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know well, that for many years since, Elizabeth was deprived of her kingdom, and all her subjects absolved from their fidelity by the pope ; unto whom He that reigneth in the heavens, the King of kings, hath committed all power, that he should root up, destroy, plant, and build in such sort, that he may punish temporal kings (if it should be good for the spiritual building) even to their deposing; which thing hath been done in the kingdoms of England and Ireland by many popes, viz. by Pope PIUS QUINTUS, GREGORY the thirteenth, and now by
Three biCLEMENT the 8th as it is well known; whose bulls are Rome cited
shops of extant amongst us : I speak to Catholicks, not to fro- in support ward hereticks, who have fallen from the faith of the of his no Roman Church, seeing they are blind leaders of the blind, tions of the and such as know not the grounds of the truth, it is no tholics. marvel that they do also disagree from us in this thing. But our brethren the Catholiques, walking in the purness of the faith, and yielding to the Catholique Church (which is the very pillar of the truth) will easily understand all those things. Therefore it remaineth that the Irish (which adhere to us) do work with us nothing that is against God's laws or their due obedience; nay that which they do, is according to God's word and the obedience which they owe the pope.
Therefore my most beloved, seeing that which you All “ rehave so many years before desired and begged for with maining in prayers and tears; and that now, even now, the Pope, dience of Christ's vicar on earth, doth command you to take armes the English for the defence of your faith; I admonish, exhort, and to be prosebeseech you all, all I say unto whom these letters shall
cuted as he come, that as soon as possibly you can, you come to us unto death.” with your friends and weapons : whosoever shall do this, shall find us prepared, and we will communicate unto them those things which we possess, and whosoever shall (de
spising our wholesome counsel) do otherwise, and remain in the obedience of the English, we will prosecute him as an heretic, and a hateful enemy of the Church, even unto death.
“DON JUAN DE AQUILA."
MILITARY PROCEEDINGS OF OWEN MAC EGGAX.
Death in Of this remarkable ecclesiastic, some notice battle of an has been already taken at p. 835, of the present "apostolic vicar." work; but the subjoined fuller and more original
account of his performances, from Carew's work, (Pacata Hibernia, pp. 366, 367,) will no doubt be interesting and acceptable to the reader:
p. 366. [In the beginning of 1602 Captain Taafe being employed against the insurgents in Carbery, came to action with some of them on the 5th of January, when] “ OWEN Mac EGGAN, (the Pope's Apostolike Vicar so often before mentioned) to put fresh heart into his company, with his sword drawne in one hand, and his portuis and beades in the other, with one hundred men led by himselfe, he came boldly up to the sword, and mainetayned a hot skirmish, untill he was slaine with a shot, whereupon his men (together with a fresh charge of our horse) were so amazed and terrified, partly by his death, and partly by their owne danger, that they brake instantly, and for better expedition throwing away their armes, leaped into the river Bandon, hoping by that
meanes to escape, but that little availed them, for they all for the most part were either killed or drowned in the river.” [120 of them, he adds, were slain on this occasion.]
p. 367. (Having mentioned that after this discomfi- Importance ture “all Carbery was wholly reduced to subjection, no of Mac Egone open traitour remayning therein,” Carew goes on san's over
“ A principall meanes of this suddaine and universall reduction was the death of that traitorly priest OWEN Mac EGGAN, which doubtlesse was more beneficiall to the state, than to have gotten the head of the most capitall Rebell in Mounster, for the respect that was borne unto him (by reason of his authority from the pope) and the credit which hee had obtained in Spaine was so great, as his power was in a manner absolute over them all, and he onely was the meanes of their obdurate obstinacie : his dignity in being the Pope's Vicarius Apostoli- His influcus did hold
them in vassalage unto him, and the livings ence, revegiven him in Mounster by the Pope's grant, were to be nues, and valued (if hee might quietly have enjoyed them) at three patronage thousand pounds per annum. And farther to ingage the Popish clergy of Ireland unto him, hee had power to dispose at his pleasure of all the spirituall livings in the Province of Mounster, by which authority, together with the credit he had gotten with the king of Spain (well testified by the trust committed to him in transporting and disposing the Spanish money, last brought into Ireland) he had obtayned in a manner all power, both over the temporality and spirituality of Mounster, and to depaint him in his true colours, a more malitious traytor against the state and crowne of England, never breathed, His treatwhich well appeared by the barbarous tyranny hee exer- ment of the cised upon his owne countriemen ; for assoong as any pri- loyal Irish. soners were taken (though of his owne countrey, birth, and religion) yet if they had served the Queene, hé
caused them first (in piety as he pretended,) to be confessed and absolved, and instantly in his owne sight) would hee cause them to be murdered, which religious tyranny in him was held for sanctity. The president upon his returne to Corke, employed certaine messengers whom hee might trust, into the countrey to make search in such places as Mac Eggan usually resided, for such bookes and papers as were belonging unto him: divers books of schoole divinity (for the most part) were gotten, all which by the presidents gift fell to my share, and certaine papers amongst the which I will onely insert 3 in this present relation, the first contayning large indulgences, granted by P. Clemens the 8, to such of the Irish, as should beare armes against God's chosen servant, and their annoynted soveraigne the Queene's majesty, the tenor whereof here ensueth.”
[Then follows the Bull of P. Clement, already given in No. XXIX sup.
Secondly, Clement's Letter to H. O'Neill ; given in No. XXX. sup.
And Thirdly, A Bull of Pope Clement for granting spiritual livings unto Owen Mac Eggan; dated Oct. 31, 1595, and directed to “ Dermitius" Bp. Cork (titular)-p. 371.]
ANCIENT PAMINES IX IRELAND
The rebel. lion of E.
Mention has been made in the course of this history of the famines with which Ireland has on
different occasions been visited, as the result of Bruce, and rebellions raised in the country by its inhabitants the ONeills, and their leaders. The notices of these calamities ied with occuring in our historians are truly horrifying ; mines. and would no doubt appear more so, were it not for the degree in which the mind has been familiarised to recitals of a kindred character even in these late years.
Still after all, the accounts given in the following passages, of the famines of E. Bruce and the O'Neills, cannot fail to excite in the mind of the reader a painful and melancholy interest. They are taken, both extracts and references, from Mr. Stuart's valuable History of Armagh :
to acts of
p. 179. “During the residence of this valiant adven- E. Bruce's turer [E. Bruce) in Ireland, the people were visited with followers the complicated miseries of faction, war, and famine.
compelled How wretched must that situation have been which the cannibalannalist in Camden thus describes
ism, • Many were so hunger-starved that in church- A.D. 1315. yards they took the bodies out of their graves, and in their scullst boiled their flesh and fed thereon : yea and women did eat their own children for stark
hunger.' “ This most calamitous famine which seems to have Pembridge's pervaded the whole province [of Ulster) is gravely at- notion of the tributed by the annalist Pembridge to the wickedness cause of of the people who dared to eat flesh in Lent. It is proba- mine.
• Annals apud Camden, p. 177.
Perhaps a kind of vessel.