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£15,808, so that the total sum annually received by the Irish bishops and archbishops was £56,361."

not" established" for

The question of little or much is however of The Church small consequence, and need not be enlarged on here ; nor is it one that can properly concern the purpose the House of Commons either, as at present plundered. constituted, any more than the revenues of the titular archbishop of Dublin, or of any Romish hospital, or fraternity, or Methodist college, or “Baptist " missionary society. For however the national establishment of the Church's faith may involve the idea of a peculiar claim to protection and countenance for her from the government of the state, it cannot surely stand, with any rational mind, as a ground for her being pre-eminently a mark for oppression and plunder, such as no other religious community in the realm is expected to endure.

With regard to the notion of the equalization Levelling of clerical income, hinted at in the foregoing clerks de statement, however properly and usefully such a procated. consideration might be introduced into the view of the case put forth by Mr. Hamilton, the idea is of course one which no judicious friend of the Church will ever desire to see realized : and considering how much has been said by wellmeaning men within the Church's pale, and by meddling and mischievous men without, con

cerning the poverty of “the working clergy," “ill-paid curates," and so forth, a working curate of some years' standing will perhaps be excused for telling, (at the close of this subject) those thoughtful individuals, how little the objects of their humane intentions are able to sympathise with such benevolent speculations in their favour. As far as the writer may be permitted to suppose the sentiments of others accordant with his own, he would say for himself and them, “We are no levellers, nor in any such hurry to be rich or comfortable, as to look with jealous and impatient eye on the glebes and benefices enjoyed by our much respected fathers and elder brethren in the ministry of the Lord's flock. They have borne the toils and heat of the day before us, and long may they be permitted to enjoy, if it so please God, whatever increase of dignity or comfort advancing years have brought them. And even if in some cases the profligate abuse of Church patronage, on the part of secular ministers, be employed in prostituting Church dignities and endowments, to seduce and corrupt

for political ends, those few of the sacred order who may be found capable of acting under such influence, let even those who profit by such proceedings enjoy their 'honours and emoluments, as they may find it possible, so long as their fewness continues to bear an effective testimony to the unaltered faithfulness of the great body with which they are connected.”

Nos. XIII.-XVI.

LETTERS OF POPE ALEXANDER III. ON IRELAND

The three following epistles may be found, Notice of (as was stated at p. 533 sup. not.) in the new Niger of edition of Rymer's Federa. But the whole con. Dr. Hearne. tents of the Liber Niger Scaccarii, from which they are taken, have been published at Oxford, 1728, in two small 8vo. volumes, edited by T. Hearne, S.T.P. In this work these letters may be found at pp. 42-48.

No. XIII.-POPE ALEXANDER III. TO THE BISHOPS OF IRKLAND.

“Alexander, bishop, servant of the servants of God, Opening sato our venerable brethren, Christian bp. of Lismore, lutation of legate of the Apostolic See, and Gelasius Armachan.

prelates. Donogh Cashel, Lauce. Dublin, and Catholicus Trianen. [sic] archbps. and their suffragans, greeting and apostolical benediction.

“The sad extent of disorder and crime which stains Abuse of the character of the Irish people, and the manner in the goddess which they have cast off the fear of God and the re- Irish people. straints of the Christian religion, to follow courses fraught with peril to the souls of men, has been made very clear to us from the contents of your letter; although indeed a pretty full account of the case was brought before the notice of the apostolic see in the au

thentic statements of other parties also. Therefore it is that when we understood from your letter how those practices, so contrary to all law, which have prevailed in your country, are now beginning, with the Lord's assis

tance, to disappear under the influence of the power of Henry II. our dearly beloved son in Christ, the illustrious Henry, divinely in. king of the English, (who pressed in his conscience by spired to in the voice of divine inspiration, was led to effect by a

Ireland, ac

concentration of his forces, the subjugation to his own cording to sovereignty, of that savage and uncivilized people who the pope's know nothing of God's law,) we rejoiced exceedingly, notion.

and rendered our boundless thanksgivings to Him who

bestowed on the prince aforesaid so grand a victory and The pon. triumph ;-making request withal in our humble supplitiff's pious cations, that through the vigilant and anxious personal prayers for Ireland.

efforts of the monarch, aided by your hearty co-operation, that lawless and unruly people may be brought to cherish a respect for the divine law, and for the principles of the Christian religion in all its parts and all its bear. ings on every circumstance of their lives; and that you and other ecclesiastical persons may enjoy that honour

and quietness of life, to which you are properly entitled. The bishops Seeing therefore that it behoves you to use your

anxions diligence and friendly efforts in promoting an commanded

undertaking which has been commenced on such pious to assist Henry II. in principles, we command and enjoin upon you brethren, keeping the by this our apostolic writ, that you do, to the utmost savage Irish of your diligence and power, (so far as may comport in order,

with your office, and the privileges of your order) give your assistance to the prince aforesaid, (as being so magnificent a person, and so truly devout a son of the Church,) in maintaining and keeping possession of that land, and in extirpating from it such filthy abominations as are above referred to.

“And if any of the kings, princes, or other persons of communi

that country shall attempt by rash adventure, to con

of Ireland

and to ex

travene the obligation of his oath and fealty tendered to all obstinate the king aforesaid, if on your admonition he shall not rebels with due promptness return to a better mind, let him feel against the stroke of your ecclesiastical censure, enforced by the weight of our apostolical authority, no regard whatsoever being bad to the occasion or excuse which may be assigned. That so you may carry into execution this our mandate in a diligent and effective manner; and that as so generous the aforesaid king is stated to have exhibited a spirit of a friend of pious and benevolent obedience to our wishes, in making the Church. you restitution of the tithes, as well as of your other ecclesiastical dues, and in attending to all matters pertaining to church liberty, so you on the other hand may steadfastly maintain for him all privileges belonging to the royal dignity, and exert yourselves as far as in you lies, to have the like maintained by others.

“Dated at Tusculum, Sep. 20."

No. XIV.-POPE ALEXANDER III. TO KING HENRY II.

tion,

“ Alexander, bishop, servant of the servants of God, The opento our son well-beloved in Christ, Henry, the illustrious ing salutaking of the English, greeting and apostolical benediction.

“ It is not withcut very lively sensations of satisfac- The king tion that we have learned, from the loud voice of public praised for report, as well as from the authentic statements of par- cent crusade ticular individuals, of the expedition which you have against the made, in the true spirit of a pious king and magnificent base Irish. prince against that nation of the Irish, (who in utter disregard of the fear of God, are wandering with unbridled licentiousness into every downward course of crime, and who have cast away the restraints of the Christian reliVOL. III.

Q

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