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The present State of Jreland,
AND ON THE BEST MEANS OF IMPROVING THE
CONDITION OF ITS INHABITANTS.
This little Tract was written in January last, before the suspension of the Habeas Corpus, and the re-enactment of the bill for preventing Insurrections in Ireland. The ef. fects of this system of legislation, as exemplified in the events of the last three months, have not induced the writer of these sheets to change the opinions he had already formed.
LONDON, April 1828.
It is singular how little is known upon Irish affairs, beyond the heavy details of official reports, and the unsatisfactory generalities of political declamation, Complaints are continually made of this dearth of information : nor do these complaints appear unreasonable; for, though much has been written, so many of the publications on the subject of Ireland are perverted by party views, or tainted by personal animosities, that a reader who seeks for truth is induced to trust to what he has himself seen, or can in conversation collect, and to dismiss alike from his consideration the flippant pamphlet and the ponderous quarto. A literary as well as a political distaste towards all discussions on Irish affairs, has also most unfortunately arisen. Why should this be the case?' Is England yet to learn that, “ whatever she has heard to the contrary, Ireland is larger than the Isle of Wight?" Does she require to be told, that within twenty leagues of her shores there is to be found an island containing twenty millions of acres, seven millions of inhabitants, and carrying on an export trade of 11,000,0001. annually? Is she yet to learn, that Ireland, in strength, resources, fertility and capacity of improvement, exceeds any of the secondary states of Europe; that from Ireland the British fleets and armies have been recruited, and that from thence a vast and augmenting supply of all the necessaries of life continues to be drawn? On the mere selfish grounds of policy, it is clear that to no other part of the empire ought a more vigilant and unrenitting attention to be directed, The politician, whose views are formed upon statistical tables, who calculates the number of recruits he can expend in war, the commerce that can be carried on in peace, and the maximum of taxation that can be borne at all times, is not to be justified in overlooking a part of the empire presenting such resources to his ambițion and nis cupidity. It is not by such inducements that we hope to excite the attention of our readers. We seek to act upon higher and better motives; we wish to call into play that syınpathy, that practical benevolence, which blesseth him that gives and him that