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No. LXI.


Immediately in connection with the matter of the extracts from the Hibernia Dominicana comprised in the preceding article, De Burgo continues his narrative in the manner following:

A.D. 1607.

To remove a “XII. But inasmuch as there were some persons who doubt cast (from a desire possibly to deceive the Catholics, lest they on the au

should take occasion hereupon to refuse the oath) were thority of the last spreading rumours in England of a tendency to throw brief, Paul suspicions on the credit of the above letter apostolic, sayV. issues a ing that it was a Brief written not according to the nafresh one.

tural sentiments and proper will of the pontiff himself, but rather at the instance and by the design of others, the abovenamed pope Paul V. took occasion therefore in the following year, and on the 22nd of September once again, to write a second letter, from which the truth of the former might more plainly appear. Of which moreover the contents are as follows ;-[from O'Daly, Relat. Ger. 262–265. Also in Foulis, 528. ]

Second Apostolic Brief of Pope Paul the Fifth.

Beloved children, health and apostolical benediction. The pontiff • Tidings have reached us, that there are found certain

among you, who, after our having declared with suffihis uneasi. ness at the cient clearness, in our letter given in the form of a brief, disrepute

of the 10th of the Kalends of October of last year, that incurred by you could not with a safe conscience take the oath which his first let. was then required of you, and after our having also strictly

commanded you not to take that oath on any account,

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are now presuming to say that such a letter prohibitory of the oath in question was not written of our own natural accord and proper will, but at the instance, and in pur. suance of the designs, of others; And are on this ground endeavouring to persuade the parties concerned, that our commands in the said letter need not be attended to. These tidings have certainly occasioned considerable uneasiness on our part, and the more on this account, that baving had experience of your obedience, our children singularly beloved, who to maintain your allegiance to this holy See, have PIOUSLY AND GENEROUSLY DISREGARDED (sic.) riches, wealth, dignity, liberty, in fine life itself, we never should have suspected that the authority of our letters apostolic could have been called in question among you, as a pretext for securing an exemption from the obligation of our commands. But we recognise herein the craft and scheming of the enemy of man's salvation, to whom, rather than to your will, we are disposed to attribute the origin of this opposition. On these grounds to amend we have determined to write to you again, and once which, he more to intimate to you, that our Letter apostolic prohibitory of the oath, bearing date the 10th of the Kalends ry brief. of October of last year, was written, not only of our own motion and certain knowledge, but also after long and grave deliberation on all matters therein contained; and that you are therefore bound strictly to observe its injunctions, rejecting every interpretation which tends to dissuade you from so doing. This we (who in our solicitude for your salvation do always adopt such views as are favourable to your interests,) declare to be our mere, pure, and full pleasure. And that He who hath been pleased to appoint our lowliness to the guardianship of the Christian flock, may ever illuminate our views and consultations, we do unceasingly desire in our prayers. To whom also we offer our continual supplication, that to you, our children most exceedingly teloved, He may give

writes this confirmato

the increase of Faith, constancy, and mutual charity and peace among yourselves : while to all of you, we for our part present, in all the affection of charity, our very love ing benediction.

Given at St. Mark's in Rome, under the ring of the Fisherman, the Tenth of the Kalends of October, 1607, in the third year of our Pontificate.(Hib. Dom. p. 615.)

Brief note of [XIII. Burke then goes on then to say that these two subsequent letters of the pope so annoyed (torsere) King James, circumstan- that he was obliged to write an apology for his oath, ces, (from professing to shew that he only required such civil obeDe Burgo.) dience as was due to a sovereign, but usurped by the

popes, contrary to the H. Scriptures, Fathers, and Councils. “While King James was occupied in these lucubrations" nearly four years passed away, "without any din of great persecution, though yet at the same time the Catholics were not allowed any very large amount of rest or quiet ;" until 1610, when the deputy Chichester issued a proclamation, forbidding subjects to leave the kingdom, or send their sons abroad, without permission from the deputy or other principal minister of the kingdom ;* and the absent to return. This was issued on July 10th. “ Then it was,” he goes on to say, “that the persecution in Ireland was renewed, and began to rage with increased energy," all kinds of sanguinary tyranny and cruelty being employed, according to his narrative,

(at p. 618,) against the recusant party. continued

The account of the Parliament of 1613 commences at to the time p. 619. The opening, construction, &c. of the house, is of the par described at 621 ; speech of the Romish leader, ib. The

scramble in the house, and desertion of the recusants, at A.D. 1614.

622: the mission to England at 624. “ To supply the travelling expenses," he remarks, “ of these agents, the

liament of

• See an instance at the commencement of No. LXV. inf.

Irish [R] Catholics contribute a large sum of money, in a spirit of the greatest alacrity, and with open hands, as they say; which having been collected by the priests, is transmitted to England to our orators,” ib. Chichester's decree is at p. 625; Chichester summoned into England, 626; acquitted, Feb. 7, 1614, ib. Speech of James to the Irish, in the parliament of England, 627 ; replies and conversation on the subject, ib. 628 ;-immediately after which De Burgo proceeds with the matter given in Art. LXIX. inf.



TO BE HIS VICAR-GENERAL. (From the MS. E. 3, 15 in the MSS. Library, Trin. Coll., Dub.)

P. Lombard,

“ A Commission from Peeter Lumbard archbp. of Ardmaigh to David Roth to

be his Vicar generall in that province, &c. A.D. 1609. “ Peter Lombard, by the grace of God and of the acting on Apostolic See, archbishop of Armagh and primate of all the pretendIreland, to our beloved in Christ, David Roth, Professor ed right of of Sacred Theology, nominated as Protonotary Apostolic Rome to by our most holy father and Lord in Christ, Paul V. now appoint by divine providence pope, greeting: Seeing that ever bishops since the time of our promotion to this dignity of the pri- the whole

throughout matial office, (not indeed for our own merits, but by world," the calling of God, and in accordance with the pleasure, proper motion, and mandate, of him, to whom, among the other prerogatives connected with the highest position in the ecclesiastical hierarchy, belongs the power to appoint bishops thooughout the whole world, that is, the Roman Pontiff, the Supreme Vicar of Christ on earth,

ties to cer

and legitimate successor of B. Peter, prince of the Apos. tles, in the government of the Church of God,) we have, during the period intervening, been detained, by the will and mandate of the said supreme pontiff, in this noble city, occupied continually in business of the bighest im

portance connected with the affairs of the Universal had already Church ;- In order to render what aid and service the granted, as circumstances of the present times, and of matters in the he says, va: realm

of Ireland, allowed, to the interests of the souls of

Christ's faithful ones in that country; we have as well tain priests by our ordinary authority, as in virtue of that which is in Ireland ; delegated to us from the apostolic see, granted such fa

culties as were necessary, beneficial, and convenient for this purpose, to sundry presbyters of grades in the Church, both secular, as they are called, and religious, of divers orders, recommended to us by testimonials of

satisfactory character. all which “But now that you, whose character so highly comcollectively mends itself to the said apostolic see, and its supreme entrusts to pontiff, and to ourselves, are intending to go thither for D. Roth, the sake of benefiting souls, having had satisfactory evi

dence, from your daily conversation and intercourse while we lived together, of your learning, piety, probity, fidelity, zeal, discretion, and prudence; We appoint, constitute, create, depute, and solemnly ordain you, to be our true, certain, legitimate, and indisputable, vicar or procurator, agent, commissioner, and manager, general and special, of all our affairs, in such a sense however, that the generality is not to interfere with the speciality,

nor the speciality with the generality (of the commis. with power sion.) And we concede to you the power of deputing also to ap, and constituting other vicars more special in particular point local delegates of

localities, whether you may have access yourself to those all kinds ; localities or not, and any other officials and administra

tors whatsoever, just as we ourselves might do if we were there present.

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