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“ At this moment, even the bold and daring villainy of O'Brien, stood aba hed; he saw the eye of Heaven in that of an innocent and injured man; perhaps the feeling was coummunicated by a glance from the dock-his heart bore testimony to his guilt, and he fled for the same! .
“ You find him coiling himself in the scaly circles of his cautious perjury, making anticipated battle against any one who should appear against him—but you see him sink before the proof.
“ He assumes the character of a king's officer, to rob the king's people of their money, and afterwards, when their property fails him, he seeks to rob them of their lives! ....
« This cannibal informer; this dæmon, O'Brien, greedy af-, ter human gore, has fifteen other victims in reserve, if, from your verdict, he receives the unhappy man at the bar! Fif. teen more of your fellow-citizens are to be tried on his evidence! Be you then their saviours; let your verdict snatch them from his ravening maw, and interpose between yourselves and endless remorse!”
This villain was not punished, but was rewarded for his manifold services, until he became not merely useless, but dangerous to his masters : then he was hanged for a very ordinary murder, namely, for having killed an old sick man. (See further, App. No. 9.)
No. II.--Page 22.
Massacres of the Curragh of Kildare, and Glenco. GENERAL DUNDAS, when at his head-quarters in Naas, on the 24th of May, received a message from a body of the Irish, that they were willing to surrender their arms, provided one Perkins should be liberated from prison, and they all, permitted to return home in peace. The general, after writing to the castle for instructions, ratified the condition.
And a few days after, a large body, who had surrendered their arms, were cut to pieces at Gibbet-Rath, on the Curragh. The only pretext which bears any colour of truth, was, that one of the rebels was foolish enough to discharge his.gun in the air before he delivered it. This was done by Lord Jocelyn's Fox-hunters, under the orders of Sir James Duff, who had written that morning to General Lake, that he would make a dreadful example of the rebels. No reprimand was ever given, nor enquiry made, and doubtless the act was much applauded. See the Rev. James Gordon's History of the Rebellion, p. 101–and Plowden, vol. 4, p. 341.
Having mentioned the massacre of Glenco, it might be worth while to remind the reader of that odious crime, which has this affinity to that of the Curragh, that both were ex. ecuted by treason, and in defiance of that good faith which $avages respect; and that, in one as in the other, the actors were not only unpunished, but preferred.
That shocking story of Glenco, is thus briefly related by an intelligent and unprejudiced writer :-“ A proclamation was published in autumn, 1691, which declared, that all rebels who took the oaths of the government, before the first of January ensuing, should be pardoned. All the attainted chieftains of the Highlands, except M'Donald of Glenco, took the oaths before the time prefixed. Upon the last day of December, he went to Fort-William, and desired the oaths to be tendered to him by the governor of the fortress, who, as he was not a civil magistrate, refused to administer them.M’Donald then went to Inverary, the county town, to take them; but by bad weather was prevented from reaching it, till the term prescribed by the proclamation was elapsed. The sheriff scrupled at first, but was prevailed upon at last to receive his allegiance. Advantage was taken of M'Donald's not having complied literally with the terms of the proclamation, and a warrant for proceeding to execution was procured from the king, which was signed both above and below with his own hand. Sir John Dalrymple, the secreta
ry, gave orders that the execution of it should be effectual, and without any previous warning. For this purpose, in the month of February, two companies went, not as ene. mies, but as friends, to take quarters in the valley of Glenco, where all the clan lived. To conceal the intention the bet. ter, the soldiers were of their own lineage, Highlanders of Argyle's regiment. They were all received with the pude, but kind hospitality of the country. They continued in the valley near a fortnight ; and then in the night-time rose to butcher their hosts ! Captain Campbell, of Glenlyon, who was uncle to the wife of one of M'Donald's sons, and had supped and played cards with M'Donald's family the night be. fore, commanded the party. Thirty-eight men were slain. The rest would have shared the same fate, had not the alarm been given by one of M’Donald's sons, who overheard one of the soldiers say to another, he liked not the work ; he feared not to fight the M'Donalds in the field, but had scarcely courage to kill them in their sleep ; but that their officers were answerable for the deed, not they' This execution made the deeper impression, because the king would not permit any of those who were concerned in it to be punished, conscious that in their case his own was involved."-Sir John Dalrymple's Memoirs, vol. I. p. 213-Dub. ed.
“ As a mark of his own eagerness to save Secretary Dalrymple, King William signed the warrant both above and below with his own hand. In the night, Lieutenant Lindsay, with a party of soldiers, called in a friendly manner at M'Donald's door ; he was instantly admitted. M'Donald, as he was rising from his bed to receive his guest, was shot dead behind his back with two bullets. His wife had already put on her cloaths, but she was stripped naked by the soldiers, who tore the rings off her fingers with their teeth. The slanghter became general. To prevent the pity of the soldiers to their hosts, their quarters had been changed the night before ; neither age nor infirmity was spared. Some women in defending their children were killed. Boys im.
ploring mercy were shot by officers, on whose knees they hung. In one place nine persons as they sat enjoying themselves at table, were shot dead by the soldiers. The assas sins are even said to have made a sport of death. At Inveriggen, in Campbell's own quarters, nine men were first bound by the soldiers—then shot at intervals, one by one. Several who fled to the mountains, perished by famine, and the inclemency of the season. Those who escaped owed their lives to a tempestuous night. Lieutenant-Colonel Hamilton, who had the charge of the execution from Dalrymple, was on his march with four hundred men, to occupy all the passes, which led from the valley of Glenco : he was obliged to stop by the severity of the weather, which proved the safety of the unfortunate tribe. He entered the valley the next day; he laid all the houses in ashes, and carried away all the cattle and spoil, which were divided among the officers and soldiers.”—Macpherson's Hist. vol. 1. page 628-9-Dub. ed.
A still more interesting account of this black transaction, is in Garnet's Scotland, vol. I, p. 288—but it is too long for the present purpose.
No Irishman, I believe, ever read this story without the strongest sympathy with the unfortunate victims of royal and ministerial cruelty. It should be hoped that Scotchmen are not less generous towards Irishmen, when it is their turn to be betrayed and suffer. Those that are not, are undeserving of the name of SCOTCHMEN—an honorable name when truly merited.
No. III.- Page 35.
Speech of Theobald Wolfe Tone, To the Court Martial, assembled to pass sentence on his life,
Saturday, Nov. 10, 1798.
Mr. Tone was made prisoner on board the French ship of war the Hoche.
A former Court Martial had been named, but was dissolved by the Lord-Lieutenant, as there were several officers appointed, whose regiment were under sailing orders. On the day of the trial, the doors of the Dublin Barracks, where the court met, were at a very early hour ber set by an immense crowd of all descriptions of persons, who, as soon as they were open, rushed in.
TONE appeared in the uniform of a Chief of Brigade.The firmness and serenity of his deportment, made even his bitterest enemies feel the greatness of mind.
The Judge Advocate informed the prisoner, that the Lord. Lieutenant had established this Court Martial, to try whether he had acted traitorously and hostilely against his majesty; to whom, as a natural-born subject, he owed allegiance. And he was called upon to plead guilty or not guilty.
T'one.--I shall not give the Court any useless trouble; I admit the facts alleged, and only ask leave to read an address which I have prepared for this occasion.
i Colonel Daly.-Warned the prisoner, thạt in admitting the facts, he necessarily admitted, to his own prejudice, the having acted treasonably against the King.
Tone-Stripping this charge of its technical forms, it means, I presume, that I have been taken in arms against the soldiers of the King in my native country. I admit the accusation in its utmost extent, and desire nothing further than to give my reasons.
The Court.-Was willing to hear him, provided he confined himself within the limits of moderation.