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hoped, be found useful for setting the entire subject in a more clear and unambiguous light than that in which it has hitherto for the most part been regarded.

On the renunciation of his authority and supre- A titular macy by the lawful bishops of Ireland in 1560, gradually the pope of course, as has been already stated, set up in all

quarters. appointed other prelates from time to time, to the titles of different sees in Ireland ; until at length some sort of regular succession, on a new foundation, was established in each, and every bishopric began to have its titular prelate. Of these worthies the reader will find some further notices in the articles which follow; and especially in that which comes next in order, Nos. 65-68, inf., No. 55, &c.

The bishops of the Irish Church in those days Character of were not, it must be confessed, in all cases, very who lived in high-minded or exemplary characters, or such as

the age re

ferred to in a candid historical writer can describe with feel- this Article. ings of satisfaction. The worldliness and servility of their spirit is in many instances a matter established by only too plain evidence. Too many of them were a discredit, rather than a strength, to the cause of the Reformation. Of John Lynch, bishop of Elphin, for instance, who succeeded on the death of Thomas Chester in 1583, we are told, that after having reduced the value of the see, by alienations and other corruptions, to an

income of 200 marks per annum, he resigned his post, and died “ a public papist” in 1611. And Bishop Bramhall complains, in 1633, of “the ugly oppressions of that wicked bishop Melerus," viz. Miler Magrath, who departed this life at the advanced age of 100 years, in December, 1622, and who also is said to have died a Romanist. He governed the see of Cashel “for 52 years and three months, during which time he made most scandalous wastes and alienations of the revenues and manors belonging to it.” And so in other cases, as that of Ferns above, &c. p. 1214. But such offences of these men could not annul their authority, nor transfer it to others; nor are the effects of the Reformation to be judged of, nor its genuine fruits expected, from persons born and bred in the bosom of the Church of Rome.*




Romish au- It is to be regretted that the members of the thors not luminous on

modern Hiberno-Romish communion have done this topic.

• Strafford's Letters, 172. Harris's Ware, in the Archbishops of Cashel O'Sullivan Hist. Cath. Ib., fol. 92, and Mr. Brennan's Ec. Hist. ii. 111-116, where any reader particularly interested about Meiler, will find his life and death largely discoursed upon.

but little in their publications to throw any light of learned research on the origin, history, or succession of their new hierarchy. For the subject, although certainly not a very advantageous one for them to enter much into, is by no means unworthy of the careful attention of all who take an interest in the history or welfare of the Irish Church. The only works by any Irish members of the Church of Rome which I have been able to meet with on this subject, or treating of it even partially, are these :

1. Mr. Dalton's account of the Bishops and Mention of Archbishops of Dublin; in which, after giving the in which in lives of the prelates in the true and legitimate telligence succession of that see, from Donatus in the 11th regarding it. century, to Archbishop Whately, its present occupant, he subjoins an enumeration of the titular archbishops of the same diocese, commencing with Matthew de Oviedo.

2. Mr. Brennan's Ecclesiastical History of Ireland, in which is contained a history of the Church of Rome in Ireland, subsequently to the date of the Reformation, forming the latter part of the work, with notices of the titular prelates of Ireland, and of those of Armagh in particular, continued to the present age.

And 3rdly, The Complete Catholic Directory, in which we find a unique attempt to set forth, in a tabular view, the pretended succession

Mr. Stuart's contributions to the study.

of the modern Romish Church in Ireland. For more on the Synopsis alluded to, see No.68, infra.

Mr. Stuart however, author of the valuable Historical Memoirs of the city of Armagh," and a protestant writer, has furnished us with much fuller and more satisfactory information concerning the titular prelates of the diocese with which his book is more immediately connected. And to his useful work we are indebted (as will appear from the references) for the subjoined notices of the bishops in this series who came after Creagh, commencing with E. Mac Gauvran. In the same work Mr. Stuart refers* to an “ Appendix to the Life of St. Patrick (p. 319) edit. Dub., by H. Fitzpatrick, A.D. 1810," as containing “the only printed list of the Roman Catholic Archbishops of Armagh" which he had ever seen.

In the excellent Ordnance Memoir of the Hismation as to tory and Antiquities of the city of Londonderry diocese in is contained a brief, but not uninteresting, account

of the Romish intruders into that see, from the time of Terence O'Donelly, (about A.D. 1720) the first Romish prelate whose name is recorded in

Some infor

the Ord. nance Me moir.

* Ch. 20, p. 352. See " the Life of S. Patrick, Apostle of Ireland, to which is added Saint Fiech's Irish Hymn, also a copious appendix of the various ecclesiastical institutions, &c. in Ireland. "By P. Lynch, Secretary to the Gælic Society. Dublin: Printed by T. Haydock and Son, 8, Lower Exchange-street, next door to the Chapel, 1828. Entered at Stationers' Hall, 12mo. pp. 328." Fitzpatrick's work above cited seems to have been an Edition of this work of Lynch's, published in 1810.

connection with it subsequently to the accession of King James in A.D. 1603.



(ROBERT WAUCOP, called also Venantius, might in a sense be R. Waucop regarded as the first of these personages, having been appointed by the a precursor pope, and received by a so called general council for primate of Ire- of the new land. But as he was entirely rejected by the Irish Romanists, and as succession moreover the lawful prelates of Ireland had not finally cast off the of Irish Roman yoke in his day, it seems that we shall be more correct in re- primates. garding Richard Creagh, the first papal claimant of the primacy of this island after the Reformation under Elizabeth, as the proper apostle and tutelary saint, the modern Patrick, of the new Roman communion in Ireland. Waucop however, as being a kind of precursor of the system, and at least a candidate, in the papal interest, for the office, should not be wholly omitted from this catalogue; in which accordingly we may add one or two particulars concerning him to those already noticed in the text of this work.

It appears that it was prior to his appointment to the titular pri- Date of his macy that he had, under the patronage of Pope Paul III., introduced introduction the order of Jesuits into Ireland. This service, performed by him in of the JeA.D. 1541, must no doubt have been a strong recommendation in his suits. favour, to procure him so high a rank among the friends and supporters of the Romish cause in this country.

In Lent, 1545, we find Waucop holding private communication, in Donegal, with the French ambassador to Scotland, O'Neill, O'Dogherty, and others, relative to the invasion of Ireland, and throwing off the English yoke. While on a visit with O'Dogherty " the ambassador met in secret with O'Neill and his associates, and heard their offers and overtures. And the Patriarch of Ireland did meet him there, who was a Scotchman born, called Waucop, and was blind of both his eyes, and yet had been divers times at Rome, by his post. He did great honour to the ambassador," took him to see St. Patrick's Purgatory in Lough Derg, &c.

• Stuart's Armagh, p. 235.

| Sir J. Melvill's Memoires, pages 8 and 9. Lond. 1683. De Falkirk's Annals of Irish Popery No. II. p. 15.

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