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are made into tippling rooms for beer, wine, and tobacco, demised all to popish recusants, and by them and others so much frequented in time of divine service, that though there is no danger of blowing up the assembly above their heads, yet there is of poisoning them with the fumes. The table used for the administration of the blessed Sacrament in the midst of the choir, made an ordinary seat for maids and apprentices. - This being the case in Dublin, your lordship will judge what we may expect in the country.” Mant, Vol. 1, p. 448. Collier, part II. book ix. p. 760.



A.D. 1614.

Of the titular synod of the province of Lein- Mr. Brenster, holden at Kilkenny in A.D. 1614, of which of the Synod a brief notice is introduced into the text at pp.

of Kil ny, 898, '9, sup., the subjoined more copious account is furnished by Mr. Brennan, (Ec. Hist. of Id. Dub. 1840, Vol. 2, pp. 238, 243,) who gives as his authority the Constitutiones Prov. et Synod. Anno. 1685, (i.e. of the papal clergy in the province of Leinster.)

“In the year 1614 during the intolerant administra- Its resolution of Chichester, a Synod of the Province of Leinster tions relawas held in Kilkenny, attended by the Suffragan (titr.] prelates and at which Eugene Matthews [titr.) Archbishop of Dublin presided. The first Statute refers to the the decrees decrees of the Council of Trent which were to be observed of Trent; with reverence; but whereas there were some ordinances

tive to

ment of

men ;

which in this country could not be enforced, (such as the

decree regarding clandestinity) these are left to the disappoint- cretion of the ordinary. Secondly, besides the Vicar gene

ral a vicar foreign [i.e. a rural dean] is to be chosen in each rural dcans,

deanery, who shall be authorised to preside over the priests

intrusted with the cure of souls. Thirdly, those parishes and officiating ciergy

which remain destitute of a pastor [i.e. probably, where many of the flock rebel against a pastor for having conformed] may be recommended to the clergy of the neighbouring parishes, or the ordinary should if convenient,

procure the temporary assistance of priests from another holy bap- diocese. Fourthly, that the Sacrament of Baptism be no tism;

longer administered by immersion, and that from the

Kalends of October in said year, this sacrament is to be celebration conferred by infusion. Fifthly that in future no priest of the mass ; shall under any pretext or even in case of necessity, pre

sume to celebrate the holy Sacrifice twice on the same

day without a regular license obtained from the ordichalices ; nary, &c. .... Sixthly, from henceforth, no chalices

shall be consecrated that are not made of silver, or at places for

least the cup thereof, together with the paten. Seventhly, worship;

and because the awful circumstances of the times oblige us frequently to celebrate the divine mysteries under the open air,' those places are, on all such occasions to be selected, which shall appear the most safe and becoming; the altar moreover must be covered almost on all sides,

so that it may thereby be sheltered from the inclemency prisoners ; of the weather. Eighthly, [prisoners - not having the

opportunity of a priest' may, if penitent, have the B. marriage; Eucharist sent them privately by a layman, &c.] Ninthly,

(clandestine marriages to be punished with excommunisupply of

cation, banns to be published, &c.] Tenthly, whereas a great scarcity of pastors universally prevails in these days of affliction, it is on that account advisable that the ordinaries confer with the superiors of the regular orders and thereby obtain a supply of priests necessary for the due discharge of the pastoral duties in each diocess. Eleventhly, that the faithful may be well acquainted with Festivals ; the festivals of obligation, it is decreed that the following enumeration of them be published: all Sundays throughout the year, &c., &c. . Twelfthly, the days on Fasting which the faithful are bound to fast are thus enumerated : days, all days in lent except Sundays, &c. &c. Finally and enforcethe respective ordinaries are strictly enjoined to put these Statutes into immediate execution, and cause them Canons. to be diligently observed by all persons within the sphere of their jurisdiction. These constitutions were ratified in the several provincial Synods which were held at subsequent periods in this century, under Thomas Fleming, Peter Talbot, and Patrick Russell, [titr.] Archbps. of of Dublin."


ment of these

Some diversities may be observed between this The above account and that given in the text, neither, it is account probable, being very exact in regard to the words, curate. &c., of the original. Indeed from the inverted commas used under the seventh head here, it would seem that the passage enclosed between them was the only one given by Mr. Brennan from the document in question in its own words.

Among the canons of one of the latter synods Canon of above noticed, held under Archbishop Russell seli, relative (and given by Mr. Brennan at p. 242,) about to the mode A.D. 1685, there occurs one worth noticing here, possession as illustrative of the manner in which the new by the race of priests then coming to occupy the titles Komish of Irish parishes were in the habit, it seems, of A.D. 1685.

securing for themselves the possession of such titular benefices: the Synod enacts ;

“That no priest having possession of a parish for three years, shall on that account presume to acquire a right to that parish without a regular collation obtained from the ordinary, and that all such as have not as yet rereceived a formal collation must procure one within six months or be deposed.",

Some such rule, it seems, was needed for promoting the necessary unity of discipline and organization in the new ecclesiastical system just then arising into being through the country.




The Fa- It might appear invidious, and at least liable thers of the titular

to misconception on the part of the ignorant, if Episcopate we were to give the reader no notice whatsoever in Ireland, why no

of at least the names, of the principal individuals ticed here. who, after the acceptance of the reformed religion

by the Catholic prelates of Ireland in 1560, were the first that received papal nominations to the titular episcopacy of our island; especially as by a certain class of writers in the Roman Church a number of these individuals have been elevated to the martyr's pedestal. We shall therefore endeavour to set down in the present article as full an enumeration as appears attainable, of the names, dates, and places, of the titular prelates who fourished in connection with Ireland, from the period above mentioned to the time of the great Rebellion, of 1644; referring such readers as desire more particular information relative to these persons and their histories, to those authors who have treated more directly of the topic.

The following are the bishops of the new Ro- Mr. Brenman line whose names are given by Mr.

Brennan (vol. 2, pp. 118-124,) as belonging to the latter some of part of the sixteenth century. In our abridged notice of those which are placed first in the list, we retain all the dates furnished by him in connection with them.

nan's account of


DERMOT O’HURLEY, titular archbishop of Cashel; stu- D. O'Hurdied and graduated at Louvain, and at length became ley titr. abp. professor of Canon law in the University there. During Cashel. the pontificate of Gregory XIII. he repaired to Rome, Hanged for and his talents and tastes attracting the notice of that A.D. 1583. pope, he “after some time was by him consecrated and promoted to the archchiepiscopal see of Cashel,” which *. for some years previously to his return from the continent" had been occupied by Miler Magrath. He was taken prisoner at Carrick-on-Suir, and brought up to Dublin, where he was examined for maintaining the

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