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dance on military expeditions, 1106. tains possession of the see of Enaghdun,
See 559.

Foulis's History of Romish Treasons, qd. Fuller's Church History qd., 110, 226,
1201, '58, 73, 75, '88, 1395—7, &c.

233, &c.
Four Masters, the, their account of the Furness abbey (Lancashire) supplies

quarrel between Cahir O'Dogherty, monks for Ireland, 574.
and Sir Geo. Paulet, 867 n.; qd. in Purseus, or S. Fursey, his history, 335 ;
connection with J. Fitzmaurice's re- his earnestness in preaching repen-
bellion, 793 n. Vid. q. 1042, '49, 1213, tance, ib. ; visits England, and preaches
16, '19; their account of Henry VIII.'s the Gospel there, 336 ; his settlement
changes, 1193, '4; note on their mode in France, and death, 337.
of mentioning Q. Elizabeth's prelates, Gallagher, Redmond, papal bishop of

Derry. See O' Gallagher.
Francis, St., founder of the Franciscans, Gallican Liturgy introduced into Britain
589, 653.

by S. Germanus, 116.
Franciscans, Irish : sundry of them no- Gali, St., in Switzerland, named after an

ticed, 655, 662, 697, 788-790, 1346 Irishman, 319.
seqq.; their activity against the Re- Gallus, or St. Gall, disciple of S. Colum-
formed religion, and for promoting a banus, 270; left sick at Bregenz, ib.,
Romish schism in Id. in the 17th cen- 332 ; settles on the Stinace, ib. ; is of
tury, 891, 1349, '61.

fered the bpk. of Constance, which he
Frederick, emperor, the pope's war with, declines, 333; also the abbacy of

to be supported by Irish taxes, 679. Luxeu, ib. ; his death, and missionary
French people, some of them resident in zeal, &c., 334.
Id. before the Conquest, 1019.

Galway, Bull for the foundation of a
Friars, their origin and abuses, 589, 654, collegiate church in, 671, 1169-'71;

&c. ; mentioned as the only preachers the port of, 1142 ; ancient episcopal see
of God's Word in Id., (A.D. 1475) 597 ; of, 995; modern Romish do., 1386 ;
Fitz Ralph's controversy with, see hospitality of the inhabitants, 1185;
Fitz Ralph ; the Anglican ones in Id. plunder of the college property by the
complained of to the pope, by the Irish, wild Irish, 1186, '7.
for their misdoings, 1126 ; specimen of Gardens, to be tithed, by Dublin canon
the missionary preaching of their class of 1186, 612.
against the Reformation, 851, 1343–5; Gartin, (Co. Donegal) the birth-place of
their mode of subsistence after the S. Columba, 75.
changes connected with it, 1355. See Gaul, or France, its religious aspect in
also 1349, &c.

the time of S. Columbanus, 253, '4;
Friday, its observance as a fast by the disputes of the prelates there with him,

old monks, 235; by those of Id. in par- 256-'8; origin of the French monar-
ticular, 284.

chy, &c., 258 segg.
Friesland, the scene of missionary labours Gaveloch, or Geivleach. See O'Neill.

on the part of Wilfrid, 224 ; and of S. Geilana, wife of Duke Gozbert of Fran-
Willibrord, 329.

conia, murders 8. Kilian, 339.
Fuaith na ngall, castle, crected by S. Gelasius, or (Gilla Mac Liagh)

O'Neill, 767

primate of Id., 470; his primatial vi-
Fulburn, Stephen de, abp. of Tuam, ob- sitation of Munster, &c., 476; visited

by Cardinal Paparo, 483; present at land in Wales, and builds Carmarthen
the Synod of Kells, 484; holds the Castle, 1034, '7; his death, ib.
Synod of Clane, 500 ; not with the pre- Gildas, the Briton, 109, 112, 113; his
lates who met Henry II in Waterford, account of the wretched state of the
505; he meets him in Dublin and sub- British Church in his days, 119, 120,
mits to all his interferences, 518; his his life, 122–124.
death, ib.; his primacy and precedency Gillebert, or Gille, bp. of Limerick, first
as the successor of $. Patrick super- pope's legate for Id., 435, 541, 580 ;
seded by the authority of a pope's le- his efforts to introduce the power and
gate bp, of Lismore, 534, 1085 ; in re- ritual of Rome into this country, 439
turn for which submissiveness he is se99., 1060 ; his acquaintance with An-
allowed a pall from Rome, 482; being selm, 440; his work on the services and
the first Irish primate who was de- government of the Church, 441, 442;
graded by the like, 581.

its view of the popes peculiar office and
Gerald de Windsor, ancestor of the Fitz- privileges, 443, '4; his success in such

geralds of ld., 1017; made steward of exertions, 449; he presides as legate in
Pembroc, 1027 ; his mission to King the Synod of Rathbreasail, 451 ; advan-
Murcart, 1029; becomes ruler of Di- tages possess by his party, 453 ; recom-
vetia, 1030; rebuilds the castle of Pem- mends Malachy to assume the primacy,
broke, 1031; abduction of his wife, &c. 468; by whom also, on resigning his
ib.; his harbouring of Gruffyth ap legateship, he is succeeded in that
Rees, 1036.

office, 473.
Geraldines. See Desmond, and Fitz- Giraldus Cambrensis, his account of the
maurice, James.

Synod of Armagh, A.D. 1172, which
German aid promised to Irish rebels condemned slavery, 501, '2 ; do. of the

against England, A.D. 1605, 856, 1308. Synod of Cashel, 513 seqq. ; notice of
Germanus, bp. of Auxerre, said to have himself and his Hibernia Expugnata,

instructed St. Patrick, 28, 30; his ser- 514 n.; vindicated from Dr. Lanigan's
vices against Pelagianism in Britain, unjust attacks, ib. ; extract from the
115; promotes education, and intro- old English version of his History of
duces the Gallican Liturgy, 116, 121 ; the Conquest, 526-'8; note on do. ib.,
his miraculous aid against the Saxons, 529; the printed copies of the Hib.
116; the Acts of S. Germanus by Exp. imperfect, 530 n. ; his charge of
Eric, qd., 398.

sacrilege against the Ango-Norman
Germany, visited by Irish missionaries, settlers, 573 n.; his de Rebus, &c., qd.,
344, &c. ; why few bpks. in. 984.

609 n., 610; his visit to Id. with prince
Geruntius, British king, Aldhelm's let- John, ib. ; and sermon at the Synod of
ter to, 151, '2, 202.

Dublin, ib. ; his praise of the Irish
Gibbon, M. R., murderous titular of clergy, ib. ; his Guide through Cam.
Cashel. See FitzGibbon.

bria, qd., 1017; his notes on the policy
Gilbert, bp. of Enaghdun, obtains pos- of the Normans towards Wales and id.,

session of the see in spite of the efforts qd., 1093 seqq. ; his motives in refusing
of the abp. of Tuam, 1176; is perse- promotion to the episcopate, 1094 ; his,
cuted thereupon, 1177 ; his character, origin alluded to, 1095; his anecdote of

D. Mac Murrough's barbarity com-
Gilbert, Earl of Clare, obtains a grant of mented on by Mr. Wright, foolishly,

1440 ; its correct bearing, 1444, 's; his , Gozbert, Duke, his intercourse with s.
account of the unnatural slave dealing Kilian, 339.
of the English, 1443.

Grace Dieu nunnery founded, 570. Vid.
Glamorgan, invaded by Robt. Fitz Ha- 631.
mon, 1023, 6.

Gramont, (Dioc. Ardagh) murderous
Glastonbury, named by some as the villany of its Anglican monks towards

burial place of S. Patrick, 55 ; its al. the mere Irish, 1129.
leged origin from S. Joseph, 110; an Grany, (Kildare) St. Mary's nunnery
eminent Irish school maintained there founded in, 571.
in the tenth century, 411.

Gray, Ld. Leonard, deputy of Id., holds
Glasgow, anciently Deschu, 1008.

the parliament of A.D. 1536, 57, 683;
Glebe landsof Ireland, their plunder 1064. fights C. O'Neill at Bellahoe, 697; his
Glendalough, monastery of, founded by trial and execution, ib., 698 ; his per

S. Kevin, 72 ; origin of the name, ib.; secution of Abp. Browne, 702.
ravaged by the Danes, 382 ; the see of, Gregorian Calendar, adopted by the
452 n., 481, 994 seqq., vid. q. 563. Irish titular clergy in A.D. 1614, 894.
Glossary, Cormac's, 408.

Gregory. See Pope.
Gloucester, original church of, 112. Gregory, last bishop of Dublin, his elec-
Glyndowre, Owen, his rebn., 1022. tion, 433 ; consecrated by the abp. of
Godwin, Earl, accused of treason, and Canterbury, ib., 1041 ; his elevation
banished England, 1024.

to the dignity of an archbishop, 434;
Goldwell, T., bp. of St. Asaph's, his let- and presentation with the first pall
ter to R. Creagh, 1231.

worn in that see, 482, 581; present at
Gontram, king of Burgundy, 259.

the Synod of Kells, 484; his death,
Goodacre, H., abp. of Armagh, 716 n.; 499 ; vid. q. 1096. (Called also Gre
a favourer of the reformed religion,

719; his nomination for the primacy, Grey of Wilton, Ld. Deputy, besieges
ib., 727; his appointment, 729 ; and Fort de l'Or, 798.
consecration in Christ Church, Dublin, Grey Abbey, (Co. Down,) founded, 568.
ib., 730; his death, 739; consecrated Griff, bp. of Menevia, his death gives
by a Romish prelate, 763.

occasion to the intrusion of a Norman
"Gospel, the #.," preached by S. Pa- bp. there, 1035.

trick in Id., 24 ; his motive for the Griffith, Commissioner, his evidence on
work, 38; preached by S. Columba- tithes in Ireland, 1073.
nus in France, 254 ; hy Bp. Bale in Gruffyth ap Conan, aided by Irish
Kilkenny, 733; studied at Rome by forces, obtains the sovereignty of N.
Wilfrid, 150.

Wales, 1024, 5; invades Cardigan,
Gospels, the Four, M8. copy of, by S. 26 ; is driven out of Wales by the

Columba, 101 n.; a splendid copy of Anglo-Normans, and flees to Id. for
them presented by Wilfrid to the refuge, '28; he returns to Wales, ib. ;
church of Ripon, 213.

his death, 1036.
Gossipred with the Irish, treason by the Gruffyth ap Rees, brought up in Id.,
Statute of Kilkenny, 658.

1035; returns to Wales, '36 ; his ra-
Gothric, king of Dublin, appoints Pa- vages there, and death, ib.

trick bishop there, 421 ; Primate Lan- Gunpowder Plot, the, gives occasion for
franc's letter to him, 422, 425.

the construction of K. James's Oath

of Allegiance, 1314 ; which is enforced | Hearne, Dr., S.T.P., his edition of the
by the authority of Parliament, 859. Liber Niger Scaccarü qd., 1085.
Vid. 1310 and 1403.

Heath, Dr., abp. York, presents Bibles
Gurmundus, Norwegian tyrant, 58.

to the Dublin cathedrals, 753.
Gwgan ap Meyric, hired by the Normans Hebrides, the scene of missionary labours

for a traitorous assassination, 1030. on the part of S. Columba, 84.
Habit, monastic, its antiquity, 245. Helias, or Elias, whether invoked by 8.
Habitations, Three, St. Patrick's tract Patrick, 45.
on, 49.

Helias, bp. of Angouleme, (A.D. 862,)
" Hail Mary," the, in English, circu- an Irishman, 398.
lated by Abp. Browne, 700.

Hengist and Horsus, the Saxons, invited
"Hallelujah " sung with miraculous ef- into Britain, 117.
fect in war, 116, 117.

Henry I., king of England, his writ for
Hamilton, G. A., Esq., his statement on the consecration of Gregory, bp. of

the subject of Church property in Id., Dublin, 433; his invasion of Wales,
1081 seqq.

1034, '5.
Hampden controversy, the, 1197 seqq. Henry II., k. of England, his accession
Hampton Christr., id. primate of Id., to the throne, 486 ; he covets Ireland,

preaches before the parlt. of 1613, 878. 487 ; bis letter to P. Adrian IV., 488 ;
Vid. 1113.

receives from him permission to in-
Hanmer's Chronicle qd., 1049.

vade and seize on Id., 489 seqq. ; (vid.
Hardiman's edn. of O'Flaherty's West 635 ;) holds the parliament of Win-
Connanght qd., 1172 n., 3099.

chester, in which the subject of the
Harding, John, his Chronicle cited, 556, expedition is discussed and postponed,
557 nn.

492 ; invited over by D. Mac Mur-
Hardouin's Concilia qd., 534.

rough, 495; encourages him in his
Harold, son of Earl Godwin, accused of plans, 496; arrives in Waterford, 503 ;
treason, flees to Id., 1024.

receives the submission of the Irish
Harold, King of Engd., Irish expedition eccl. and civil authorities, 504, 505 ;
of the sons of, 1015.

do. of Rodk. O'Conor, 506, 7 ; trans-
Harris's Ware qd. passim ; Hibernica, mits intelligence of these proceedings
1101 n.

to P. Alexander IIL., 508 ; removes
Haverford, origin of, 1031.

his quarters to Dublin, and spends
Hay, included in the Dublin tithe law of Christmas there in splendour, 509 ;
1126, 612.

leaves for Wexford, 510; returns
Haye, Geoffry de la, chaplain to K.Henry to England, 511; nature of his con-

IL., his visit to Id., A.D. 1180, 549. quest of Id., and motives to sub-
“ Head of cities," a title anciently ap- mission on the part of the victims, ib.,

plied to Rome, 162, 165, 1423. Vid. q. 512; he exerts himself to reduce the
310, 315.

Church of Id. to a complete confor-
“ Head of the Church," a name applica- mity with the Romish Church of Eng-

ble to the old Irish chieftains, 560 n.; land, 515 ; sends the Cashel decrees,
transferred by them to K. Henry VIII., report of Irish enormities, &c., to
706, 1207, 1431, '2.

Rome, 524, 526 ; receives from P.
Heads of religion among the old Irish, Alexander a confirmation of Adrian's
what, 391 n.

grant, 525—'7; the pope's letter, con-

gratulating him on his triumph over with it, 1101_'4; Acts of his reign
the Irish, 536 seqq. ; 1087 seqq.; which against Lollards, &c., 743.
is supposed by the pontiff to have ori. Henry VIII. suppresses papal imposts in
ginated in his desire to merit pardon England, 678 ; his efforts to extinguish
of his sins, 538 ; his final treaty of papal supremacy in Id. opposed by
peace with Rodk. O'Conor, 544 ; his Primate Cromer, 680; he nominates
first Irish episcopal appointment, 547; G. Browne to the abpk. of Dublin,
patronises the founding of Anglo-Nor- 681, 2; procures the acknowledgment
Norman monasteries in Id., 567 ; puts of his own supremacy in Id. by parlia-
a restraint on Card. Vivian's proceed- ment, 683; the nulling of his marriage
ings, 601 ; makes his son John king of with prince Arthur's widow confirmed
Id., 604, 703 ; appoints J. Comyn abp. by the same authority, 684; act for the
of Dublin, 604; makes a grant of king's supremacy, 685 ; opposition of
lands in Wales to Roger, Earl of the proctors of the clergy thereto, 688;
Clare, 1038 ; Welsh account of his ar. which proves ineffective, 690 ; his
rangements for the invasion of Id., royal supremacy energetically support.
1039, 140; a Romish account of his ed by the Irish princes, 702, 704 se99.;
purchase of Id., 1066 ; his confirma- proclaimed “king" of Id, with great
tion of the Ir. Church in the possession applause, 703, '4; his popularity in Id.
of her property, 1069 ; led, P. Alexan- a stumblingblock to Romish writers,
der asserts, to his attack on Id. “ by 706 n., '7; his excommunication by
divine inspiration," 1086, '8, '9; praised Pope Paul disregarded by the the Irishi,
by the same pope for his generous care 708, '9; receives the submission of
of the interests of the clergy, 1087 ; Con O'Neill, 710; and creates his son
the Welshmen attempt to obtain jus- Matthew Baron of Dungannon, 711,
tice from him by a bribe, 1094 ; his 766 ; his character and creed, 712, 713;
breach of the conditions of Adrian's his instrumentality not wholly unpro
bull noticed by the Irish, 1123. (Vid. ductive of good, 716; his Oath of Su-
9. 1121.)

premacy condemned by papal titulars,
Henry III. of Engd. uses the pope's aid A.D. 1614, 897 ; validity of his confir-

against the Irish, 624; desirous of in- mation of Irish Church property, 1069;
troducing the English laws into Id., dates connected with the Irish parlia-
626 ; institutes a valuation of ecclesias- ment of the 28th year of his reign,
tical benefices in Engd., 1146; gives 1189 seqq. ; do. with certain acts of
the Tenths in Id. for 3 years to Queen succession of his reign, 1191, '2; the
Eleanor, 1147, '68.

Four Masters' account of his religious
Henry IV. and H. V., acts of, against alterations, 1193, '4; his law relative

heretics, revived in Id. under Q. to the election, confirmation, &c, of
Mary, 744; Henry V. requested by the bishops, 1194 seqq.; his connection
Irish parliament to apply to the pope with the Institution of a Christian
to proclaim a crusade against the re- man, 1195 ; abstract of P. Paul's bull
bellious Irish, 1111 n.; Henry VI., against him, 1201—3; form of sub-

Act of, concerning Ir. whiskers, 664. mission of Irish chiefs to, instanced,
Henry VII., progress of Simnel's rebel- 1206 ; their adoption of him for head

lion against in Id., 666 ; further of the Church, in the same, 1207 ; his
account of the transactions connected childlessness attributed by a Romish

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