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Wastnes, iii. 3, wilderness.
in a bad sense. Weeds, Introd. 1; ix. 28, clothes. A.S. ge-wéd, a garment. Still used
in the phrase 'widow's weeds.' Ween, i. 10; iii. 41 ; X. 58, to think. A.S. wénan, to hope, expect; wén,
hope, expectation. Weet, iii. 6; vi. 14; viii. 37; xii. 3, to know, perceive. A.S. witan,
to know ; Ger. wissen ; akin to wise and wit ; wote and wot are the present
tense of this verb, as in i. 13; ix. 31; xii. 31. Welke, i. 23, to fade, grow dim (of the sun in the west) ; cp. Ger. welken,
to be welked or wrinkled : so Chaucer (Pardoneres Tale, 277), “ full pale
and welkid is my face.” Welkin, iv. 9, sky, the rolling sky. A.S. wealcan, to roll, revolve. The
“ welked Phæbus” (i. 23) may be the sun when he has run his race. Ger. wolken, clouds, comes from the rolling masses in the sky. The shellfish whelk has a convoluted shell; to walk is to roll along. See Horne
Tooke, Div. of Purley, ii. 4, word welkin. Well, ii. 43, well-being, weal. A.S. wela. Well, vii. 4, to flow down, as from a fountain. See Gloss. II. Wend, i. 28; X. 15, 56, to go. A. S. wendan, Goth. vandjan, Ger. wenden,
to turn or wind. From it comes our past tense went. Wex, xi. I, to grow. See Wax. Whenas, ii. 32; iv. 44; v. 52; vi. 34; vii. 34, 38; ix. 37, when, as
Whereas, vi. 40, where.
of time, connected with wheel and welkin ; awylian, to roll away.
words in both the original editions.) See Welkin. Whot, x. 26, hot. Whyleare, ix. 28, a while before. A. S. bwil, time, dr, re, before.
Now written erewhile. Whylome, Introd. 1; iv. 15; v. 23; vii. 36 ; ix. 7; xi. 29; xii. 41,
formerly, still, continuously. A. S. bwilon, hwilun, awhile, for a
time. Wight, ix. 23, 33; X. 15, a being, person. Gloss. II. Wimple (I) (verb), i. 4, to plait or fold; (II) (subst.), xii. 22, neck-kerchief
or covering for the neck; so distinguished from the veil. A.S. winpel, 0. Fr. guimple, Du, wimpelen, perhaps Ger. wimpel, a pennon, fag; L. Lat. guimpa. In the dress of nuns it is the white linen plaited or folded cloth around their necks. When Spenser speaks of the “ vele that wimpled was full low," he must mean that it fell low in folds like a wimple. So Chaucer writes of the Prioress, Prol. 47:
Upon an amblere esely sche sat,
In O. Fr. guimple is a hood. It has been derived from vinculum,
* parce qu'on en lie la teste."
Fr. guise, Ger. weise. We still have the word in our likewise, otherwise.
to wear another. Wonne, vi. 39 (wone), to dwell. A. S. wunian, to dwell ; O. Eng. woning,
dwelling; Ger. wohnen. From this comes (as a p. p.) the subst. wont, that which is usual, customary; whence again a p. p. wonted. There are also a subst. wonne, a dwelling, and the verb neut. he wonts=is
accustomed. Wood, iv. 34; V. 20, mad, furious; frequent in Chaucer. A. S. wód, Goth.
wods, Ger. wuth. The A.S. deity, Woden, god of war, is so named from
Worshippe, i. 3, honour, reverence. Cp. “ with my body I thee worship.”
Now used properly of God alone. A. S. weord-scipe.
wreak; wræc, vindictive punishment. "Goth. vrikan, Ger, rache, our
wretched. Wreck, xi. 21, mischief, damage, destruction; from the same root (A.S.
wrecan) as wreak. Ship-wreck is but one use of the word. Akin to it is the reckling or little wretch of a litter of pigs ; so also the phrase "rack and ruin.' 0. Eng. rak, crash. See Wreak.
and answers to the O. Eng. and A. S. ge-, as also in Ger. ge-kleidet. It
thing to its signification, and only to lengthen it a syllable”! Gloss. II, Ydle, v. 8, empty-handed. Ydrad, i. 2, dreaded, p. p. of to dread. In Bk. II. iv. 42 the p. p. is drad.
Cp. A.S. adrcédan, pret adred, to dread, fear; O. Eng. adrad. Cp.
Sidney's Arcadia, ii., “ to make all men adread."
says, “i. e. go-ed, gode.” In which he is wrong, as the hard g would not
(as seen in Goth. iddja (Lat. ivi), A. S. eó-de). This is found in the Sanskr. i, ya, and descends down different lines to Gr. el-ul, and to Lat.
i-re. [From Notes and Queries.] Yeld, xi. 37, to yell. Yfere, xi. I, in company, together. Chaucer, Tr. and Cr. ii. 1037. A. S.
ge-fera, a companion; from feran, to go. See Fere. Ygoe, ii, 18, ago; also written agone, or ygone, shewing that it is the p. p. of the verb to go.
A. S. and Ger. gegange Ymp. See Impe. Ynd, vi. 2, India. Yod, x. 53, pret. of yede, which see. Youngling, x. 57, offspring, young of man or beast; here, of lambs. A.S. geonglic, Ger. jüngling. Milton has it, Areopagitica, “ That vertue therefore which is but a youngling in the contemplation of Evil.” Drummond of Hawthornden, speaking of our Lord's infancy, calls Him“ that
heaven-sent youngling.” Ypight, ix. 33. See Pight. Yplast, iv. 28, placed ; p. p. of to place, Yrksome, ii. 6, weary; iii. 4, tiresome. A. S. earg, slothful, timid; Scot.
ergh, to feel reluctant. Yts, vii. 39, it is.