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“Their religious principles were incompatible with the safety of the crown; their engagements were not to be depended upon; they entered into treaties the most solemn, but they broke them at pleasure; they were Nuncionists, Renuccinis, dissemblers, and traitors. To vindicate themselves and their religion from those foul and malicious imputations, the (papal] clergy and the [R.] Catholic gentry of Ireland were warmly advised by many of their friends, both in this country and in England, to prepare a satisfactory but respectful remonstrance, and cause it to be presented to his Majesty with as much expedition as possible. This friendly suggestion, although approved of by all, could not, from the peculiar circumstances of the times, be carried into effect until about the close of the year 1661. At that time three [R.] Catholic gentlemen residing in Dublin, Sir Richard Barnwall, Richard Belling, and Thomas Tyrrel, together with Oliver Dease, Vicar general of Meath, and Father James Fitzsimons, Guardian of the Franciscans at Dublin, found an opportunity of consulting together, and the remonstrance already alluded to was agreed upon. That portion of it which referred to the temporal authority of the Pope was no more than a literal transcript of the printed declaration of the [R.] Catholics of England, drawn up by Father Cressy, an English Benedictine, and presented to Charles I. at Westminster, about the year 1640.-(Ec. Hist. pp. 201, 202.)

[The remonstrance when duly prepared, was immediately transmitted to England, and committed to the management of Father Peter Walsh, at that time resid. ing in London as the procurator or accredited agent of the (Roman) Catholics of Ireland," an office to which he had been “ appointed (in 166 by the [titular) primate Edmund O'Reilly, and others." -- (p. 204, ib.)]

“The remonstrance being thus placed in the hands of

Its transmission to London,

and recepto tion there;

the agent was soon after presented by him to some of the leading members of the Cabinet ; but being an anonymous unauthenticated document, it was immediately returned with a recommendation to have it signed as speedily as possible by the (R.] Catholic prelates, nobility, aud clergy, of the whole kingdom. Out of thirty expatriated Irish priests then residing in London, twenty-four readily affixed their signatures to it, together with Oliver Darcy (titular] bishop of Dromore; the remaining six refused their assent, alleging that the language employed in the memorial was not sufficiently respectful to the Holy See. In Ireland the Remonstrance and in Ire met with a most unfavourable reception: as soon as it land, had appeared one general outcry was raised against it in almost every diocess of the kingdom ; the doctrine which it contained was considered dangerous, false, and already censured by the Church ; it was rejected by some with as much abhorrence as the oath of supremacy, and condemned by all for the intemperate and disrespectful terms which pervaded its entire composition."(p. 205.)

(But whatever difficulties may have been raised where it is against the document on the part of the papal clergy in favoured by

the laity, Ireland, the R. Catholic nobility and gentry of the coun

but rejected try appeared, as Mr. Brennan observes, " to have been by the Roplaced altogether beyond the influence of such scruples ;' mish clergy. so that early in the year 1662, a considerable number of them were found willing to give it the sanction of their names. Among the clergy however the remonstrants made in the course of the next succeeding years so little progress, that of the number of priests in Ireland in 1665, estimated at 2000, (1200 secular, and 800 regular,) sixty nine only had signed the remonstrance.- (pp. 205, 8, and Walsh's Hist. Rem. pp. 96, &c.)]

But three “ There were but three (R.] Catholic bishops at the Romish bi

same period in the whole kingdom; the aged and veneshops in Ireland at

rable John Burke, (titr.) Archbp. of Tuam, who having this time. been sixteen years an exile had just then returned from

the continent, intending (as he himself expresses it) to have his ashes laid in the tomb of his fathers; Patrick Plunket, (titr.] bp. of Ardagh, who arrived in the same year, and the infirm, suffering, saintly Bishop of Kilmore, Owen Mac Sweeny. The remaining dioceses of Ireland were governed [i. e. usurpative) by Vicars general and capitular; men unexceptionably opposed to the diction of the same formula."-(Hist. Rem., P. ii., Tr. i.,

p. 575.) Brief ac- [At length a national synod of the Roman clergy in count of the Ireland having been appointed to assemble on the Ilth Synod of

of June, 1666, for the discussion of the merits and printablishment ciples of the Remonstrants, met accordingly at the resiin Ireland, dence of the Roman ecclesiastic who bore the style of

“Parish priest of St. Audoen's, Dublin,” and “conti. nued its sittings for fifteen days successively, Andrew Lynch ([titular] Bp. of Kilfenora, who had but a few months before returned from exile) being with one voice appointed chairman.” On the evening of the third day the titular primate, Edmund O'Reilly, landed in Dublin after four years' absence, to oppose the Remonstrance by his own authority, and the sanction of letters brought with

him from foreign ecclesiastics.-(Bren. ii. 209.) The original “On the sixth day the synod came to an unanimous

determination of formally rejecting the original remon

strance of 1661; a committee was appointed, and a new finally rejected.

protestation of allegiance was drawn up, which embodied all the principles of fidelity contained in the former Remonstrance, omitting at the same time those expressions which had been generally considered either ambiguous or

the new es

A.D. 1666.

Remonstrance is

disrespectful.” ... ..[The objectionable passages which had been omitted, were fully supplied according to Mr. Brennan, by the adoption, on the part of the sy. nod, of three of six scholastic propositions on the deposing power, which had already been sanctioned by the faculty of the Sorbonne. The new remonstrance, with these additional propositions, will be found in the Artiele which next follows in this Appendix.]-(Bren. Ec. Hist., p. 211.)




“To the king's most excellent Majesty. We your The memMajesty's subjects, the Roman Catholic clergy of the bers of this kingdom of Ireland together assembled, do hereby de- synod proclare and solemnly protest before God and his holy an- changeable gels, that we own and acknowledge your Majesty to be allegiance to our true and lawful king, supreme Lord, and undoubted the king ; Sovereign, as well of this realm of Ireland as of all other your Majesty's dominions; consequently we confess ourselves bound in conscience to be obedient to your Majesty in all civil and temporal affairs, as any subject ought to be to his prince, and as the laws of God and nature require at our hands. Therefore we promise, that will inviolably bear true allegiance to your Majesty, your lawful heirs and successors; and that no power on earth shall be able to withdraw us from our duty herein; and that we will, even to the loss of our blood if occasion requires, assert your Majesty's rights against any that shall invade the same, or attempt to

deprive yourself or your lawful heirs and successors of repudiating any part thereof. And to the end this our sincere prothe doctrine testation may more clearly appear, we further declare that the duty of true

that it is not our doctrine that subjects may be disobedience charged, absolved, or freed, from the obligation of permay be dis- forming their duty of true obedience and allegiance to pensed with, their prince; much less may we allow of or pass as toor that pri- lerable any doctrine that perniciously and against the jects may

word of God maintains, that any private subject may lawfully lawfully kill or murder the anointed of God, his prince. murder a rightful

-Wherefore pursuant to the deep apprehension we have prince.

of the abomination and sad consequences of its practice, we do engage ourselves to discover unto your Majesty or some of your ministers any attempt of that kind, rebellion or conspiracy against your Majesty's person, crown or royal authority, that comes to our knowledge, whereby such horrid evils may be prevented. Finally as we hold the premises to be agreeable to good conscience, so we religiously swear the due observance thereof to our utmost, and we will preach and teach the same to our respective flocks. In witness whereof we do hereunto subscribe, this 15th day of June, 1666.”

This new Remonstrance, with

" As soon as this new protestation of loyalty had received the signatures of the entire body, it was intrusted to the care of the [titr.] bishops of Kilfenora and Ardagh, together with the following resolutions or transcript copy of the Sorbonne declarations already admitted and sanctioned :

The assembly consisted of ten ecclesiastics as representatives from each province, together with the provincials of the different or ders, to whom a privilege was granted of bringing each two divines or canonists.-Bren. p. 209.

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