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: Moral and religious instruction derives its efficacy, not 80 much from what men are taught to know, as from what they are brought to feel.
He who pretends to great sensibility towards men, and yet has no feeling for the high objects of religion, no heart to admire and adore the great Father of the universe, has reason to distrust the truth and delicacy of his sensibility.
When, upon rational and sober inquiry, we have established our principles, let us not suffer them to be shaken by the scoffs of licentious, or the cavilsm of the sceptical."
When we observe any tendency to treat religion or morals with disrespect and levity, let us hold it to be a sure indication" of a perverted understanding, or a depraved heart.
Every degree of guilt incurred by yielding to temptation, tends to debase the mind, and to weaken the generous and benevolent principles of human nature.
Luxury, pride, and vanity, have frequently as much influence in corrupting the sentiments of the great, as ignorance, bigotry, and prejudice, have in misleading the opinions of the multitude.
Mixed as the present state is, reason and religion pronounce, that generally, if not always, there is more happiness than misery, more pleasure than paip, in the condition of man.
Society, when formed, requires distinctions of property, diversity of conditions, subordination of ranks, and a mul tiplicity of occupations, in order to advance the general good.
That the temper, the sentiments, the morality, and, in general, the whole conduct and character of men, are influenced by the example and disposition of the persons with whom they associate, is a reflection which has long since passed into a proverb, and been ranked among the standing maxims' of human wisdom, in all ages of the world.
a Vir-tue, vèr'-tshủ, moral goodness. d Hu-mane, hu-måne', kind, benevo6 Re-fine-ment, ré-fine'-ment, a pu
rifying, improvement. Le Tran-sien, trắn-shent, short, moc Vo-lup-tu-a-ry, vo-lüp'-tshú-å-re, mentary
one given to pleasure. f Lus-fre, lůs-iúr, brightness, splen
& Com-et, kôm-it, a heavenly body.l La-tent, la -tênt, hidden, secret. h Ar-o-mat-ick, år-d-måt'-lk, spicy, m Su-per-stit-ion, sů-per-stish'-án, fragrant.
false devotion. i Pe-ri-od, pè'-re-åd, a round of time, In Prej-u-dice, préd’-ju-dis, preposfull point.
session, injury, to hurt. k Com-mune, kôm-můne'; to con-lo De-spon-dent, dd-spôn’-dént, des
pairing The desire of improvement discovers a liberal mind, and is connected with many accomplishments, and many virtues.
- Innocence confers ease and freedom on the mind; and leaves it open to every pleasing sensation.
Moderate and simple pleasures relish high with the temperate: in the midst of the studied refinements, the voluptuary languishes.
Gentleness corrects whatever is offensive in our manners; and by a constant train of humaned attentions, studies to allevia the burden of common misery.
That gentleness which is the characteristick of a good man, has, like every other virtue, its seat in the heart: and, let me add, nothing, except what flows from the heart; can render even external manners truly pleasing.
irtue, to become either vigorous or useful, must be habitually active: not breaking forth occasionally with a transiente lustre, like the blaze of a comet;' but regular in its returns, like the light of day: not like the aromatická gale, which sometimes feasts the sense; but like the ordinary breeze, which purifies the air, and renders it healthful.
The happiness of every man depends more upon the state of his own mind, than upon any one external circumstance: nay, more than upon all external things put together.
In no station, in no period, let us think ourselves secure from the dangers which spring from our passions. Every age, and every station they beset; from youth to gray hairs, and from the peasant to the prince.
Riches and pleasures are the chief temptations to criminal deeds. Yet those riches, when obtained, may very possibly overwhelm us with unforeseen miseries. Those pleasures may cut short our health and life.
He who is accustomed to turn aside from the world, and communek with himself in retirement, will, sometimes at least, hear the truths which the multitude do not tell him. A more sound instructer will lift his voice, and awaken within the heart, those latent' suggestions, which the world had overpowered and suppressed.
Amusement often becomes the business, instead of the relaxation, of young persons: it is then highly pernicious.
He that waits for an opportunity, to do, much at once, may breathe out his life in idle wishes; and regret, in the last hour, his useless intentions and barren zeal.
The spirit of true religion breathes mildness and affability. It gives a native, unaffected ease to the behaviour. It is social, kind, and cheerful: far removed from that gloomy and illiberal superstition, which clouds the brow, sharpens the temper, dejects the spirit, and teaches men, to fit themselves for another world, by neglecting the concerns of this.
Reveal none of the secrets of thy friend. Be faithful to his interests. Forsake him not in danger. Abhor the thought of acquiring any advantage by his prejudice."
Man, always prosperous, would be giddy and solent; always afflicted, would be sullen or despondent. Hopes and fears, joy and sorrow, are, therefore, so blended in his life, as both to give room for worldly pursuits, and to recall, from time to time, the admonitions of conscience.
SECTION IV. a Mo-ment, mo'-ment, importance, li Sum-mit, sům'-mit, the utmost forcz, a point of time.
height. b Sta-ble, stá -bl, fixed, constant. k Can-dour, kån’-důr, frankness, c Av-e-nue, äv--nd, an entrance, honesty. an alley.
| Al-lure, ål-lure', to entice to any d Char-i-ty, tshår'-e-te, tenderness, thing. benevolence.
m Eq-ui-page, êk-kwė-păje, furnie Gen-u-ine, jén -u-in, pot spurious, ture for a horseman, carriage real.
of state, attendance. f Fer-ment, fêr-mênt', to rarefy by n Con-du-cive, kön-du'-siv, promotintestine motion of parts.
ing, aiding: 8 Tini-or-ous, tim'-úr-ửs, fearful, fo To-ken, to-k’n, a sign, memorial.. bashful.
p Fund, fund, stock, capital. h Dis-tort, dis-tört', to twist, deform,
wrest. TIME once past never returns: the moment which is lost, is lost for ever.
There is nothing on earth so stable, as to assure us of undisturbed rest; nor so powerful, as to afford us constant protection.
The house of feasting too often becomes an avenue to the house of mourning. Short, to the licentious, is the interval between them.
It is of great importance to us, to form a proper estimate of human life; without either loading it with imaginary evils, or expecting from it greater advantages than it is able to yield.
Among all our corrupt passions, there is a strong and intimate connexion. When any one of them is adopted into our family, it seldom quits until it has fathered upon us all its kindred.
Charity, like the sun, brightens every object on which it shines; ac
censorious disposition casts every character into the darkest shade it will bear.
Many men mistake the love, for the practice of virtue; and are not so much good men, as the friends of goodhess.
Genuine virtue has a language that speaks to every heart throughout the world. It is a language which is understood by all. In every region, every climate, the homage paid to it is the same. In no one sentiment were ever mankind more generally agreed.
The appearances of our security are frequently deceitful. When our sky seems most settled and serene, in some unobserved quarter gathers the little black cloud in which the tempest ferments, and prepares to discharge itself on our heads.
The man of true fortitude may be compared to the castle built on the rock, which defies the attack of surrounding waters: the man of a feeble and timorous spirit, to a hut placed on the shore; which every wind shakes, and every wave overflows.
Nothing is so inconsistent with self-possession as violent anger. It overpowers reason; confounds our ideas; distortsh the appearance, and blackens the colour of every object. By the storms which it raises within, and by the mischiefs which it occasions without, it generally brings on the passionate and revengeful man, greater misery than he can bring on the object of his resentment. ! The palace of virtue has, in all ages, been represented
as placed on the summit' of a hill; in the ascent of which, -labour is requisite, and difficulties are to be surmounted; and where a conductor is needed, to direct our way, and to aid our steps.
In judging of others, let us always think the best, and employ the spirit of charity and candour. But in judg: ing of ourselves, we ought to be exact and severe.
Let him, who desires to see others happy, make baste to
give while his gift can be enjoyed; and remember, that every moment of delay takes away something from the value of his benefaction. And let him who proposes happiness reflect, that while be forms his purpose, the day rolls on, and “the night cometh, when no man can work.”
To sensual persons, hardly any thing is what it appears to be: and what flatters most, is always farthest from reality. There are voices which sing around them; but whose strains allure' to ruin. There is a banquet spread, where poison is in every dish. There is a couch which invites them to repose; but to slumber upon it, is death.
If we would judge whether a man is really happy, it is not solely to his houses and lands, to his equipage and his retinue we are to look. Unless we could see farther, and discern what joy, or what bitterness, his heart feels, we can pronounce little concerning him.
The book is well written; and I have, perused it with pleasure and profit. It shows, first, that true devotion is rational and well founded; next, that it is of the highest importance to every other part of religion and virtue; and, lastly, that it is most conduciven to our happiness.
There is certainly no greater felicity, than to be able to look back on a life usefully and virtuously employed; to trace our own progress in existence, by such tokensó as excite neither shame nor sorrow. It ought therefore to be the care of those who wish to pass the last hours with comfort, to lay up such a treasure of pleasing ideas, as shall support the expenses of that time, which is to depend wholly upon the fund already acquired.
SECTION V. a A-vail, å-våle', benefit, to profit. 1h Un-war-ran-ta-ble, ån-wor'-rånb Qual-i-fy, kwôi'-le-fl, to fit for any tå-bl, indefensible, not to be juspurpose, to abate, to soften.
tified, cĖ-steem, e-stèém', to set a value i Ir-re-cov-er-a-ble, ir-re-kův'-úr-8upon.
bl, not to be regained. d Jol-li-ty, jól-le-te, gaiety: k Squan-der, skwồn-důr, to lavish, e Dis-play, dís-pla', to exhibit, pomp. dissipate. f Ap-peal, åp-pele', to refer, a refe-1 Ef-fem-i-nate, èf-fém'-d-náte, wo
manish, voluptuous, tender. & Dis-con-tent, dis-kon-tent', want
What availsa the show of external liberty, to one who bas lost the government of himself ?