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PROCEED, friend Urban, to improve the age!
, The fire of youth ftill glows in every page ; Thy genius faints not at th' approach of time; Long may this news be spread through every clime ! URBAN still lives, to bless and please mankind, To mend the manners, and improve the mind. Learning, enliven'd at the grateful sound, With joyful echoes makes the air rebound : Her favourite Johnson from her arm is filed, And many more are number'd with the dead : In the short space of one revolving year, She oft has dropp'd the sympathetic tear. To check her sorrows for these joys bereft, Among her sons one darling still is left; Learning and Genius at th' event rejoice ; Among their votaries, this the public voice, Long may'st thou live, with fame and honour crown'd, And thy productions ever be renown'd! Nor yet alone is all the merit due, Nor does their fondness center all in you: Another URBAN ftill divides their care, A younger hope, who bids them not despair. These Sisters still have that one joy in store, Should they be forc'd their URBAN to deplore 3 If the stern Fates should snatch you to the skies, Another Phoenix will immediate rise!
Dec. 31, 1785
The Gentleman's Magazine
Londos, Printed by J. NICHOLS, for D. HENRY, laie of SAINT John's Gate.
July | Barometer.
Wind. Days. Inch. 2oths
rooths of inch.
61 63 61
1 29 16 59
fair. 3 30
fog, bright, hot, and Aill . 4 29 19
fair, fill, hot-hazy evening .
fair, Aill, and hot.
bright and hor.
ditio diflant thunder S.W. 3 8
faint sunih. thro' hazy brisk wind 29 16
overcast, moderate heat. 20 29 19
ditto, and mild. 11 30
clouds and fan, temperate air. 12 29 14
clouds and wind. 13
clouds and sun, temperate aix 14
overcast and gloomy. 15
bright and hot. 16
ditto. 17 29 15
clouds and fun. 18 29 14
.15. Jouring rain, 29 3
..5 clouds, wind, and rain. 21 29 IO
ditto. 22 29 7
clouds and fun, brisk wind 4. 23 29 14 58
clouds and fun. 24
clouds and sun, warm air, 29
OBSERVATIONS. 1 Hay makes apace. Plants Aag, not being used to hot fun.-2 Rasberries and currants begin to ripen.-3 Very violent storm in Hampshire. Therm. 85 at 2 o'clock.-4 Rye reaped.
N. B. No Diary kepo, after the 272b Day of rbis Month.
68 63 61 62 61
AUGUST. N. B. No Journal kepe till ibe 3:6 Day of tbis Monib.
Wind. Days. Inch. 20ths
Weather. 100ths of inch.
white dew, cold inorn, fun, and 9 29 19 52
(clouds 30 29 18 54
small rain, 11 30
cloudy, warm, and still. 12 30
overcast, mild and ftill.
overcait, clofe, and hot.
fog, fair, fill, and bet.
bright and hot. 17 28 18
clouds and fun, warm air." N
fair, cold wind. 19 28 16
cloudy, bluffering cold wind.
small rain--hard rain.
clouds and wind. 22 28
overcast, mild and fill, rain. 25 28 10
rain +. 26
overcast, windy. 27.
louring. 28 28
log, fair, and lit.
Imall rain, fair, and pleasant.
OBSERVATIONS. Several hasty Towears around, gone here to measure.-.2 Oats carried in ; wheat in leaf.
3 Apricois ripe, and a large cropem.4 Much wheat rem quis abroad, some upreaped.
9 Namminn in in a N a a casa a aan aan
Τ Η Ε
Gentleman's Magazine ;
JULY, 1785 :
BEING THE SEVENTH NUMBER OF VOL. LV. PART II.
MR.URBAN, Lichfeld, July 20. size* might be recorded. When in **#HE large willow tree in Lichtield last year, he begged to have
the fore-ground of the another copy of rhe letter, having misT
view of Stow-hill, near placed the former, and not being able to this city, sent to your recover it; but he was so ill during the
Magazine by my wor- latter part of his Nav, that it was for#XHH thy friend the Rev. Mr. gotten: Dr. Jones has obligingly fa
White, in June laft, p. voured me with a copy; which is as 416, has been generally supposed to
follows: have been planted by the late Dr. Samuel Johnson's father, as the Doctor “ In consequence of the conversation never failed to visit it whenever he I had lately with you, I have taken the came to Lichheld. The vicinity of a dimensions of the Lichfield willow. building, known by the name of “ The The trunk rises to the height of twelve “Parchment House," perhaps gave rise feet eight inches, and five tenths, and to fuch Tupposition, as the Doctor would is then divided into fifteen large ascendnever admit the fact. The business of ing branches, which, in very numcrous. parchment-making was, for many years, and crowded subdivisions, spread at the carried on by old Mr. Johnson, at that top in a circular form, not unlike the place, until he had greatly enriched his appearance of a thady oak, inclining a fervants, and injured his own fortune. little towards the East. The circumThere are now no vestiges remaining of ference of the trunk at the bottom is fuch maoufactory; the pits are filled fifteen feet, nine inches, and five tenths; up, and the yard occupied, in part, by in the middle, eleven feet ten inches; a gardener, and by Mr. Saville, one of and at the top, immediately below the the gentlemen belonging to our cathe- branches, 'thirteen feet. The entire dral, who has lately planted a botanic height of the tree is forty-nine fcet; garden, conGfting of above seven hun- and the circumference of the branches, dred specimens of rare and elegant at their extremities, upwards of two plants, well worthy the notice of the hundred teet, over shadowing a plane curious.
nor far short of four thoufand feet. The This willow, as before observed, at- furface of the trunk is very uneven: tracted the attention of Dr. Johnson and the bark is much furrowed. The for many years; and during his visit at
* As the scale of our place was too imall Lichfield, 'in the year 1781, he desired
to exhibit an exact representarion of the wile : Dr. Jones, a physician of that place, to
low, our friendly correfpondent has accomgive him an account of it, saying it was
panied his letter with another drawing, takon by much the largest tree of the kind ho
by Mr. Stringer, from the South; which ha'! had ever seen or heard of, and therefore be given in a miscellaneous plate next montir. willed to give an account of it in the The former view was taken from the North "Philosophical Transactions," that its Weito Edit.
tree has now a vigorous and increasing opportunity for extensive growth. The appearance. The willow, in its ge- most moderate reputation of its age neric character, reaches but a middling is near fourscore years, and some refize; yet there are some species which spectable authorities strongly incline to, authors describe as of larger growth think a century has passed over its head. than others. This appears to me to be li were to be wished, that we had some the twenty-ninth of Linnæus, Salix fo- certain knowledge of the time it left its liis fubintergeminis lanceolato-linearibus parent stock, but it has probably outlongifimis acatis fubtus fericeis, ramis lived all those who might have remem. virgatis; which, Miller says, seldom bered its infancy; and as the place where grows to a large size.
it stands has no celebrity, it can scarce “ But as great size is owing to fitua- be expected that the accidental spring, tion, we may perhaps find, in the spot ing, or even designed planting, of a foallotted to this tree, much of the cause litary willow should be a ciicumstance of its extraordinary growth. It stands of so much notice as to have its date nearly midway, between the Minster transmitted to posterity. and Stow pools, in the boggy vale “ I am, with inucli esteem, Sir, your through which the Pipe Brook runs; most obedient and faithful servant, and at the bottom of a gentle descent,
TREVOR JONES, which rerminates, at a thort distance, in Lichfield, 26 Novemb. 1781. a deep moor.
To Dr. Samuel Jolinfon.” “ Draining and an acceffion of soil
On the summit of the hill, beyond have, of Jate years, made the ground the great willow tree, appears an handnear the tree a rich and firm loam, rais- some dwelling-house, erected about thç ed a little higher than the surface of the
year 1754, by Mrs. Elizabeth Afton, mpoor. A public footpath croises the daughter of the late Sir Thomas Afton, roots of the tree on the South West of Åston in Cheshire, and liter-in-law fide, and that, with the consolidation of to the lare Gilberi Walmesley, Esquire, the light spungy moor, may have been the friend and patron of Dr. Johnson. the reason that the inclination of the The venerable old building next attracts tree, from the force of the Northerly our notice. It is supposed to be the most and' Wefterly winds, is less than usual ancient church belonging to the city : in aquatic tices, especially those which is dedicated to St. Chadd, and generally have diffuse heads.
called Stow Church. Adjoining, for“ All the banks of the brook which merly stood the cell of St. Chadd. By in:erfects the vale are moor, in some fome authentic papers preserved in the places improved by the industry of cul: archives of the vicars choral of thc cas ture; in others remaining, dangerous thedral, mention is made of an altar dequagmires
concealed by maried dicated to St. Catharine, as appears by fedges, reeds, and other marny plants. the following transcript : " Roger, bí. There are several willows in the cul- thop of Coventric and Lichfield, did or. rivated lands, and some of confider- dain a chantrie at Stowe, and built an able size, but mostly aspiring I nica: house, and gavę lands and yearly reve: sured one on the West side of the bridge,
nues to a pricit, which ihould be one of above the Miniter pool, feven feet eight the vicars, to say mat, there daily, which inches in circumference, and about forty priest should have all such alloivances feet high.
as the vicars had. But this mats being · Wet foils are the natural fituations neglected, and the house decayed, John of willows; and marshy.places, accord- dean of Lichfield and the Chaptei did ing to Dr. Priestley, are more peculiarly enter upon the chantery, and made one their choice. Such places abound with King priest there, and reitored the house, inflammable air, which he supposes to
lands, and revenues to the chantery be the food of the willow. I collected againe, that the bishop gave; wherelarge quantities a few paces from the upon the fubchanter and his fellow tree; and if plenty and vicinity facili.
vicars went into the Chapter-houle, and tated the incrcale, it is no wonder that promised that some one of there fellowe this willow Phould attain to diftinguish- priests and vicars should say dayley the ed a fize.
mass there, and that thev would repaire “ los age also has afforded rime and the house thereto belonginge, and that
was ordered in the Chapter-house then, * Since then drained, and made good land, that the subchanter and company of vio by the Rev. Dr. Falconur,
cars should present a fit man to them,