous pieces and prices may which the dangers of military and civil be put on record :-Six tinted drawings, life are so beautifully contrasted:-'I should by Turner, from Dr. Monro's collection, have acted strangely, indeed,' says he, 'if, 271. 8s.;-a set of four drawings, in sepia, having stood firmly in the post assigned from the “Man of Fashion,” by Frith, to me by my general at Amphipolis, Poti16! guineas ;—Copley Fielding, “Cumber- dæa, and Delium, and braved every danger, land Mountains," "Blea Tarn,” and a I had turned coward and feared to die “Scene in Glenfilloch,” 251.138.;—C. Stan. when God ordered me to be a philosopher, field, “ The Gallant Act,” 25 guineas ;- and instruct mankind.'” S. Prout, “Cologne," and Strasbourg,” The Copley medal was awarded to Proevening effect, 21 guineas ;-W. Hunt, fessor H. Milne Edwards, for his researches

Purple and Green Grapes,” 31 guineas ;- in comparative anatomy and zoology; the G. Cattermole, “ Newark Castle," a grand Rumford Medal to Professor Louis Pasteur, landscape, 15 guincas ;—“The Fruit-stall,” of Lille, for his discovery of the nature of a drawing by W. Hunt, 14 guineas ;- racemic acid, and its relations to polarized P. De Wint, “A Landscape,” with ex- light, and for the researches to which he tensive distance; “A View in Lincolnshire,” was led by that discovery; a Royal medal the companion; “A Landscape,” river to Sir John Richardson, for his contribuscene,

with cattle, &c.; and “ Merton Col- tions to natural history and physical geolege, Oxford,271. 11s. ;-J. D. Harding, graphy; a Royal medal to Professor W. “Aurillac,” south of France, a drawing Thomson, of Glasgow, for his various phyengraved in the “South of France ;” and sical researches relating to electricity, to " Bologna,” another drawing engraved in the motive power of heat, &c. Byron's works, 30 guineas ;—Fred. Tayler, A Relic of Bothwell.- Among some “Shooting Pony and Dogs," 32 guineas; books recently sold in Edinburgh, at Mr. Copley Fielding, “Cromer, on the Norfolk Nisbet's auction-rooms, was a folio which Coast;" “ The Head of Windermere ;" and had belonged to Bothwell, the husband of A Mountain Scene in Wales,”—(these Mary Queen of Scots. It is a copy of a drawings, in his fine early manner, are mathematical work printed in Paris in signed and dated 1815,) 331. 55. ;—P. F. 1538, L'Arithmétique et Géométrie de Poole, “The Rustic Toilet,” 28 guineas ;- Maistre Etienne de la Roche. There was D. Roberts, “ Strada d’Alcala, Madrid,” a spirited competition for this interesting 32 guineas ;-W. Hunt, “Grapes, Plums, relic, and it was knocked down to Mr. Gib&c.,” 57 guineas ;-P. De Wint, “ A Scene son Craig for thirteen guineas.-Scotsman. on the Thames,” and “A Corn-field,”

Dec. 4. 24 guineas.

Dr. Tait, Bishop of London, was this Nov. 30.

day “enthroned" in St. Paul's Cathedral. At the annual meeting of the Royal This ceremony is “ simple and unadorned." Society, at Somerset-house, Lord Wrottes- When Dr. Tait, attired in his episcopal ley, the President, delivered the customary garments, reached the chapter-house of address; in the course of which he advo- St. Paul's, he was received by the Dean, cated a renewed search for the remains of the Canons, and other diocesan officials. the Franklin expedition. The risk would Thence they proceeded to the chapterbe small, because the exploration would be room, and took their places in order of seconfined to a fixed and limited locality, niority, Dean Milman presiding. Here Dr. instead of extending through an untrodden Phillimore, Commissary of St. Paul's, in. region. Lord Wrottesley vindicated him- troduced to them “the Right Reverend self from the objection that the expedition Father in God, Archibald Campbell

, Bishop would endanger life:

of London," and begged that he might "You will not suspect me, I am sure, be enthroned. The Bishop handed to the of being indifferent to the fate of brave Registrar the mandate commanding the men; but the fact is, it is well-nigh im- Dean and Chapter to induct, install, and possible to add to our stock of physical enthrone " the Very Reverend Archibald knowledge without some risk to life. The Campbell Tait, Doctor of Civil Law, late astronomer, in his observatory, exposed Dean of the Cathedral Church of Carlisle,

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to be Bishop and Pastor of the See of the better within the last ten years. A London.” The mandate having been read, proof of this is to be seen in the fact that Dr. Milman decreed the instalment of the a large proportion of the trade carried on Bishop, and administered the oath of alle- with them is for money, instead of useless giance and supremacy, and the oath bind- trinkets. With money you can now buy ing Dr. Tait to defend the rights of the of the Caffre anything he has for sale; and Church. Then the whole clerical bodly this extends far into the interior. This is ranged themselves in a procession, and a vast step towards civilization; to which walked to the cathedral; where the Lord I may add, that very few Catfres are seen Mayor and the Sheriff's joined the pro- with a skin kaross. All, with very tritling cession at the grand entrance. An anthem exceptions, wear warm woollen blankets, was sung while the procession marched up of the quality of which they are excellent the nave.

The Bishop was conducted by judges-preferring to pay 15s. or 20s. for the Dean and Archdeacon of London to a good article, rather than half that price the communion-table; and the Bishop for a bad one. There are many other kneeling at the rails, the Dean began the changes of equal significance and importfollowing suffrages, the choir responding:- ance silently going on among them ; most

Dean-“() Lord, save Thy servant, of which may be traced to the seeds of Archibald Campbell, Bishop of this dio- civilization which were scattered amongst eese.”

them during the administration of Sir Answer—" And send him help from Harry Smith, and which we may hope Thy holy place.”

will produce in due time, under the skilful Dean—“ O Lord, hear my prayer.” and fostering care of our present Governor,

Answer—" And let our cry come unto abundant fruit. Thee.”

The Dagbladet, a Danish newspaper, Dean-“ The Lord be with thee." published at Copenhagen, in speaking of Answer—"And with thy spirit.”

the prize of ten thousand franes offered by Dean—"Let us pray. O Lord, Almighty the Duke de Luynes, " for the Best Method God, we beseech Thee to grant to Thy ser- of Multiplying Photographic Pictures by vant, Archibald Campbell, Bishop of this Impressions,” says.--"Since the compediocese, that by preaching and doing tition is open indiscriminately to all nathose things which be godly, he may both tions, Herr Grunth, the designer attached instruct the minds of the clergy and peo- to the brigade of Danish artillery, will most ple of this church and diocese with true likely enter the lists, and probably carry off faith and example of good life and good the prize.” It seems the Kriegsassessor works, and finally receive of the most Grunth has occupied himself for several Merciful Pastor the rewards of eternal years with the art of drawing on paper life, who liveth with Thee and Thy Holy with autographic ink, and then transGhost, world without end. Amen."

ferring the design to stone, from which The Dean then led the Bishop to his thousands of impressions can be taken. throne; and having caused him to sit down. He has brought this art to such perfection, he inducted and installed him thus:- that without the aid of any lithographer,

“I, Henry Hart Milman, Doctor in Di- he can produce impressions rivalling the vinity, Dean of this Cathedral Church, do, best lithographs in the clearness and sharpby the authority to me committed, induct, ness of their lines and contour. Herr install, and enthrone you, the Right Re. Grunth has succeeded in applying his auverend Father in God, Archibald Campbell, tographic method to photography, so that by divine permission Lord Bishop of Lon- he can, by a perfectly simple and inexpendon, into the bishopric and episcopal dig. sive process, reproduce and multiply ad nity of London. The Lord preserve thy libitum the original photographic picture. going out and thy coming in from this time The photographic paper is prepared in a forth for evermore; and mayest thou re- peculiar way, the secret of which the aumain in justice and sanctity, and adorn thor preserves to himself. He has given the place to you delegated by God. God the name of “Chalkography” to his new is powerful, and may he increase your method. grace!"

DEC. 7. The Bishop was conducted to the epis- Ireland.-Dr.Cullen's annual Christmas copal stall by the Dean. A full choral pastoral-twenty-eight pages of close print service, and the Hallelujah Chorus were —was read in all the Romanist chapels of performed; and the new Bishop brought Dublin. It treats almost entirely of the the whole to a close by pronouncing the education question, as affecting the Irish benediction.

Catholics. As may be supposed, Dr. Cullen DEC. 6.

condemns the Queen's colleges, and reCaffreland is said to be much altered for peats the fact that they have been declared

by the Pope “dangerous to faith and troduce to your notice a class of labourers morals ;” a declaration solemnly published for public convenience whose operations by the Synod of Thurles. Next, he speaks are not usually found in other colonies. of the national system in terms of qua- We have three daily newspapers here—the lified approval, because in practice the "Argus,' the 'leading journal,' with a magschools are unmixed to a very great extent; nificent plant and a large circulation; and but he objects to the books compiled by the 'Herald' and 'Age, which are carried the society. At the close, he puts for- on in a more moderate fashion. Formerly, ward the claims of his party :

their whole sale was to subscribers whose “From mixed education we can expect names were recorded at the office. Since nothing but evil: we should not acquiesce the great influx of population in 1853, in it or encourage it. It is highly dan- 1854, and 1855, everything here has been gerous to give over the instruction of Ca- very considerably Anglicized, and the news. tholic children to a Protestant government; papers sell a large portion of the circulawe are bound to oppose encroachments tion wholesale over the counter. The on this head. While giving a thorough wholesale buyers are of two classes-shopCatholic education to Catholic children, we keepers and street-venders. The latter are have a right to insist on participating in boys, and are very numerous in the city every public grant, without consenting to and suburbs. They earn a good deal of any clog on the freedom of education. money, and have their regular walks. Their The influence of the great Catholic popu- harvest is on the arrival of an English lation of Ireland should be exercised in as- mail, when all the papers issue an extra. I serting their rights; and even our electors have been told by some of these boys that should use their votes to return men to they can earn from £1 to £2 per week. A Parliament determined and able to sup- very good week will yield £3; while very port unmixed education for Catholic chil. little boys, with only capital enough to dren, and freedom of education from State run to the office and buy three or four control for all. Our Catholic brethren in papers, sell, and with the proceeds rush England have obtained a separate grant for a few copies more, thus earn 10s. to for their schools from the public funds, 15s. per week.” under Catholic management. They have

Dec. 9. Catholic inspectors, Catholic books, and China.-A letter from Canton relates an Catholic training-schools. We rejoice in incident that may give rise to unpleasant their success; but ought we, whose numbers and influence are so much greater, to

consequences. It appears that on the 11th

October, the crew of a junk bearing the be satisfied with anything less than the imperial flag boarded a trading vessel bearmeasure of justice they have obtained ?”

ing the British flag and registered at Hong. DEC. 8.

kong, took four Chinese from her crew, Australia. Intelligence from Mel

and beheaded them at Canton. Two days bourne to the 11th September has been

were given by the British authorities for received this week. The elections were

explanation and apology; neither was forthproceeding when the ship which brought coming, and the armed boats of a British the mail left the colony. Three provinces man-of-war captured the junk. A strong had chosen their representatives for the naval force mustered at Whampoa, and Upper House. They were, with one or some of the steamers went up the river two exceptions, men of humble origin, but

as far as the depth of the water would of liberal opinions and respectable cha

permit. racter. But of fifteen chosen, twelve had

Longfellow's Poems. — An American pledged themselves to resign in case of a

editor thus paraphrases “ Hiawatha:”— flagrant difference with their constituents. The journals pride themselves on the quiet

“ Should you ask us why this dunning?

Why these sad complaints and murmurs, character of the contests—“thanks to the Murmurs loud about delinquents ballot.”

Who have read the paper weekly,– Labour was in so great demand, that the

Read what they have never paid for,

Read with pleasure and with profit, mechanics had carried a point they had at Read of Church affairs and prospects, heart-eight hours' labour for ten hours'

Read of news both home and foreign,

Read the essays and the poemswages; that is, the men have succeeded in

Full of wisdom and instruction; striking two hours off the working day, Read the table of the markets, wages remaining the same. Wages are Carefully corrected weekly. now, regard being had to the cheapness of

Should you ask us why this dunning?

We should answer, we should tell you, clothing, shelter, and provisions, higher From the printer, from the mailer, than ever.

From the kind old paper-maker, “The subject of earnings," writes the

From the landlord, from the carrier,

From the man who taxes letters Times' correspondent," leads me to in With a stamp from Uncle Samuel

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l'ncle Sam, the rowdies call him ;

part of the people of Herat to the governFrom them all there comes a message,

ment of Persia. Message kind, but firmly spoken, Pleise to pay us what you owe us.'

“It was at the same time stipulated, Sad it is to hear such message

that so long as there should be no interWhen our funds are all exhausted ; When the last bank-note has left us,

ference of any sort whatever on the part When the gold coin all has vanish'd,

of the British government in the affairs of Gone to pay the paper-maker,

Herat, the engagements contracted by the Gone to pay the toiling printer, Gone to pay the landlord tribute,

Persian government, as aforesaid, should Gone to pay the sable carrier,

remain in full force and effect. On the Gone to pay the faithful mailer,

other hand, it was agreed, in the name of Gone to pay old Uncle Samuel, Uncle Sam, the rowdies call bim,

the British government, that ‘if any foGone to pay the Western paper

reign power, such as the Affghans or others,' Three-and-twenty hundred dollars !

should wish to interfere with or take posSad it is to turn our ledger,

session of Herat, the British government, Turn the leaves of this old ledger, Turn and see what sums are due us,

on the requisition of the Persian ministers, Due for volumes long since ended,

would not object to restrain such foreign Due for years of pleasant reading, Due for years of toilsome labour,

power by friendly advice, ‘so that Herat Due de pite our patient waiting,

might remain in its own state of indepenDue despite our constant dunning,

dunce.!Due in sums from two to twenty;

Great Britain has faithfully fulfilled its Would you lift a burden from us? Would you drive a spectre from you?

obligations; but the Persian government Would you taste a pleasant slumber?

has broken the articles, by sending an exWould you have a quiet conscience ?

pedition to Herat. The Persian governWould you read a paper paid for ? Send us inoney-send us money,

ment alleged in excuse for this proceeding, Send us money-send us money;

that Dost Mohamed, instigated by his SEND THE MONEY THAT YOU OWE US!"

“neighbours," seized Candahar, and that Dec. 10.

he disigned to seize Herat. But the asserIndia.—The Indian mail contains copies tion that he was instigated by his neighof the declaration of war against Persia, bours to occupy Candahar and advance proclaimed at Calcutta on the 1st and at upon Herat, is, “if by those“ neighbours' Bombay on the 10th of November.

the Britislı government is indicated, wholly The declaration sets forth “the reasons untrue ;” nor are there any indications that have rendered this measure necessary.” that Dost Mohamed intended to advance In January, 1853, Colonel Sheil, her Ma

The Persian government, jesty's Minister at Teheran, concluded c'r. having laid siege to Herat, and culled tain articles of agreement with the Suder it Persian soil, and having determined to Azim or Prime Minister of the Persian persist “in an aggression as unprovoked government.

as it is contrary to good faith,” that con"By those articles, the Persian govern- duct has been pronounced “by her Mament engaged not to send troops to Herat jesty's government to constitute an act of on any account, unless foreign troops, open hostility to Great Britain." Persia that is, troops from the direction of Cabul has refused, as a preliminary to the adjustor Candahar, or other foreign country- ment of differences, to withdrawl er troops; should invade Herat. In the event of and the British government has felt bound troops being sent, the Persian government to convince Persia that her solemn engageengaged that the said troops should not ments cannot be violated with impunity. enter the city of Herat; and that, on the To this end, a force has been sent to the return of the foreign troops towards their Persian Gulf, and its “ further operations own territory, the Persian troops should will be guided by such instructions as the be immediately withdrawn from the neigh- progress of events and the policy of the bourhood of Herat to Persian soil.

British government may

demand." “The Persian government also engaged Another proclamation gives Persian ships to abstain from all interference whatsoever immunity from seizure until the 30th Noin the internal affairs of Herat, whether vember, and promises protection to Persian 'in taking possession, or occupying, or as- subjects resident in India. suming the sovereignty, or governing, ex

DEC. 11. cept in so far as interference existed be- The Sheepshanks Gallery.—Mr. Sheeptween the two parties during the lifetime shanks, the famous collector, of Rutlandof the late Yar Mahomed.'

gate, has at length carried into effect his "And lastly, the Persian government long-meditated project of bestowing upon engaged to relinquish all pretension to and the nation his magnificent collection of demand for the coinage, or the reading of paintings of the modern English school. the Khootbeh, or any other acknowledg. It is stated, however, thatment of allegiance or subjection on the “Disapproving of irrespon-ible management

GENT. MAG. VOL. CCII.

upon Herat.

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