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is no other excuse for their folly. “To love those that persecute you;” does not go so far as to say, that

you shall abet the murderers either of others or yourselves.

His cruelties to them were more cutting, because they were more ungrateful, than those of the Planta. genets and the Tudors. They would have saved him from his enemies, and he sold them to those enemies. They offered him money for justice, to suspend the robberies, under the searches for defective titles, to grant them toleration, by suspending the torture of their consciences by false oaths and conformity acts. · He took their

He took their money, and flagistiously, broke his word to gratify his own murderers. But that he was not so hardened as to be entirely without compunction, appears from his own words in his book, entitled, Eixav Bætinuen, with which I shall conclude this reign.

“ And certainly it is thought, by many wise men, , that the preposterous rigour and unreasonable severity, which some men carried before them in England, was not the least incentive that kindled and blew


those horrid flames, the sparks of discontent, which wanted not predisposed fuel for rebellion in Ireland : where despair being added to their former discontents, and the fear of utter extirpation to their wonted oppressions, it was easy to provoke to an open rebellion a people prone enough to break out to all exorbitant violence, both by some principles of their religion, and the natural desires of liberty; both to exempt themselves from their present restraints, and to prevent those after-rigours wherewitil they saw themselves apparently threatened by the covetous zeal and uncharitable fury of some men, who think it a great argument of the truth of their religion, to endure no other than their own.

“ I would to God no man had been less affected with Ireland's sad estate than myself. I offered to go myself in person upon that expedition : but some men were either afraid I should have any one kingdom quięted, or loath they were to shoot at any mark less than myself; or that any should have the glory of my destruction but themselves. Had my many of fers been accepted, I am confident neither the ruin would have been so great, nor the calamity so long, for the remedy so desperate.

“ But some kind of zeal counts all merciful moderation, lukewarmness, and had rather be cruel than counted cold ; and is not seldom more greedy to kill the bear for his skin, than for any harm he hath done : the confiscation of men's estates being more beneficial, than the charity of saving their lives, or reforming their errors. And, I believe it will at last appear, that they, who first began to embroil my other kingdoms, are in great part guilty, if not of the first letting out, yet of the not timely stopping those horrid effusions of blood in Ireland.”

Such was the late conviction of this unfortunate martyr to the cruel rapacity of his ministers. Ap awful lesson !!!

The Lord Protector.

Never.was this title of protector more undeseryed, at least in Ireland. His hatred to the Irish was three-fold. He hated them from bigotry, because they did not “ seek the Lord." He hated them, because they were loyal to that king whose head he cut off; and he hated them, because they had commodious seats for habitations. He invited the garrison of Drogheda to surrender, and promised quarter, and slaughtered man, woman, and child. He did the same at Wexford. He collected all the native Irish who remained, and transported them to Connaught, which had been laid waste and depopulated! According to Darlymple (Mem. vol. 1. page 267) “ He transported 40,000 Irish from their own country, to fill all the armies of Europe with complaints of his cruelty, and admiration of their valour." “ This," adds Darlymple, “ was the first foundation of Irish corps in foreign armies.”—To recite all his crimes, would be endless.

This brings us to the restoration of

Charles II.

The reign of Cromwell was a reign of terror; and Cromwell was a Robespierre. But to whom or to what can we compare the mean ingratitude of Charles ? Cicero was sacrificed to the atrocious vengeance of Mark Anthony, an eternal blot on the character of the Divine Augustus. But the Irish nation who had suffered the extreme of misery for this outcast race, were sacrificed to the obsequious passion of this wretch for the murderers of his father. When an exile in Holland, he promised every thing to his faithful Catholics, and confirmed the peace made with them by Ormond.

When he came to Scotland, he took the covenant, and swore, that he would have no enemies but the enemies of the covenant ; that he did detest Popery superstition and idolatry, together with Prelacy ; resolving not to tolerate, much less to allow, those in any part of his dominions; and to endeavor the extirpation thereof, to the utmost of his power. And he expressly pronounced the peace lately made with the Irish, and confirmed by himself, to be null and void, adding, that he was fully convinced of the sinfulness and unlawfulness of it, and of his allowing them (the confederates) the liberty of the Papist religion, for which he did from his heart desire to be deeply humbled before the Lord ; and for having sought unto such unlawful help for restoring him to his throne.

When this abject being was restored to the English throne, he broke his covenant ; embraced Prelacy, and became, in every sense of the word, King-Pope of London. But though he broke his, Scotch covenant; he did not keep his Irish covenant. It is enough to say, that he sought out the bitterest enemies of the Catholics, to govern them. Broughill, the turn-coat; Sir Charles Coote, the butcher, and the bigotted and rancorous traitor, Ormond-the Castlereagh, Carhampton, and Clare, of that day. The first act was a proclamation, for apprehending and prosecuting


all Irish rebels, and commanding that soldiers and others who were possessed of any lands, should not be disturbed in their possessions. Note, these Irish rebels were the faithful soldiers who fought for his father under this same Ormond : and the adventurers were the murderers of his father, and the others, were Ormond, Broughill, and Coote. How well these traitors profited by the miseries they created, appears by this, that Ormond gained three hundred thousand pounds! a royal fortune at that day, besides places, bribes and emoluments. Broughill was made ear] of Orrery, and Coote earl of Montrath ; the two latter, made lords justices, and Ormond lord lieutenant, Such was this witty and profligate Charles, upon whose bed his friend and jester, Rochester, inscribed, in his life-time, this ludicrous epitaph.

“ Here lies our sovereign Lord the King,

6 Whose word no man relies on ; “ Who never said a foolish thing,

* Nor never did a wise one."

James II,

ONCE more a Romish Monarch-The Irish rejoice-exult--they hope for mitigation of their sore oppressions—they support their lawful kings, who certainly never abdicated the crown of Ireland. Thé support of him against a Dutchman, who had married his daughter, and was driving him from his throne,


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