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Tower by Henry, and was now said to have effected his escape.

Simnel accordingly (p. 205 ib.) came to Dublin, and His receptold his story to the Lord Deputy Kildare, who believed tion in Dubor affected to believe it. And the people readily commisserated his alleged sufferings, and treated him with kindness and respect, regardless, in the impulse of the moment, of the prior claims of Edward's daughter. A great majority of the nobility, gentry, and people, joined Simnel; and Kildare presently summoned a council which declared itself satisfied as to the claims of this pretender to royal origin; within a few days after which he was crowned as Edward VI.

In the midst of this almost general defection Octa- Conduct of vian stood firm in his allegiance (p. 206) to King Henry; Octavian; and continuing to regard Simnel as an impostor, wrote to magh, at this the pope to express to him that he was convinced of crisis. this; whereupon the pope granted to King Henry a bull he gets a dated the 6th of the Kalends of April, in which all bi- bull aimed shops were commanded to excommunicate rebels, when- at the ever the king should require them to do so; which after- king's enewards proved very useful to Henry VII.

(p. 207.) In May, 1486, Simnel was crowned in Coronation Christ Church, in presence of the Lord Deputy, &c. of Simnel. The Archbishop of Armagh remonstrated and refused to be present, ceasing also to associate with Kildare or his party any further

Simnel after this proceeded with his Irish forces to His overthe invasion of England, but was entirely defeated and throw. his army routed at the battle of Stoke, June 30, 1487. Having been himself taken prisoner, he was by way of ridicule of his pretensions appointed a turnspit in the royal kitchen, (Stuart, p. 208,) but after raised to the more dignified position of falconer to the king.

(p. 209.) Henry pardoned the Earl of Kildare for his The Earl of part in this rebellion, and continued him in his office of Kildare parLord Deputy of Ireland. VOL. III.




A statement Ware says that the Archbishop of Armagh also was of Ware's

pardoned among the rest; which however seems to be a on this mat ter consi- mistake, as Octavian was opposed to Simnel from the dered. first. Moreover the delinquent ecclesiastics were obliged

to take an oath of allegiance to King Henry, before they could be absolved from an excommunication which he had caused under the pope's bull to issue against them. Ware gives the names of the prelates and ecclesiastics who took the oath and were absolved, in July, 1488, and Octavianus is not among them. On the contrary he was employed in administering the oath of allegiance on the 26th of the said month to various individuals that had been partizans of Simnel.

(Vid. Bacon's Life of Henry VII., p 583, &c. Lond.

1706. Ware's Annals, Henry VII. Cox, Vol. 1, &c.)] Archbishop In connection with the name of Archbishop Fitz Fitz Simon permitted

Simon, (which has furnished occasion for the preceding by parlia- observations,) there is another circumstance on record ment to col- which seems worth noticing in this place; and which late Irish clerks to

will be sufficiently explained to the reader from the tenor of an act, (2nd Richard 3,) passed in the year 1484, to

the following effect ;-“That whereas divers benefices of two years. ye Dioe of Dublin are situated among Irish enemies, of

which ye advowsons belong to ye Abp. of Dublin, in right of his see, and as no Englishman can inhabit ye said benefices, and divers English clerks, who are enabled to have cure of souls are not expert in ye Irish language, and such of them as are expert disdain to inhabit among ye Irish people, and others dare not inhabit among them, by which means divine service is diminished, and the cure of souls neglected, It is therefore enacted that Walter Fitz Symond Abp. of Dublin may for two years collate Irish clerks to ye said benefices, without any impeachment from ye king, bis heirs, officers, or ministers, any act to ye contrary, notwithstanding, provided such beneficers be sworn to allegiance.”

certain benefices for

Again, (8 Hen. 7) this Abp. had ye same privilege granted him in general by another act of parliament. Rolls. (See the MS. additions in the copy of Harris's Ware above-mentioned, at p. 1101.)

I Polydore Virgil (Hist. Ang. p. 677, ed. 1578) says Archbishop that Hugh Hynk“ had put the kingdom in as goodľa Inge's efcondition as the untowardness of the wild Irish would suffer him." (H. 346.)

forts to im

prove the

wild Irish.




of the cata

The following list of the prelates who from Character the time of St. Patrick have successively occu- logue of pied the chief see of Ireland, is taken, like the names here

given. preceding one, from Ware's works, as edited by Harris, Dublin, 1739. It must however be confessed that the chronology and other particulars relating to the names which occur in the former part of the list are somewhat uncertain, and open to question. As being however the most complete enumeration attainable from the best sources, the catalogue cannot but be regarded as interesting and valuable.

Ref. to page

in Hurris's Ware. Patrick, A.D. 445. Resigned 455, appointing

(1, 21) S. Binen, 455. Resigned 465 ..

(34) Jarlath, 465, ob. 482

(35) Cormac, 482-497

(36) Cormac is said (in the Vit. Tripartita S. P.) to have visited

Connaught (where he had been educated by the bishops Domnal, Comitius, Connetus, and Darbon,) in the exercise of his

primatial power. Dubtach I., 497-513 .. Ailild I., 513-526

(37) Ailild II., 526-536 Dubtach II., 536–549

(38) David, 548-551

Surnamed Mac Guaire Hua Harannan, some annals at least have him, and make him legate of all Ireland. (Which speaks

not much for their credibility.]
Feidlimid, 551-578
Cairlan, 578–588
Eochaid, 588–598

Senach, 598-610
Mac Laisir, 610-623
Thomian (Mac Ronan) 623–661

“By general suffrage elected," Colgan, AA. SS. 53. He was concerned in the Paschal controversy, but it does not appear on which side. See the fragment of a letter, on this subject, and that of the Pelagian heresy, written by the Roman clergy to Thomian and the other bishops, abbots, and priests of Ireland, in Bed. Ec. Hist. ii. 19

(40) Segere, 661-688 Flan Febla, 688—715 Suibhney, 715—730 Congusa, 730–750 Cele Peter, 750–758 ..

(41) Ferdachry, 758–768 Foendalach, 768. Resigned 771

There are irreconcilable differences in our writers concerning

the succession at this period. Dubdalethy I., 778. Ob. 793

(42) Affiat, 793-794 Cudiniscus, 794—798 :: Conmach, 798–807

At the request of Conmach in 799, the abbot Fothadius drew up a remonstrance against the ohliging of the clergy to attend the royal army on warlike expeditions, which was presented to

the king, and proved effectual for their exemption. Torbach Mac Gorman, 807-808 Nuad Mac Segene, 808-812

(43) Nuad made a visitatorial circuit in Connaught, the first by a bishop of Armagh, since the days of Cormac, the third from

St. Patrick.
Flangus Mac Loingle, 812–822.

Artrigius, 822—833

(43) He visited in 822 the whole province of Munster, being pro bably the first who since the days of St. Patrick had exercised his primatial rights in that district by visitatorial circuit. In 824 he also visited Connaught

The Ulster Annals state that about this period the law of St. Patrick was propagated throughout Murster by Phelim Mac Criffan its monarch, and Artrige Archbishop of Armagh. Ussher thought that this law was a monastic rule, [Primord. 1050,] but Colgan conceived (more correctly it would seem] that it related to the metropolitan jurisdiction, and the power of visiting and exacting certain provisions and dues from the province. The same law was subsequently established in Con

naught. (See Colton's Visn. of Derry, by Reeves.) Eugene (Monaster), 833—834

(45) Farannan, 834–848. Resigned Dermod O'Tigernach, 848-852 Fachtna, 852-874 Ainmire, 874-875

(46) Cathasach Mac Robartach, 875--883 Mælcol Mac Crumvail, 883—885 Mælbrigid Mac Dornan, 885-927 A.D. 889.

A tumult and sedition having been excited in Armagh at the feast of Pentecost, between the Princes of Tirone, (with his people) and Down (with his,) the faction was quelled by the interfere ce of Primate Mælbrigid,

who to punish their marked irreverence towards the Church of God, and their open disrespect of St. Patrick, fined each party 200 oxen, exacted hostages for their future good conduct, and caused six of the most active of "the boys" on each side to be executed on a

gallows. Joseph, 927-936, “prince of Armagh" ..

(48) Mælpatrick Mac Mæltule, "prince of Armagh," 936 Cathasach II , Mac Dulgen, 937—957 Muiredach Mac Fergus, 957. Dep. 966 Dubdalethy II., Mac Kellach, 966-998

He is said by Colgan to have been elected the chief moderator of all St. Columba's congregations in Ireland and in Al

banian Scotia. Murechan, 999. Resigned 1001

(49) Mælmury or Marian, 1001-21

* In his days Brian Boru was slain. Amalgaid, 1021-50

This prelate at the commencement of his primacy made a visitatorial circuit through Munster. He was father of the archbishops Mælisa and Donald, and had for suffragan Mæltu

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