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tion, name his relationship,-as nephew, already sent out, and collected, and all the son, cousin, &c, of — of such a place, a:lditional labour is the forwarding these (naming the head of his branch of the fly-leaves in bundles to the central office. family); and should he not be so, then let On the other side, I would urge that this

whether his ancestors lived where is likely to bring in a large additional he does; or, if not, he should state from number of rate-payers for armorial bearwhence he or they came. The value of ings, as it is well known hundreds use such information would be great, especially them, and yet evade the tax: but these in our town districts. It would be desira- gentlemen would not positively state they ble to leave a large space for such descrip- did not use them; and thus I feel contions, as many might wish to give more

vinced a considerable increase would accrue particulars of their fanilies and ancestry, to the revenue from this item ;—such inwhich should by all means be received. crease, I feel assured, would far more than

Such descriptions, I feel sure, would in indemnify government for any small out. all cases be gladly given; and doubtless lay to which they might be put. Were it seal-engravers and others would, if neces. otherwise, I would call on them to order sary, explain them in due heraldic form, such a visitation, when it is so easily arfor some very tritling fee, to the tiller-up. ranged. But it appears that such advan

Great Britain is divided into a certain tages can be attained at no expense-nay, number of tax-districts, and I propose that at a positive profit, to the revenue. Let these fly-leaves should, when returned to us, then, have such visitation, embracing the tax-collector, be carefully torn off, and

the whole of Great Britain, and noticing forwarded in separate bundles, containing every householder who has an heraldic each district, to some central office, (to be entity. To calculate its great importance, vlecided on,) where they might be com- we have only to consider how we should viled and published in counties, (and in

value such a collection made two hundred that case I feel certain the sale would be years ago, could we now consult it; and large); or, if thought desirable, they might in our days, the population being so wanremain unpublished for the use of after. dering, and towns so large, will make it ages: in any case, it would be desirable still more valuable to posterity. It would to preserve carefully such a visitation, as not have heraldic authority, it is true, but doubtless there would be returned many

it would shew posterity where to look for particulars of the greatest interest to the the proofs, and it would comprise thouherald and genealogist.

sands of arms which are borne, but of And now respecting the difficulties to which the heralds have no knowledge. be overcome. The only difficulty I can

Its value would commence to heralds see may arise, possibly, from the prejudices now, and increase every day, till England of routine, and the question of tax-gather

no longer exists. ers doing extra work without extra pay.

I call up on all to use their influence to This, I think, is quite answered by the acquire such a visitation. statement that there is no extra trouble in

GEORGE GRAZEBROOK. carrying out this plan : these papers are

Dec, 18, 1856.

THE HENZEY, TYTTERY, AND TYZACK FAMILIES. MR. URBAN, – In your last issue you Fauflr, ürlmirt and Crest, prrtaining to the were pleased to insert my account of the family of Alr. Inshna druirll, of diambirrott early history of the Henzey, Tyttery, and in the County of štafford, Gentleman, who Tyzaek families, and of the introduction by them of the broad or window-glass

was the bonne of Annanias dirniell de la mannfucture from France into this country.

Maison de Henzell tout pré la village de With your permi-sion, I will now pro. Darnell, en la Pie de Lorraine. Which ceed to reply, as far as I am able, to the Arines of his Aunrestaurs wrrr there sett upp questions suggested by your correspondent in the Duke of Lorraine's Gallery windowr, H. S. G., in your November number.

And first in regard to the singular crest amongst many othrr olabılenien's Coates of of the Henzey or De Hennezel family, re

Armrs, there aneald in glasse, Bring thus ferred to by your correspondent. The fol. blarrd ; ürnirl on a ffrilà gulrs braretli Thirre lowing description of their arms, which is arornirs slipped nr; I wo and ole; Elsigned appended to them, clearly shews that the with a dirlirtt propper, Therron a wrratij, ar crest is composed of a fire-bolt and fire

and Gulrs; a fire-woulte and thre-ball; pr; ball :

Plantled Gnles; Lijneà argent; and Tas* This is the true Enate of Armers, with sellrd aud Buttoned, or." GENT. MAG. VOL. XLVII.

L

The Darnell here referred to as the re- Thus it appears from the Old Swinford sidence of the Henzell family, is doubtless parish register, that on the 15th of SepDarneuille in the Departement des Vosges, tember, 1617, John Brettell married Mary in Lorraine.

Henzye, and the Joshua referred to in the The Henzey family, on emigrating from coat of arms married Joan Brettell, who France, appear to have made a slight dif. died in 1671. ference in their arms for the sake of dis- Your correspondent asks, Who was Sutinction, the acorns according to Chenaye sannah Barrett ? She was the third child Desbois being argent, and according to the of Mr. John Jesson of Hagley, and married above description or.

Francis Barrett at Broseley. Her son went In reply to your correspondent's query to Madeira, and there inherited Mr. Pope's regarding Sarah and Mary Henzey, who fortune of between 30 and 40,0001. He married respectively Brettell and Dixon, left it to his mother, Susannah Barrett, I am of opinion that they were sisters, for who bequeathed it to Mr. Richard Case of I find that John Henzey had by his wife, Worcester; he was the grandson of her née White, three daughters, Frances, Mary brother, Richard Jesson. and Sarah, and that Mary was married to I do not know what the armorial bearJonathan Dixon.

ings of the families of Tyttery and Tyzack I may here add that the Brettell family are, nor who are the representatives of the is of French origin, and that its history is latter family; but I think the name is to given by Chenaye Desbois under the name be found in the “London Directory.” of De Breteuille. This family intermarried

ANTIQUARIAN, frequently with the Henzeys in England.

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HENRY THE EIGHTH'S BOOK “OF THE SEVEN SACRAMENTS.”

MR. URBAN, --Montaigne, in the Jour- band, Henry stood godfather to the pronal of his Voyage in Italy, under date the sody of his Chancellor :6th of March, 1581, describes a visit to

“SIR,—These shall be onely to adverthe library of the Vatican. Among other

tise your grace that at this presant tyme treasures which he saw there, he gives the I do send Mr. Tate vnto your hignes with following account of a manuscript of Henry the booke bounden and dressed, which ye the Eighth's book “Of the Seven Sacra

purpose to send to the pope's holynes, with ments :"

a memoriall of such other as be allso to be “I saw the original of the book that

sent by him with his authentique bulles to the King of England composed against all other princes and universities. And Luther, which he sent, about fifty years

albeit Sr. this booke is right honorable since, to Pope Leo X., subscribed of his pleasant and fair, yet I assure your grace proper hand, with this beautiful Latin

that which Hall hath written (which withdistich, also of his hand :

in 4 days wol be parfited) is farre more * Anglorum Rex Henricus, Leo decime, mittit

excellent and princely : and shall long Hoc opus, et fidei testem et amicitiæ.'

contynue for your perpetuall memory,

whereof your grace shall be more plenarly I read the prefaces—one to the Pope and informed by the said Mr. Tate. I do send the other to the Reader. He excuses him- also unto your lignes the choyse of certyne self upon his warlike occupations and want versis to be written in the booke to be of sufficiency. The language is good Latin, sent to the pope of your owne hande: with for scholastic."

the subscription of your name to remain in Has this volume been seen by any recent archivis ecclesie ad perpetuam et immorvisitors of the Vatican Library, or described talem vestre majestatis gloriam laudem et in any modern book of travels ?

memoriam, by your The subjoined letter from Wolsey to

most humble chaplain, Henry VIII., printed in Burnet (Hist. of

T. Carlis Ebor." Reformation, vol. III. II. 8.), gives some It would be curious to enquire whether account of the previous history of this very any traces remain of any of the other copies volume, and seems to shew that, as regards which were intended to be sent with the the "beautiful distich" above given, sub- recommendation of the Pope to other scribed, as it was, with the king's proper princes and universities. F. N.

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A PICTURE BY HOGARTH. MR. URBAN, — About the year 1814, built; and I heard that this picture had there was in the tap-room of the “Ele- been seen by some artist, and declared to phant," an old public house in Bishops- be “ The South Sea Company.” I was gate-street, against the wall, a dirty old further informed that it had been cut from oil-painting, which had been rubbed and the wall, or partition of lath-and-plaster, begrimed by the backs of hundreds of on which it had been painted, with some porters, coal-heavers, &c.

When I saw labour and great skill and dexterity, cleaned it, at the desire of a friend, I found from the plaster down to the paint, then it, though much injured and obscure, backed, the painting itself cleaned and restill bearing undoubted evidence of the paired, and finally disposed of for a handhand of the master to whom it had been attributed, but could obtain no his. Perhaps some of your correspondents tory of it. It contained many figures will be able to oblige me with some parsitting round a table, something like the ticulars of this curious relic, and who is its “Midnight Conversation." Some years present possessor.

E. G. B. afterwards the house was altered, or re

some sum.

HISTORICAL AND MISCELLANEOUS REVIEWS. Later Biblical Researches in Palestine “If,” says Geoffrey de Vinsauf, in his and the adjacent Regions. A Journal of Itinerarium Regis Anglorum Richardi, et Trarels in 1852. By EDWARD ROBINSON, aliorum in Terram Hierosolymorum,—“if D.D., LL.D. (London: John Murray.) a ten years' war made Troy celebrated, if - This volume, which forms a supplement the triumph of the Christians made Anto the former two, is characterised by the tioch more illustrious, Acre will certainly same liberal spirit, the same learning, and obtain eternal fame, as a city for which the same acuteness; and whilst a second the whole world conte ed.” The terrible visit to the Holy Land has served greatly siege which the chronicler here recounts, to strengthen Dr. Robinson, except upon was in truth enough alone to make it for a few minor points, in all the opinions ever memorable. advanced in his former work, it has led In spite of all the vicissitudes which it him also to some new discoveries.

has passed through since those days, 'Akka Leaving New York in December 1851, is even now, Dr. Robinson tells us, the Dr. Robinson arrived at Beirút in the strongest city in the country :following March. From Beirút his pro- * Massive fortifications," he says, "guard the posed line of travel was through Galilee city towards the sea on both sides. The thick to 'Akka, and thence to Jerusalem, from

walls and bastions might furni-h a noble prome

nade ; but it is not open to the public. In the Jerusalem to Beisån, from Beisân to Has- north-east corner an old castle was still in ruins beiya, from Hasbeiya to Damascus, from from the bombardment of 1810. On the land side Damascus to Ba'albek, and from Ba'albek,

there is a double rampart; of which the exterior by Ribleh and el-Husn, back again to

one was constructed by Jezzâr Pasha, after the

retreat of the French in 1799. The low, broad Beirût. It will be impossible to follow hill on the cast of the city, which was on our him through the whole of this route, or to

right as we approached, seems to have been the

Turon of the Crusaders; on which king Guido pause as often as we could wish to exa

of Jerusalem pitched his camp during the siege mine every spot of interest ; a notice of of 'Akka; and where too the French in 1799 some of the more important objects which

erected their batteries." the journey presents, must alone content 'Akka is at present the seat of a Pashaus. Of such objects, we meet during lik, and is in a tolerably flourishing condithe first few days with scarcely one. We tion. The province is statid to comprise are more than compensated for this, how- 160 villages, and to contain a population ever, in reaching 'Akka, the Accho or of 36,070 males, of whom only 7,642 are Ptolemais of ancient times, and the Acker Christians or Jews. The city itself can or Acre of the Crusades. The Biblical boast of eleven places of worship; that is associations attached to 'Akka are indeed to say, six mosques, one Greek Church, not many, and it is not until the mediaval one Greek Catholic Church, one Maronite ages that we hear much of it beyond its Church, one Frank Latin Church, and one name. But to the Crusaders, its position Jewish synagogue. made it a most desirable conquest ; and it A very few hours' travelling from ’Akka is to them that it owes its chief renown. brought' Dr. Robinson to Jefåt, which

place he has no hesitation in identifying with the Jotapata of Josephus ;

“It is a singular spot,” he says : “ the high round Tell is perfectly regular and isolated, except that it is connected with the northern hills by a low ridge or neck. On the west side of the neck a deep Wady begins and sweeps around its western and southern base. On the east of the neck a Wady has its head further north, and runs down along the eastern base to join the former."

This description accords very exactly with that of Josephus, who relates :

“Now Jotapata is almost all of it built on a precipice, having on all the other sides of it every way valleys immensely deep and steep, insomuch that those who would look down would have their sight fail them before it reaches to the bottom. It is only to be come at on the north side, where the utmost part of the city is built on the mountain, as it ends obliquely at a plain.”

The numerous caverns or dens which the Jewish historian speaks of about Jotapata, in one of which he was himself concealed after the city was taken, constituted another of its points of resemblance to Jefât. Dr. Robinson says,

“ Around, and just below the brow of the Tell, on all sides except the north, are many caverns, which hardly seemed all to be artificial; though in some of the smaller ones there were steps cut to descend into them, perhaps either for water or as habitations."

It is strange, however, that the site should present no traces whatever of having been fortified; although Dr. Robinson does not think this suffieient to invalidate his conclusion.

With the exception of Jotapata and Cana, which latter Dr. Robinson recognises in Kåna, not at Kefr Kenna, and which is situated close by .efåt, our traveller met with few objects of particular interest from the time of his departure from 'Akka to that of his arrival at Nâbulus, a period of several days. Whilst at Nâbulus he had more than one interesting interview with the Samaritans, and made a second visit to Jacob's Well :

"I was glad once more,” he says, " to visit this undoubted scene of our Lord's conversation with the Samaritan woman; and to yield myself for the time to the sacred associations of the spot."

Resting for one night only at Nåbulus, he recommenced his journey early on the following morning, and four days' more travelling brought him to Jerusalem. Of the various places which came under his examination during these four days, the most important was 'Amwas, which he very decidedly inclines to fix upon as the site of the Emmaus of St. Luke.

Dr. Robinson now approached Jerusalem :

“Jerusalem,” he says, “is still in all its features an Oriental city; in its closeness and filth, in its stagnation and moral darkness. again difficult to realize that this indeed had been the splendid capital of David and Solomon,

in honour of which Hebrew poets and prophets poured forth their inspired strains; where the God of Israel was said to dwell on earth, and manifested is glory in the Temple; where He who is Head over all things in the Church, lived and taught in the flesh, and also suffered and died as 'the Lamb of God that taketh away the sin of the world. Yet it was even so, and from this inconsiderable place, thus degraded and trodden down, there has gone forth in former ages upon the nations an influence for weal or woe, for time and for eternity, such as the whole world beside has never exerted.”

Acquitting himself with this brief paragraph of the tribute of eloquence which is expected from all travellers upon their entrance into the Holy City, Dr. Robinson proceeds at once to business, directing his attention principally to a re-examination of those localities respecting which his former work has been the means of calling forth so much dispute :

“In the discussions that have taken place," he says, "the chief diversities of opinion have arisen in endeavouring to apply the descriptions of Josephus to the present physical features of the Holy City. Thus it is the valley of the 'Tyropæon, the hills Akra and Bezetha, the course of the second wall, the place of the ancient bridge, the extent of the Temple area, and the relation to it of the fortress Antonia,-it is these which have formed the chief topics of inquiry, and the themes of disquisition sometimes anything but tranquil.”

These contentions, however, have left untouched four positions which form very important data to argue from. We give them in Dr. Robinson's own words. They are,

“1. That Zion was the south-western hill of the city; and still te min tes towards the north, as of old, in a steep declivity adjacent to the street leading down from the Yafa-gate.

“ 2. That Moriah, the site of the Jewish Temple, was the place now occupied by the Haram or grand mosk, on the east and north-east of Zion.

“3. That the ancient tower just south of the Yafa-gate is the Hippicus of Josephus, from which the first ancient wall ran eastward along the northern brow of Zion to the Temple enclosure.

“4. That the ancient remains connected with the present Damascus-ga'e, are those of an ancient gate upon that spot belonging to the second wall of Josephus.”

It will readily be seen how considerably these points affect the matters at issue, especially of what material consequence the first two are as regards Akra and the Tyropæon. It being admitted that Zion was i he south-western hill of the city, and that Moriah is the place now occupied by the Haram, Josephus's very evident statement that Akra was opposite to Zion, and that the Tyropæon, or Cheesemonger's valley, divided the two, and extended quite down to Siloam, seems of itself almost warrant enough for Dr. Robinson's view—which regards the Tyropæon as beginning near the present Yåfa-gate, running along the northern side of Zion, and then turning south to Siloam; and Akra as being the ridge on which stands the Church of the Holy Sepulchre since, if Zion was the

It was

south-western hill, Akra must have been either to the east or north of it; and as the former of these two situations is well-nigh universally allowed to Moriah, the only natural conclusion is, that Akra occupied the latter. In this case, the course of the Tyropæon is obvious.

A relation somen hat analogous to this of Akra and the Tyropæon exists between the hill Bezetha and the fortress Antonia : it is quite clear that they were immediately adjacent. As far as regards Antonia, the Baris of the Maccabees, the disputes which have arisen have almost solely had respect to its extent. As we have already had occasion to mention, there is little or no difference of opinion about the fact that the Haram area now occupies the site of the Temple; and Josephus is too explicit in his description of Antonia, as being situated at the junction of the north and west cloisters of the Temple, to leave any room, under these circumstances, for discussions as to its position. In earlier times it was supposed, and some recent writers have concurred in the supposition, that this Antonia at the north-western corner of the Temple area constituted the whole of the fortress, Dr. Robinson, however, inclines to give the latter a much wider extent, contending that this “Antonia on the rock at the north-western corner" was merely a citadel within it, bearing the same name. He believes that the fortress very possibly occupied the whole of the northern side of the temple area. Amongst the numerous striking reasons which he advances in support of his hypothesis, -of which reasons, an important one is the city-like amplitude of the fortress, which could hardly belong to the tower on the rock,—some of the most striking are deduced from the aspect of parts of the Haram walls, respecting the antiquity of which there is little doubt.

extent of some 150 feet towards the north on the north-western part."

Dr. Robinson also argues in favour of this view of the extent of Antonia, that it

Accords well with the description and various notices of Josephus; and enables us to understand and apply all his specifications in a natural manner, ai out any violence. It affords ample space for all the 'apartments of every kind, and courts surrounded with porticos, and baths, and broad open places for encampments.' It leaves room for the square form of the Temple area proper, as specified by Josephus and the Talmud ; and although we do nit now find the whole area, inclusive of Antonia, to be full six stadia in circuit, yet the actual difference is not greater than might be expected in a merely popular estimate.

Besides all this, too, he maintains—and with as much truth as acuteness—that the acceptance of his conclusion

“Enables us to account for the very remarkable excavation on the north of the present area, still more than seventy-five feet in depth and 130 feet in width; which tallies so strikingly with the fosse mentioned by Josephus on the north of the Temple and Antonia, or rather of Baris, and described by him as of 'infinite depth.'" Of the plan upon which he supposes

the fortress, with its interior citadel, to have been constructed, Dr. Robinson gives us an example in point in the Castle el-Husn. It will help to make his idea of Antonia more directly apparent, if we cite the comparison. He says, –

The great castle el-Husn, at the north end of Lebanon, stands upon a high ridge, commanding a view both of the lake of Hums and of the Mediterranean. It is nearly square, and of great extent, surrounded with lofty walls. In the middle of it, another interior citadel more th na hundred paces in length by seventy in breadth, and surrounded by a moat with water, rises to the height of sixty or seventy feet.

This acropolis is built up with sloping work of hewn stones, as if encasing a mound or rock within; not merely, as is now seen at Jerusalem and elsewhere, so as to form the foundations of the towers, but carried up between the towers, and nearly to the same height. This castle, with its interior citadel, all bearing the naine el-Husn, seems to me to ill strate in some degree the plan of the fortress Antonia, with its acropolis."

With respect to Bezetha, this much, as we have said, is quite certain--that it was somewhere not distant from Antonia ; and Dr. Robinson sees no plausible reason whatever why it should be dislodged from the position which, until recently, has been universally assigned to it,—that is, the hill to the east of the Damascus-gate. There only can he discover any of the characteristics of the Bezetha of Josephus.

Another of the much-controverted points in the topography of Jerusalem is, as we have seen, the course of the second wall. Josephus's evidence is very indisputable that it began at the gate Gennath;—but then where was Gennath? The only thing we know certainly of it is that it belonged to the first wall; but its name, which sig.

He says, –

" The like extent of Antonia seems further to be indicated by the features of the present eastern wall of the Haram area. At the northern end, as we have seen, we find what seems to have been the wall of a tower or bastion, measuring about eighty-three feet; and then again the projection of which the Golden-gate forms part, extending fifty-five feet, and which apparently was once the base of another tower. From the southern side of this last projection to the south-east corner is a distance of 1,018 feet; and to the north-east corner is about 516 feet. A line drawn from this point of division westward across the Haram area, would fall about 150 feet north of the great mo-k. We thus should have the present area divided into two portions; the southern portion, measuring 1,018 feet by 925 eet, would then represent the square of the ancient Temple. The northern tract, having the same breadth, and measuring about 316 feet from south to north, would in this way be left for the extent of Antonia. To this last may then be added the site of the present Serai,

occupied of old by the inner acropolis; thus increasing the area of the whole fortress to the

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