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Romanists, 904; who accompanied fallibility, ib., passim ; where he got
him to Drumceath, 982 ; his ordina- his notions about the Three Chapters,
tion by Etchen, 1010, '11; pretended 937; signification of his name and its
" translation" of his relics to Downpa- synonyme3, 958.
Columbanus ad Hibernos, 715, &c., 1333
Columbanus, St., his Irish ways not re- seqq. See O' Concr.
lished by the clergy of Rome, 139 ; his Comber (Co. Down) Cistertian abbey
history, 249 ; materials for his biogra- founded 575 ; supplied with monks
phy, 250 ; birth, 251; early acquaint- from England, ib.
ance with the Holy Scriptures, ib., 252; Comgall, St., 61; his history, 70.
leaves Ireland for France, 253 ; his dili- Commandments, the Ten, circulated
gence in exhorting and instructing men, under Henry VIII., 700.
254 ; settlement in the Vosges, 255; Commissioners of public records in Id. ;
foundation of Luxeu, ib., 256; diffi- their reports qd., 871 n.
culties with the French clergy about Common Prayer, the Book of, Bp. Bale
Easter, 256-258; reproves King The- endeavours in vain to bring into use,
odoric for sin, and incurs persecution 734 ; supposed to be the first book
in consequence, 260 seqq. ; banished printed in Id., 747 ; to be used in Eng-
from Luxeu, 263 ; journey to Nantes, lish or Latin, in Id., by Act of Uni-
&c., 266 ; he visits Switzerland, 267 ; formity, 755; Bp. Walsh preaches
preaches to the Suevi, 268 ; removes against, 760 ; translated into Irish,
to Italy, 269–271; writes against the 780, 781; denounced, as equally pro-
Arians, and on the Three Chapters, fane with idolatry, by the schismatical
ib ; founds the monastery of Bobio, preachers of Rome, 855, 1308.
271; invited back to Luxeu, he de- Communion, the Holy, used in both
clines the offer, 272 ; his death, 273; kinds by the ancient Ir., 368 ; law
missionary zeal, 274; discipline of his concerning it passed in the Synod of
monasteries independent of episcopal Dublin, under John Comyn, 61) ; its
authority, 275 ; his influence in the reception rcommended to rebels, 1287.
Continental Church, 276, 277 ; his Vid. q. 732.
writings, 278 ; monastic rule, ib , 8€99.; Comorbans, Corbes, or Coarbs, their
its penalties, 280 ; strictness of disci- office explained, 461 n., 989.
pline, 281 ; rule concerning fasting, Comyn, John, Abp. of Dublin, 606 seqq.,
283, 284; concerning divine service, 1096, 1172.
&c., 285 seqq., his Letters, 288 seqq. ; Conan ap lago, his intercourse with the
epistle to P. Gregory on the Paschal Irish, 1024.
question, 257, 288–293 ; letter to the Conal, King of the Albanian Scots, 84 ;
prelates of Gaul on the same occasion, succeeded by Aidan, 86
257, 293--299; his great regard for Concors, abbot of S. Brendan's, Clon-
the Holy Scriptures, 292, 296, 299, 300; fert, appointed a commissioner to treat
his letter to the monks of Luxeu, 301; between K. Henry II. and Roderic
his humility and lowly dependance on O'Conor, 545.
divine grace, 302, 303 ; his epistle to Concubinage of the clergy, condemned at
P. Boniface IV, 304–316, 938--960 ; Kells, 1043, 1424.
his independence of papal supremacy Confederation of the Ecclesiastics of Ire-
and views connected with Romish in- land, 627, 1109, 1114.
Conference of titular ecclesiastics for the Constantine the Great, his letter to the
establishment of a new Church in Ire- Churches, (A.D. 325,) and observa-
land, under the Roman court, 890 seqq. tions on the subject of Easter, 143,
Confession, auricular, neglected by the 144 ; his pretended grant to the see of
Irish before Malachy's time, 462 ; he Rome, 489, 1090. (Vid. 611.)
promotes its use, 459, 464; the hear. Constantius Chlorus tolerates Christia-
ing of confessions by friars, protected nity in Britain, 114.
by the pope, 655.
Constitutions, the apostolic, qd., 1011.
Confirmation, “the sacrament of," pro- Continency of the clergy, Albin O'Mul-
moted by S. Malachy, 459.
loy on, 609.
"('onfirmation" of bishops explained, Convocations of the old Irish, 485;
that of A.D. 1560, 760; vid. 688, 9;
Cong, ane of the sees of Id., as settled at the first Irish convocation of the mo-
Rathbreasail, 452 n., 999, 1172. See 619, dern kind, 884 ; that of 1634 receives
Conge d'elire, what, 1108.
the English articles, 885; discussion
(onlath, first Bp. of Kildare, 66.
therein relative to the English canons,
Conmacne, ancient see of, (or Ardagh,)
represented at Keils, 484 n.
Cooper, Austin, Esq..this copy of Harris's
Connaught, anciently one of the five Ware cited, 1101, &c.
kingdoms of Id., 378; ravaged by Tur- Copying of manuscripts, an occupation
gesius the Norwegian, 382; primatial of the old Irish saints, 79, 91, 100.
visitation of, 476, (vid. q. 1106, 1107 ;) Corbe. See Comorban.
its chieftains accept Henry VIII.'s su- Corcumroe, or Kilfenora, see of, 1004,
Premacy, 705. See 769, 818, 9, and &c.
O' Conor, Roderic.
Cork, ravaged by the Nortmans, or
Connor, ravaged by the Danes, 382; one Danes, 381, 383, 384 n., 408 ; its epis-
of the sees of id., as named at Rath- copal see one of those named at Rath-
breasail, 452 n.; Malachy made Bp. breasail, 452 n. ; represented at Kells,
of, 462; state of, at that time, ib., 484 n. ; the king of, submits to Heury
463; separated from its union with II., 504 ; ancient monastery of, 563;
Down by him, 470; represented at its rebellious disposition at the acces-
Kells, 484 n. ; several ancient sees in- sion of K. James I., 850, 851 ; part of
cluded in the modern one of this name, the county confiscated, 802.
Cormac Mac Cuillenan, king and bp..
Conroy, Florence, (see O' Melconry,) 406, 407; his writings, 408; Cormac's
first titular Abp. of Tuam, 890 ; pro-
cures the establishment of an Irish Cormac (Mac Carthy), king of Munster,
College in Louvain by Paul III, 1253; his acquaintance with S. Malachy at
his advancement described, 1348 ; see Lismore, 460; and kindness to him
also 1349, 1354 ; account of his life, afterwards, 464.
Cornelius the Centurion, date of his
Consecration, mode of, in use among the conversion, 109.
ancient Britons and Irish, 424, 1006-- Cornwall, shelters the British Christians
from the Saxons, 118; bitterness of
Constance, the bpk. of, offered to St. the ancient inhabitants there against
the Roman Christians in England, 151,
152; lateness of their submission to ders, 1147; of Mellifont, A.D. 1157,
the Roman Easter, 186.
479 n., 542 n.; of Nice, (A.D. 325, )
Corporal oath, what, 1115.
probably attended by British bps., 114;
Corrib, Lough, 1172, '3.
cited by S. Cummian, 155 ; its rule
Cotton MSS. qd. on the mission of St. concerning consecration, 1011; of
Patrick, 30; on the introduction of the Nidd, 223; of Onestresfield, 222 ; of
Gallican liturgy into Britain, 116. Rathbreasail, 451, 998, &c.; of Sar-
Council, the, of Ariminum, (A.D. 359,) dica, (A.D. 347,) attended by British
attended by British bps., 114; of An- bps., 114; of Trim, or Newtown, Trim,
tioch, its law relative to episcopal con- in which is passed an act for carrying
secration, 1011; of Arles, attended by on the suppression of the small sees of
British bps., 114; referred to by s. Ireland, 616-618; of Vercelli and
Cummian, 155 ; of Armagh, condemns Rome, Berenger's views condemned in,
slavery, 501, 502 ; of Culchythe, enacts 404 ; of Waterford, receives papal bulls
a law against Irish priests, &c., 387; for the subjugation of Ireland to Eng-
of Cashel, ordered by Henry II., 508, land, 525-527 ; of Whitby, account
509; time of its assembly, 510; its of, 181-185; of Windsor, in which
acts, as recorded by Giraldus, 513 peace is concluded between Henry II,
seqq. ; prelates in attendance, 515; and Roderic O'Conor, 544 seqq.
statutes enacted, 516-518; their ten- Councils, ancient Christian, of Ireland,
dency, 519 seqq. ; a letter sent by the their constitution, &c., 485, 558; al-
Council to Rome, complaining of the tered in the Synod of Cashel, 531.
barbarities of the Irish, 514, 524, 525, Counties, formation of several in Ireland,
537 ; secret intriguing observable in under James I., 874.
the proceedings of this synod, 530, Courcy, John de, brings Joceline the
531 ; its want of popularity, 522, 671; monk to Id., 10; his monastic founda-
of Chalcedon, enforces monastic celi- tions, 568, 574; accused of sacrilege,
bacy, 233; its connection with the 573 n.; sent over as governor of Id.
controversy of the Three Chapters, under Fitz Aldelm, 600; his invasion
931, seqq. 950 n.; of Chalons sur of Down, and treatment of Cardinal
Suone, on Irish ordinations, 387; of Vivian, ib., 601.
Clane, enacts that all Irish professors Courtney, ym., Abp. of Canterbury,
of theology should attend the school of silences Wm. Crump, 656.
Armagh, 500; of Cloveshove, its law Covenanters, the, sympathetic with
relative to the observance of the Lord's monks in some particulars, 963—965 ;
day, 371 n.; of Constantinople, or Fifth their notions of kingly power, 1340,
General Council, rejected by S. Co- 41.
lumbanus, 305, vid. 931, 950 seqq. ; of Coventry, Walter of, qd., 604 n.
Fiadh Mac Ængusa, 450 ; of Holmpa. Cowarbs, their oslice the ancient Irish
trick, arranges to have Romish palls Church, 989, 991; (see Comorban ;)
sought for, for the Irish abps., 478; of “ Cowarba of St. Peter," a title for the
Kel's, in which the palls are distri. Bp. of Rome, 1048,
buted, 483 seqq., 541; of Lateran, Cox, Sir Richard, his writings qd., 592,
third general, attended by Laurence 695, 704, 794, 875 n., &c.
O'Toole, &c., 500 ; of Lyons, the se- Cranmer, Abp. of Canterbury, conse-
cond, decrees a subsidy for the crusa- crates Browne Abp. of Dublin, 682;
his judgment of Henry VIII's mar- underhand way, 696 ; his death, 713.
riage refd. to, 684;
desired by Ed. VI. See also 717.
to select a primate for Ireland, 727 ; Cromwell, Lord, L. Gray's letter to,
his amount of acquaintance with Id., 689; Browne's letter to, about Cro-
729; burned, 735, 736, 843.
mer, &c., 696; letter of the Privs
Creagh, Richard, first titular primate of Council of ld. to, relative to Abp.
Id., (of the present succession,) 764, Browne's controversial preaching in
766 n.; excommunicates S. O'Neill, the South, 701 ; letter of the Earl of
ib., 771; other particulars concerning Ossory to, relative to the see of Enagh-
him, 771-774; his life and history dun, 1187.
in a fuller and more accurate form, Cromwell, the usurper, his designs in Id.
seqq. ; his right to be regarded as promoted by the doings of titular pre-
the first of the present race of titular lates therein, 1240. See 1241.
primates, 1227; his birth and early Crook Haven, Henry II. arrives in, 503.
life, 1229; becomes an ecclesiastic Crosiers, oaths on, 1115 n.
abroad, revisits Id , and is imprisoned, Cross, episcopal, the use of, forbidden to
ib., 1230; his escape, and, letter to him Samuel, Bp. of Dublin, by Anselm of
from Bp Goldwell, 1231; visits Id. Canterbury, 429 ; to be limited to
a gain, 1232 ; is imprisoned and sent to pall bearing abps., 430; contest about
London, 1233; dies in prison, ib.; the right to carry erect, between the
date or his consecration, ib., 1235; his prelates of Armagh and Dublin, 630,
writings, 1236; whether invited to 631, 1109-'11.
consecrate English bps., 1237; note of Cross, sign of the, its use by 8. Columba,
Dr. Elrington on his death, 1368 ; vid. 223 ; by the Saxons, ib.; by S. Co-
lumbanus and his disciples, 287.
Creagh, Peter, sixth titular Abp. of Dub- Cross, county of, an old name for Tippe-
rary, 1354, '59.
Crede mihi, (ancient episcopal register Crosses, of wood, more ridiculous than
in Dublin,) 625 n.
edifying, according to the more sober
Creed, the, in English, circulated by monks, 236; dispute about, between
Abp. Browne, 700 ; set up in the Dungal and Claude of Turin, 395;
used in worship, A.D. 1186, 611.
Cressy, Father, his protestation of alle- Cruithnechan, or Cronaghan, supposed
giance noticed, 1408.
instructor of S. Columba, 76.
Crofts, Sir James, appointed Lord De- Crump, Henry, persecuted by the Men-
puty of Ireland, 722; his conference dicant Friars, 656, is tried before the
with Dowdall in S. Mary's abbey, Abp. of Canterbury, and silenced,
Crolly, Wm., D.D., seventeenth titular Crusades, Id. taxed in support of, 1146;
primate of Id., brief account of his life, their merit and rewards to be enjoyed
by Irish rebels, 791, 795, 837, 1264.
Cromer, George, Abp. of Armagh, main-Cuildreimne, or Culedreivne, battle of,
tains papal supremacy against Henry 81, 82.
VIII., 680; his character, ib. ; circu. Cuilrathain, Coleraine, 991.
lates a seditious Romish vow, 694 ; op Culdees, improperly fathered upon s.
poses Henry and Abp. Browne in an Columbkille, 107; the name incor-
rectly given to Ængus the Hagiolo. the poor and ignorant people of this
gist, 355 ; the disciples of . Kente- country, 728.
gern so called, 1009.
Cuthbert, St., his dying words on the
Cullen, P., D.D., eighteenth titular pri- Paschal controversy and on Church
mate of Id., 1249; note on the mode unity. 151; vid. 221; his character
of his appointment, ib., seqq.
and life, 242, 243 ; his missionary zeal
Culligius, said to have poisoned Bp. for instructing the English peasantry,
Creagh, 772. See 1368.
Cumin, St., his life of $. Columba, 88. Cycles for calculating the moon's age,
and time for Easter, among the old
Cumin, or Comyn, John, Abp. of Dub- Irish, 154, 155, 169, 185 ; that of Sul-
lin, founds Grace Dieu nunnery, 571; picius Severus commonly used by
the first Irish bp. ordained by a pope, them, 195; that of Anatolius by the
581; account of his appointment, ordi- Romans, 196, 289-291, 295.
nation, &c., 604-608; followed by Eng-Cyprian, St., on Church unity qd. in S.
lish successors for 500 years, 606; his Cummian's Paschal epistle, 158.
synod in Dublin, and sermon on the Dallan, Forgaill, qd., 982.
sacraments, 609; quarrels with H. de Dalton's Archbishops, &c., of Dublin,
alois, and places Dublin under an qd., 898, 1225, 1252 seqq.
Damasus. See Pope.
Cummian, St., adopts the Roman Eas- Daniel, Wm., Abp. of Tuam, his Irish
ter, 146; his letter of apology on the labours, 781.
subject, ib., and 153-172, called by Daganus, Irish bp. (of the 7th cent.) re-
the Irish a heretic for his conforming fuses to eat in the same house with the
to the Roman customs, 147, 157; yet Romish Abp. of Canterbury, 139.
was no believer in papal supremacy or Dairmagh, or Durrow, St. Columba's
infallibility, 165 ; qu. by Mr. Moore as connection with, 76, 77, 102, 1012.
an authority for Romish views, 1423. Dale, J., his account of the sale of Bibles
in Id. in 1559, 752.
Curnan, prince of Connaught, guilty of Dalrieda, in Britain, colonised in the 6th
homicide, flees for protec.ion to s. Co- cent. from Id., 84, 86.
lumaba, but in vain, 81.
Damhliag, or Duleek, the sce of, 993
Curtis, P., fifteenth titular primate of seqq.
ld., his life and character, 1248. Damnation, eternal, assigred to Henry
Curwen, Hugh, Abp. of Dublin, pro- VIII. by P. Paul III., 708.
moted by . Mary, 741; favours ido- Danes, the, their invasion of Id., 377
larry, ib. ; preaches in such style as seqq., to 390, 405 se99.; conversion of
to encourage the favourers of religious some of them to Christianity, 409,
reformation, 742; present at introduc- 420 ; their assistance of Brian Boru in
tion of the English liturgy at Christ seizing on the chief monarchy of Ire-
Church, Dublin, 749; detects the Ro- land, 413; defeated at Clontarf, 415;
mish imposture on that occasion, 790; their intluence in introducing the
his sermon on the subject, 751; a pope's power into Id.. 419 se99., 579 ;
helper of the Reformation, 763.
damage done by them to the Irish
Cusack, Thomas, Lord Chancellor of Church, 1060.
Id., A.D. 1552, his words of apology or Darcy, Oliver, titular bp. of Dromore,