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resy.

though I might incline to the old Hebrew name of him like whom nearly I had well nigh been wrecked) grant Jonah i. 15. me I implore you, your indulgence, as I have already desired more than once. Seeing that I have been impelled to write (this epistle) rather by the necessity of the case, than from a vainglorious temper; inasmuch as a He had certain person gave me to understand, in a letter which been put on he addressed to me with all speed, almost on my very against Pope

his guard first arrival in the territories of this country, that I must Boniface as be on my guard against you, as having lapsed into the a favourer sect of Nestorius. To whom, astonished [at such a of the Nesstatement,] I replied briefly, as well as I was able; but torian hehowever, lest I should act in any manner contrary to the truth, I wrote [afterwards] a different answer, such as suited his letter, and suited also my good opinion of you See 1 Tim. (for I am always of opinion that the pillar of the Church iii. 15. is firm in the Branch;) which [second answer] I have directed to you to be read over, and objected to, if it any where gainsay the truth, for I do not venture to profess myself to be one of those that are beyond the reach of

"Moreover, besides this ground for my writing, there Moreover in is also the urgent injunction of king Agilulf, whose re- writing this quest has occasioned me very great astonishment and Epistle, he anxiety; for the state of things which I see at present only comexisting I cannot regard as any thing short of miracu- plying with lous. For the kings of this country for a long time past hins and have been trampling on the Catholic faith, and promoting this Arian pestilence. at the present moment their express desire is to have our faith more strongly upheld. It may be that Christ, in whose favour every good originates, is now regarding us with an eye of mercy. Very unfortunate are we, if any further occasion of stumbling be afforded by our side. "The king then makes request, ious wishes and the queen requests, and all join in the request, that were for the as soon as ever it may be done, all may be restored to peace and VOL. III.

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well-being unity; (*that peace may be secured with promptness for
Church.

the country,*) peace for the faith; that all may thus be-
come one fold of Christ, (who is] King of kings ; that
you may follow Peter, all Italy you. What can be
sweeter than peace where wars have prevailed? What
more delightful than the reconciliation of brethren long
separated? With what eagerness does the father come
home [to his children] after many years (of absence.]
How sweet the tidings of his arrival to the long expec-
tant mother! So shall God our Father delight in the
peace of His children throughout endless ages, and the
joy of the Church our mother furnish matter of exulta-

tion for all eternity.
The conclu- “And now holy pope, and brethren, pray for me a
sion. sinner of the vilest class, and for my fellow pilgrims, at

the holy places, and where the ashes of the saints re-
pose; (and particularly those of S. Peter and S. Paul,
t*who were at once the soldiers*] and most valiant war-
riors of the happiest of battle-fields, who followed even
with their blood a crucified Lord ;) that we may be ac-
counted worthy to abide with Christ, to please Him,
give Him thanks, and to Him with the Father and the
Holy Ghost, to render praises without end, in union with
you and all His saints, here, and throughout all ages, for
ever and ever. Amen."

No. III.

VENERABLE BEDB'S ACCOUNT OF THE SYMBOLICAL MEANING OP THE

RULB FOR FINDING BASTER, (referred to at p. 192 of the present
work,) extracted from ABBOT CEOLFRID'S EPISTLE IN REPLY TO KING
NAITAN. See p. 211 of this work. )—BEDE Ec. Hist. v. 22.

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Symbolic reason why the first

Supposing that you may like to be informed of a mystical reason also for these regulations; -We are directed

year.

to celebrate the Paschal solemnity in the first month of month is a the year, which is also called the month of new vegeta- proper seation, because we should commemorate the Sacraments Paschal fes[i. e. the sacred mysteries] of the Lord's resurrection, tival. and of our own deliverance, with the spirit of our minds renovated for the love of heavenly enjoyments.

“In the third week of the same month we are bidden to And why observe the festival,- because Christ, our true Passover, the third who is sacrificed for us, having been the subject of promise

week of the before the law and under the law, came with grace in the third dispensation of the world; because that, having risen again from the dead on the third day, after having offered the sacrifice of His Passion, he willed that the same should be called the Lord's day, and that upon it we should annually celebrate the Paschal festival of the same Resurrection ; because, moreover, we celebrate the solemn observances of that festival in a proper manner, only when we are careful to keep our Pasch, that is, our passing with Him from the world unto the Father, in faith, and hope, and charity.

After the Vernal Equinox, we are bidden to wait for And why the full moon of the Paschal month, that is, in order that time of the the Sun may first make the day longer than the night, full moon. and the moon then present to the world the full orb of her light; because in the first instance the Sun of Righteousness, who hath healing in His wings, that is, the Lord Jesus, overcame by the triumph of His Resurrection, all the dark shades of death, and so ascending into heaven, sent down the Spirit from on high, and filled with the light of internal grace, His Church, which is often spoken of under the name of the moon; an order of [events connected with] our salvation on contemplating which the prophet said, “The Sun hath arisen, 2 Esd. vi. and the Moon hath stood in her appointed place.' soever therefore shall contend that the Paschal full moon may occur before the Equinox, such an one cer

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tainly disagrees with the teaching of the Holy Scriptures in his mode of celebrating the chief mysteries; but he agrees with those who believe that they can be saved without the preventing grace of Christ, who presume to teach that they could attain to pertect righteousness, even though the True Light had never dispelled the

darkness of the world by His death and resurrection. And why “ Then setting out from the equinoctial rising of the the first day of the week. sun, after the full moon of the first month, (the

next in order after it,) that is, after the completion of the 14th day of the same month, (all which observances we have derived from the law,) we still further, in accordance with the suggestions of the Gospel, wait in the third week itself for the arrival of the Lord's day, and thus at length celebrate the votive commemoration of our Paschal feast; thereby indicating, that we do not with the ancients show respect for liberation from the yoke of Egyptian bondage ; but that our Festival is in honour of the Redemption of the whole world; which was prefigured indeed in the deliverance of the ancient people of God, but was completed in the Resurrection of Christ; and that we pay this honour with devout faith and love, to signify that we rejoice in most certain hope of our own Resurrection also, which we believe will take place hereafter on the same sacred day of the Lord.”

**

963

No. IV.

NOTE ON THE SCOTTISH COVENAXTERS AND ON THEIR SENSATIONS

WHEN DRIVEN BY PERSECUTION INTO SOLITUDES AND MOUNTAIN
WILDS.- Extracted from the “ LIFE OF THE REV. JAMES RENWICK,
THE LAST OF THE SCOTTISH MARTYRS, BY THE REV. ROBERT SIMPSON,
BANQUHAR," &c. &c.

BDINBURGH, JOHNSTON, HUNTER-SQUARE, 1843, pp. 60, 61, referred to at p. 248 of the present work, as evincing a sympathy in some points between the Covenanters and the old Monks.

Ch. iv. p. 60.—“ Happiness in the Solitudes.

“That our suffering forefathers were men of prayerful The advanhabits, and persons who lived much in communion with tages of

mountain God, their whole history shews in the clearest manner.

retreats for Besides reading the Holy Scriptures, and conversing to

prayer, &c. gether on religious subjects, their principal occupation when they met, was prayer. The lonely moorlands were witness to their many supplications and earnest pleadings with God on behalf of His Church in the furnace. It was the prayers of these holy men that brought down on the wilderness so copious a flood of divine influences, for the supplications of God's people are like the lofty hills which attract the clouds of the sky, and bring down their contents in a full gush of refreshing waters on their summits. Whole days and nights were spent by them in this sweet exercise, for it was when they were driven furthest from men that they drew nearest God, and sought communion with Him when they were denied intercourse with their fellow men. Indeed they never felt themselves safe but when they drew near the Father of Mercies with the voice of prayer. And they could pray

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