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ERRATA.

Page 63. line 16. from bottom, for " fortified lands," read “forfeited lands."

64. line 3. from top, for “ Dermond,” read “ Dermod." 95. line 8. from top, for “ people Ireland,” read “ people of Ireland.” 140. line 7. from top, for “ mischevious," read “ mischievous." 185. line 17. from bottom, for “ Finebrogne,” read“ Finebrogue." 211. head line, for “ Lifford Gave," read “ Lifford Gaol." 213. line 4. from bottom, for « coals," read “coal." 255. line 12. from top, for “ north,” read “ south.”

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CONTENTS.

PART 1.

CHAPTER I.

SKETCH OF THE ANCIENT HISTORY OF IRELAND.

Poverty. Irish character. Manner.

Manner. Ancient Language. Antiquities. Milesian invasion. First Monarch. Ancient civilization, p. 10. Alfred. Christianity. Virgilius. Johannes Scotus. Monasteries. Education. Danes. Feuds. Brehon law, 20. Malachias. Archbishops, 24.

CHAPTER II.

SUMMARY OF EVENTS IN IRELAND, FROM ITS INVASION

BY HENRY II.

O'Rourke. Dermod M‘Murrough. Henry II. Pope Adrian. Pope's bulls, p. 30. Strongbow. Invasion. Henry's arrival. Synod. Roderic. The Pale, 40. John. Palists. Division. Bad government. The Church. Black Rent. Brehon law. Rival roses. Poynings' law, 50. Henry VIII. Reformation. Edward VI. Mary. Elizabeth. Desmond. Famine. Perrot. Pernicious policy. Opposition, 60. Political intrigues. Forfeitures. Potato. Dublin College. Fatal calm, 65.

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STATE OF IRELAND FROM THE ACCESSION OF JAMES II.

Proscription. Barbarous policy. Parliament. Commission of grace, p. 70. Tanistry. Love of justice. Government plots. Forfeitures. Colonization. Bad laws. Parties. Bo. roughs. Intrigues. Church establishment, 80. Royal fraud. Religious feuds. Arbitrary measures. Linen manufacture. Cromwell. Confiscations. Base ingratitude. Act of settlement. Hereditary revenue. Ormond, 90. Triumph of episcopacy. Court intrigues, 93.

CHAPTER IV.

EVENTS ATTENDING THE ACCESSION OF JAMES II.

Imbecility of James. Cowardice of James. Influence of history. Landed proprietors. Acres forfeited. Policy contrasted, p. 100. De Ginckle. Secret proclamation. Treaty of Limerick. Infraction. Penal enactments, 110. Barbarous policy. Transfer of allegiance. Woollen manufacture. Swift. Recantation. The Pretender. Chesterfield. Burke. Monstrous ingenuity. Absurd laws, 120. Population. Agistment. Law makers. Effects, 124.

CHAPTER V.

ACCESSION OF GEORGE III.

Use of government. Political dilemma. Volunteers. Volunteer procession. Independent parliament, 130. Free trade. Earl of Bristol. Despair. Defenders. Royal pardon. Dungannon convention. Elective franchise. United Irishmen. Peep-of-day-boys. Loyal peasantry, 140. Fitzwilliam. Ninetyeight. Union. Object, 144.

CONTENTS.

ix

PART II:

CHAPTER I.

NOTES OF A TOUR IN IRELAND.

A foreigner. Bay of Dublin. Pigeon-house. Beggars. Dublin, p. 150. Prisons. Penitentiary. Peasant's garden. Meath. Tyrone. Painful recollections. A smuggler. Armagh. An incredible story. Lady Caledon, 160. Natural character. Cabin prisoners. Dungannon gaol. Bad beef. Armagh gaol. Prison education. Conspiracy discovered. Petty riot. Catholic piety. Down, 170. Charming character. Scenery near Belfast. Antrim prison. Carrickfergus. Quakers' school. Belfast house of correction. Prison dietary. Lough Neagh. Natural curiosities, 180. Natural changes. Marquis of Hertford. Marquis of Downshire. Valuable water. Downpatrick gaol. Prison dietary. Antiquity. Orange procession. Orange ardour. Ultra loyalty, 190. Climax.

Amiable protectors. Inhumanity. Judge Jebb. Reprisals. A hunt. Unprofitable legacies. Monaghan gaol. Hibernian school. Swopping beggars, 200. Hares and smugglers. A cabin built. Population. Bull's milk. Dry lodgings. Omagh gaol. An honest architect. Bad inns. Lunatic asylum, 210. Lifford gaol. Excise laws. Literature. Black North. Wretched peasantry. Londonderry. Catholic misery. A good job. A worthy clergyman. Merit useless, 220. Tithe and murder. Flax-water. Cavan. Lord Blaney. Great hardship. Bribes. Novelty. Early drunkenness. Sir Capel Molyneux, 229.

CHAPTER II.

NOTES OF A TOUR CONTINUED.

Louth gaol. Lady Blaney. Drogheda gaol. Boyne. Kildare. A generous beggar. King's county. High rents. Red ribands, 240. Kilkenny. Natural productions. Native genius. City,

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gaol. County gaol. Trifling defects. A hobby. Fair-day. Dress and undress. Methodist sermon, 250. Waterford prisons. Evil instruction. House of industry. House of correction. American engineer. Wringing distress. Clonmel gaol. Shortlived zeal. Amiable ladies. House of industry, 260. A painful

Unnatural apathy. Coach company. Ballyporeen. Hotel charges. Cabin population. Cork population. Convicts. Prisoners. A finger in the pie, 270. Misery and discontent. Sacrilege. A mistake. Killarney. Entertainment. Great wretchedness. Kerry. Complaints. Opinions. Memoranda, 280. An amazon. Valentia. Nakedness. Affidavits. Preserved egg. Tralee gaol. T. Spring Rice. Prisoners' complaints. Inquiry, 290. Retaliation. Shannon. Limerick prisons. House of industry. John Waller. Accidents. A broad hint. Limerick county. Nenagh bridewell. Bishop of Limerick, 300. Lady O'Brien. A little learning. Clare. Horrible affliction, Cabins and misery. Galway prisons. Hardships. Charity committee. Galway. Herring fishery, 310. Premiums Systematic smuggling. Croagh-Patrick. Westport. Majo. Conversion. Prisons. Sligo. Guardianship, 320. Sligo prison. Infamous prison. Fermanagh. Leitrim and Roscommon. Conclusions. Westmeath. Drunken beggars. Farming. Killiney, 330. Beautiful prospect. Table of population, 333.

PART III.

REFLECTIONS.

Rights. Landlords, 340. Tithe, 344. Employment and education, 360. Political monopoly, 366. Magistracy, 369. Local military, 373. Prisons, 374.

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