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pope's power in this realm, and if we were to believe a Falsehoods class of writers on Ireland already alluded to, his execuinvented to tion, which took place by strangling, in A.D. 1583, was his history; preceded by several hours of barbarous torture. This
most apocryphal narrative is retailed with all solemnity by Mr Brennan, but passed over with all its kindred, in expressive silence, by another historian of the Roman Church, and one of at least equal respectability to this our author; viz. Mr. T. Moore.
But the reader will perhaps be glad to have the com
ment of a better authority than either on this painful which the subject. The Rev. Dr. Elrington, in his Life of Abp. Elrington
Ussher, (Works, Vol. 1, p. 35,) has the following note sufficiently on the penal sufferings of this individual and his fellowrefutes in labourer Creagh of Armagh. his case and
“The death of these two martyrs put forward by StaCreagh's.
nihurst, and embellished by the author of the Analecta, has formed a fruitful source of declamation for Roman Catholic writers from that period to the time of Dr. Milner. That Bp. HURLEY was guilty of treason, and was hanged for that crime, and not for his religion, can admit of no doubt. That he was tortured previous to his execution, in direct violation of the law, must require stronger evidence than the testimony of two witnesses who contradict each other as to the mode in which the torture was inflicted, in such a manner as would invalidate their testimony in any court of justice. The account of the poisoning bp. Creaghe, and of the mode of its discovery, was too ridiculous for Stanihurst to insert, and it seems extraordinary that any writer could venture to publish such a monstrous absurdity. I must refer the curious reader to the Analecta, as it would be
impossible to give the detail here.” P. O'Hely, PATRICK OHELY, a Connaught man, titular bp. of titr. bp. of Mayo, is said to have studied at the Convent of ComMayo ex- plute in Spain, and to have become a Franciscan in that
place. Then proceeding to Rome in 1577, “ in obedience ecuted for to the command of the Minister General of his order, treason;
he was consecrated in the following year bishop of the diocese of Mayo by Pope Gregory XIII.” Soon after he returned to Ireland, and landed at Dingle in Kerry; but was ere long recognised, apprehended, and imprisoned at Limerick; where he remained until August, 1578; when, according to the writers above referred to, sentence was pronounced on him of torture and strangulation-a sentence carried in into effect, as they say, with horrid barbarity.
The application of torture in such a case no friend of A caution justice, humanity, or civilization, will attempt to justify against the or palliate_if indeed any can suppose it credible. - It imposture is however but right to remind those readers who may be in any danger of being so far misled as to regard the above tamorphose individuals as martyrs of the Catholic faith, that they political incame to this country as the professed subjects, and prin- into religicipal agents, of a foreign power then at open deadly ous marwar with their own sovereign :—and that the visit of tyrs ; Patrick O'Hely, for instance, to Rome, and the receipt of his Commission to the episcopate there, occurred at the very period when the rebel chieftain James Fitz Maurice was concerting his measures with the head of the Roman Church, for exciting the Irish to insurrection and civil war ;-when the Romish ecclesiastics ALLEN and SANDERS were lending their active services to the furthering of his military expedition, in which they had embarked their hopes and their persons, and when the robbers of the Appennines were preparing to become the champions of “ Catholicity” in Ireland, under the sanction and benediction of the same sovereign Pontiff GREGORY XIII.
Yes, when the claims of these men to martyrdom are to which is pressed on the reader by their advocates, let it be always appended remembered that their principles and prepossessions had an Apologue
after the led them to become the brethren and fellow-labourers of
Italian highwaymen. What Christian will degrade the D. Rothe.
noble army of the martyrs to the necessity of being replenished by recruits from among the associates of murdering banditti :-of men possessed with devils, abiding in the mountains, exceeding fierce, so that no man might pass in safety by their way. Until the pontiff, reflecting, perhaps, how the miracles of Moses the man of God, and of our Lord and His Apostles, bad often been successfully reproduced, at least in the imitation of the presumptuous and the imagination of the credulous, by men of religious name, or at least by their biographers, contrived a plan for exorcising the fair hills of beautiful Italy, and securing peace for the lonely passes of her sunny mountains. But where could there be found, a good way off, an herd of many swine feeding, among whom an habitation might be appointed for those dread spirits of darkness? Alas
for Ireland! Alas for the leaders and the led, of her The plan hapless children! In her, it was agreed upon between for the ex: Gregory and Fitz Maurice, that such beings might be orcising of Italy.
employed in appropriate work, and with companions of congenial souls. And the order was accordingly given : and the fiends of Italy obeyed--and lost but little time in pursuing their gloomy course o'er the Mediterranean waters. The original intention was not however fully carried out; the leader had other work prepared for the ruin of those doomed Spirits on the African shore-and a portion only of the legion was permitted to arrive on the soil of Ireland, to diffuse the exhalations of its deadly venom among the children of the Gael. And then the whole herd of those who had imbibed that spirit, and allowed themselves to be led by the arts of the insurgent leader, were found rushing in a little time, down the precipice of the Geraldine commotions, to perish in the waters of that miserable and unhappy rebellion :leaving above them, where they sunk to rise no more, no
tular of Ar
A.D. 1 585,
monument to mark their fate, save the widening eddies of the silent barren tide of rancorous and unkindly passions, diversified with fitful ebullitions of more noisy and active character, like bubbles gurgling up from the depths of the abyss, in the form of plots, and assassinations, and occasional outbursts of inflamed fury, and associations of men animated by like spirit, and longing for the return of times when Gregories, Desmonds, and banditti, may struggle in arms to rule the destinies of Ireland once more.
RICHARD CREAGH, concerning whom we have already Notice of R. given full information, is the individual placed next by Creagh, tiMr. Brennan in his list of martyrs.
magh. REDMOND O'GALLAGHER, papal bishop of Derry, has also been already noticed on a preceding page; he was, according to Rothe, in the 70th year of his age, when lagher, Derhe was put to death by a band of soldiers; “after having ry, 1601. been literally mangled,” says Mr. Brennan.
EDMUND MAGAURAN, titular primate, has been al- E. Magauready noticed at p. 1236 sup. Mr. Brennan will have it ran, AT: that it was near Armagh he was killed, in 1598, while in magh, 1594. the act of hearing
the confession of a dying man. CORNELIUS O'DOANE, “bp. of Down and Connor,” C. O'Du. suffered, we are told, about the same time: he died, ane, Down, " after having been put on the rack," says the same author, during the administration of Arthur Chichester.*
After notices of the above, Mr. Brennan pursues his account of the other prelates who belonged to the same company, in the following terms, (p. 123.)
“To these might be added a lengthened catalogue of
* See Rothe, in Proc. Martyr. Catalogus.
Summary, prelates, who escaped the sword, but were still more account of
grievously persecuted or driven into exile. Among these certain other titular sufferers are named EDMUND TANNER, Bishop of Cork prelates of and Cloyne; Tuomas O'HERLIHY, Bishop of Ross ;
THADDEUS O'FERRALL, Bishop of Clonfert ; and Hugh age.
Lacy, Bishop of Limerick. These Prelates lay concealed amidst the caverns of the mountains, and thus escaped the fury of their pursuers. MAURICE FITZGIBBon, the predecessor of DERMOT O'HURLEY in the see of Cashel, became an exile and died in Spain about the year 1580. NICHOLAS SKERRET Archbishop of Taam, after having been flogged and incarcerated, withdrew to the kingdom of Portugal, and died at Lisbon in 1583. PETER POWER Bishop of Ferns, became a suffragan to the Archbishop of Compostella, and died an exile in Spain in 1587. Thomas STRONG Bishop of Ossory, became also a suffragan to the same archbishop, and died at Compostella in 1601. MORIART: O'BRIEN Bishop of Emly, died in the prison of Dublin in 1586. RICHARD Brady of the order of St. Francis and Bishop of Kil. more, after having been incarcerated for a length of time, maimed and tortured, died at a very advanced age near Multifernam in the County of Westmeath.” [Then are enumerated certain priests alleged to have suffered similar hardships.)
Notices of Pursuing our subject into the early part of F. Conroy the 17th century, the only titular prelates of Rothe. Ireland belonging to this period who require to
be specially noticed here, as men of eminence for their character and attainments, are FloRENCE Conry, named Archbishop of Tuam, and DAVID ROTHE, called Bishop of Ossory, with the names of both of whom the reader of this