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ing him in fact as less of a plain man, and more of an Esau in his proceedings. Their statement, literally translated from the Irish original, is as follows:

“ A.D. 1221. Jacob Penciail came to Ireland as a legate from Rome, to settle what related to the Ecclesiastical state. And he collected horseloads of gold and silver from the clergy of Ireland by simony; and left Ireland the same year."

Thus far of these “ apostolic” legates for the present.

No. XII.

BULL OP POPE ALEXANDER 111. TO THE SAME HENRY IT. CONFIR

MATORY OF THE PRECEDING (A.D. 1172.)

bull to be

“ Alexander bishop, servant of the servants of God, The opening to our well-beloved son in Christ the illustrious king of salutation. the English, health and apostolical benediction.

“Forasmuch as those grants of our predecessors which Adrian's are known to have been made on reasonable grounds,

enforced are worthy to be confirmed by a permanent sanction; and carried We therefore following in the footsteps of the late vene- into effect, rable pope Adrian, and in expectation also of seeing the fruits of our own earnest wishes on this head, ratify and confirm the permission of the said pope, granted you in reference to the dominion of the kingdom of Ireland; (reserving to Blessed Peter and the Holy Roman Church,

as in England, so also in Ireland, the annual payment of

one penny for every house ;) to the end that the filthy in order to practices of that land may be abolished, and the barbaabolish the rous nation which is called by the Christian name, may filthy barbarity of the through your clemency attain unto some decency of

manners; and that when the Church of that country, Church. which has been hitherto in a disordered state, shall have

been reduced to better order, that people may by your means possess for the future the reality as well as the name of the Christian profession.”

Irish

This Bull and the preceding may be seen in the original, with notes and references to authorities, in Ussher's Sylloge, Nos. 46 and 47.

No. XXXVI.

ON THE EIGHTH ACT OP THE CASUEL SYXOD.

Old English version of the 8th act of the Synod of Cashel.

Allusion has been made at p. 520, not. sup to the translation of the 8th act of the Cashel Synod given in the old English version of Giraldus. The passage as there given I could only refer to from memory, (not having the MS. within my reach,) when that note was going to press. But having since transcribed it from the original, I am enabled to subjoin it in this place, viz. :

“ The 8 that all men and women worshipe holy

Churche and ofte goe to churche and holye church in all sarvice be governede one the manner that is in England.”—Gir. MS. F. 4. 4, (in T.C.D.) p. 24.

This

appears after all to refer to the service and worship of the Church.

No. XXXVII.

SOME ACCOUNT OF THE TITHES AND OTHER CHURCH PROPERTY IN

IRELAND

Church property a

*

There are few topics perhaps which furnish Irish for the harangues of the rash and the malicious more fruitful matter for statements full of un

favourite

subject with blushing effrontery, profligate mendacity, and conceited unmitigated and obvious nonsense, than that of and ignorant the Church establishment of Ireland. The af- politicians; fair is confessedly in an unsatisfactory state. It has perplexed many wise and good and well-informed statesmen ;-and yet the hair-brained captain—the pampered slavedealer of the cotton mill—the fat-headed stockbroker-the designing revolution-monger of every class, Romish, dissenting, or infidel, and every other political quack-doctor_is ready with his plan of parliamentary tinkering, for the settlement of the case, if only you will give him leave to work at it in his own way. It is true that neither bob

VOL. III.

bins, nor parade, nor steam-shares, nor even reform clubs, are the objects most likely to furnish and prepare the mind for so serious an undertaking; but however, although knowing little more of the matter than he does of the tenantright or sanitary condition of the inhabitants of the remote side of the moon, each is confident of his powers ;—no Morison, Perry, nor Holloway, more so. Each is there with his pack down, ready for opening. “Just let him but hammer at the vessel half an hour ; patch this corner; clip that ; smoothen the other; and you'll see what a nice job he'll make of it. It will be a complete new thing. You wouldn't know it to

be the same.” who find it Unfortunately however for the development

of the abilities of these no less talented than unmanage- well-informed individuals, “there are difficulties able study.

in the way.” Very old ones too. For it is now some 3300 years since that eminently renowned and zealous political jobber, the Son of Beor, from the mountains of the East, was anticipated in the perception of some of them by the longeared quadruped on which he rode forth to his crusade against the Church of God. “There are difficulties,” which must force even the most recklessly compliant and unscrupulous of whig generals to curb and muzzle, as may be possible, the turbulent and unprincipled band of his fero

however
a somewhat

cious retainers. 6. There are difficulties”-and will be, thank heaven--until the Church's own unfaithfulness, or need of chastisement, give occasion for their providential removal. To enter at any length here into the difficult Extent of

the subject. and complicated subject of the ecclesiastical property of Ireland, its glebes and see lands, tithes and ministers' money-their several origins, and the changes to which they have been subjected -reduced at one time to a low condition by war or legislative plunder, and again rising to prosperity under more friendly auspices—their transmission from hand to handand the heads of the civil enactments which from age to age have altered their values, or otherwise affected their general circumstances, however useful such an essay might be, would be of course utterly impossible here. We may however profitably introduce a few notices and statements of a general kind, likely to prove useful to the unlearned, as enabling them to comprehend better the force of the misrepresentations commonly current in connection with this subject.

The CHURCH LANDS of Ireland were in their First origin origin the fruits of the voluntary system, a valu- lands in Ireable adjunct (however insufficient as an exclu- land. sive source of income) to other means of supporting a religious establishment. By such

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