Cultural Contestation in Ethnic Conflict
Ethnic conflict often focuses on culturally charged symbols and rituals that evoke strong emotions from all sides. Marc Howard Ross examines battles over diverse cultural expressions, including Islamic headscarves in France, parades in Northern Ireland, holy sites in Jerusalem and Confederate flags in the American South to propose a psychocultural framework for understanding ethnic conflict, as well as barriers to, and opportunities for, its mitigation. His analysis explores how culture frames interests, structures demand-making and shapes how opponents can find common ground to produce constructive outcomes to long-term disputes. He focuses on participants' accounts of conflict to identify emotionally significant issues, and the power of cultural expressions to link individuals to larger identities and shape action. Ross shows that, contrary to popular belief, culture does not necessarily exacerbate conflict; rather, the constructed nature of psychocultural narratives can facilitate successful conflict mitigation through the development of more inclusive narratives and identities.
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actions African American Afrikaner agreement apartheid Apprentice Boys Arab archeological battle ﬂag behaviors blacks Blood River British building Catalan Catalan national Catalonia Catholic celebrations central century city’s claims Confederate conﬂict mitigation contested core country’s cultural expressions deﬁned Derry develop difﬁcult District Six emotional emotionally emphasize ethnic conﬂict example exclusive fears ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬂag France French groups Haram headscarves heritage holy sites identity images immigrants intense Islamic Israel Israeli issues Jerusalem Jewish Jews language leaders Mandela memories mosque museum Muslims mutual nationalist negotiations Northern Ireland ofﬁcial Old City opponents Orange Order other’s Palestinian Parades Commission participants parties past political Portadown present Protestant psychocultural dramas QueŽbec reconciliation reﬂect region religious Robben Island role sacred shared side signiﬁcant social South Africa Spain Spanish speciﬁc symbolic and ritual symbolic landscape Temple Mount tension threats violence Volkan Voortrekker Monument Zulu
Page 8 - Russia, or any totalitarian country, maybe I could understand the denial of certain basic First Amendment privileges, because they hadn't committed themselves to that over there. But somewhere I read of the freedom of assembly. Somewhere I read of the freedom of speech. Somewhere I read of the freedom of the press. Somewhere I read that the greatness of America is the right to protest for right. And so just as I say, we aren't going to let any injunction turn us around. We are going on. We need all...