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whereof Bayon was a member, and the chief citie ; and that at the said Irishmen's comming into Ireland, one King Gurmonde, son to the noble King Belan, king of Great Britaine, which is called England, was lord of Bayon, as many of his successours were to the time of Henry the Second, first conquerour of this realm, and therefore the Irishmen should be the king of England his people, and Ireland his land. Another title is, that at the same time that Irishmen came of Biscay as exiled persons in sixtie ships, they met with the same King Gurmond upon the sea, at the Yles of Orcades, then coming from Denmark, with great victory, their captaines called Heberus and Hermon, went to this king, and him told the cause of their comming out of Biscay, and him prayed with great instance, that he would graunt unto them, that they might inhabit some land in the west. The king at last, by advice of his counsel, granted to them Ireland to inhabit, and assigned unto them guides for the sea, to bring them thither !” Then follow nearly twenty such reasons, equally pleasant, all which satisfied the Queen's conscience, that O'Neil's estate belonged of right to her!
Need any man want a title to another's land, if he be strong enough to take it? Is there but one King Gurmond ? This was an old title to be sure; but nullum tempus occurrit regi. Kings have long hands; and Pope Elizabeth's hands were longer than her feet; for she could lay her hands upon many a commodious seat, where she never could set her foot.
This title of King Gurmond was turning the joke. upon the three sons of King Milesius, and the deScendants of the Σκυθοι. .
I suppose King Gurmond gave her leave to plunder the churches, for she did it roundly; still there was no forcing the mere Irish, nor the degenerate English to quit Saint Patrick for the Pope of London. The Roman Pope excommunicated the she Pope, and Gurmonded all her lands : but she cared for him as little as I do for her. She managed so well by her deputies in Ireland, that she made a sufficient number of rebellions, and exterminated so many, and Gurmonded so many estates of O'Neil, Mahons, Geraldines, and others, that she had now more commodious habitations than inhabitants, and began what was called the planting. She planted new men in the place of the old ones living in the place of the dead, and sent over my Scotch, Welsh, and English ancestors to be planted. This was like the Dutch farce, of Adam going to be created. Some of us throve pretty well, and some of us grew old before we grew good. As the plantations were of London Papists, the Roman Papists were lopped root and branch, to let us grow.
However, these weedings and plantings cost this lady so much money and trouble ; the more so, as they were connected with the disgrace and execution of her lover (Essex) that she is said to have died of itand there let her rest.
Pope James 1.
Next comes Pope James the punster—the knight of the marriage ring, and the champion of the surplice. He had underhand favored the Irish rebellions, and courted the Catholic powers to make his way the English throne. The Irish Catholics thought it a lucky moment. They were at first flattered and cajoled, and began to say their prayers in their own way ; but Mountjoy the deputy shewed them better, and made war upon them, saying, that with the sword of King James, he would cut to pieces the charter of King John. And it was necessary, upon the Stewart-principle, to sacrifice the friend to the enemy. On the 4th of July, 1605, he issued a proclamation, that “whereas his majesty was informed, that his subjects of Ireland had been deceived by a false report ; that his majesty was disposed to allow them liberty of conscience, and free choice of a religion, contrary to that which he had always professed himself; by which means it had happened that, many of his subjects of that kingdom had determined to remain firmly in that religion ; wherefore he declared to all his subjects of Ireland, that he would not admit of any such liberty of conscience, as they were made to expect by that report.” And thereupon his deputy (Chichester) managed so well in provoking rebellions, that the estates of the Earls Tyrone, Tyrconnel, and Sir Cahir O'Dogherty, and their followers, were confiscated, comprising almost six counties;
. and the commodious seats were parcelled out amongst my ancestors who flocked from England and Scotland : and a great number of Presbyterians were planted, who since became the most arch rebels of us all. Chichester was rewarded with all the estate of Sir Cahir O'Dogherty, and the territory of Innishowen. The whole province of Ulster was now confiscated (511,456 Irish acres) and some London traders bought a great tract, and thereupon built the city of Londonderry, where was born that degenerate traitor, whose memoirs I write ; and who, but for the building of that city, must either never have been born, or been born somewhere else.
In the grants to us foreigpers, there was a whimsical clause, “ that we should not suffer a laborer to dwell upon our lands, that would not take the oath of supremacy." Sir Walter Ralegh, in the preceding reign, had 40,000 acres granted him. But after thirteen years imprisonment, he was in this Pope's reign beheaded. Chichester was the first that organised Protestant ascendency-men—no Popery-men--lives and fortunes-men--and peep-of-day-boys, since called Orange-men. The Catholics sent deputies to lay their griefs before the king—the deputies sent deputies after their deputies, and had them imprisoned by his majesty ; in whose speech to the lords of his council, in presence of the Irish agents at Whitehall, , the 21st of September, 1613, are these curious passages of royal eloquence and taste.
There came petitions to the deputy of a body without a head ; a headless body ; you would be
afraid to meet such a body in the streets : a body without a head, to speak-nay, half a body-what a monster was this
a very bug-bear !—Methinks you that would have a visible body, head of the church over all the earth, and acknowledge a temporal head under Christ, ye may likewise acknowledge my viceroy or deputy of Ireland.”
And in speaking of creating new peers and boroughs, « What is it to you, whether I make many or few boroughs ? My council may consider the fitness if I require it; but if I made forty noblemen, and four hundred boroughs, the more the merrier the fewer the better cheer." —What do you think of the eloquence of this king ?
And again" You that are of a contrary religion, must not look to be the law-makers--you are but half subjects, and should have but balf privileges.”_ Whimsical arrangement-half privileges for natives, and whole privileges for strangers.
And again—" There is a double cause why I should be careful of the welfare of that people—first, as king of England, by reason of the long possession the crown of England hath had of that land ; and also, as. king of Scotland; for the ancient kings of Scotland are descended from the kings of Ireland, so I have an old title as king of Scotland."
It was in this Pope's reign that the commissioners were sent to enquire into defective titles. Some old Gurmond claim was set up to every estate, and juries were summoned, who, if they refused to find for King Gurmond, were tried themselves, and con