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A. D, 1165.

End of the

A.D. 1155 (p. 205.) “Terdelach king of Conacht in Annals of

Ireland died " Caradoc.

p. 206. “ At this time Caradocos Lhancarvan endeth

his collections." A. D. 1155.

A.D. 1157 (p. 208.) “Roger Earle of Clare came to Roger, Earl of Clare, ob

the king (Henry II.) and desired his highnesse to give tains a grant him such lands in Wales as he could win, which the king of lands in granted. Then he came with a great army to Caerdi2.0.1 157 ; gan,”, (fortified various castles for himself, &c., which

were however shortly after demolished by Rees and the

Welsh. 209.] which after

A.D. (p. 220.) “ The Lord Rees . . . entred the taking pos lands of Roger de Clare, Earle of Gloucester ... and them, he

in short time ... brought all Caerdigan to his loses again subjection.” Movements

Å D. 1165 (pp. 222, 223 ) “Then ... the king came of Henry 11. the third time towards North Wales, intending to have his at this time armie conveied by sea, and to land in some convenient noticed.

place of the countrie, and so he came to Chester, and there laie a certeine time till all his navie was gathered together, as well hired ships of Ireland as his owne, and upon the sudden he brake up his campe, and gave both

ships and men leave to depart. The same yeare Rees Expulsion prince of South Wales laid siege to the castle of Aber

teivi and wan it . . . at which time he took prisoner

Robert the sonne of Stephen (his coosen germane]. . . rough from the king

About the same time Dermot the son of Murchart was

chased out of his dominion in Ireland, and went to NorLeinster.

mandie to king Henry for succour.” Commence

A.D. 1167. *** This yeare Robert the sonne of Stephen ment of the Anglo-Nor- constable was released out of his cousins the Lord Rees man luva- his prison, and was sent to Ireland with a great power sion of Ire- to succour Dermot son to Murchart, who landed at Loch land

Garmon,* and wan and so went forward.” A. D. 1167.

i.e. Wexford. See p. 497 of the present work. It will be observed that the years as noted in this Welsh Chronicle disagree with the correct ones as there given.

of Dermot Mac Mur

dom of

* This Robert Fitz Stephen, Moris Fitzgerald his brother, and their nephues Robert Meyler and Raymond, with an armie of Welshmen under the conduct of Richard Strangbow Earle of Strigule were the chiefe captaines and dooers in the conquest of Ireland, when it was first reduced under the subjection of the crowne of England.(Powel.)

A.D. 1169 (p. 229.).“ Also Richard Strangbowe Earle Rd. Strongof Strigul went to Ireland without the king's leave, and bow's expemarried the daughter of Dermot king of Dublyn; where- Ireland. fore the king seased all his lands in England to his own A. D. 1169. hands, and Dermot died shortly after and was buried at Ferna.”

Eod. (pp. 230, 232.) “ Then the king called his nobles Proceedings to consult about the enterprise of Ireland which had of Henry II. beene before determined to be taken in hand. To this to and conconsultation came messengers from Richard Strangbowe, nected with Earle of Strigule, Marshall of England : to deliver to his expedithe king's hands the citie of Dublyne and the towne of tion to Ire

land. Waterford, with such other townes as he had by the right of his wife: whereupon the king restored to him again his lands in England and Normandie, and made him steward of Ireland, and so it was concluded for the kings going to Ireland. When the king was in his journey towards Ireland, the Lord Rees come to the king, who received him to his peace, and confirmed unto him all that he had. Then Rees promised the king towards his conquest of Ireland 300 horses, and 400 oxen, and gave him fourteen pledges. Then the king came to South Wales ; [where some of his proceedings gave occasion to trouble and disturbances in the country, but Henry notwithstanding] kept on his journit to Pen



brooke, and there he gave Rees all Caerdigan, &c.
Then Rees . . . came to Penbrooke in the Calends of
October, and spake with the king. The daie after .
the king went to St. David and . . . dined with the bi-
shop David, the son of Gerald, coosen German to Rees :
whither Richard Strangbowe earle of Strigule come
from Ireland to speake with the king, and after dinner
the king returned to Penbrooke. Within a while after

the morrowe after the feast of S. Luke the Evange

list, the king tooke shipping there, and had faire pasHe arrives sage to Ireland, and so landed at Dublyne, where he laie at Dublin, quietlie that winter. The Christmasse folowing, Henrie and winters there.

the yong king kept a solemne feast, where William S. John procurator of Normandie, and William Fitzhamon seneschall of Brytaine and 110 besides were made knights. In the year 1172 there fell a great plague among the kings souldiours in Ireland, by reason of the change of the aire and victuals, and therefore the king returned and landed at Wales in the Passion week."

It will be at once seen how strikingly these extracts illustrate the portion of our history to which they refer. Many interesting notes and reflections might here be added in connection with this topic. But the length of the extracts themselves is such as to forbid any further enlargement of them by way of comment. Only we may add that as the margin of the chronicle does not include every year of our Lord, but only some of them, the transactions recorded under certain ones of the dates must belong not precisely to that year under which they appear to be given, but occasionally to a subsequent one included between that one and the next occurring in the margin.




A. D. 1122.

The following is the letter of the citizens of Letter of Dublin to Ralph of Canterbury, alluded to at gesses, &c.of p. 433 of this work. It occurs as No. 40 in the Dublin to Sylloge, and is also to be found MS. in the Li- of Canterbrary T.C.D., E. 3, 13, with this heading, “ At bury: the foot of the Collection of Decretals by Isidore Mercator (in the Cotton Library) transcribed shortly after 1125."

“ To the most reverend and most religious Lord, Ralph, archbishop of Canterbury, All the burgesses of the city of Dublin, and the whole body of the clergy, wish eternal health.

“Seeing, holy Father, that a wellearned reputation for The occathe deepest piety gains for you the veneration of multi-sion of their tudes, and that you have secured the esteem and attach- addressing ment of all faithful people by your earnest faith and soundness of doctrine, we judge it to be meet, that we should send over to you, Gregory, by the grace of God our bishop elect, [in order that he may receive consecration at your hands]. For we have ever voluntarily subjected our (prelates] to the control of your predecessors, as remembering that it was from that quarter


that our [chief pastors originally] received their ecclesi

astical dignity. Jealousy of “Know you however for certain, that the bishops of the Irish Ireland entertain towards us the very greatest jealousy, prelates on and in particular that bishop who has his residence at their pro- Armagh, in consequence of our unwillingness to submit ceedings. to their ordination, and our preferring to continue al.

ways in subjection to your authority. We therefore humbly supplicate your assistance in advancing Gregory to the sacred order of the episcopate, if you be disposed any longer to retain the charge of that parish, which we have now preserved to you for this considerable time past. Fare you well.”



Account of The account of the Synod of Kells furnished the Synod in the Irish Annals of the Four Masters, as from “ The published by Dr. O'Conor, although very meagre ters." and unsatisfactory, is not without interest. The

original passage will be found in the Rerum Hibernicarum Scriptores, tom. iii. pp. 770, 774, 775, ad ann. 1151, 1152, (Buckingham, 1826.) In the translation of it here subjoined we follow Dr. O'Conor's Latin version.

Arrival of

“ A.D. 1151. A Cardinal belonging to Peter's vicar, C. Paparo by name Jn. Papiro, came into Ireland, to institute reguin Ireland. lations and ordinances, and to reform all matters accord

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