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the old law of apprenticeship was modified in favour of the clothiers, and other favours granted to them; yet King Edward (3 & 4 Edw. VI. c. 2, 5 & 6 Edw. VI. c. 6,) emphatically declares their “slight and subtle making” to be the cause of great infamies and scandals ;” and in the latter statute gives some details on the subject which appear sufficiently curious to be extracted :

“Clothiers, some for lack of knowledge and experience, and some of extreme covetousness, do daily more and more study rather to make many than to make good cloths, having more respect to their private commodity and gain than the advancement of truth and continuance of the commodity in estimation according to the worthi. nes thereof, have and do daily instead of truth practise falsehood, and instead of substantial making of cloth, do practise slight and slender making, some by mingling of yarns of divers spinnings in one cloth, some by mingling fell wool and lamb's wool, or either of them, with fleece wool, some by putting too little stuff, some by taking them out of the mill before they be full thicked, some by overstretching them on the tenter, and then stopping with flocks such breaks as shall be made by means thereof, finally, by using so many subtle slights and untruths, as when the cloths so made bé put in the water to try them, they rise out of the same neither in length nor breadth as they ought to do, and in some place narrower than some, beside such cockling, banding, and divers other great and notable faults as almost cannot be thought to be true; and yet, nevertheless, neither fearing the law in that case provided, nor regarding the estimation of their country, do not only procure the alnager to set the king's seal to such false, untrue, and faulty cloth, but do themselves weave into the same the likeness and similitude of the king his highness' most noble and imperial crown, and also the first letter of his names, which should be testimony of truth, and not a defence of untruth, to great slander of the king our sovereign lord and the shame of this land, and to the utter destruction of so great and notable commodity as the like is not in any foreign nation."

It would be useless to recite the penalties and forfeitures provided for these misdeeds, as we see from the last statute relating to the cloth manufacture (21 Jac. I. c. 18) that all was useless. We will therefore conclude with the preamble of this statute, the censure of which is still but too applicable :

“Whereas of late years divers subtle and naughty means and devices have been invented and practised for the pressing of woollen cloth of all sorts, by heating of thick boards or planks, and laying the same under and above the cloth in the cold press, and also by putting of thin or seeling boards and pasteboards being made very hot into the cuttles or plates of cloth, and then presently putting the same into a cold press, and by divers other cunning sleights and inventions, by what deceitful practices and devices, the chapmen or buyers of woollen cloth of this kingdom are deceived and greatly wronged, and the woollen cloth of this kingdom itself is disgraced, and held and reputed very deceitful, to the great prejudice and scandal of the cloth of this kingdom."

8 This they were directed to do by the first mentioned statute, but “the letter E, erowned with his highness' imperial crown," meant to be a guarantee of quality, seems to have been as worthless as similar marks, "extra superfine,” &c., at the present day.





This is the most interesting of the series. where you distrust leave a blank or ask Mr. Habington, of Hindlip, it may be re- master. When you begin a word write membered, was concerned in the Gun- it with v. vowell, not with this u. Obpowder Plot, and condemned to lose his serve carefully the a and d, wch. is thus head; but having great interest at court, written, å d, and mistake not; and if ye his life was spared, on condition that he word cannot bee comprehended in a lyne, should be confined to the area of the as char-ters, give it such a poynt (hyphen). county of Worcester for the rest of his Write but a litle in a day, and bee sure to life. Accordingly, he spent the remainder write true and what's agreable to sense.” of his days in collecting historical and anti- There are duplicates of some of the quarian information from almost every parochial accounts, and the parishes from parish of the county. His papers subse- M to R are omitted. The book requires quently came into the hands of Dr. an index, and its pages to be numbered. Thomas, of Worcester, (obit. 1738,) who I have compared its contents with Nash's made additions to them; and then into “Worcestershire," and find much that is the possession of Dr. Charles Lyttelton, copied into that work verbatim, and other Bishop of Carlisle, and President of the portions condensed or elaborated. It is Society of Antiquaries, who also made therefore evident that this MS. supplied additions to them from the old Chapter the largest portion of Nash's materials. I house, Westminster, the Tower Records, have made notes of those parts which were and those of other public offices. He died rejected by Nash, and here append a few in 1768, and left his collections to the of them, under the heads of the respective Society of Antiquaries, where they re- towns to which they belong :mained till 1774, when they were trusted to Dr. Nash, who, from these and

EMLODE (EVENLODE). other materials, produced his two splendid “ And heere meethinckethe I see our folios of “Worcestershire.” I was puzzled shyre as mounted on a Pegasus flyinge to know, therefore, how these manuscripts over the neyghboringe countyes and as hee found their way back to Hagley library lately crossed Staffordshyre, Warwickafter having been presented to the Society shyre, and Gloucestershyre, so nowe coastof Antiquarles. On inquiry, however, I inge to the confynes of Oxfordshyre hee am informed that

touchethe that memorable stone devydinge “The Habington MS., now in the pos- fowre countyes, wheare Edmund Ironsyde, session of the Society, is a transcript made that Englishe Hercules, overthrewe Caby Dr. Hopkins, Canon of Worcester, nutus, the puissant and worthy Kinge of (temp. Queen Anne,) with additions by Denmarke; and thence he caryethe the Dr. Thomas, Rector of St. Nicholas, Wor authority of our county about and over cester, (temp. George II.,) and that it is Coteswould, neaver strykinge the earthe comprised in four vols. folio."

but wheare hee produceth a springe, weh It would, therefore, appear that the beyond that of Helicon flowed wih abunvolume at Hagley was the original rough dance of charity to heavens eternity, as at draft, from which the Society's transcript Emlode, wch the Bishop of Worcester dyd was taken; and this appears the more pro- before the Conquest of England bestowe bable from the fact that in the Hagley on the Prior and his mounckes of Worbook there are scattered here and there cester, but Emlode church wanteth nowritten directions what to copy and what bility of armes, her glo was in heaven.” to omit. The distance at which the lines should be written apart is even prescribed,

ECKINGTON. and the following is one of the instructions “And heere raysed on Breedon hyll put down for the transcriber, who was ap- standethe Wollashull, wch attended once parently some young person, and perhaps the Abbot of Westminster as his cheyfe a novice in the work :

lord, a place exposed to the vewe of the “Studdy to write true English, and cou'try and for pleasure affourdinge a rare prospect, and weh not

to- combate, weh except in some very rare geather yeeldinge wthall a profytable causes is wth a most sharpe censure exsoyle, for the watry drylles fallinge downe cluded out of the Churche.” from above towardes Avon make fertyle the syde of the hyll. Wolvershulla, aun

BEWDLEY. ciently so wrytten (weare it eyther of “Bewdley hath a fayre brydge of stone abondance of wolfes weh before and synce emulating Worcester's brydge, with a the Conquest have ravened in this iland, gatehouse as Worcester's brydge, but thys and I think especially heere aboutes be- of tymber, that towringe with stone. This cause dyvers places trenche on the name brydge interleygnethe Severne fyrst into of wolfe, or weare it for other reasons) our Shyre, the beutifull ornament and was as far as I can yet fynd the seaté prodigall benefactor of our county, who fyrst of Richard Muchgros, who in the supplyethe to Bewdley with abundance of raygne of Kinge Henry the third and I coale, the want of fewell web it had other. gather 33 Hen. fitz Johis Reg., beinge wise sustayned by the utter overthrowe of styled de Wolvershull, was before other a bosome frynde and nerest neyghbour, men of estimation a wytnes to a deede

the late renowned forest of once flourishmade by William de Beauchamp de Elmley inge Wyre, for theare Bewdley bounded to the Priory of Worcester, Muchgros, as the north-west lyunit of Worcestershyre, I take itt, beeinge in Longdon eyther gave and now is onely leafte Tickenbill Pearcke, the name to the family of Muchgros, or wch with her tall spreadinge oakes hath thence receaved the same. (In a note :) some resemblance of her ancient mother Henry the first granted by his charter to Wyre, inclosing that delightfull house Walter de Beauchamp that hee might mounted over Bewdley, weh Kinge Henry chase wolfes in Worcestershyre. (See the seaventh built for his sonne, that hope. Rymer's Federa.”)

full Prynce Arthur, and nowe a mansion

for his maties consell of the marches of HARVINGTON.

Wales, althoughe of late seeldome fre“Vrpon the deathe of that reverend, quented.” lovinge, zelous, and powerfull preacher of COTESTOWN (CTTSDEAN). the wourd of God, Mr. Thomas Feryman, the ealder prebendary of the cathedrall

"Worcestershire having seysed Cateschurch of Worcester and parson of this

town for hys owne, flyethe downe thease church,

hylles, not touchinge the ground tyll hee

coinethe to Tedington, Aulston, and Wash“ Whose asse, whose oxe, whose state have I desyrde,

borne, whom hee imbracethe as hys chyld. What fyne scrude up or ought was hys requyred, ren; and though devyded by GloucesterNaye, when in what did I my scalfe professe,

shire, yet perswadeth them to paye theyre A not frind to the wydowe, fatherles? Tis true heavens se thy want in tears we mone,

tythe to theyr own Ouerbury, and causeth And wish of tenne we suche might nowe fynd

Washborne to attend the court of the lord one;

of Breedon, being bothe in WorcesterOur tymos cut short and devydes the three

shyre, and thence turninge home with score tenne, In one and twentie endes the lyfe of men. thease riche augmentations hee offered at Thou peacefull was, mos: fatherlyke and kind, the teete of his lord and kynge the towne Our borders children sealfes yet beare in mynd; Sleepe then in Christ, enioye thy goale thats

of Dudley, wth the mannors of Dalesford won,

and Tidinanton, to bee healde of his malia Weele praie the rest maie doc as thou hast don; in capite. To the Bishop hys spirituall And learne of thee so to receave at last,

lord hee tendered the ample parishes of Such bliss, such glory, as in heaven thou hast.”

Tredington and Blockley. To hys conLINDRIDGE.

sellors, the Prior and Monckes of Wor

cester, Shipston-uppon-Stowre, Emlode, “You see Lyndrige with her ample ly- and Jcombe, with Tedington, Aulstone, berties extending to the judgment of lyfe and Wasborn, the dependant of Ouerand deathe, and mencioninge amonge others bury. To the abbot of Peareshore, the the tryall by water and fyre, weh is to mannor of Aldermaster. To the deterinyne by the sinckinge or swiminge of of Breedon, Coleston, and Washborn's Con. the accused, beeinge bound crosse handes to stabelwyke. And gyvinge awaie all, hee feete in the water, wheather hee weare reservethe to hymsealfe the glory of all.” guyltie or not, as allsoe to prove hys innocency in the cryme layde to hys charge

TENBURY. by induringe a burninge iron for a space in “ In the northe wall of the chancell, hys bare paline, but thease are longe synce under an anciente arche, is a remarkable abolyshed by religion and reason her hand- monument, raysed from the ground, wheremayd, lyke that decydinge of matters by uppon lyethe a portraiture, not exceedinge



the stature of a chyld in the tender age of as thys, alienated from the Bishopricke. his springe youthe, armed all in mayle, and But let mee now suppose our Hambury over that hys coate fashioned lyke one of in the purity of the originall, that I may the holy voyage, betweene hys lyttell better discover the antiquityes theareof. handes lyfted upon bys breast the hert of It is seated in the hundred of Oswaldesa man above the proportion of hys body, towe, East on Feckenham and Bradeley, hys legs crossed, and at hys feete a Talbot. West on Hadzor, Northe on Stoke Prior Coniecturinge who thys should bee, I can. and Wichband, Southeon Hymbleton. not but thinck hee was some noble spirite, And althoughe our county is graced with eyther of the rase of the Lords of thys so many pleasant prospectes, as scarce any towne, or the other worthy Peeres whose shyre the lyke, in so muche as allmost ensignes of honor are in thys churche, cavery littell hyll largely affourdethe the weh out of hys abundant devotyon to same, yet aspyringe Hambury obtavgninge Allmighty God and hys couragious hert the principality, overlookethe them all. surmountinge his yeeres, had desygned to A stately seate meete for a kinges pallace, spend hys lyfe in fightinge against the and had it but the comodity of our Seenemyes of the Christian faythe, but pre- verne myght compare with that of Wyndevented by deathe, lyethe here burved; or sore. Neyther wanted theare for recreaotherwise some renowned child who dvd tion of our kynges a fayre parke, weh an acte above hys age agaiust the infidells. thoughe in thys paryshe, is styled FeckFor had hee byn a knyght contracted enham par ke, sortinge in name with the in thys module, hee shoulde have byn kynges vast forrest reachinge in former gyrded wide a suorde wes gyveth hymn hys ages far and wyde. A large walke for order."

savage beastes, but nowe more comodyBESFORD.

ously changed to the civill habitations The hyperbolical language of epitaphs, of many gentellmen, the freehouldes of it seems, had aroused the anger of Mr. wealthy yeomen, and dwellinges of inHabington, for he says under this head :-- dustryous husbandmen. Gratus opus agri

“I wyll heer omitt the epitaphes weh colis. But Hambueryes churche, web, insome ordinary poet, more pleasinge hym- vironed wth highe and mighty trees, is sealfe then delyghtinge the reader, hath able to terrifye afar off an ignorant enimy to satisfye some indulgent parents werp- weh a deceytfull shape of an invincible inge over the funeralls of theyre chyldren, castell, maye ryghtly bee called the lansett out in so many lynes as wyll fryght thorne of our county. The Bishop of the behoulder to peruse them.”

Worcester was heere lord and patron, but

had not, as far I can get see, charter THE LOST PARISH OF NAFFORD.

warren, because beeinge in the myddest of The present parish church of Birling. the kynges forrest it might have byn preham was formerly only a chapel to Naf. judiciall to hys game.” ford, the site of which church is entirely unknown and lost to living memory.

DROITWICH. Tradition points out a rising ground near “Wych, yf you oncly consyder but the an extensive mill at Nafford, on which scituation theareof beeing in a lowe valley it is said the church stood, but the keenest by an obscure brooke overtopped wib eye cannot discover any traces, and there hylles shrowdinge itt from pleasant prois now but one house in the vicinity. Mr. spects you would instantly neglect it, but Habington comments as follows:

when you see heere the most excellent “On the aspyring heygth of Bredon fountaynes of salt in thys iland, and hyll stood Nafford's church, where Si reade that salt, sygnifyinge wysdome, was Katherin was in former ages honored, used in the oulde sacrityces to declare that resemblinge the montayne Sina, wheather zeale of devotion ought to bee tempered her body was after her martyrdoom by wth discretion, and that our Savyour called angells miraculously translated. But Naf- hys disciples the salt of the earthe, beford lyethe nowe interred without monu- cause they should with theyre preachinge ment, leavinge us to hope that theyre so season the soules of men as they might soules who have heretofore in thys ruin- not fall to corruption; and to leave with ated churche searved God, have followed reverence Dyvine mysteryes, that salt is Si Katherin in the montayne of heaven.” not onely so necessary for the use of men

as wee cannot lyve without itt, but allso HANBURY.

as S. Gregory wrytethe, it hathe byn ap“ Hambury, neere Wych, so wrytten to plyed for the cure of beastes, wee must distinguy he it froin Hembury in salso needes have thys towne in highe estimamarisco, com. Gloucest. wch belonginge, tion. Thease sprynges of salt havinge byn as thys, to the Bishop of Worcester, was, I think heere from the tyme of Noes flud, I am perswaded that when thys iland was Eleanor Deflord, Willm. Bachetote, and fyrst inhabited wth men, they shortly after Willm. Persirard. made heere a plantation; for althoughe in "John Braze had of hys owne, the Cheshyre are salt wells at theyre wyches, Shyreefes, John Le Walker, John Chyld, and salt is allso made of the salt water of and Wyllin. Walshe. the sea, yet ours heere is the purest and “ John Walle had of hys owne and of fynest salt of all, neyther doe I wonder Thomas Wibbe, Willm. Walker, sen., and that a brooke of freshe water rysinge John Walker. above Bromsegrove and descendinge thence “ John Leche had of hys owne and of wiu wyndinge meanders should passe so Thomas Walker. neere the skyrtes of thease salt wells “ Henry Rudinge had of hys owne and without offendinge them, for they have of the Earle of Warr. and Willm. Garseverall springes that naturally ryse out of dynor. a hyll, but thease miraculously granted by “Henry Crossewell had of hys owne God in an inland country far distant from and of Roger Sharpe, Richard Wythe, the seas; and as the bathe for a medecyne Wm. Banard, Alice Gay, Thomas Gay, to our infyrmityes, so thease for seasoninge the Shyreefe, and Matild. Lench. our sustenance, ascribinge to the hand of “ Thomas Walker had of hys owne and God that the freashe water very often of the Earle of Warr., Thomas Froxmer, overflowinge the sayd pitts, nevertheles the the heyres of Willm. Wyche, John Vnet, salt water retayneth the former strength, John Wythe, John Ragge, Vicarmone, not suffring any mixture or detriment Si Richard, Jone Oweyn, Richard Asseler, thereby. And wch. is more to be observed, John Lech, Margaret Wykerd, Willm. that wheras ther is an infinite quantity Banard. of salt water for halfe the yere drawen “ William Walker, senior. out of the sayd pitts, yet when ther is an “Thomas Home had of hys owne and of intermission of taking any more water John Throckmorton, Willm. Banard, John thence for the other halfe yeer, the brine Furninge. nerer overfloweth the pitt, but keepes a “ Thomas Edwards had of hys owne and certaine residence therin.”

of Roger Sharpe. Mr. Habington also alludes to the many

“Thomas Gay had of hys owne and of great men who had inheritance in the Richard Wyclı, senior, John Wych, Roger Droitwich salt-pits, and had their names

Sharp, John Burton, George Clynt, Marenrolled as burgesses. He therefore ex- garet Marschell, Henry Crosswell. cepts to Leland's description of the bur

“Richard Wych, senior, had of hys owne gesses as poor men, and declares that "at and of the Lord of Hampton, of Bowl. thys instant they are of that generous dis- nynch, John Furning, Thomas Gay, and position as they are ryghtly called the Henry Crosswell. Gentellmen of Wych."

“ Richard W'ych, junior, had of his owne The names of the owners of phates (vats) and of John Elmbrugge, John Wyche,

the Earle of Warwicke, Thomas Marin Wich, 4 Edw. I., collected out of a roll

shall. called “Rentate firmavioris compositionis

“ Richard Wynston bad of hys owne in the tyme of Henry Rudinge and Thomas

and of Matild. Leneb, Willm. Wynter, Walker, Baylifes of Wich :"

John Furninge, Willm. Botyller, and “ The Barons de Beauchamps then by George Clynt. inheritance Shyreefes of thys shyre had “Willm. Banard had of hys owne and phates in Wich,

of the Shyreefe, Willm. Bachtote, Thomas “John Cassy had phates.

Froxmer, Charles Nowell, Thomas Walker, John Rudinge had phates of hys owne, Thomas Home, Agnes Gay, Henry Crosseand phates allso of Elizabeth Gey and well. Willm. Gardyner.

“Willm. Walker, senior, had of hys “ John Hethe had phates of hys owne owne and of Thomas Walker, and John and of John Rugge and Agnes Egge.

Wall. John Wick.

“ Willm. Gardyner had of hys owne and

of Thomas Froxmer, Henry Rudinge, “ John Wheller had of hys owne and of John Rudinge, Henry Couper, and Jone the Shyreefe, Richard Foliat, and Edward Norwode. Crossewell.

“ Willm. Walshe had of hys owne and “ John Cotes had of hys owne and of of Margaret Walsh, Willm. Gardyner, John Wich, John Rugge, and Richard Willm. Bondokes, Henry Rudinge, and Rudinge.

John Walker. “ John Turning.

“Willm. Gay had of hys owne and of “ John Walker had of hys owne and Willm. Banard.

“ John Gey.

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