Behavioral and Psychological Approaches to Breathing Disorders

Front Cover
R. Ley, B.H. Timmons
Springer Science & Business Media, Jun 29, 2013 - Psychology - 321 pages
We start life with a breath, and the process continues automatically for the rest of our lives. Because breathing continues on its own, without our awareness, it does not necessarily mean that it is always functioning for optimum mental and physical health. The opposite is true often. The problem with breathing is that it seems so easy and natural that we rarely give it a second thought. We breathe: we inhale, we exhale. What could be simpler? But behind that simple act lies a process that affects us profoundly. It affects the way we think and feel, the quality of what we create, and how we function in our daily life. Breathing affects our psychological and physiological states, while our psychological states affect the pattern of our breathing. For example, when anxious, we tend to hold our breath and speak at the end of inspiration in a high-pitched voice. Depressed people tend to sigh and speak at the end of expiration in a low-toned voice. A child having a temper tantrum holds his or her breath until blue in the face. Hyperven tilation causes not only anxiety but also such a variety of symptoms that patients can go from one specialty department to another until a wise clinician spots the abnormal breathing pattern and the patient is successfully trained to shift from maladaptive to normal breathing behavior.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Observation
10
15
11
of the Respiratory System
17
Nasopulmonary Physiology 47 2 Nasopulmonary Physiology
47
Behavioral Perspectives on Abnormalities of Breathing during Sleep
59
References
65
Components of Normal Behavioral Control
72
Meditation
195
Respiratory Practices in Yoga
221
Comparison of Pranayama and Mechanically
227
Styles of Breathing in Reichian Therapy
233
Breathing and Feeling
243
Breathing Therapy
253
BreathingRelated Issues in Therapy
261
Meditation
278

Breathing and the Psychology of Emotion Cognition and Behavior
81
Diagnosis and Organic Causes of Symptomatic Hyperventilation
99
Physiological Considerations
113
Psychiatric and Respiratory Aspects of Functional
125
Assessment
134
A Clinical Perspective
139
Summary
146
Concluding Remarks
153
Relaxation
171
Breathing and Vocal Dysfunction
179
Conclusion and Guidelines for Therapists
189

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