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from the same; and would have sent them to your majesty by this bearer, but that the ship was not of sufficiency nor strength to carry so noble personages; and

will send them whensoever your highness please. and one be- * So there resteth nothing to quiet this part of the side, of his world, but your majestie's assistance, which I daily exremaining pect. Thus most mighty monarch, I humbly take my wants.

leave, and do kiss your royal hands, beseeching the Almighty of your majestie's health and happiness.

• Your Majesty's most humble

at all command,
*From my camp
the

JAMES DESMOND.'
14th of March, 1599.
A true copy, agreeing with the

original, examined by Thos.
White, Mayor of Waterford.")

Then follows in Foulis another letter, from the same to the same, and of same date, but of less interest. (p. 309 ib.)

No. L.

LEI TER OF HUGH O'NEILL TO THE LORD BARRY, SCOLDING HIM FOR

HIS LOYALTY

Occasion of

A. D. 1599, O. S. A little before the landing the follow of the Lord Deputy Mountjoy in Ireland (on 1.D. 1599. February the 24th, 1599), O'Neill made a journey

into Munster to encourage the decided friends of his cause, take pledges of the dubious, and

the exten

prosecute the loyal with fire and sword, &c. Of the latter class was Lord Barry, whom failing to seduce to rebellion," he preyed, burned and spoiled;" on which occasion he also wrote to him the letter here following ; (from Sir George Carew's Pacata Hibernia. Lond. 1633, p. 20.)

“My lord Barry, your impietie to God, crueltie to O'Neill comyour soule and bodie, tyrannie and ingratitude both to plains

that your followers and country are inexcusable and intolera

sive influble. You separated yourselfe from the unitie of Christ's ence of Lord mysticall bodie, the Catholicke Church. You know the Barry withsword of extirpation hangeth over your head as well as

held many

from disloy. ours, if things fall out other wayes than well; you are alty to the the cause, why all the nobilitie of the South (from the Queen ;East part to the West) you being linked unto each one of them either in affinitie or consanguinitie, are not linked together to shake of the cruell yoake of heresie and tyrannie, with which our soules and bodies are oppressed; all those aforesaid depending of your resolution, and relying to your judgment in this common cause of our Religion and countrey, you might forsooth with their helpe (and the rest that are combyned in this holy action) not onely defend your selfe from the incursion and invasion of the English, but also by God's assistance (who miraculously and above all expectation gave goode successe to the cause principally undertaken for his glorie, exaltation of religion, next for the restauration of the ruines, and preservation of the countrey,) expell them, and deliver them and us from most miserable and cruell

exaction and subjection, enjoy your religion, safetie of Wife and children, life, lands and goods, which all are in hazard, through your folly, and want of due consideration : Enter I beseech you into the closet of your conscience, and like and urges a wise man weigh seriously the end of your actions, and him to rebel, VOL. III.

2 E

take advise of those that can instruct you, and informe you better than your owne private judgment can leade you into. Consider and read with attention and setled minde, this discourse I sende you that it may please God to set open your eyes, and graunt you a better minde. From the Campe this instant Tuesday the Sixt of March according to the new computation. I pray you to send mee the papers I sent you assoone as your Honor shall reade the same.

O'NEALE."

No. LI.

THE LORD BARRY IN REPLY TO THE PRECEDISG, ETC.

acknow.

A.D. 1599.

(Curew, ut sup., pp. 21, 22.) Lord Barry “ Your letters I received, and if I had answered the gratefully same as rightfully they might be answered, you should ledges his

have as little like therof as I should mislike or feare any obligations thing by you threatned against me; (which manner of to her Ma- answere, leaving to the construction and consideration jesty. of all those that are fully possessed with the knowledge

of the law of duetie to God and man.) You may under. stand hereby briefly my mind to your objections, in this manner ; How I am undoubtedly persuaded in my conscience, that by the law of God and his true religion I am bound to hold with her majestie : Her highnesse hath never restrained me for matters of religion, and as I felt her maiesties indifferencie and clemencie therein, I have not spared to releeve poore Catholikes with duetifull succour, which well considered, may assure any well disposed mind, that if duety had not, (as it doth) yet kindnesse and courtesie should bind me to remember and requite to my power, the benefits by me received at her maiestie's

purpose to

hands : : you shal further understand, that I hold my lordships and lands, immediately under God, of her maiestie and her most noble progenitors, by corporall service, and of none other, by very ancient tenour ; which service and tenour, none may dispence withall, but the true possessor of the Crowne of England, being now our Soveraigne His honest Lady Queene Elizabeth. And though yee by some over weening imaginations, have declined from your dutiful continue in allegeance unto her highnesse; yet I have setled myselfe

his duty. never to forsake her: Let fortune never so much rage against me, shee being my anointed prince, and would to God you had not so farre raune to such desperate and erronious wayes, offending God and her maiestie: who hath so well deserved of you, and I would pray you to enter into consideration thereof, and with penitent hearts to reclaime yourselves hoping that her Highnesse, of her accustomed clemency, would be gracious to you, wherein I leave you to your owne compunction and consideration. And this much I must challenge you, for breach of your He charges word in your letter, by implication inserted that your forces have spoiled part of my countrey, and preyed them with falseto the number of foure thousand kine, and three thousand

robbery. mares and gerrans, and taken some of my followers prisoners, within the time by you assigned unto mee to come unto you. by your said word (if yee regard it) I require restitution ofė my spoile, and prisoners, and after (unless you bee better advised, for your loyalty) use your discretions against me and mine, and spare not if you please, for I doubt not, with the help of God, and my prince, to bee quit with some of you hereafter, though now not able to use resistance: And so wishing you to become true and faithfull subjects to God and your prince, I end. at Barry Court this twenty sixe of February 1599.”

In this correspondence, Lord Barry as a Bri- Note on the tish subject uses the old style, the new not having Epistle and

O'Neill

the preced been at that time as yet introduced into these

countries, while the insurgent leader on the contrary makes use of the Roman style. This accounts for the above letter appearing to have an earlier date than that in the preceding article. According to the new style, Lord Barry's date should have been March the 7th, 1560, (adding ten days as the correction then required in the year, and bearing in mind that 1600 was a leap year.)

No. LII.

LETTER OF O'NEILL, JAMES, THE 'SUGAN EARL,' ETC. TO THE POPR.

(From Carew's Pacata Hibernia, pp. 175, 176. A very corrupt copy of the same is given by Foulis in his work.)

H. O'Neill, “ Most holy father, seeing that we have been roused &c. profess of late years by the providence and will of God, to make their deter- exertions for the recovery of this kingdom from the restore their sorely oppressive yoke of the English, who have now for country to many ages overspread the face of religion and of the counpapal bond- try with tyranny and violence; and that we have now,

after exhausting many perils, been at length successful A.D. 1600.

in shaking off that yoke for the most part; we would explain to your Holiness that our first and principal care

age,

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