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V. 6.

The pre

receive Him.

Sce S. Matt. and therefore it is that He invites to Himself the hungry

and thirsty, upon whom elsewhere he pronounced a blessing ;--who are never satisfied with drinking, but the more they have swallowed, the more thirsty will they be.

“What reason have we, brethren, to desire, and seek ciousness of after, and love unceasingly, that Fountain of Wisdom, them that the Word of God on High, in whom are hidden,' as the

postle saith, all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge,' Col. ii. 3. [Treasures) which he is inviting those that are thirsty to

draw upon. Art thou thirsty ?-drink [here] of the Fountain of Life. Art thou hungry?_eat (here) of the Bread of Life. Blessed are they that hunger for this bread, and thirst after this fountain. For [though they be] always eating and drinking, yet retain they their desire to be eating and drinking still

. For exceedingly delicious must be that food, which is continually made use of for meat and drink, and yet is continually the ob. ject of hungering and thirst; ever fresh upon the taste,

and ever still desired-whence the Royal prophet is led Psa. xxiv. to use that exclamation, • O taste and see how sweet, how

gracious, the Lord is!'

“Let us then, brethren, obey this call, in which we are dom, light, invited to the Fountain of Life, by [Him who is] the and life,unto His people.

Life, who is the Fountain not only of living water, but the Fountain also of eternal life : the Fountain of Light, and the Fountain of Illumination ; for from Him are all these things, wisdom, life, light everlasting. He is the Author of Life, the Fountain of Life. He is the Creator of light, He the Fountain of illumination. And therefore, thinking lightly of the things that are seen, and [*soaring high toward heaven, let us seek to drink like fishes, yet as fishes endued with the height of reason and sagacity*) of [that] living water that springeth up unto life

eternal. The preach

“O) that thy summons may bring me thither to that anxiously Fountain, Thou God of Mercy, Thou Lord of Goodness, implores

8.

He is wis

that there in company with Thy thirsty ones, I too may grace from drink of the living stream of the living Fountain of living on high to water ! that so charmed with its exceeding sweetness, Fountain of I may abide by it for ever, exclaiming, 'O how sweet is Life ; the Fountain of living water, whose water never ceases springing up unto everlasting life !' Thou, 0, Lord art that true Fountain, for ever and ever to be desired, though (at the same time] ever enjoyed and ever drunk of. Give to us evermore, O Lord Christ, this water, that it may be in us also, a well of water living and springing up unto life everlasting. Great indeed is the boon I seek for, who can doubt it? But Thou, the King of Glory, art wont to give great favours, and hast promised to give them. Nothing can be greater than Thyself, and Thou hast given Thyself to us ; Thou hast given Thyself for us. Grant us therefore we beseech Thee, that we may know the object of our love, forasmuch as it is nought else beside Thyself that we are seeking to have bestowed upon us.

For Thou art our All, our Life, our Light, our Salvation, our Food, our Drink, our God. Breathe into our hearts I pray Thee, O our [beloved] Jesus, that inspiration of Thy Spirit, and wound our souls with Thy love, that every heart among us may be able to exclaim with truth, • Shew me Him that my soul Song of Sol. loveth, for I am wounded with love.'

“Grant O Lord, that these wounds may be in me, and to drink (For] happy is the soul that is so wounded with love. of its waSuch an one seeks the Fountain ; such an one drinks of it; yet while drinking, continues ever thirsty; and (at for fresh the same time] by its longing desires keeps quaffing on; supplies of it drinks unceasingly by continuing its thirst. Thus in them everits love it is ever seeking after Him; and its cure is found in submitting to fresh wounds. And that these health-giving woundsmay penetrate to the inmost recesses of our souls, through the gracious operation of Jesus Christ our God and Lord, the merciful and wise

ters, and still thirst

more.

Physician, who is One with the Father and the Holy
Ghost, for ever and ever. Amen.”

No. VIII.

LETTER OF POPE GREGORY VII. TO TURLOGI O'BRIAX KING OF IRR

LAND, AND HIS SUBJECTS, CONTAINING THE FIRST EXPRESS PAPAL
CLAIM EVER MADE, TO SUPREMACY, WHETHER SPIRITUAL OR TEM-
PORAL, OVER IRELAND.-(Ex Codice Cotton Saculi XIII, and
XIV. Claudius A. l. membr. 4to. no. 6, as quoted in O' Conor's Co-
lumbanus ad Hibernos, No. 2. Seely, Buckingham, 1810, p. 73.

land.
A.D. 1084.

doms and

Pope Gre- “Gregory bishop, servant of the servants of God, to gory VII. Turlogh the illustrious king of Ireland, to the Archbito Turlogh shops, Bishops, Abbots, Nobles, and all Christians inhaKing of Ire

biting Ireland, health and Apostolical Benediction,

Through the entire globe the doctrine of the Lord The king- Jesus hath shed forth its light. For He who hath gone

forth as a bridegroom out of His chamber, hath placed the world to His tabernacle in the Sun, and there is none that can be be subject hidden from the glowing heat of His beams. His autho. to the au- rity hath laid the foundations of Holy Church in the thority of solid rock, and hath committed to blessed Peter (who

. sors of St. derives his venerable name from the rock) the charge of Peter. superintending her government; placing her also above all

the kingdoms of the earth, and putting into subjection unto her, principalities, and powers, and all that seems possessed of dignity or grandeur in the world; in fulfilment of that prophecy of Isaiah, They that spake against Thee shall come to Thee, and bow themselves down to the soles of Thy feet.'

“ To blessed Peter therefore, and to his vicars (in the list of whom by the ordinance of Divine Providence, our lot also hath been cast,) the universal Church owes a debt of obedience as well as reverence, which debt, be careful that ye discharge, in a devout spirit of affection to [this] Holy Church of Rome. [And] we furthermore exhort you as our well-beloved children, to practice righteousness, to cherish and maintain the catholic peace Gregory exof the Church, and to draw her closely to yourselves presses his with affectionate esteem, in the arms of your charity. assist the And if there shall occur among you any matters of Irish in any business, in which it may seem worth while to have our matters of

business aid, give diligence to report them to us without any

de

where they lay, and your just demands shall with God's assistance might call be conceded to you. Dated Sutrium, 6 Kal. Mar. (24th upon him. Feb.)"

No. IX.

OF THE ANCIENT EPISCOPAL SEES OF IRELAND, &c.

The nature and limits of the present compila- of the antion rendered it necessary that the notices of cient episcoour ancient episcopal sees, Church discipline, Church dis&c. given in the text (pp. 446, seqq., 616-618) cipline : should be of a very brief and cursory character. It may be proper however to introduce here a few more particular matters of detail in illustration of this subject, with copies of some of the most ancient lists of those old sees which are on record, since the date of their settlement in the twelfth century and subsequently.

From all the documents relating to our an- The numcient ecclesiastical affairs which have come down shops in

&c.

Ireland very to us, it appears very certain that the number of " early ages, bishops who laboured in Ireland in the earliest by Nennius, ages very far exceeded that which was allowed

to remain after the settlement referred to. Thus we have seen Nennius (pp. 37, 38) attributing to St. Patrick the ordination of 365 bishops and 3000 presbyters, a number which has been further enlarged by later tradition.* Again in the lists of the three orders of the old Irish saints (given at pp. 60, seqq.) we find the first order in St. Patrick's time including 350 bishops ; a number which was however soon reduced, as we find the third order in the 7th century comprehending only 100 bishops.

A tradition preserved in Keating's History of Ireland states that Aongus king of Munster in St. Patrick's time had two bishops, and ten priests in his household. And St. Columbkille is represented in a composition of great antiquity, ascribed to his cotemporary Dallan Forgaill, as coming to the great convention of Drumcheatt, attended by a company of 20 bishops, 40 priests, 50 deacons, and 30 students.f There may be, no doubt, much exaggeration in all this ; but making due allowance for such a consideration, these

• The “ Tripartite" Life of St. Patrick mentions 370 bishops, and of priests 5000. Colgan, Trias Th. p. 167.

+ See Keating's Hist. cited in the learned " Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Doun, Connor, and Dromore," by the Rev. Wm. Reeves, Appx.

p. 132.

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