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by Henry V1II., 1429 ; see 857 n.; Cor. Osbern, his Life af St. Dunstan, ed.,
poral Oaths, what, 1113 n.; see 1277:
Oblations for the dead, early use of, in Osiers, or wicker twigs, formerly used in
the Church, 50.
building by the Irish, 509.
Octavian de Palatio, abp. of Armagh, Osmund, bp. of Salisbury, his Liturgy,
his loyalty in Simnel's rebellion, 520 .
1101-'5; see also 1112.
Ossory, the see of, its origin, 73; repre-
Octobon, papal cardinal, assists F. de sented at Kells, 484; the king of, sube
Saundford in crushing the opposition mits to Henry II, at Waterford, 504 ;
of the Dublin people to his dues, zeal of a bp. of, against heresy, 649,
650; the see offered to Giraldus Cam-
Officials of Rome, their scandalous mal. brensis, 1094 ; its value reduced by the
practises in divorces, A.D. 1622, 905. war of E. Bruce and the Scots, 1157.
Olaus, titular abp. of Upsal, present at See Bale, Roth, &c.
Trent, 715 n.
Oswald, king of Northumbd. educated
Olchobair, (Mac Kinede,) bp. of Emly among the Scots, or Irish people, ap-
and king of Cashel, his defeat of the plies to them for Christian teachers
for his kingdom, 173; interprets Ai.
Omer, St. See Audemar.
dan's Irish sermons for the Saxons,
Ordericus Vitalis, qd., 1015.
177 ; his death, 180.
Orders, of the ministry, three, among Oswy, king of Northumbd., educated by
the old Irish, 982, '8; Gille describes Irish teachers, 148 ; thinks highly of
to them those maintained in the Church Rome notwithstanding, ib.; his acces
of Rome, 443.
sion to the throne, 180; he summons
* Orders," or Services of the Church, the Synod of Whitby to settle the Pas-
the old Irish schismatical in the eyes chal Controversy, 181; his conduct on
of the Anglo-Roman party in the 12th the occasion, 183, '4; his appointment
cent., 442 ; the " English Order,' of Ceadda as bp. of York, 187.
520 n. ; used by the people of Galway, Otho III., king of Germany, his patron-
672, 1169 seqq. ; Act of Henry VIII., age of Irishmen, 412.
for the "English Order," &c., 686. Otilo, duke of Bavaria, his kindness to
Ordinations, &c., of the Irish, disallowed S. Virgilius, 344 se94.
in France and England in the ninth Oviedo, M. de, first titular abp. of Dub
century, 387, '8; the first ordination lin, 826, '7; his activity in H. O'Neill's
according to the English ritual in Id., rebellion, 839; his life, 1252, 3; his
letter to the Sugan Earl of Desmond,
Ordnance Memoir, the, af Londonderry, 1288 ; vid. 1381.
Owen Gwyneth, account of his quarrel
Origen, his testimony to the continuance with Cadwalader, 1037.
of Christianity in Britain in the third Owen ap Edwyn, traitorously introduces
the Anglo-Normans into Wales, 1028,
Orleans, the kingdom of, 259.
Owen, son of Cadogan ap Blethyn, his
Ormond, the earl of, his quarrels with outrages in Wales, 1031, 2; his flight
Desmond, A.D. 1565, 769.
into Id., ib. ; returns to Wales, and
Ormond, the duke of, rejects the altered engages in further mischiefs, 1033 ;
Irish Remonstrance, 1398, 1413.
flees again to ld. and returns once
more, and is pardoned by K. Henry, Parasites, Romish priests forbidden to
1034 ; takes refuge with Gruffyth ap be, 896.
Conan in North Wales, 1035.
Pardon, plenary, and remission of sins,
Oxford University rejects papal supre- granted by the popes of Rome to re-
macy, 698, '9.
bels against England, 791, 827, 837,
Pacomius, organiser of the monastic life, 1274, '87, 1303, '92.
Pardulus, bp. of Laon, urges J. 8. Eri.
Padstow, Cornwall, origin of the name, gena to write on the subject of predes-
Palavicino's History of the Council of Paris, ancient kingdom of, its origin,
Trent, qd, 715 n., 1228.
Pale, the English, 673, 768, 1187, '8, Parish priests, Rome's arrangements for
1429, '33; address of the nobles therein providing a new stock of, in Id., after
to King James I., A.D 1612, 857, the Refn., 894, '5, '9, 902, '5, 1364 ;
their strange mode of securing a title
Pall, archiepiscopal ornament, sent by to a parish" noticed, 1255, 1366.
the pope to Augustine of Canterbury, Parker, abp. of Cant., his Life by Strype
128; its general use noticed by Gille- qd., 748 ; his dissuasion of Q. Eliza-
bert of Limerick, 444; not worn by beth from permitting images to be
Irish abps. before his time, 445 ; Mala- used in the worship of God, 751, 2;
chy's anxiety to procure them for Ar. story of the proposal to have his con-
magh, 471 ; little cared for by the Irish, secration performed by an Irish pre-
474; their distribution in the Synod late, 1236.
of Kells, 483, 541; see also 580, 682, Parliaments, of Kilkenny, divers, noticed,
1043, '5, 1424.
646 n.; clerical opposition to a sub-
Palladius, sent to the Irish as their sidy voted in one of them, A.D. 1346,
first bishop, 2 ; his ill success and 651; that of Trim, A.D. 1447, makes
death, ib., 3.
Irish whiskers contraband, 665; notice
Palumbus, a name applied to himself by of the proceedings of that of Dublin,
S. Columbanus, 307, 940.
under Henry VIII., A.D. 1536, 7, 683
Pandarus, Master, his tract on Id., qd., seq9:; the dates connected with it ex-
amined, 1189 seqq.; that of A.D. 1542,
Papal legates. See Legate.
recognises the right of Henry VIII.
Papal supremacy. See Supremacy. and his successors to the regal title in
Paparo, or Papiro, Cardinal, 420 ; his in- Id. 703; an Act which occasions much
terference with Irish Church concerns, rejoicing, 704 ; that of Queen Mary,
and settlement of our bpks., 434; his A.D. 1556, revives various persecuting
mission to Id., with the palls, 474, 482, Statutes for use in Id., 743, '4; which
993, 1066; visits Primate Gelasius, &c., are again repealed in Q. Elizabeth's
483; presides at the Synod of Kells, first Dublin parliamt., A.D. 1560, 753
ib., 484; his acts quoted in the Synod of seqq. ; the latter parlt. sanctions the
Newtown, Trim, 616; notices of his Refn., 754; enumeration of the pre-
visit and proceedings by the Irish An- lates who were there in attendance,
nalists, 1042, '8; strange account of 1209; that of Dublin, A.D. 1569, en-
how the Irish plundered his plunder, acts the establishment of English dio-
and of his revenge, ib.
cesan free schools, 778, 19; that of
Drogheda, A.D. 1465, passes an Act for
the institution of a university there,
810; parlt. of Dublin, A.D. 1585, list
of the prelates present in, 1272; ac-
count of the first Irish parit. of Jas. I,
A.D. 1614, 873 seqq., 1320.
Parochial endowments in Ireland, their
Parochial English schools ordered for
Id. by Act of Henry VIII., 686.
Parsons, their corporate succession, 1068 ;
supported by the rent paid them as
part landlords of the soil, not by a tax
thereon, 1068-— '70.
Paschal controversy. See Easter.
Paschal rule, Bede's mystical explana-
tion of, 960 ; Cummian's argument
about, and mode of concluding on, 986,
Paschal week, of the Britons and Irish,
reckoned from the 14th to the 20th day
of the moon, 138, 182.
Paschasius Radbert, invents transubstan-
tiation, 401 seqq., 1425.
Passion of Christ, the, represented in a
Passover, the Jewish, mode of determin-
ing the time of, 190, 191,
Pastoral office, Treatise of Gregory the
Great on, S. Columbanus expresses his
high opinion of, 292.
Pater-noster and Ave Marias, senseless
use of, by the ignorant poor in Id.,
A.D. 1593, 816.
Paternus, St., of Brittany, studies in Id.,
Paternus, of Paderborn, his superstitious
Patrick, St., not the first preacher of
Christianity in Id., 1, 3; his “ Confes-
sion " qd., 3, &c.; various Lives of
him written, 9, 10; their character,
11, his alleged miracles rejected by
respectable Romanists, 12; character
of his “Confession," 13; reality of his
existence, 14 ; his birthplace, 17; pa-
rentage, youth, and captivity, 18; CON-
version, 19; prayerfulness, 20; deli-
verance from captivity, 21; missionary
zeal, 22; difficulties, 23, 24; scriptu-
ral knowledge, 25, 26; studies with
SS. Germanus and Martin, 28; his
mission to Id., 31 ; his first church
probably a barn, 33; he preaches at
Tarah, ib.; his labours elsewhere in
Id., 34, 35; he founds the see of Ar-
magh, 35; his death, ib.; barbarity
of his Latin, 36; notice of him by
Nernius, 37, 449 n. ; his humility, 36,
39; his doctrines, ib., seqq.; his wri-
tings, 40; Irish hymn attributed to
him, ib. ; his respect for the H. Scrip
tures, 43; his views on the subject of
merit, 44; on clerical celibacy and in-
vocation of saints, ib., seqq. ; his
Works by Villaneuva, refd. to, 49;
his sentiments relative to purgatory,
48; prayer for the dead, 50; and on
Roman supremacy, 52; the genuine
ness of his writings, not to be denied,
53, 54; distinction between him and
Sen Patrick, 55 ; his prophetic vision,
56 ; and its explanation, 58; notice of
him in S. Cummian's paschal epistle,
159; exhibition of his relics at B.
Boru's funeral, 587 ; an altar erected
in his honour in Galway church, 591;
his successors' privileges curtailed by
Roman influence, 605 ; see Legates;
respect of the Irish for his practices,
612; the modern Romish hierarchy in
Id. not connected by succession with
him and his fellow bishops, &c., 904;
his pretended “translation," 1050;
the title of his “Successor " usurped
by the chiefs or dynasts of Armagh,
1061; see 465, '6; enumeration of his
successors in the see of Armagh, 1105
seqq.; notice of a consecration by him
in the triple form, 1014; the law of S.
Patrick, what, 1107; of the number of
bishops consecrated by him, 982 seqq. ;
the story of his Roman mission adopt- | Peacock's eyes, used for the purposes of
ed in the Querimonia Magnatum, witchcraft, 649.
Pelagianism, invades the British Church,
Patrick's, St., Cathedral, Dublin, its 115; its nature, ib. ; charged on the
erection by J. Comyn, 612, 613; and Irish of the 7th cent., 148.
superstitious dedication, 585; taxation Pelagius said to have propagated monas-
of the churches belonging to, in A.D. ticism in Britain, 229.
1294, 1149; Primate Mey grants in- Pelham, Bir W., Desmond's impudent
dulgences to all who should contribute letter to, 796, '7.
to repair, in; Henry VIII. pro- Pembridge, the annalist, his curious no-
claimed king of Id. in, 704 ; à Bible tion concerning the famine consequent
presented to, 753 ; attempt to convert on E. Bruce's war, 1297.
the establishment into an Irish uni- Pembroke, (in Wales,) the starting place
versity, 811; two of its dignitaries of Henry II. for the invasion of id.,
foremost in promoting instruction by 503, 1040; invasion of Pembroke itself
means of the Irish tongue, 780 ; notice by Arnulf Montgomery, 1017; its
of the State service in, preceding the castle withstands the assaults of the
parlt. of A.D. 1614, 878.
Welsh, 1027; is fortified against Hen-
Patrick, second bp. of Dublin, his conse- ry I. on occasion of the Montgomery's
cration at Canterbury, 421; his pro- rebellion, 1029; and afterwards re-
mise of canonical obedience to Primate built by Gerald de Windsor, subse-
Lanfranc, ib., 422 ; his high estimation quently to the settlement of the Fle-
of King Turlogh, 423.
mings in West Wales, 1031 ; transac-
Patrick, bp. of Limerick, consecrated by tions of Henry II. there, 1040.
Theobald, abp. of Canterbury, 434. Pembroke, the earl of. See Mareschal,
See also 477.
Patriots, obliged to profess popular reli- Penal laws, against Romish supremacy,
not invented by Protestants, 859; ex-
Patron saints, or apostles, of different torted from the English government
continental nations, Irishmen, 334, by papal presumption and intolerance,
337, 340, 349.
843, 5, 1331-'4; instances of their ex-
Paul, St., most probably the apostle of ecution, 1336, 7, 68, 75; P. Walsh's
account of their origin, 1399 seqq.
Paul's, St., Cross, London, abp. Fitz Penances, daily, of the ancient monks,
Ralph a preacher at, 654.
their nature, 280.
Paul's, St., Cathedral, London, H. Cur- Penciail, Jacob, pope's legate, his visit to
wen consecrated in, for abp. of Dublin, Id., 1052 ; and simony, 1053.
Pension-begging at foreign courts, a
Paul's, Father, History of the Council of trade of Irish titular bps., 909. See 1348,
Trent qd., 1201.
Penthoiris, Geoffrey de, Anglo-Norman
Paulet, Sir George, governor of Derry, murderer, 1128.
his quarrel with O'Dogherty, 867 n. Pepin, King, patroniges St. Virgilius,
Paulinus, Roman missionary, after the 344; and advances him to the bpk. of
conversion of the Northumbrians, is Saltzburgh, 348.
driven back to Kent, 173.
Perceval, the Hon. and Rev., his papers
Pavia, (Italy,) Dungal's school in, 395. On the Amelioration of Id. referred to,
387, '8; his treatise on the Apostolical observations on St. Patrick and Sen
Succession qd., 1221, '2.
Percy, bp. of Dromore, his style of liv. Petroc, st., the Briton, 71 ; spends 90
ing, &c., noticed, 1247 n. ; his intimacy ycars in Id. improving himself in the
with the recusant clergy, nn., ib., and knowledge of the H. Scriptures, &c.,
Perrot, Sir J., President of Munster, 778, Petronilla burned at Kilkenny for witeh.
787; submission of Jus. Fitzmaurice craft, 649.
to, ib., 1270; his effort, as Ld. Deputy Phelan, Mr., his Declan letters od., 30,
of Id, to convert St. Patrick's Cathe- 1059 ; his History of the Policy of the
dral, Dublin, into a university, 811. Church of Rome in Id., 554 n., &c.,
Peter, St., said to have preached in Bri- 607 n., 766 n.; an error of his con-
tain. 109 ; his supremacy contended nected with R. Waucop's titr. primacy
for by Wilfrid at Whitby, 183, the re- corrected, 716 m.; his inaccurzey in
spect of St. Cummian, &c., for his other instances noticed, 828 n., 837 n.,
chair, or see, noticed, 168 ; views of 1289, 1306, 1317; correction of his
St. Columbanus connected with do., version of D. Rothe's account of Shane
306 seqq., 948—'50, 953, '4, 960; Ald- O'Neill's tumults and end, 1232; his
helm's maintenance of his claims, account of the views of Bp. Berring-
ton, &c., on the pretended deposing
Peter's, St., Chair, the festival of, 1234. power of the popes of Rome, 1324
Peter's, St., Church, Drogheda, Primate 1333; extracts from his Letter to the
Mey provides for the saying of prayers Marquess Wellesley, on the Church
for the dead in, 590, '1 , Primate Dow- property of Id., &c., 1059 seqq.
dall holds a provincial synod in, 1112, Phelim Mac Criffan, king of Munster,
his attack on Kildare, 383; his death,
Peter and Paul, SS., Convent and Cathe- 385 ; his patronage of the “Rule of
dral Church of, at Newtown, Trim, St. Patrick" in his realm, 1107.
571, 616; the abbey of, in Bath, Philip IL, king of Spain, applied to by
branch establishments connected with Jas. Fitzmaurice for aid towards his
in Id., 575; Rome revereneed by the rebellion, 788; the earl of Desmond
Irish for its connection with their me- expresses his confident reliance on his
mories, 168, 952, 93, 960.
power, 797 ; his encouraging letters to
Peter pence, promised by King Henry the Irish rebel chiefs, 24; and em-
II. as a rent to the popes for Id., 488, ployment of titr. primate Magauran
528, 1046, 7, 8, '54; fraudulently as his agent for such business, 1236.
withheld, according to the Querimonia See 1252.
Magnatum, 1123, 31; abolished in Philip III., king of Spain, obtains the
England by Henry VIII., 678.
appointment of M. de Oviedo to be
Petit, Ralph le, archdeacon of Meath,
titr. abp. of Dublin, and sends him
his effort to obtain the primacy of Id., into Id. with aid for the rebels there,
A.D. 1206, 619.
827, 1252, 3; his foundation of an
Petranus of Brittany, his visit to Id., Irish College in Louvain University,
Petrie, Mr. Geo., his Essay on Tarah Philip of Slane, bp. of Cork, his intri-
Hiú fedr. to, 5 n., 6, 42 n., 70; his guing relative to the arranging of cer-