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In the same MŞ. from which the preceding list is taken, there are given three other lists of the ancient sees of Ireland in the handwriting of Archbishop Ussher. The third which seemed to agree with Ware's, it was thought unnecessary to transcribe for the present article. The other two are those which here follow, and the prefatory note which accompanies them is from the same MS. and the same hand in which they are transcribed.

(List “ In a MS. belonging to the Community of the Friars No. 10.) Minor of Kilkenny, written before the year 1350, I find the two following catalogues of the bishops of Ireland.

“ The second of them is as follows:

“IN THE PROVINCE OF MONSTER.

THE ARCHBISHOP OF CASHEL. 1 Waterfordensis 2 Lysmorensis 3 Cionensis 4 Corkagensis 5 Rossensis 6 Ardfertensis (Kery] (MS.) 7 Lymericensis 8 Laoniensis 9 Imelacensis 10 Fynaborensis .i. Corkumroht

" IN COXXAUGHT THE ARCHBISHOP

OF TUAM. i Duacensis .i. Kylmadoht 2 Enacdunensis 3 Aladensis .i. Kyllaleht 4 Achadensis .i. Ahtranon 5 Maymonensis .i. Mayon 6 Elphinensis 7 Clonfertensis

The former catalogue runs thus :

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" IN LEINSTER THE ARCHBISHOP

OP DUBLIN 1 Fernensis 2 Ossoriensis 3 Lohtlinensis 4 Darensis

“IN ULSTER THE PRIMATR OF

ARMAGH. 1 Mydensis 2 Ardacadensis 3 Clonensis .i. Clonmacnoys 4 Rathbotensis 5 Derensis .i. Dere Columkylle 6 Clokerensis .i. Clokere 7 Conerensis 8 Dunensis 9 Dromorensis .i. Dromor 10 Sonensis .i. Brefeni "(Vulgo Breny: ubi Eps. Kil

morensis. In the Register of Milo Archbishop of Armagh it is called Triburnensis.) Thus in the said vol. fol. 47 &, Vicar of Kylmore, dioc. Triburnen."

“ THE ARCHBISHOP OP DUBLIX. 1 De Glandelaht 2 Fernens. 3 Kilcannich .i. Ossorleng 4 Lehtlinens. 5 Darersis .i. Kildare

"TAB ARCHBISHOP OF CASHEL. " THE ARCHBISHOP OF TUAM, 1 Laonens.

1 Duacens, .i. Kylmadoht : Waterfordens.

2 Enacdurens. 3 Lysmorens.

3 Aladens. .i. Kyldaloht 4 Imelacens.

4 Acadens. 6 Lymricens.

5 Maymonens .i. Mayon & Laoniens. In an ancient re- 6 Elfinens. 7 Corkegens. gister are :- 7 Clonfertens." 8 Clonene, De Insula 9 Rossens. De Cathar 10 Artfertensis De Cellumabracht 11 Finaborensis De Roscre

De Dunaman

In addition to the eleven lists now given to the reader, two others will be found at Articles XXXIX. and XXI. of this appendix ;

and some further illustrations of the subject in Artt. 17, 18, 20, 24, 25 and 48.

When Tarquin the Proud would take Gabii by Note on the subtlety and craft, he intimated the plan of reducing damage.com the place to his son's messenger by striking off the state influtallest poppyheads in his garden ; a suggestion Irish episcowhich has been put in practice in regard to the pate. Church of Ireland also by her enemies. Rome and England in the first instance reduced her hundreds of bishoprics to the forty or so mentioned in the previous lists; and the precious Church legislation of these modern times has packed up the forty, like worthless remnants of old goods belonging to some cast stock, into some ten parcels, to be superintended (if not rather, in the necessity of the case, to be over

looked) in the lump, by ten individuals, as though each one of those large episcopal districts, with its widely scattered flock, were too contemptible to occupy the entire care and attention of a whole person to itself.

No. X.

ON THE MODE OF ORDAINING BISHOPS IN USE AMONG THE ANCIENT

IRISH

tians.

Consecra- It would appear from the evidence of the tion by the hand of a

most ancient and respectable authorities which single pre- we can bring to bear on the subject of episcopal late common among ordination among the old Irish Christians, that the early Irish Chris

it was a general practice with them to have their prelates consecrated by a single bishop, instead of by three, as was usual in other parts of the Church. This circumstance, with others not une worthy of our attention, is set forth in an interesting light in the following extract from the Life of St. Kentegern, bishop of Glasgow, by John of Tinmuth, a writer who flourished in A.D. 1366. (See Ussher's Brit. Ec. Ant. cap. 15; Jocelin, in Pivkerton's Vitæ Antiqua, p. 223, Lond.

1789; and MS. E. 3, 8, fol. 160, Lib. T.C.D.) Instance of this prac

“Now when S. Kentegern, residing in the place aforetice in the said, was very eminently distinguished for his great case of St.

abundance of spiritual gifts, the king and clergy of the Kentegern, first bishop Cambrian territory, with the other Christians there, of Glasgow ; though they were but very few in number, came together by divine direction; and having held a consultation as to the best means of improving the condition of the Church, which had by this time been well nigh utterly destroyed, they all by unanimous agreement came to $. Kentegern, and elected him for pastor and bishop of their souls'; while he for his part, offered much opposition to the proceeding, and suggested many difficulties. For he was objecting against their election, that a youthful age like bis was not well adapted to the office. But they silenced this objection by referring to the sedate gravity, [as] of hoary hairs, which marked his demeanour, and the abundance of wisdom and knowledge which he possessed.

“ Accordingly they set about inthroning him; and who rehaving sent over for one bishop from Ireland, according to ceived conto the usual custom of the Britons and Scots of that time, from one they caused him to be consecrated for their pontiff (i. e. Irish bishop. bishop.) It had become the practice in Britain, in the consecration of pontiffs, merely to anoint their heads by pouring on the sacred chrism, with invocation of the Holy Ghost, and the benediction, and imposition of hands; a mode of performing the rite which these foolish people used to say that they had adopted on the authority of the divine law, and from the tradition of the apostles. But although the way of consecration used among the Britons may seem to be less in accordance with the J. Tin

muth's aposacred canons, it is not however convicted of destroy

logy for this ing thereby the energy and effect of the divine mystery, irregulaor of the episcopal office. And as these islanders, dwel- rity; ling in a place that lies beyond the very world's end, had after the outbursting of the pagan invasion, become ignorant of the canons, the judgment of the Church, feeling compassion for their condition, admits their apology thus not allowed far. But in these times she does by no means allow of by him to any person's presuming upon a rite of such a form, with apply gene

in out grave censure. St. Kentegern however, although he cases.

VOL. III.

L

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