Advertising of Tobacco Products: Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Health and the Environment of the Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives, Ninety-ninth Congress, Second Session, July 18 and August 1, 1986
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Energy and Commerce. Subcommittee on Health and the Environment
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1987 - Advertising - 971 pages
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action activity addition adults advertising and promotion advertising ban alcohol Amendment American appear Association believe billboards brand cancer casino cause Chairman cigarette advertising cigarette smoking commercial speech companies concerned conclusion Congress constitutional consumers consumption continue countries dangerous death decision demand disease Drug effect evidence example fact Federal gambling going hearing important increase individual interest issue Italy legislation less magazines major million opinion particular percent persons Posadas present problem prohibition promotion proposed protection Puerto Rico question reason recent regulation represents residents restrictions result risk sampling smokeless tobacco society statement studies substantial suggest Supreme Court Thank tion tobacco advertising tobacco industry tobacco products United warnings WAXMAN women young
Page 316 - Experience should teach us to be most on our guard to protect liberty when the Government's purposes are beneficent. Men born to freedom are naturally alert to repel invasion of their liberty by evil-minded rulers. The greatest dangers to liberty lurk in insidious encroachment by men of zeal, well-meaning but without understanding.
Page 518 - ... Advertisements of this sort are constantly before the eyes of observers on the streets and in street cars to be seen without the exercise of choice or volition on their part. Other forms of advertising are ordinarily seen as a matter of choice on the part of the observer. The young people as well as the adults have the message of the billboard thrust upon them by all the arts and devices that skill can produce.
Page 913 - This institution will be based on the illimitable freedom of the human mind. For here we are not afraid to follow truth wherever it may lead, nor to tolerate any error so long as reason is left free to combat it.
Page 913 - As to the particular consumer's interest in the free flow of commercial information, that interest may be as keen, if not keener by far, than his interest in the day's most urgent political debate.
Page 531 - We think it is up to the legislature to decide whether or not such a "counterspeech" policy would be as effective in reducing the demand for casino gambling as a restriction on advertising. The legislature could conclude, as it apparently did here, that residents of Puerto Rico...
Page 408 - People will perceive their own best interests if only they are well enough informed and . . . the best means to that end is to open the channels of communication, rather than to close them.
Page 410 - ... popular government, no danger flowing from speech can be deemed clear and present, unless the incidence of the evil apprehended is so imminent that it may befall before there is opportunity for full discussion. If there be time to expose through discussion the falsehood and fallacies, to avert the evil by the processes of education, the remedy to be applied is more speech, not enforced silence.
Page 449 - Great cases like hard cases make bad law. For great cases are called great, not by reason of their real importance in shaping the law of the future, but because of some accident of immediate overwhelming interest which appeals to the feelings and distorts the judgment. These immediate interests exercise a kind of hydraulic pressure which makes what previously was clear seem doubtful, and before which even well settled principles of law will bend.
Page 419 - Next, we focus on the relationship between the State's interests and the advertising ban. Under this criterion, the Commission's laudable concern over the equity and efficiency of appellant's rates does not provide a constitutionally adequate reason for restricting protected speech. The link between the advertising prohibition and appellant's rate structure is, at most, tenuous. The impact of promotional advertising on the equity of appellant's rates is highly speculative. Advertising to increase...
Page 527 - Step three asks the question whether the challenged restrictions on commercial speech 'directly advance' the governments asserted interest The Puerto Rico Legislature obviously believed when it enacted the advertising restrictions at issue here, that advertising of casino gambling aimed at the residents of Puerto Rico would serve to increase the demand for the product advertised We think...