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peculiar affection, for the constancy of their fervent devotion, and their sincere and inviolable attachment to the Catholic religion, and the Church of Rome, manifested by them on so many occasions : under the influence of which motives we are so much the more sensibly affected at the vexations and afflictions of the said kingdom, and anxious, as much as in us lies, to provide at once for the liberty and peace of the people, as far as their persons are concerned, and at the same time for the salvation of their souls.

“ Accordingly, as we have recently learned, to our says he is exceeding great and heartfelt sorrow, from that excel- very sorry lent and eminent person, JAMES GERALDINE,,Lord of to have Kiericourithy, and governor general of Desmond in the their sad absence of the Earl of Desmond, - what numberless and condition ; bitter hardships good men are there suffering, for their love to the orthodox faith, and in defence of the true religion, from ELIZABETH, who, hateful alike to God and man, domineers with proud and impious rule in England and in that island of Ireland ; and as the said James, influenced by zeal for the house of God, and his desire for the restoration of our holy religion, and by those principles of patriotism, courage, and magnanimity, with which nature has endowed him, is proposing with the Lord's help, to shake off from your necks a yoke of slavery so cruel and insupportable, and is hoping that he shall find many to aid him in a design and effort of such godly tendency; WE begs them in therefore admonish and exhort you all and singular, by the the name of bowels of the mercy of God, that recognising the season

resist the ableness of this opportunity, you will each according to “Althy his power, give your strenuous aid in support of the piety Elizabeth ; and fortitude of such a leader, and not be afraid of a woman, who having been long ago bound with the chains of an anathema, and still increasing in her filthiness, has departed from the Lord; and the Lord has departed from her, and many calamities shall overtake her, accord. ing to her deserts. VOL. III.

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promising “And that you may be enabled to engage in this busi

ness with the greater alacrity, to all and singular who much favor as they

being contrite and confessing, or having the intention of could win confessing, shall follow the said general and his army, by slaugh- and join themselves thereto, for the asserting and defend. tering Turks ;

ing of the Catholic faith ; or who shall aid this expedition and his holy purpose with counsel, countenance, provisions, arms, or in any way or by any means whatsoever, we do grant and bestow by our apostolic authority a plenary indulgence and remission of all their sins, in the same form as is commonly granted to those who set out for the wars against the Turks, and for the recovery of the Holy Land; any of our apostolical constitutions and ordinances, or other laws whatsoever, of a contrary ten.

dency, notwithstanding, and pro

“ And in order that these letters may with more speed vides for the and facility come to the knowledge of all concerned, our publication pleasure is that copies thereof, manuscript or printed, of this Epis- and attested by the hand of a notary public, and by the

seal of a church dignitary, shall be received with the same credit and confidence, as would be reposed in these presents, if they were exhibited or shewn.

“Given at St. Peter's in Rome, under the seal of the fisherman, the 25th day of February, one thousand, five hundred and seventy-seven.

“SEPTIMIUS Pacis, Apostolic



The above document is given in Phelan's Remains, vol. ii. page 204, with this reference, “ Evidence of his Grace the Abp. of Dublin, Lords Report, 776_" taken on the 13th of May, 1825, published separately by Tims, Grafton-street, Dublin, in the same year. For the original authority in the British Museum, (Lansdowne MSS.) See Art. 47, inf. 1265




transacA.D. 1579.

That such a wild military leader as the insur- J. Fitzmaugent chieftain, James Fitzmaurice, should have rice a dealer been considered at Rome a trusty and prudent tical as well

as political counsellor in matters relating to ecclesiastical appointments, will perhaps, at first sight, appear tions, a little odd; but may surprise us the less when we bear in mind, what were looked upon as the proper duties of a Roman ecclesiastic in those days, and how much of the military character was, in Ireland and elsewhere, necessarily involved in them. Pope Gregory's high opinion of James Fitz Maurice, indicated strongly in the preceding Bull, will be further evident from the letter here following, (extracted from Burke's Hibernia Dominicana, chap. LXXXIII. pp. 872, 873,) which is also interesting as illustrative of the method employed in those days for settling or disturbing Church affairs in Ireland, by Roman pontiffs, in conjunction with Irish insurgents.

“From the Letters of Cardinal Ptolemy Galli, entitled

of Como,* Secretary of State to Pope Gregory XIII. of holy memory, &c.

" To my lord James Geraldine. C. Galli “ Illustrious lord, in brotherly regards. Your lordbegs to have ship is aware what a very anxious interest our most holy the benefit lord [Gregory] takes in the affairs of Ireland ; espefor the pope, cially in such matters as pertain to the conservation of relative to the relics of the Catholic Faith, and the promoting of certain epis- the salvation of souls in that realm. But while his copal appointments.

Holiness is giving the subject his attentive consideration, and is of opinion that it is extremely necessary at the present time to provide proper pastors for those churches which have been destitute of them for this long time past, and in which, either in compliance with the popular will, or even with consent of the temporal lords of those districts where they are situated, the Catholic religion may be easily restored and maintained; he has nevertheless been unwilling to come to any decision relative to this matter, until he should ascertain what might be the judgment of your lordship, and of the bishops of Cork and Ross, (in whose faith and piety he reposes a deserved confidence,) relative, as well to the churches aforesaid, as also to those persons who may be found competent for the government of them, whether in the

island, or beyond its limits. A list of can. “Your lordship therefore will please be careful to didates is

write back word, as soon as possible, intimating what forwarded to J. Fitz- may be your sense and opinion of this matter; which maurice for that you may be able to do the more satisfactorily, we his conside- send you a list of the names of sundry individuals that ration.

have been recommended to his Holiness. You will also be good enough to have the letters, which we have given directions for sending along with these, conveyed to the bishops of Cork and Ross aforesaid, and to have the an

.“ An episcopal city in the Duchy of Milan." Burke.

swer afterwards transmitted to us. On other topics I have nothing to add, save only that our prayers are of fered unceasingly to God for the welfare and peace of all of you.

Good health attend your lordship, to whom I heartily commend myself. Rome, the 6th day of April, 1579."

This letter therefore was written in the same year in which Fitzmaurice met with his death.



nal Letters.

The following remarkable document is here This letter given, as copied from the “ Original Letters il- published in lustrative of English History," of H. Ellis, Esq., lis's OrigiF.R.S., &c., 2nd series, vol. 3. Lond. 1827; in which it occurs as Letter CCXVI., pp. 92 seqq., with the title, “ Father Sanders the Jesuit to the Catholic Nobility and Gentry of Ireland to stir them to rebellion."

p. 94. “To the righthonorable and Catholike Lords A.D. 1580. and Worshipfull Gentilmen of Irland, N. Sander, D. of Divinitie wisheth all felicitie,

“Pardon me I beseche you, if upon just cawse I use Sanders the same words to your honors and worships, which abuses the S. Pawle wrote somtyme to the Galatians : Who hath Irish for

their loyalty enchanted you, not to obey the Truthe ?' for if you be to the not bewitched, what meane you to fight for hæresie against the true faith of Christ, for the Devil against

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